Research - Hungary
The European objective announced in the Lisbon Strategy is for spending on Research and Development (R&D) to reach 3% of GDP by 2010. With this in mind, Hungary is encouraging businesses to invest in research and innovation as part of promoting growth and employment.
Research is regulated by the Act on Research and Development and Technological Innovation. The Act sets out government duties and the basic principles of government support. It also relaxes financing rules for research centres, enables easier mobility of experts between research centres and businesses, and helps improve the public perception of scientific research and technical development.
The protection of research activity is enshrined in the Act on Invention Patents and the Act on Utility Models.
There are two major research and development bodies:
Alongside R&D, innovation is essential for businesses to develop and stay competitive.
Intellectual property must be protected to encourage research.
The list of current calls for tender announced by the National Office for Research and Technology can be found on the following website:
The Hungarian Current Research Information System is a database of Hungarian research projects, researchers and research centres. All R&D organisations must provide the system with data on any research carried out using public funding.
The Research and Innovation Fund was created to support research and innovation in Hungary. Every company is required to pay in at least 0.25% of its turnover as a contribution to the fund, with the exception of small businesses. The budget allocates a contribution equivalent to this amount to the Fund. The amount may be reduced by the costs of the R&D activity carried out or ordered by the company.
The Fund is administered by the National Office for Research and Technology. Its main uses are:
- support for tenders;
- relevant co-financing by the National Development Plan;
- regional innovation programmes;
- researcher and teacher training.
Other sources of finance:
Check also the legislation on this topic in: