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The Governments of the Member States and the European Commission were represented as follows: Belgium: Mr Erik DERYCKE State Secretary for Cooperation and Development Denmark: M Poul NIELSON Minister for Development Cooperation Germany: Mr Carl-Dieter SPRANGER Minister for Economic Cooperation Greece: Mr Athanassios THEODORAKIS Secretary-General of the Ministry of Foreign Affairs Spain: Mr José Luis DICENTA BALLESTER State Secretary for International Cooperation and Latin America France: Mr Bernard DEBRE Minister for Cooperation Ireland: Mr Tom KITT Minister of State for European Affairs and Overseas Development Aid Italy: Mr Franco ROCHETTA State Secretary for Foreign Affairs Luxembourg: Mr Georges WOHLFART State Secretary for Foreign Affairs, Foreign Trade and Cooperation Netherlands: Mr Jan PRONK Minister for Development Cooperation Portugal: Mr José Manuel BRIOSA E GALA State Secretary for Cooperation United Kingdom: Baroness Lynda CHALKER Minister for Overseas Development - + - Commission: Mr Manuel MARIN Vice-President Representatives from the four acceding countries attended as observers: Norway: Ms Kari NORDHEIM-LARSEN Minister for Development Cooperation Austria: Mr Hans BRUNMAYR Deputy Head of the Mission of Austria to the European Union Finland: Mr Heikki HAAVISTO Minister for Foreign Affairs Mr Mauri EGGERT Deputy State Secretary for Foreign Affairs Sweden: Mr Pierre SCHORI Minister with special responsibility for Development Cooperation DEVELOPMENT CO-OPERATION POLICY IN THE RUN-UP TO 2000 - FOOD SECURITY - COUNCIL RESOLUTION I. INTRODUCTION 1 . Following its declaration of November 1992 on development cooperation in the run-up to 2000, the Council in May 1993 selected food security as one of the priority areas for enhanced policy coordination between the Community and its Member States. Policies on food security should be a part of the overall framework of the fight against poverty. 2 . Having examined the Commission's communication on coordination between the Community and its Member States concerning food security policies and practices, the Council and the Member States have adopted the following orientations and guidelines. II. FOOD SECURITY SITUATION IN DEVELOPING COUNTRIES 1 . The Council is concerned that the number of people without adequate access to food is steadily increasing both as a result of emergency situations in many parts of the world - in particular at present in sub-Saharan Africa - and of longer term short-falls in food supply which continue to affect vulnerable groups in a large number of countries. In many developing countries national food production increases at a slower rate than the population, and many of them, in particular the least developed countries, are unable to increase food imports. It is therefore necessary to re-emphasize the high priority which should be attached to policies and programmes which improve food security. 2 . Because of the increasing need for emergency aid and humanitarian aid operations, donors and governments of developing countries have mainly focused on ensuring short-term food security. Food aid has become the main answer to food insecurity, whereas this can only provide a partial and mainly short-term solution which in some cases disregards traditional food habits and can lead to market distortions. As a result, international emphasis on long-term food security policies at regional, national and household level seems to have significantly diminished. In most cases, this is also evident in the follow-up given to the November 1988 Resolution. 3 . The Council notes that recent structural changes, namely, on the international level, the GATT agreement on world trade and, on the Community level, the reform of the common agricultural policy, may have an effect on the production and international movement of products important for ensuring food security. It would therefore seem necessary to study the evolution of the changes and their short term effects so as to enable a discussion on appropriate measure that could be taken. 4 . The Council welcomes the efforts that have been made to enhance coordination between the various instruments of Community and Member States' development policies, particularly those relating to long term food security, structural adjustment, social development and emergency relief but considers that there is scope for further improvement. . PRINCIPLES AND PRIORITIES 1 . Regional, national and household food security on a long term basis which enables access by all people at all times to food for an active and healthy life, is an important element in the fight against poverty and should be emphasized in all relevant programmes with developing countries. Food security concerns not only the quantity but also the quality of food supply, in order to ensure adequate nutritional value. 2 . Given the different responsibilities of men and women in relation to household food security, the Council underlines the objective to consider systematically the different roles played by women and men when programmes aimed at ensuring food security are prepared. 