Under the Lisbon strategy, spending on research and development (R&D) is expected to reach 3% of GDP by 2010. With this in mind, France is encouraging businesses to invest in research and innovation as a means of promoting growth and jobs.
The research programme law (2006) aims to improve economic competitiveness, chiefly by promoting ties between research and industry.
The law on economic modernisation (2008) is designed to benefit all actors in the economy (business owners, consumers, savers, foreign investors).
Competitiveness clusters develop synergies and partnerships between businesses, research centres and training bodies from the same field, primarily through innovative cooperation projects.
Technology transfers take place through patents, operating licences, etc. To facilitate such transfers, the French Government has put in place a labelling procedure for transferring and sharing technology.
France 's higher education and research ministry looks after research.
Alongside R&D, innovation is essential for businesses to develop and stay competitive.
Intellectual property must be protected to encourage research.
EVARISTE is an industry ministry portal for industrial and technological innovation. It offers a host of links to the servers and databases of research centres, public and private bodies, and businesses.
France's higher education and research ministry offers all businesses (industrial, commercial, agricultural) and associations the opportunity to receive research tax credits in order to increase innovation capacity and make businesses more competitive.
The young university enterprises (JEU) and young innovative enterprises (JEI) schemes offer young researchers and business owners tax benefits and exemptions from employers' social security payments.
The national research agency offers funding for research projects.