Navigation path

Share on 
	Share on Facebook
  
	Tweet it
  
	Share on google+
  
	Share on linkedIn
  
    
      E-mail
Set page to normal font sizeIncrease font size by 200 percentBookmark this pageChoose high-contrast version

Latvia

Staff welfare

Updated 11/2010

Legal requirements

Social regulations

Health and safety at work

You must ensure that your employees receive job safety training:

The State Labour Inspectorate is responsible for employment issues, in particular safety in the workplace.

Employment rights

Rights under a contract of employment

Employment in Latvia is given legal form by signing a written contract of employment. A contract of employment is deemed to be concluded from the moment the employee and the employer have reached an agreement on the scope of and remuneration for the work, and on the employee’s further observance of the conditions of employment and compliance with the employer’s instructions. The contract of employment is drawn up in duplicate, one copy of which is held by the employee and the other by the employer. The employer is responsible for ensuring that the contract is concluded in writing and for keeping records of the concluded contracts.

Labour relations

The minimum wage in Latvia in 2011 is LVL 200; the minimum hourly rate is LVL 1.189.

The minimum annual paid holidays entitlement is 4 calendar weeks (28 calendar days), excluding public holidays. Employees with three or more children aged up to 16 or with a disabled child aged up to 18, as well as employees engaged in work involving special risk, are entitled to an additional three days of annual paid holiday. Employees are also entitled to unpaid leave, provided it does not interfere with the functioning of the business.

Social security

Entitlement to social security benefits lies with Latvian citizens, non-citizens, foreign nationals and stateless persons whose habitual place of abode is in Latvia and who have been assigned an identity number. Persons with temporary residence permits are not entitled to certain types of benefits.

Employees and self-employed people with a social security contributions record are entitled to sickness benefits, which are subject to income tax.

Sickness benefits are paid for up to 26 weeks or up to 52 weeks in any three-year period where incapacity to work recurs at intervals. The benefit amounts to 80 % of the average wage.

Unemployment benefit are payable to persons covered by unemployment insurance and whose length of service totals at least one year or in respect of whom social security contributions have been made for at least 9 months within the previous 12-month period.

Maternity benefit is paid during pregnancy and maternity leave, lasting 112 calendar days. The benefit amounts to 80% of the average wage.

Paternity benefit is payable to individuals covered by social insurance and who are caring for a child aged up to one and are on maternity (paternity) leave. The benefit amounts to 80 % of the average wage. An individual is entitled to 10 days’ leave within 12 months of the birth.

Parent benefit is payable to individuals covered by social insurance and who are caring for a child aged up to one and are on maternity (paternity) leave. The benefit amounts to 70 % of the average wage.

Medical care is guaranteed to Latvian citizens and non-citizens, employed or self-employed persons; EU, EEA and Swiss citizens and their family members, foreign nationals with permanent residence permits, refugees and those with alternative status, and to individuals who have been detained, arrested or incarcerated. There is also a mandatory state social insurance scheme in operation.

Retirement age for men and women in Latvia is 62. The Amount of the retirement pension depends on the length of service up to 1996, contributions from 1996 and retirement age.

Latvia is also implementing career guidance. The Ministry of Welfare is currently preparing a framework document regarding equal opportunities for all which addresses work, social care and other issues concerning people with special needs.

Legal proceedings

The treatment of employment disputes is regulated by the Employment Disputes Law

Health and safety at work

Under the Employment Protection Law the employer must carry out internal supervision of the work environment, including not less than once a year and in all cases where work equipment or the work process has changed, risk assessment, determining work environment risks that affect or can an employee's health and safety at work, and of hazardous conditions at work. Risk assessment of the work environment must be documented.

The State Labour Inspectorate monitors and controls legal employment relationships and employment protection.

Non-discrimination, equal treatment and gender equality

The right to equal pay in Latvia is prescribed by section 60 of the Labour Law. This means that employees regardless of their gender are entitled to equal pay for equal work or work of equal value, also regardless of their race, skin colour, age, disability, religion, political or other beliefs, national or social descent, financial or family status, sexual orientation or other circumstances.

Several sections of the Labour Law provide that employers must treat employees equally when hiring, promoting, sending them for training or providing work conditions.

The ban on discrimination on grounds of gender must already be observed when advertising a post, i.e. the advert may not specify that candidates of specific gender are preferred (section 32 of the Labour Law). During a job interview employers are not allowed to ask candidates any questions pertaining to their personal life, for example,marital status, pregnancy etc. (section 33 of the Labour Law).

When promoting employees employers are not allowed to take into account their gender (section 95 of the Labour Law).

Employers must ensure that both genders have equal rights to training (section 95 of the Labour Law).

Mandatory social rules complete the requirements related to managing staff.

Businesses are free to go beyond the minimum social legal requirements at their own initiative.

Administrative procedures

The State Social Insurance Agency is responsible for unemployment benefits.

Resources

The Ministry of Welfare provides information on general issues related to compliance with social standards.

The Ministry of Health provides information on issues related to health.