3 . While the Community and its Member States should continue to respond to the on-going need for relief operations and food aid, the need for long-term oriented food security policies and programmes has to be underlined. 4 . The link between development, rehabilitation, relief operations and food aid needs to be strengthened. In this perspective, improving the effective use of food aid is of great importance. The Council reiterates its wish to see such orientations reflected in future deliberations and policy decisions concerning Community food aid. It also underlines the need to give special attention to food security of vulnerable groups in the design and implementation of macro-economic structural adjustment programmes. 5 . In order to increase the national and local supply of food for countries with a permanent and large food deficit, the Council underlines that food security including nutrition issues should be adopted as a guiding principle underlying development programmes, aiming at poverty alleviation in rural and urban areas, which can only be country-specific. This principle should be complemented by special consideration regarding access to food. The dialogue with partner countries should lead to a strategy geared to ensuring long term food security. Measures to reduce poverty, and sectoral policies regarding, inter alia, agriculture, environment, health, family planning and education as well as macro-economic policy should be made consistent with the objective of ensuring food security for all. These policies should take account of the role of the commercial farming sector and smallholders. It is also important to raise the level of participation of women and communities in the drive to ensure food security at national, regional, local and household level. 6 . Political stability and the ending of armed conflicts are important conditions for a more successful implementation of food security strategies. 7 . The coordination of national and international early warning systems needs to be strengthened in order to respond rapidly to disaster relief operations. In this context, NGOs can also play a substantial role, and make a valuable contribution to other aspects of food security, particularly at the household level. IV. COOPERATION AND COORDINATION 1 . The Council refers to its Resolution of 2 December 1993 on coordination procedures which stresses the importance of coordinating activities of Member States and the Commission on the spot. It should be enhanced by making better use of existing mechanisms and instruments. 2 . In view of the need for increased coherence, and in accordance with Article 130v of the Treaty, the Council looks forward to a report from the Commission analysing the impact of the CAP and other Community policies on markets and food security in developing countries, as well as to proposals to enhance coherence between these policy fields. 3 . The Community and its Member States undertake to intensify their efforts to coordinate their support for food security policies in recipient countries at the Community level and in international fora. 4 . The Council requests its Working Parties on Development Cooperation and on Food Aid to consider regularly longer-term food security matters. Furthermore, it requests the Management Committees and in particular the Food Aid Committee to scrutinize all commitment proposals for their impact on long-term food security at national, regional and at household level in the beneficiary country/countries. 5 . The Council refers to its Resolution of 2 December 1993 on coordination procedures which stressed the importance of coordinating the activities of Member States and the Commission on the spot. In particular the preparation of joint policy initiatives such as food security planning, and increased consultation on the use of the counterpart funds generated by food aid for purposes of longer-term oriented food security programmes and policies should be encouraged. In this connection the Council would request the Group of experts to consider how coordination in this area between the Community and the Member States could be quickly put into effect on a trial basis in a small number of developing countries. This list of countries should be as close as possible to the list of developing countries where operational coordination on a trial basis is taking place. 6 . Regional approaches to food security, including food aid triangular and local purchasing operations, should be further reinforced and supported so as to take advantage of natural complementarity between countries that belong to the same region. In addition, food security policies should have a regional dimension to promote regional food trade and integration. 7 . The European Community and its Member States recognize the importance of the role of the FAO and other multilateral agencies such as the World Bank, the WFP and the IFAD in the field of food security, and reaffirm the importance of cooperation and coordination with other donors and agencies, including NGOs. In this field, the Council recognizes the need for the Community to make special efforts in the preparation of international conferences on food security and nutrition and in implementing their results in developing countries. 