The European objective announced in the EU 2030 Strategy is for spending on Research and Development (R&D) to reach 3% of GDP. With this in mind, Hungary is encouraging businesses to invest in research and innovation as part of promoting growth and employment.
Research is regulated by the Act on Research and Development and Technological Innovation. The Act sets out government duties and the basic principles of government support. It also relaxes financing rules for research centres, enables easier mobility of experts between research centres and businesses, and helps improve the public perception of scientific research and technical development.
The protection of research activity is enshrined in the Act on Invention Patents and the Act on Utility Models.
There are two major research and development bodies:
Alongside R&D, innovation is essential for businesses to develop and stay competitive.
Intellectual property must be protected to encourage research.
The list of current calls for tenders announced by the National Innovation Office can be found on the following website:
The Hungarian Current Research Information System is a database of Hungarian research projects, researchers and research centres. All R&D organisations must provide the system with data on any research carried out using public funding.
- The Kaleidoscope is an information system of the Scientific and Technological Observatory of the National Innovation Office intended to promote networking of those involved in R&D&I. The Kaleidoscope includes the duties of establishment and operation of the Scientific and Technological Observatory, as well as the creation of an R&D&I analysis database of uniform structure containing organisations concerned in the sector, and data and analyses relating to the policy.
The Research and Technological Innovation Fund was created as a separate state fund to support research and innovation in Hungary. Every economic organisation, except for small and micro enterprises, is required to pay in at least 0.3% of its turnover as a contribution to the fund, with the exception of small businesses. This is supplemented with an amount specified in the annual Budget Act from the central state budget.
The Fund is managed by the National Innovation Office. Its main uses are:
- support under tenders;
- relevant co-financing by the National Development Plan;
- regional innovation programmes;
- researcher and teacher training.
Other financing sources: