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The  Governments  of the  Member States  and the  European  Commission were
represented as follows:

Belgium:
Mr Erik DERYCKE               State   Secretary    for   Cooperation    and
                              Development

Denmark:
M Poul NIELSON                Minister for Development Cooperation

Germany:
Mr Carl-Dieter SPRANGER       Minister for Economic Cooperation

Greece:
Mr Athanassios THEODORAKIS    Secretary-General of the Ministry  of Foreign
                              Affairs

Spain:
Mr José Luis DICENTA BALLESTER  State   Secretary   for    International
                                Cooperation
                                and Latin America

France:
Mr Bernard DEBRE              Minister for Cooperation

Ireland:
Mr Tom KITT                   Minister of  State for  European Affairs  and
                              Overseas Development Aid

Italy:
Mr Franco ROCHETTA            State Secretary for Foreign Affairs

Luxembourg:
Mr Georges WOHLFART           State Secretary for Foreign  Affairs, Foreign
                              Trade and Cooperation

Netherlands:
Mr Jan PRONK                  Minister for Development Cooperation

Portugal:
Mr José Manuel BRIOSA E GALA  State Secretary for Cooperation

United Kingdom:
Baroness Lynda CHALKER        Minister for Overseas Development

                                   - + -

Commission:
Mr Manuel MARIN               Vice-President

Representatives from the four acceding countries attended as observers:

Norway:
Ms Kari NORDHEIM-LARSEN       Minister for Development Cooperation

Austria:
Mr Hans BRUNMAYR              Deputy Head of the Mission of Austria to the
                              European Union

Finland:
Mr Heikki HAAVISTO            Minister for Foreign Affairs
Mr Mauri EGGERT               Deputy State Secretary for Foreign Affairs

Sweden:
Mr Pierre SCHORI              Minister with special responsibility for
                              Development Cooperation

DEVELOPMENT CO-OPERATION POLICY IN THE RUN-UP TO 2000

- FOOD SECURITY - COUNCIL RESOLUTION

I.   INTRODUCTION

  1                                                                      .
  Following its  declaration of  November 1992 on  development cooperation
  in the run-up to 2000, the Council in May 1993 selected food security as
  one  of the priority areas for enhanced  policy coordination between the
  Community and its Member States.  Policies on food security should  be a
  part of the overall framework of the fight against poverty.

  2                                                                      .
  Having   examined  the   Commission's  communication   on   coordination
  between the Community  and its  Member States  concerning food  security
  policies  and practices, the Council and the  Member States have adopted
  the following orientations and guidelines.

II.  FOOD SECURITY SITUATION IN DEVELOPING COUNTRIES

  1                                                                      .
  The  Council is  concerned that  the number  of people  without adequate
  access to  food is  steadily increasing  both as  a result of  emergency
  situations in  many parts  of the  world - in  particular at present  in
  sub-Saharan Africa - and of longer term short-falls in food supply which
  continue to affect vulnerable groups in a large number of countries.  In
  many developing countries national food production increases at a slower
  rate  than the  population, and  many of  them, in particular  the least
  developed  countries,  are  unable to  increase  food  imports.   It  is
  therefore necessary  to re-emphasize the high  priority which  should be
  attached to policies and programmes which improve food security.

  2                                                                      .
  Because of  the increasing need for  emergency aid and  humanitarian aid
  operations, donors and governments  of developing countries have  mainly
  focused on ensuring short-term food  security.  Food aid  has become the
  main answer to food insecurity, whereas this can  only provide a partial
  and  mainly   short-term  solution   which  in  some  cases   disregards
  traditional  food habits  and  can lead  to  market distortions.   As  a
  result, international  emphasis on  long-term food security policies  at
  regional, national  and  household  level  seems to  have  significantly
  diminished.  In  most cases, this is also evident in the follow-up given
  to the November 1988 Resolution.

  3                                                                      .
  The  Council  notes  that  recent  structural  changes,  namely, on  the
  international level,  the  GATT agreement  on world  trade  and, on  the
  Community level, the reform of the common agricultural  policy, may have
  an  effect  on the  production  and international  movement of  products
  important for ensuring food security.  It would therefore seem necessary
  to study the evolution of the changes and their short term effects so as
  to enable a discussion on appropriate measure that could be taken.

  4                                                                      .
  The  Council  welcomes the  efforts  that  have  been  made  to  enhance
  coordination  between the  various instruments  of Community  and Member
  States' development policies, particularly  those relating to long  term
  food security, structural  adjustment, social development  and emergency
  relief but considers that there is scope for further improvement.

                       .
  PRINCIPLES AND PRIORITIES

  1                                                                      .
  Regional,  national and  household food  security on  a long  term basis
  which enables access by  all people at all  times to food for  an active
  and healthy life,  is an important element  in the fight against poverty
  and  should be  emphasized in  all  relevant programmes  with developing
  countries.   Food security concerns not  only the quantity  but also the
  quality of food supply, in order to ensure adequate nutritional value.

  2                                                                      .
  Given the  different responsibilities of men  and women  in relation  to
  household  food  security,  the  Council  underlines  the  objective  to
  consider systematically the different roles played by women and men when
  programmes aimed at ensuring food security are prepared.

  3                                                                      .
  While the  Community and its Member  States should  continue to  respond
  to the on-going need  for relief operations and  food aid, the  need for
  long-term  oriented  food  security policies  and  programmes has  to be
  underlined.