8 . The Council requests the Commission to monitor and assess the implementation of this Resolution and to report back regularly on progress achieved. The Council also recognizes the importance of keeping under review its policies on the provision of food aid, particularly in the light of paragraph III.4 above. In this perspective, it invites the Commission to submit to the Council as soon as possible a report on the implementation of the Council conclusions on food aid policy and guidelines adopted in 1989 and 1990. The Council will consider the need to update policy in this area in the light of this report. - EDUCATION AND TRAINING - COUNCIL RESOLUTION I. INTRODUCTION 1 . Following the adoption of its declaration on development cooperation in the run-up to 2000, the Council, in its conclusions of 25 May 1993, considered that education and training were among the priority areas in which coordination between the Community and the Member States should be strengthened. 2 . Having examined the communication from the Commission, the analysis and main recommendations of which it endorses, the Council hereby adopts the following guidelines. II. THE STATE OF EDUCATION AND TRAINING IN THE DEVELOPING COUNTRIES 3 . The Council recognizes the considerable progress that has been made in recent decades at all educational levels, in sub-Saharan Africa too, despite the fact that the situation in Africa is more difficult in comparison with other regions; however, this progress has been very unevenly distributed, both geographically and qualitatively. 4 . The viability of action on education and training is a long-term concern. A key factor in ensuring its viability is the support of local institutional capacities. 5 . The Council emphasizes that education, in particular basic education, is a fundamental right. It plays a crucial role in the affirmation of democratic values, economic growth and job creation, the reduction of disparities in income and of inequality and the improvement of standards of living and health. The most important benefits come from primary education rather than higher education. Moreover, education can play an essential part in promoting the status of women in society. The Council reaffirms the important role played by NGOs in the field of education and training in the DCs. PRINCIPLES AND PRIORITIES 6 . The appropriate level of intervention by the Community and the Member States in each country will be determined by the political will of the responsible authorities to undertake reform. 7 . Problems in the education sector can only be correctly diagnosed in relation to each individual country. That is the only way in which cultural diversity and long-term political choices can be taken into consideration. 8 . Aid from the Community and the Member States for education and training must, as agreed at the 1990 World Conference on Education for All, support the developing countries' policies and own efforts, not act as a substitute for local initiative. 9 . Action funded under structural adjustment facilities must be better integrated into the long-term priorities of the developing countries' education systems. 10 . The priority for the Community and the Member States must be both to maximise access to education within the limits of the resources available and to ensure that the quality of education provided is suited to the needs of the majority of students. That education should provide the basis for a continuous improvement in the educational level of the population. 11 The Community and the Member States will seek to promote support for vocational training for formal and informal sectors of the economy, to be provided by formal and non-formal educational channels. 12 . The Community and the Member States must improve educational opportunities for disadvantaged groups. Among the various disadvantaged groups, priority will be given to improving women's access to education. The impact of all education sector projects on women's education must be studied at the project identification stage and monitored during project implementation. In particular, priority must be given to women's education, leading to action at the level of primary education and teacher training. IV. STRATEGIES 13 . The Council stresses the importance of a balanced, programme-based strategy, tailored to the specific circumstances of the individual DC, which concentrates on improving the quality and relevance of education and training available throughout the life of each individual. In the context of this balanced approach, pride of place should be accorded to support for basic education. That support will include measures to increase the availability of non-formal education, in order to improve access to basic education for disadvantaged groups and to provide alternatives for those who have been unable to complete their primary education. 14 With regard to secondary education, support should concentrate on those areas and skills that are most relevant to the development needs of the DCs. Preference should be given to local training measures. 