The Romanian authorities' primary objective in the area of environmental protection is to transpose EU environmental legislation into national legislation and apply it.
To comply with European environmental requirements, Romania has, as of 2008, a new National Strategy for Sustainable Development, 2013-2020-2030.
In Romania, all land development and town planning activities are carried out in accordance with the Law on land development and town planning.
The acquis communautaire in the area of waste management includes 16 legislative instruments, most of which have already been transposed into Romanian law, including:
The European regulations on dangerous chemicals have been transposed into Romanian law by means of a set of legislative measures.
The Water Law governs the protection and preservation of water resources in Romania.
Protection of the atmosphere
The European directives in the area of air quality have been transposed into national law by means of a series of laws. It is the responsibility of the Agenţia Naţională pentru Protecţia Mediului, ANPM (National Agency for Environmental Protection) to monitor and implement legislation on atmospheric protection.
In Romania, nuclear protection is governed by the Law on the carrying out, regulation, authorisation and inspection of nuclear activities.
Businesses are free to go beyond the minimum environmental legal requirements at their own initiative.
An obligation to submit declarations and make payments to the Fund for the Environment is borne by businesses that:
- introduce packaged goods, retail packaging, new or used tyres intended for reuse or chemicals into the national market for the first time;
- carry out activities relating to the collection/recovery of ferrous metallic waste;
- release pollutants into the atmosphere;
- store recoverable waste;
- carry out activities involving timber;
- manage hunting stocks.
Declarations may be submitted online, by accessing the website of the Fund for the Environment.
All contributions and taxes due must be declared on a monthly basis by the 25th of the following month after the month in which the activities were carried out.
Permits and licences
Economic activities that have a significant impact on the environment must be authorised by the National Agency for Environmental Protection (ANPM).
Types of permits.
- Environmental approval
- Environmental permit for plans and programmes
- Environmental authorisation
- Integrated environmental authorisation
Details of the documents required to obtain these permits can be accessed on the website of the National Agency for Environmental Protection.
To obtain a building permit, a Town Planning Certificate must be obtained in advance. This is issued by the local public authorities in the area where the applicant resides.
Town Planning Certificates are issued within 30 days from the date on which applications for them are submitted.
To obtain permits and authorisation for water management works and activities, firms must contact the Administraţia Naţională Apele Române, ANAR (Romanian National Water Administration).
Authorisations and permits for carrying out nuclear activities are issued by the Comisia Naţională pentru Controlul Activităţilor Nucleare, CNCAN (National Commission for Nuclear Activities Control).
The Garda Naţională de Mediu (National Guard for the Environment) monitors the way in which the legal provisions relating to environmental protection are complied with in economic and social activities. It also checks whether money owed to the Fund for the Environment has been paid.
The National Commission for Nuclear Activities Control (CNCAN) exercises nuclear control responsibilities.
ETAP - Environmental Technologies Action Plan promotes the use of environmental technologies in various sectors of the economy and leads to a reduction in production costs, resource and energy consumption, and emissions and waste.
Companies that are interested in environmental technologies in the context of ETAP should contact the Ministry of Environment and Forests.