The Italian government for the year 2012 has established the National Reform Programme which serves to review progress on the reforms adopted by Italy following the recommendations of the European Union on the issues of smart, sustainable and inclusive economic growth.
Apart from offering incentives regarding scientific research and technological innovation, the National Reform Programme is made up of four chapters:
- overview of the program;
- analysis of the factors that hinder growth and competitiveness;
- reforms to achieve the objectives of the Europe 2020 strategy;
- new challenges.
The Italian Government is committed to promote and support innovation and development of new technologies; the 2012 "Growth" decree has introduced important innovations that include:
- The digitisation process of public administrations and all the related procedures;
- major projects of research and innovation and pre-commercial procurement (including the creation of the Agency for Digital Italy);
- provisions for the creation and development of innovative start-up companies.
The Agency for Digital Italy is intended to achieve the objectives of the Italian digital agenda and of the European digital agenda. Furthermore it promotes and coordinates the design and planning of the strategic initiatives of major national interest in the field of digital administration and the dissemination of digital technologies, of the related infrastructure to public administrations, citizens and companies.
The Social Platform innovitalia.net was established by the Ministry for Foreign Affairs and the Ministry for Education to allow for a more effective transfer of knowledge between universities, research institutions and individual researchers.
ResearchItaly is a portal created by the Italian Ministry for Education, University and Research which promotes and supports high-quality Italian research.
Alongside innovation, access to R&D is essential for businesses to develop and stay competitive.
Intellectual property must be protected to encourage innovation.
Department of Development and Economic Cohesion participates in the funding of innovative business projects and provides data on projects funded by European funds. The OpenCoesione portal facilitates the retrieval of information on projects, access to finance, stakeholders, implementation times, places, and topic areas.
Department for Business and Internationalisation promotes the national productive system, supports companies in international markets, encourages competition and trade agreements with third countries, implementing actions to combat counterfeiting.
Guarantee Fund of the Ministry for Economic Development facilitates access to credit for SMEs undertaking investment programmes.
Revolving Fund for Innovation and Technology (FIT), managed by the Ministry for Economic Development, finances initiatives aimed at promoting digital innovation, through the development of technological applications.
Invitalia, the National agency for Inward investment promotion and enterprise development, is committed to strengthening Italy's competitiveness by boosting innovation and local growth, supporting foreign investment schemes and offering incentives to companies.