15 The Council recognizes that the training of teachers and instructors is an essential component of any strategy to support education and training in the DCs. Priority will be given to the training of teachers and instructors in the field of basic education and teachers engaged in the teaching of subjects relevant to development in secondary and post- secondary education, with a relative preference for in-service training. Support should be provided for developing local teaching programmes and the local production of teaching materials, in particular textbooks. 16 . The Council recognizes that technical education and vocational training are fundamental to the creation of the skilled manpower needed by formal and informal sectors of the economy; likewise, vocational training will have to be provided through both formal and non-formal channels. The Community and the Member States should strengthen their support for vocational training programmes designed to combat poverty, meet the basic needs of more vulnerable groups and, in particular, provide training for informal economic sectors, thereby encouraging independent work and fostering small and medium-sized undertakings. Support for programmes and projects adopting alternative methods of education such as apprenticeship schemes, refresher and in-service training provided by employers themselves should also be strengthened. This presupposes the involvement of the private sector in devising programmes. Support for technical education and vocational training must be placed in a global strategy for the development of a pool of skilled manpower in a specific DC. 17 . With regard to university education and other forms of higher education, the Council considers that the emphasis should be on creating adequate institutional capacity in the DCs themselves. Bearing that in mind, priority ought to be given to training in the country itself or in a neighbouring country. Training in Europe, particularly in the fields and skills essential for DC development, could be envisaged, particularly when there was no such capacity in the country itself or in a neighbouring country and where such training could contribute to strengthening local or regional institutional capacity. 18 . The Council regards the qualitative improvement of the DCs' education systems as a priority. Measures to increase the efficiency of the utilization of available resources will essentially be support for education planning and management and innovation and reform. This will essentially involve strengthening the institutional capacity of local administrations, helping them both to establish a comprehensive planning framework and to increase the efficiency of resources allocated to educational systems, in particular through innovation in the supply of education services and curricula. V. IMPLEMENTATION: THE MEANS AND THE INSTRUMENTS 19 The Council is concerned at the paucity of resources allocated to the education and training sector. In order to cope with increasing needs, determined among other things by population growth, the Community and its Member States will examine what additional means could be released, in particular through inter-sectoral reallocation, in order to develop action on education, in particular in the field of basic education. Increased resources must go hand in hand with policies targeted at narrowing inequality. They must also be accompanied by greater attention to cost-efficiency, with policies being reviewed accordingly. While bearing in mind the need for balance among sectors contributing to human development, the Community and the Member States recognize that efforts in this area must where possible evolve towards fair sharing. In this regard the Community and the Member States must pay particular attention to the need to strike a balance for each individual country between, on the one hand, the need to increase the efficiency of the developing country's education system, and on the other, to provide sufficient resources to make gains in productivity possible. 20 The Council stresses the importance of the increase in the availability of human resources. Better coordination at all levels between the Community and the Member States will contribute to that. VI. JOINT ACTION AND COORDINATION 21 The Council refers to its Resolution of 2 December 1993 on coordination procedures, in which the emphasis was placed on policy coordination and coordination at operational level, in order to continue and increase coordination through better use of existing coordinating mechanisms. 22 The Council draws attention to the importance of the role of management committees during the planning stage and in coordinating country-by- country approaches. This role should result in greater coherence and complementarity of Community measures with those of the Member States. 23 The Council stresses that the Community and the Member States must endeavour to provide coordinated support, in a limited number of DCs, for strategies and support programmes consistent with the education systems concerned. The Council therefore calls upon the group of experts to propose a list of countries concerned and to define consistent support methods. This list of countries should be as close as possible to the list of developing countries in which operational coordination has already been established experimentally. 