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Belgium

Environmental rules

Updated 12/2012

Legal requirements

Environmental Control

Waste Management

Business waste management is primarily organised at the regional level. Waste incineration is also regulated within the three regions.

Waste may not be incinerated in the Brussels-Capital Region without authorisation; dumping of shredded waste is also prohibited. Furthermore, hazardous waste must be collected as a 'controlled risk' and disposed of in facilities provided for this purpose.

The Walloon Waste Disposal Office is responsible for collecting waste to be disposed of or recycled.

In Flanders, the Public Waste Agency of Flanders (OVAM) is responsible for waste management and soil clean-up.

Climate and the Air

The competent bodies for climate and the air are:

You can find more information in real time on the quality of air in the three Regions (as well as predictions for the following days) on the website of the Interregional Cell for the Environment (CELINE-IRCEL):

Protection Against Noise

The competent bodies with regard to protection against noise are:

Nuclear Safety

The Federal Agency for Nuclear Control (FANC) promotes effective protection of the population, workers and the environment against the dangers of ionizing radiation.

Businesses are free to go beyond the minimum environmental legal requirements at their own initiative.

Administrative procedures

Declaratory Proceedings

Urban Planning and Housing

The Urban Planning and Housing Administration is in charge of administering urban planning permits in the Brussels-Capital Region.

The Urban Planning and Housing Administration is in charge of administering urban planning permits in the Walloon Region.

The competent body for urban planning in Flanders is the Flanders Regional Planning Agency, which is also in charge of administering urban planning permits.

Waste Management

The IBGE provides the forms relating to waste for the Brussels-Capital Region online.

The Directorate General for Natural Resources and the Environment provides the forms relating to waste in the Walloon Region.

The Public Waste Agency of Flanders (OVAM) provides the forms relating to waste in the Flanders region.

Chemicals

The Federal Public Service Health, Food Chain Safety and Environment provides the forms relating to chemicals.

Water

The IBGE provides forms relating to water catchments and the declarations required to set the price for industrial waste-water treatment.

The Directorate General for Natural Resources and the Environment provides the forms relating to water in the Region of Wallonia.

The Flemish Water Supply Company (VMW) and the Flemish Environment Agency (VMM) provide information and application forms relating to water in the Flanders Region.

Permits and licences

Environmental permits

An environmental permit is required for many types of activities and construction. To find out what steps to take, you must first determine the category that contains your business.

The administrative procedures for obtaining environmental permits vary by region. All applications must be submitted in the municipality in which your business is located.

Inspections

Urban Planning and Housing

The bodies responsible for inspections relating to town planning and urbanism are:

Waste Management

The DG Environment is responsible for protecting consumers at the federal level. Inspections serve both as deterrent and in a punitive role toward businesses.

The law provides for inspections and fines in the event of non-compliance with waste legislation.

Chemicals

The DG Environment is responsible for monitoring compliance with legislation on the marketing of dangerous substances and preparations at the federal level.

Nuclear Safety

The Federal Agency for Nuclear Control (AFNC) covers any situation involving risk from exposure to ionizing radiation to workers, the public or the environment.

Resources

Brussels-Capital

The Brussels Institute for Management of the Environment provides guides, forms and information to entrepreneurs.

Brussels Environment ’ is the agency for the environment and energy in the Brussels-Capital Region.

Wallonia

The Wallonia Environmental Portal the Medium and Small Business Union (UCM) website and the Walloon Business Federation (UWE) website provide brochures, information, publications, forms and a number of environment-related links.

Flanders

The Public Waste Agency of Flanders (OVAM) provides a range of information on waste management and soil clean-up.

The Enterprise Flanders portal provides information on environmental allowances.

The EMIS portal provides information on environmental standards.

The Flanders Department of Environment and Infrastructure provides information on the environment and legislation in the Region of Flanders.

Programmes

To encourage your company to respect the environment, the Brussels-Capital Region set up consulting services and support for environmental investment.

Help & advice

Help & advice

E-mail a business organisation near you

The EU runs a network (Enterprise Europe Network) of local business organisations in most European countries that may be able to help you.

Choose your country and town and enter your enquiry below.

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