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The  Governments  of the  Member  States  and the  European  Commission  were
represented as follows:

Belgium:
Mr Jan PEETERS                State Secretary for the Environment

Denmark:
Mr Svend AUKEN                Minister for the Environment and Energy
Mr Leo BJØRNESKOV             State Secretary for the Environment

Germany:
Ms Angela MERKEL              Minister for the Environment

Greece:
Ms Elisavet PAPAZOI           State Secretary  for the Environment,  Planning
                              and Public Works
Spain:
Mr José BORRELL FONTELLES     Minister for  Public Works,  Transport and  the
                              Environment
Ms Cristina NARBONA           State   Secretary  for   the  Environment   and
                              Housing

France:
Ms Corinne LEPAGE             Minister for the Environment

Ireland:
Mr Brendan HOWLIN             Minister for the Environment

Italy:
Mr Paolo BARATTA              Minister for the Environment
Mr Emilo GERELLI              State Secretary for the Environment

Luxembourg:
Mr Johny LAHURE               Minister for the Environment

Netherlands:
Ms Margreet DE BOER           Minister   for   Housing,  Planning   and   the
                              Environment

Austria:
Ms Judith GEBETSROITHNER      Deputy Permanent Representative

Portugal:
Ms Elisa FERREIRA             Minister for the Environment

Finland:
Mr Pekka HAAVISTO             Minister for the Environment

Sweden:
Ms Anna LINDH                 Minister for the Environment
Mr Mats ENGSTRÖM              Deputy State Secretary for the Environment

United Kingdom:
Mr John GUMMER                Secretary of State for the Environment
The Earl of Lindsay           Parliamentary    Under-Secretary   of    State,
                              Scottish Office

For the Commission:
Ms Ritt BJERREGAARD           Member

ASSESSMENT  OF  THE EFFECTS  OF CERTAIN  PUBLIC AND  PRIVATE PROJECTS  ON THE
ENVIRONMENT

The  Council reached  agreement  by a  qualified  majority, with  the  German
delegation voting against,  on the substance  of its common  position on  the
proposal amending Directive 85/337/EEC  on the  assessment of the  effects of
certain public and private projects on the environment.

The Directive is considered to  be one of the major Community instruments for
the prevention at source of environmental damage.

The  proposed   amendments  are   based  on   the   experience  gained   with
implementation of  the Directive and also  take into account the  commitments
entered into  under the  Convention on Environmental  Impact Assessment in  a
Transboundary Context signed by  the Community and its Member States in Espoo
on 25 February 1991.

In  practical terms, the  aim of  the common position  is, in  particular, to
clarify and extend the scope of this Directive as regards, in particular:

-   the types  of projects  for which  impact assessment  is compulsory  (new
    Annex I to the Directive given below);

-   the types of  projects for  which there  is no  systematic obligation  to
    carry  out an  assessment,  but which  are  the subject  of  case-by-case
    decisions by the Member State concerned  (Annex II to the Directive), for
    which the Directive lays down  criteria to be taken into account when the
    decision is taken.

It  is  also  aimed  at  clarifying  and  increasing  the information  to  be
submitted  by the  developer,  and at  intensifying cooperation  between  the
Member  States   concerned  by  projects   with  transboundary   effects,  in
particular on the basis of the provisions of the Espoo Convention.

The new provisions  are due to  enter into force  by 31 December 1997  at the
latest.

Once  it is formally adopted,  the common  position will be  forwarded to the
European Parliament under the cooperation procedure.

                                   ANNEX I
                      PROJECTS SUBJECT TO ARTICLE 4(1)

1.  Crude-oil   refineries   (excluding   undertakings   manufacturing   only
    lubricants  from crude  oil) and installations  for the  gasification and
    liquefaction of 500 tonnes or more of coal or bituminous shale per day.

2.  -   Thermal power  stations  and other  combustion  installations with  a
        heat output of 300 megawatts or more, and

    -   nuclear  power  stations and  other  nuclear  reactors including  the
        dismantling   or   decommissioning   of   such   power  stations   or
        reactors [1]  (except research  installations for the production  and
        conversion of  fissionable and fertile materials, whose maximum power
        does not exceed 1 kilowatt continuous thermal load).

3.  (a)   Installations for the reprocessing of irradiated nuclear fuel.

    (b)   Installations designed:

        -   for the production or enrichment of nuclear fuel,
        -   for  the  processing of  irradiated  nuclear  fuel or  high-level
            radioactive waste,
        -   for the final disposal of irradiated nuclear fuel,
        -   solely for the final disposal or radioactive waste,
        -   solely  for the  storage  (planned for  more  than  10 years)  of
            irradiated nuclear  fuels  or radioactive  waste  in a  different
            site than the production site.

4.  Integrated works for the initial smelting of cast-iron and steel.

    Installations  for the  production of non-farrow  crude metals  from ore,
    ore concentrates  or secondary raw  materials by  metallurgical, chemical
    or electrolytic processes.

