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Slovakia

Environmental rules

Updated 04. 2010

Legal requirements

The National Environmental Action Plan II   and the National Strategy for Sustainable Development are the key documents for environment protection policy. 

The Ministry of the Environment, Regional Environmental Authorities and District Environmental Authorities are responsible for environmental law.

The Slovak Environmental Inspectorate is the Ministry's specialist organisation for looking after the environment and the countryside in accordance with the principles of sustainable development. The Agency also provides expert advice.

Environmental control

You can find a list of strategic documents and the business activities that are subject to environmental impact assessments in Annex 1 and 8 of the following Act:

Environmental impact is also assessed in accordance with other laws, including the Planning Act, which applies to buildings.

Land development

The Ministry of Construction and Regional Development handles the area of land development in Slovakia.

Waste management

The main subject areas of the Act on Waste Materials include preventing the creation of waste, handling waste and responsibility for breaches of obligations in the area of waste management.

Waste handling includes waste collection, waste transport, waste recovery and waste disposal, including looking after disposal sites.

Municipalities are responsible for handling communal waste originating within the territory of the municipality and for small-scale construction waste originating within the territory of the municipality.

Local fees are paid for communal waste and small-scale construction waste originating within the territory of the municipality.

Chemicals

The Slovak Environmental Inspectorate is the contact point concerning the safety of chemicals from an environmental perspective.

In the area of chemicals, the Slovak Environmental Inspectorate deals with:

  • assessing the environmental risks of chemicals,
  • environmental testing of waste materials and chemicals.

Water

The principle of the water management policy of the Slovak Republic is to look after the maintenance and use of national water resources in a comprehensive manner. In order to ensure the protection of water and its sustainable use there are so-called environmental targets for:

  • bodies of surface water,
  • bodies of groundwater,
  • protected territories.

The state bodies for water administration are:

Climate and air

Measures for protecting the Earth's ozone layer include the national plan for allocating greenhouse gas quotas  (the National Allocation Plan).

Protection against noise

An extensive conceptual transformation of hygiene legislation, arising in part from the adaptation of our legislation to European law, has also had an impact on laws governing protection against noise.

Nuclear protection

Nuclear strategy is handled by the Ministry of the Economy, which has drafted a Report on the Environmental Impact of Nuclear Energy.

State supervision of nuclear safety is governed by the provisions of the Decree on the Safeguarding of Nuclear Facilities and Nuclear Materials.

Inspections

The Slovak Environmental Inspectorate   (SIŽP) is the main environmental inspection body and is responsible for ensuring pollution prevention and control. It performs state supervision of the integrated prevention and monitoring of environmental pollution and imposes fines in matters of environmental care.

In the area of biological safety, the SIŽP operates as the authority for state supervision over the use of genetic technology and genetically-modified organisms.

It is the certifying body for organisations that are subject to obligations arising from the Act on the Integrated Prevention and Monitoring of Pollution (IPKZ).

Businesses are free to go beyond the minimum environmental legal requirements at their own initiative.

Administrative procedures

Declaratory procedures

The administrative body in the process of Integrated Prevention and Monitoring of Pollution (IPKZ) is the Slovak Environmental Inspectorate.

Integrated permits specify the terms for performing operational activities and permit new operations aimed at achieving integrated environmental protection.

You must send the agreed number of hard copies, of the project proposal to the relevant body, as well as one copy in electronic format.    You must send the agreed number of

The proposal must contain at least two other proposals for the business activity (variant proposals) and an evaluation of the situation if the proposal is not implemented (the zero option). 

Outline of the permit process:

Waste management

The purpose of the Recycling Fund is to concentrate funding and to provide it for the collection, recovery and processing of used batteries and car batteries, used oils, used tyres, multilayer combined materials, electric and electronic devices, combined plastics, paper, glass, vehicles and metal packaging materials.

Resources are provided from the fund as ineligible to businesses and individuals. Resources are provided from the fund on the basis of applications in the form of special-purpose grants or credits in accordance with the Funding Application.

In the area of economic development - closing down and recultivating waste dumps, separating and recovering biologically decomposable waste and introducing separated collections in municipalities - businesses may apply for grants or credit from the Envirofond.

Water, climate and air

Businesses may apply for financial subsidies from the Envirofond to implement projects aimed at protecting the air and the ozone layer.

  • Application forms for credit  Online government service

In case of a sudden deterioration in the quality of water or a threat to water quality, a report must be made to the Slovak Environmental Inspectorate.

Permits and licences

Assessing the impacts of buildings, facilities and other activities on the environment is governed by the Act on Environmental Impact Assessments.

State administration in the area of environmental impact assessments is performed by:

Resources

The Enviroportál website provides information on the environment.

Programmes

If you want information on European funds in Slovakia's regions, contact the Regional Environmental Advisory and Information Centres, which are the first points of contact.

Euroenviro helps users understand EU environmental funds and the opportunities available for using these funds to finance environmental projects in Slovakia.

Operational Programme 'Environment'        

This is made up of six priority axes:

  • Integrated protection and rational use of water resources;
  • Flood protection;
  • Protecting the atmosphere and minimising the adverse effects of climate change;
  • Waste management;
  • Protecting and regenerating the natural environment and the countryside;
  • Technical assistance.

State support for looking after the environment is implemented by the Slovak environmental fund Envirofond.

Help & advice

Help & advice

E-mail a business organisation near you

The EU runs a network (Enterprise Europe Network) of local business organisations in most European countries that may be able to help you.

Choose your country and town and enter your enquiry below.

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