In view of the EU's objectives in the area of research and development, Romania is encouraging businesses to invest in research and innovation, and is thereby promoting growth and employment.
Through its National Development Plan, Romania has introduced a number of development priorities, the most important of which is the strategy to boost competitiveness. Another priority is to reach the threshold for research and development expenditure in line with the Lisbon Treaty targets.
Romania has therefore applied several specific actions such as:
- supporting technology transfer;
- setting up new and innovative firms;
- promoting investment in research, development and innovation;
- improving cooperation between universities, research and development institutions and industry;
- attracting foreign specialists and young researchers to areas with mid-range and high added value.
Research and development bodies
The Ministry of Education, Research, Youth and Sport (METS) is the competent authority in the area of research.
The Autoritatea Națională pentru Cercetare Științifică, ANCS (National Authority for Scientific Research) is the specialist body through which the METS discharges its research responsibilities. The ANCS also coordinates several research and development institutes.
Alongside R&D, innovation is essential for businesses to develop and stay competitive.
Intellectual property must be protected to encourage research.
Information relating to the certification and accreditation of research and development companies and institutions is available on the ANCS website.
The National Plan II (PN II) comprises of six programmes that fund research and development projects.
The core programmes for research and development comprise of state-funded projects in 45 research domains.
The Excellence in Research Programme (CEEX) aims to consolidate Romanian research capability as comnpared with that of European research groups.
The Seventh Framework Programme (PC7) is the main EU instrument for promoting research and innovation during the 2007-2013 period.