5.  Installations for the  extraction of asbestos and for the  processing and
    transformation  of   asbestos  and  products  containing   asbestos:  for
    asbestos-cement products, with  an annual production of more than  20 000
    tonnes  of  finished  products,  for friction  material,  with  an annual
    production of  more than 50  tonnes of finished  products, and for  other
    uses of asbestos, utilization of more than 200 tonnes per year.

6.  Integrated  chemical installations,  that is  to say  those installations
    for the manufacture  on an industrial scale of substances  using chemical
    conversion processes,  in  which several  units  are juxtaposed  and  are
    functionally linked to one another and which are:

    (i)     for the production of basic organic chemicals;

    (ii)    for the production of basic inorganic chemicals;

    (iii)     for  the production of phosphorous, nitrogen or potassium-based
              fertilizers (simple or compound fertilizers);

    (iv)    for  the  production  of  basic  plant  health  products  and  of
            biocides;

    (v)     for  the  production of  basic  pharmaceutical  products using  a
            chemical or biological process;

    (vi)    for the production of explosives.

7.  (a)   Construction of  lines  for long-distance  railway  traffic and  of
          airports [2]  with a basic runway length of 2 100 m or more.

    (b)   Construction of motorways and express roads [3] .

    (c)   Construction of  a new road of  four or more lanes,  or realignment
          and/or widening of an existing road  of two lanes or less so  as to
          provide  four or  more lanes,  where  such new  road, or  realigned
          and/or  widened  section of  road  would  be 10  km  or  more in  a
          continuous length.

 8.   (a)   Inland  waterways and  ports  for  inland-waterway traffic  which
            permit the passage of vessels of over 1 350 tonnes;

    (b)   Trading ports,  piers for loading  and unloading connected  to land
          and outside ports  (excluding ferry piers)  which can take  vessels
          of over 1 350 tonnes

 9.   Waste   disposal   installations   for   the   incineration,   chemical
      treatment [4]  or landfill  of hazardous waste (that is to say waste to
      which Directive 91/689/EEC applies).

 9.   (a)   Waste disposal  installations  for the  incineration or  chemical
            treatment (1)  of non-hazardous  waste with a  capacity exceeding
            100 tonnes per day.

10.   Groundwater  abstraction or  artificial  groundwater recharge  scheme's
      where the annual volume of water  abstracted or recharged is equivalent
      to or exceeds 10 million cubic metres.

11.   (a)   Works for the  transfer of water  resources between river  basins
            where that  operation  is  aimed  at  preventing  possible  water
            shortages  and  the  volume  of  water  transferred  exceeds  100
            hm3/year.

    (b)   In  all other  cases, works  for  the transfer  of water  resources
          between river basins  where the annual  flow averaged over  several
          years from the basin from which  it is taken exceeds 2 000  hm3 and
          the volume of water transferred exceeds 5% of that flow.

        In both cases, the transfer of piped drinking water is excluded.

12.   Waste  water  treatment  plants  with  a  capacity  exceeding  150  000
      population equivalent [5] .

13.   Extraction  of petroleum and natural gas  for commercial purposes where
      the amount  extracted exceeds 500 tonnes/day  in the case  of petroleum
      and 500 000 m3/day in the case of gas.

14.   Dams  and  other   installations  designed  for  the  holding  back  or
      permanent storage of water, where  a new or additional amount of  water
      held back or stored exceeds 10 hm3.

15.   Pipelines for the  transport of gas, oil  or chemicals with  a diameter
      of more than 800 mm and a length of more than 40 km.

16.   Installations for  the intensive rearing of  poultry or pigs  with more
      than:

    (a)   85 000 places for broilers, 60 000 places for hens;

    (b)   3 000 places for production pigs (over 30 kg); or

    (c)   900 places for sows.

17.   Industrial plants for the:

    (a)   production of pulp from timber or similar fibrous materials;

    (b)   production of paper and board with  a production capacity exceeding
          200 tonnes per day.

18.   Quarries and open-cast mining where the surface  of the site exceeds 25
      hectares, or  peat extraction,  where the surface  of the site  exceeds
      150 hectares.

19.   Construction of overhead  electrical power lines with a  voltage of 225
      kV or more and a length of more than 15 km.

20.   Installations  for  storage  of  petroleum, petrochemical  or  chemical
      products with a capacity of 200 000 tonnes.