The State Revenue Service provides information on tax issues.

Programmes

When hiring people at a social disadvantage, businesses may claim monthly financial assistance. Businesses are also entitled to other one-off grants and reimbursement of certain costs.

Since 2005 a national programme for implementing gender equality has been operating in Latvia.

Help & advice

Help & advice

E-mail a business organisation near you

The EU runs a network (Enterprise Europe Network) of local business organisations in most European countries that may be able to help you.

Choose your country and town and enter your enquiry below.

Country

Austria

Feldkirch

Graz

Innsbruck

Klagenfurt

Linz

Salzburg

Wien

Belgium

Antwerpen

Arlon

Brugge

Brussels

Charleroi

Gent

Hasselt

Leuven

Libramont

Liège

Mons

Namur

Nivelles

Bulgaria

Dobrich

Plovidiv

Ruse

Sandanski

Sofia

Stara Zagora

Vratsa

Yambol

Croatia

Osijek

Rijeka

Split

Varazdin

Zagreb

Cyprus

Nicosia

Czech Republic

Brno

Brno

Liberec

Ostrava

Ostrava

Pardubice

Plzen

Praha

Usti nad Labem

Denmark

Aalborg

Copenhagen

Herning

Kolding

Næstved

Viborg

Estonia

Tallinn

Finland

Helsinki

Oulu

Tampere

Turku

Vantaa

France

Amiens

Annecy

Aulnat

Besançon

Bordeaux

Bourg en Bresse

Caen

Cayenne

Chalons-en-Champagne

Chambéry

Dijon

Fort-de-France

Grenoble

Lille

Limoges

Lyon

Marseille

Marseille

Montpellier

Montpellier

Nancy

Nantes

Orléans

Paris

Pointe-à-Pitre

Poitiers

Privas

Rennes

Rouen

Saint-Denis

Saint-Etienne

Strasbourg

Toulouse

Valence

Germany

Berlin

Bremen

Bremenhaven

Chemnitz

Dresden

Düsseldorf

Erfurt

Frankfurt/Oder

Freiburg

Hamburg

Hannover

Kaiserslautern

Kiel

Konstanz

Leipzig

Magdeburg

Mannheim

Mülheim an der Ruhr

München

Potsdam

Reutlingen

Rostock

Saabrücken

Stuttgart

Trier

Ulm

Villingen-Schwenningen

Wiesbaden

Greece

Athens

Heraklion

Ioannina

Kavala

Kozani

Thessaloniki

Tripolis

Volos

Hungary

Budapest

Debrecen

Eger

Győr

Miskolc

Nyíregyháza

Pécs

Szeged

Székesfehérvár

Zalaegerszeg

Ireland

Dublin

Italy

Abruzzo

Aosta

Apulia

Ascoli Piceno

Basilicata

Bologna

Bologna

Cagliari

Calabria

Calabria

Campania

Catania

Florence

Genova

Gorizia

Milano

Molise

Naples

Palermo

Palermo

Perugia

Pesaro

Pisa

Pordenone

Ravenna

Rome

Rovereto

Sassari

Sicily

Terni

Torino

Trieste

Udine

Venezia

Venezia

Venezia

Latvia

Riga

Lithuania

Kaunas

Klaipėda

Vilnius

Luxembourg

Luxembourg

Malta

Pieta`

Netherlands

Den Haag

Nieuwegein

Norway

Ås

Oslo

Stavanger

Tromsø

Poland

Bialystok

Gdańsk

Kalisz

Katowice

Kielce

Konin

Kraków

Lublin

Lublin

Olsztyn

Opole

Poznań

Rzeszów

Szczawno-Zdrój

Szczecin

Toruń

Warsaw

Warsaw

Warsaw

Wroclaw

Zielona Góra

Łódź

Portugal

Aveiro

Braga

Coimbra

Évora

Faro

Funchal

Lisboa

Ponta Delgada

Porto

Romania

Arad

Bacau

Bucuresti

Cluj-Napoca

Constanta

Craiova

Galati

Iasi

Ramnicu Valcea

Timișoara

Slovakia

Bratislava

Prešov

Slovenia

Koper

Ljubljana

Maribor

Spain

Albacete

Alicante

Badajoz

Barcelona

Bilbao

Ciudad Real

Donostia- San Sebastian

Ferrol

Las Palmas de Gran Canaria

Llanera

Logroño

Madrid

Murcia

Oviedo

Palma

Pamplona

Paterna (Valencia)

Santa Cruz de Tenerife

Santander

Santiago de Compostela

Sevilla

Toledo

Valencia

Valladolid

Vitoria- Gazteiz

Zaragoza

Sweden

Borlänge

Göteborg

Jönköping

Kramfors

Luleå

Malmö

Örebro

Östersund

Stockholm

Umeå

Västerås

Växjö

United Kingdom

Belfast

Bristol

Cambridge

Cardiff

Coventry

Inverness

London

Manchester

Newcastle

Yorkshire and Humber

Enter your message here

* required field (you must enter data here)