24 At policy level, the Council stresses that coordination between the Community and the Member States will be based on exchanges of information on projects and programmes and exchanges of experience. These could examine the place of education in DC budgets, policies and priorities; effectiveness, quality, financing of education systems; aspects of financing by the Community or Member States of specific schemes (budget support or projects). 25 The Council calls on the Commission to step up this coordination on the basis of regular, systematic contacts between local representatives of the Commission and the Member States, designed to exchange information and ensure greater consistency in discussions with the beneficiary DCs (on sectoral and subsectoral educational policy issues and on specific operations or projects). These contacts could lead to joint studies and evaluations which would be examined by the appropriate Council bodies, and to the identification, preparation and implementation of joint operations in line with the guidelines adopted by the Community and the Member States. 26 In the framework of the operational coordination established between the Commission and the Member States with beneficiary countries, local representations could if needed, by common agreement and taking account of the specific characteristics of each country, entrust a Member State or the Commission with the task of organizing local coordination between the Commission and the Member States in the education sector. 27 The Council calls on the Commission to bring together groups of Member States' experts (at least once a year), to discuss the whole range of problems, to refine the analyses made of certain geographical areas or particular aspects of policy or education and training measures, with a view to improving coordination between the Community and the Member States. The expert groups could produce specific guidelines to be submitted to the Council. 28 In this framework, the Council calls on the Commission, together with those Member States that so wish, to submit an annual analytical report on the implementation of this Resolution. 29 The Community and the Member States reaffirm the importance of cooperation and coordination with other donors. 30 The Council wishes the Commission's annual report referred to above to cover activities undertaken in the context of coordination with other donors as well as progress made in coordination between the Community and the Member States. - OTHER POINTS RELATING TO DEVELOPMENT COOPERATION POLICY IN THE RUN-UP TO 2000 - OPERATIONAL COORDINATION The Presidency briefed the Council concerning the implementation of the operational coordination experiment which had been approved in December 1993 for six developing countries (Bangladesh, Côte d'Ivoire, Costa Rica, Ethiopia, Mozambique and Peru). The experiment involves a pilot project to strengthen and improve coordination between Community activities and those of the Member States in the countries concerned. A progress report on the experiment will be submitted to the Council at its next meeting. - COMPLEMENTARITY BETWEEN THE DEVELOPMENT POLICIES AND MEASURES OF THE EU AND OF THE MEMBER STATES - CONSISTENCY BETWEEN THE VARIOUS COMMUNITY POLICIES The Council discussed these two topics in detail, with reference to the text of the Maastricht Treaty (Articles 130u and 130v). The Council agreed in conclusion to ask the Commission to call a meeting of Directors-General for Development from the Member States and the Commission in January 1995 to continue its discussions on these matters, the aim being to enable the Commission to submit communications to the Council with a view to the Council meeting on 1 June 1995. MEASURES IN THE SPHERE OF TROPICAL FORESTS The Council recorded a political agreement on the draft common position concerning a proposal for a Regulation on operations to promote tropical forests. After legal finalization, the common position will be formally adopted by the Council at one of its meetings in the near future and sent to the European Parliament for second reading under the cooperation procedure (Article 189c of the Treaty). The Regulation will lay down the objectives and implementing rules for operations to contribute to the preservation and sustainable management of tropical forests and their biological diversity. Adoption of the Regulation will provide the legal basis for implementing the appropriations under heading B7-5041 of the Community budget ("Operations to promote tropical forests"). The Regulation would be for an initial period of three years (1995-1997), with an assessment before the end of 1997. The amount deemed necessary for the operations would be set at ECU 50 million per annum. PROGRAMME OF IMMEDIATE ACTION TO RESTORE SOCIAL AND PRODUCTION STRUCTURES IN RWANDA I. . On the basis of guidelines from the Commission, the Council recommended the implementation of an action programme for Rwanda, financed from the EDF and comprising the following