INTEGRATED MANAGEMENT OF COASTAL ZONES - COUNCIL CONCLUSIONS

The  Council held  an  open discussion  on  the  question of  the  integrated
management of  coastal zones,  at the close of  which it adopted  the text of
the following conclusions:

"1.   The Council  recalls  its  Resolutions  of  25 February 1992 [6]    and
      6 May 1994 [7]  ,  in  which  it stressed  the  need  for  a  Community
      strategy  for  integrated planning  and  management  of coastal  zones,
      based on  the principles  of  sustainability and  sound ecological  and
      environmental  practice; it  also  recalls  that  such  a  strategy  is
      provided for  under the  5th Community policy  and action programme  in
      relation  to the  environment and  sustainable development [8]  , which
      identifies the  management  and  conservation  of coastal  zones  as  a
      priority subject;  it  welcomes,  in  this  process,  the  Commission's
      communication on the integrated management of  coastal zones as a first
      step forward in  the implementation of those Resolutions  and points to
      the importance of swift progress in this field;

 2.   Emphasizes the  importance of coastal  zones and the  problems involved
      in  integrated  management of  them  and  takes  note of  the  analysis
      carried  out  by   the  Commission  on  the  causes   of  the  worrying
      environmental degradation  which  these zones  are  undergoing in  many
      places;

 3.   Considers that the  present situation is mainly due  to difficulties in
      achieving consistency  between  the  many  policies  concerned  and  to
      insufficient coordination  between  all  of  the  different  levels  of
      responsibility.   This  situation  may  lead  to  delays  in  achieving
      sustainable development;

4.  Draws  attention to  the  important  role which  may  be played  in  this
    context by  the future Commission communication on Community water policy
    and  the Commission  communication of  29 May 1995  on the  wise use  and
    conservation of wetlands;

5.  Considers that  the  3-year  demonstration  programme  announced  in  the
    Commission's communication, which will be centred  on the crucial role of
    the use of  knowledge and of the functioning of  coordination mechanisms,
    can play an important part in establishing a strategy for the  integrated
    management of coastal zones;

6.  Emphasizes  that, in  order to  ensure  that the  concept of  sustainable
    development is incorporated in policy for coastal  zones and that maximum
    benefit is  obtained from  the programme,  the latter will  have to  give
    appropriate consideration to the following needs:

    -   to  be based  on  the most  advanced  experiments  in the  integrated
        management of coastal zones in the countries of the Union;

    -   without prejudice  to an  overall approach,  to take  account of  the
        economic,  social and  environmental diversity  of situations  of the
        European coastline;

    -   to take  into account  the ecological wealth  and sensitivity  of the
        coastline;

    -   to create awareness among the  numerous players who influence coastal
        development or are otherwise involved;

    -   to give great importance to the dissemination of the results;

    -   to  identify  obstacles to  the  sustainable  development of  coastal
        zones;

7.  Welcomes  the  multidisciplinary  approach,  involving   coordination  of
    European   policies,  adopted   by  the   Commission  in   preparing  the
    communication  and particularly welcomes the  desire to take advantage of
    existing financial  instruments when carrying  out the  programme without
    making any changes to their criteria or rules of operation;

8.  Notes  the  Commission's  commitment  to the  organization  of  the  work
    envisaged by it, approves its  timetable and requests it to begin as soon
    as possible;

9.  Underlines the importance of appropriate and  timely dialogue between the
    Member States  and the Commission and  of Member States'  support for the
    Commission  for preparing and following up the  programme and also in the
    evaluation and use of the results;

10.   Invites the Commission  to inform it  of the progress of  the programme
      so  that an  exchange of  views can  be held  18 months after  the work
      begins, if  appropriate in the  context of  a meeting of  the Ministers
      responsible;

11.   Requests  the  Commission to  pursue  its  initiatives and  discussions
      aimed at  the earliest  possible achievement of  the objectives of  the
      Resolutions referred to in paragraph 1 of these conclusions."

AIR POLLUTION FROM EMISSIONS FROM MOTOR VEHICLES

The  Council  reached agreement  on  the  substance of  its  common  position
concerning  the   proposal   for  amending   Directive   70/220/EEC  on   the
approximation  of the  laws of the  Member States relating  to measures to be
taken against air pollution from emissions from motor vehicles.

The  proposal is  designed, in  particular, to introduce  a new  stage in the
reduction of pollutants from light commercial vehicles  by aligning the limit
values  for these  emissions  on  those  laid  down  for  passenger  cars  in
Directive 94/12/EC  pending the introduction, for  stage 2000, of an  overall
rethink of the Community approach to motor vehicle pollution.

The  Council has  provided  for more  stringent  limit values  applicable  to
vehicles in classes  II and III of category N1  and to diesel engines  of the
direct-injection type intended  to be fitted  to such vehicles,  as shown  by
the following table:

                                          Limit values
                                                 
                      Reference   Mass of carbon   Combined mass    Mass of
                        mass         monoxide     of hydrocarbons   particu
                                                   and oxides of     lates
    Category/class                                   nitrogen           
    of vehicle                          L1               L2
                         RW           (g/km)           (g/km)         L3
                        (kg)                                        (g/km)

    Category  Class               Petrol  Diesel   Petrol  Diesel   Diesel*
                                                              *

M2 - all 2,2 1,0 0,5 0,7 0,08

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