A European objective, set down in the Lisbon strategy, is to increase financial resources for research and development (R & D) to 3 % of GDP by 2010. In relation to this objective, Slovenia encourages companies to invest in research and development, which in turn promotes growth and an increase in employment.
The principles and objectives of the research & development policy, as well as the financial resources for pursuing this policy are regulated by the Development and Research Activities Act. These activities are financed from the State budget and other financial sources which are directed towards the attainment of the economic and social development of Slovenia.
The foundation and operations, as well as the rights and obligations of the Technology Development Fund of the Republic of Slovenia are regulated by the Technology Development Fund Act.
The development and research activities are financed from the State budget and other financial resources in accordance with the objectives and priorities, which are laid down in the National Research and Development Programme, in particular for:
- staff training
- international collaboration relating to science and technology
- The Agencies make decisions on the selection of programmes, professionaly and independently. They also provide for financial resources.
R & D bodies
Research and Development policy in Slovenia is governed by the following Ministries:
The Slovenian Academy of Sciences and Arts (SAZU) takes care of, encourages and promotes science and the arts and with its activities has contributed to the development of scientific ideas and artistic creativeness.
Public Agency of the Republic of Slovenia for Entrepreneurship and Foreign Investments is a State organisation for the implementation of policies for encouraging entrepreneurship and competitiveness in Slovenia. The major part of its work is the management of invitations to tender relating to research and development in the field of technology.
Alongside R&D, innovation is essential for businesses to develop and stay competitive.
Intellectual property must be protected to encourage research.
Invitations to tender
The Agency's task is to complete tender documentation for an invitation to tender. On the basis of this documentation the applicants, research institutions or private researchers, submit their projects for competition. The selected projects are granted financial resources for their realisation by the Agency, which is an indirect user of the State budget. From investments in projects the Agency expects considerable profits and added value.
Entry in the register of private researchers or scientific institutions
A private researcher will obtain the status of a private researcher by being entered in the Register of Private Researchers, which is kept by the Slovenian Research Agency (ARRS). Reports on the work done in the field of research and development must be filed with Agency biennially.
The Interregional Database of R&D Organisations offers data on research institutions in Slovenia, Italy, Hungary and Austria.
The Information System of research activities in Slovenia is developed and maintained by the Institute of Information Science (IZUM) in Maribor(Slovenia), and Slovenian Research Agency (ARRS).
The National Research and Development Programme of Slovenia lays down the basic objectives, scope and financial resources, as well as indicators for monitoring the effectiveness of national policies for pursuing and promoting research and development activities. The Ministry of Higher Education, Science and Technology manages the Programme, and public agencies are set up for implementing Programmes.
The Slovenian Research Agency is entrusted with the implementation of national R & D programmes and other activities for promoting R&D activities. It also processes various Government invitations to tender and manages the Registers of research institutions and private researchers.
The Slovenian Technology Agency performs various activities relating to the implementation of the national research and development programmes and promotes research activities and innovative technologies at national and international levels.