measures: 1. Contingent of human rights observers: 50 observers: ECU 5 million 2 Support for the education and health sectors through budgetary assistance to the Rwandan State ECU 8 million 3 . Support for tea and coffee exports: ECU 20 million (Stabex) 4 . Rebuilding of Kigali airport: ECU 2 million 5 . Repair of damaged roads: ECU 3 million 6 . Restoration of the health and education systems (hospitals and schools): ECU 7 million 7 . Environment and protection of parks: ECU 4 million 8 . Special import programme: ECU 15 million 9 . Technical assistance for implementing the programme: ECU 3 million TOTAL: ECU 67 million II. The Council would point out that respect for human rights, for the rule of law and for democracy is an essential condition for the normalization of political and cooperation relations with Rwanda. Efforts will have to be made by the Rwandan Government in order to achieve, through practical measures, the national reconciliation among Rwandans that is so greatly wished for by the international community. LOME IV - MID-TERM REVIEW In the light of an introductory statement by the Commission, the Council held a broad discussion on the progress and prospects of the negotiations under the mid-term review of the Fourth ACP-EEC Convention. This comes shortly before the important negotiating session due to be held at ministerial level on 30 November and 1 December 1994. The Council reaffirmed the Union's dedication to cooperating with the ACP States and its desire to support them in their efforts. The Lomé IV mid-term review is intended to result, before 1 March 1995, in the revision of certain provisions of the Convention and the drawing up of the next financial protocol. It will be an opportunity to confirm the two parties' commitment to continuing and improving their special relationship. FUTURE RELATIONS WITH SOUTH AFRICA - COUNCIL STATEMENT 1. The programme "Positive measures for the Republic of South Africa", which was designed as a means of contributing to the ending of apartheid and providing support for disadvantaged groups in South Africa, has been in force since 1985. 2. The Council requests the Commission to forward to it a comprehensive and analytical report on the implementation of this Programme, including an evaluation of the results achieved. 3. In view of the considerable funds available under budget line B7-5070 and in the light of Council decisions on 25 May 1993, 6 December 1993, 19 April 1994 and the results of the Berlin Conference on 5-6 September 1994, the Council welcomes the fact that the Commission has announced that a formal proposal to establish a provisional legal basis concerning future programmes and their implementation will be forwarded to the Council during the first quarter of 1995. 4. The Council considers it important that in this context discussions should continue on the definition of a long term country strategy, taking account of the level of development of the South African economy and indicating a list of priority sectors to be included in the Community's future development cooperation, as well as the modalities for implementation of the programmes. EVALUATION - COUNCIL STATEMENT Further to the Council's conclusions of May 1989 on evaluation, the Council reiterates the importance it attaches to evaluations of EU development programmes and instruments. The Council is of the opinion that such evaluations would constitute important steps towards maximizing the effectiveness of the aid delivered to partner countries and would provide the EU and partner countries with substantive inputs in their policy dialogue. In this connection, the Council invites the Commission to convene a meeting of development evaluation experts to consider possible modalities for such evaluations, including procedures and terms of reference, and ensuring the widest possible participation. The Council Working Party on Development Cooperation will take account of the outcome of the experts' discussions in preparing draft modalities for submission to the next Development Council. BUDGET HEADINGS CONCERNING HUMANITARIAN AID - STATEMENT BY THE COUNCIL AND THE COMMISSION ON HUMANITARIAN ACTION 1. The Council recalls and confirms its conclusions of 25 May 1993 on humanitarian and emergency aid. In this connection, it notes with satisfaction the holding of quarterly meetings between the heads of national emergency departments and the Commission. 2. In view of the great importance assumed by humanitarian aid, the Council welcomes the fact that the Commission has undertaken to submit, within the next few months, a draft Regulation on the use of budgetary resources earmarked for humanitarian aid. The Council considers that this legal basis should take into account the aforementioned Council conclusions. In particular, it should define the scope of humanitarian aid activities, coordination and the possibilities for cooperation between the Community, Member States, international organizations, including the DHA, and NGOs. Provision should be made for the establishment of a decision-making procedure involving the possible creation of an appropriate Committee with a view to ensuring sufficient participation of the Member States in the decision-making process, as well as for a review of the guiding principles of humanitarian action and, in particular, the principle of non-discrimination on the grounds of race, religion or political opinion. 3. The Council stresses the importance of transparent and speedy procedures and the definition of clear criteria concerning cooperation with NGOs in this area. 4. In view of its importance, it is essential that the Community's humanitarian aid should be monitored by a Council working party. REHABILITATION At the request of the Danish delegation, the Commission gave the Council a progress report on the implementation of the rehabilitation measures, in particular those covered by the "Initiative for Africa" which was approved by the Council on 25 May 1993. The Council called on the Commission to continue the efforts it was making to implement these measures with a view to speeding them up. MIGRATION AND DEVELOPMENT At the initiative of the Belgian and Italian delegations, the Council asked the Commission to submit, before its next meeting, a discussion paper on the role that development cooperation policy could play in reducing the pressure of migration. ACTION TO COMBAT DRUGS The Council noted a number of comments by the United Kingdom Minister regarding the Commission's communication on an EU plan of action to combat drugs. His comments dealt particularly with the link between development cooperation and the fight against drugs. The Council confirmed that the examination of this dossier would be continued by the appropriate Council bodies. FUTURE RELATIONS OF THE EUROPEAN UNION WITH LAA AND MED COUNTRIES The Council discussed the EU's future relations with the countries of Asia, Latin America and the Mediterranean, on which the Commission had sent its communications. Noting that the examination of these communications would be continued by the appropriate bodies, the Council stated specifically that in the process of determining such relations it would be necessary to take into account the financial aspects. WORLD SUMMIT FOR SOCIAL DEVELOPMENT The Council agreed to: - give full support to the idea, the objectives and the programme of the World Summit for Social Development which will take place in Copenhagen from 6 to 12 March 1995; - recommend that the summit be attended by Heads of State or Government; - consult with the United States and the other G7 countries; - give positive consideration to the commitments that will be proposed at the summit, including the commitment to increase significantly the resources earmarked for social development and to allocate them more effectively through national action and international cooperation. BURUNDI After the discussion on Burundi which took place over lunch, the Ministers agreed that it was time for action to help Burundi to be stepped up to prevent the situation deteriorating as had happened in Rwanda. ANGOLA AND MOZAMBIQUE The Council noted a statement by the Portuguese Minister seeking an increase in humanitarian and rehabilitation aid for Mozambique and Angola. Mr MARIN, Vice-President of the Commission, confirmed that his departments were working to achieve this aim. MISCELLANEOUS DECISIONS (adopted without debate) Prudential supervision The Council found that it was unable to adopt the Directive on reinforcing prudential supervision as amended by the European Parliament on second reading. The Directive amends Directives 77/780/EEC and 89/646/EEC in the field of credit institutions, Council Directives 73/239/EEC and 92/49/EEC in the field of non-life insurance, Council Directives 79/267/EEC and 92/96/EEC in the field of assurance, Council Directive 93/22/EEC in the field of investment firms, and Directive 85/611/EEC in the field of undertakings for collective investment in transferable securities (UCITS). The Council was unable to accept two amendments proposed by the European Parliament which concerned the definition of "head office" and the requirement that the auditors of financial undertakings should report certain facts and decisions to the competent authorities. The President of the Council will therefore convene a meeting of the Conciliation Committee in accordance with Article 189b(3). Customs Union - Fisheries Further to the substantive agreement reached at the Fisheries Council meeting on 23 November 1994 (see Press Release 11055/94, Presse 240), the Council formally adopted Regulations: - temporarily suspending totally or partially the autonomous duties of the Common Customs Tariff for certain fishery products (1995); - amending Regulations (EC) No 3466/93 opening and providing for the administration of Community tariff quotas for certain agricultural and industrial products (first series 1994), (EC) No 3672/93 opening and providing for the administration of Community tariff quotas for certain industrial products (second series 1994), (EC) No 845/94 opening and providing for the administration of Community tariff quotas for certain fishery products (1994) and (EC) No 1502/94 opening and providing for the administration of Community tariff quotas for certain industrial and fisheries products (third series 1994).