  4                                                                      .
  The  link  between  development, rehabilitation,  relief  operations and
  food  aid needs to be strengthened.  In  this perspective, improving the
  effective  use  of  food  aid  is of  great  importance.    The  Council
  reiterates  its wish  to  see  such  orientations  reflected  in  future
  deliberations and policy  decisions concerning Community food  aid.   It
  also underlines the need to  give special attention to  food security of
  vulnerable  groups in  the design  and implementation  of macro-economic
  structural adjustment programmes.

  5                                                                      .
  In  order  to  increase  the  national  and  local  supply  of  food for
  countries  with  a  permanent  and   large  food  deficit,  the  Council
  underlines that  food  security  including  nutrition issues  should  be
  adopted as a guiding principle underlying development programmes, aiming
  at  poverty alleviation  in rural  and  urban areas,  which can  only be
  country-specific.    This principle  should  be complemented  by special
  consideration regarding access to food.

     The dialogue  with partner countries should lead  to a strategy geared
     to ensuring long  term food security.  Measures to reduce poverty, and
     sectoral  policies  regarding, inter  alia,  agriculture, environment,
     health,  family planning  and  education  as  well  as  macro-economic
     policy should  be made consistent with the  objective of ensuring food
     security for  all.  These policies should take  account of the role of
     the commercial farming sector and smallholders.  It is also  important
     to raise the level  of participation of women  and communities in  the
     drive  to  ensure  food  security  at  national,  regional,  local and
     household level.

  6                                                                      .
  Political stability  and the  ending of  armed conflicts  are  important

  conditions  for  a  more  successful  implementation  of  food  security
  strategies.

  7                                                                      .
  The  coordination of  national and  international early  warning systems
  needs to be strengthened  in order to respond rapidly to disaster relief
  operations.  In this context, NGOs can also play a substantial role, and
  make  a  valuable  contribution  to  other  aspects  of  food  security,
  particularly at the household level.

IV.  COOPERATION AND COORDINATION

  1                                                                      .
  The  Council   refers   to   its   Resolution  of   2 December 1993   on
  coordination procedures which  stresses the  importance of  coordinating
  activities  of Member States and the  Commission on the spot.  It should
  be enhanced by making better use of existing mechanisms and instruments.

  2                                                                      .
  In  view of  the need  for increased coherence,  and in  accordance with
  Article 130v of the Treaty,  the Council looks forward to a report  from
  the Commission  analysing  the impact  of the  CAP  and other  Community
  policies  on markets and food security in  developing countries, as well
  as to proposals to enhance coherence between these policy fields.

  3                                                                      .
  The  Community  and  its  Member  States  undertake  to intensify  their
  efforts to  coordinate  their support  for  food  security  policies  in
  recipient countries at the Community level and in international fora.

  4                                                                      .
  The  Council  requests its  Working  Parties on  Development Cooperation
  and on Food Aid to consider regularly longer-term food security matters.
  Furthermore, it requests the Management Committees and in particular the
  Food Aid  Committee  to scrutinize  all commitment  proposals for  their
  impact on long-term food security at national, regional and at household
  level in the beneficiary country/countries.

  5                                                                      .
  The   Council  refers   to   its  Resolution   of  2 December   1993  on
  coordination procedures  which stressed  the importance  of coordinating
  the  activities of Member  States and  the Commission  on the  spot.  In
  particular  the preparation  of joint  policy initiatives  such as  food
  security  planning,  and  increased  consultation  on  the  use  of  the
  counterpart  funds generated  by food  aid  for purposes  of longer-term
  oriented food security programmes and policies should be encouraged.

     In this connection the Council  would request the Group of  experts to
     consider how  coordination in this area between  the Community and the
     Member States could be quickly put into  effect on a trial basis in  a
     small number  of developing countries.  This  list of countries should
     be  as close  as possible to  the list  of developing  countries where
     operational coordination on a trial basis is taking place.

  6                                                                      .
  Regional  approaches  to food  security,  including food  aid triangular
  and  local  purchasing  operations,  should be  further  reinforced  and
  supported so  as to  take advantage  of natural complementarity  between
  countries  that belong to the  same region.  In  addition, food security
  policies should have a regional dimension to promote regional food trade
  and integration.

  7                                                                      .
  The European  Community and  its Member States  recognize the importance
  of the role of the FAO and other multilateral agencies such as the World
  Bank, the WFP and the  IFAD in the field of food security,  and reaffirm
  the  importance of  cooperation and  coordination with other  donors and
  agencies, including  NGOs.  In this  field, the  Council recognizes  the
  need  for the Community  to make  special efforts in the  preparation of
  international   conferences  on  food  security  and  nutrition  and  in
  implementing their results in developing countries.

  8                                                                      .
  The  Council  requests  the   Commission  to  monitor  and   assess  the
  implementation  of  this  Resolution and  to  report back  regularly  on
  progress  achieved.    The  Council  also recognizes  the  importance of
  keeping  under  review its  policies  on  the  provision  of  food  aid,
  particularly  in  the   light  of   paragraph III.4  above.     In  this
  perspective, it invites the Commission to submit to the Council  as soon
  as possible a report on the implementation of the Council conclusions on
  food aid policy and  guidelines adopted in  1989 and 1990.  The  Council
  will consider the  need to update  policy in this  area in the light  of
  this report.

- EDUCATION AND TRAINING - COUNCIL RESOLUTION

I.   INTRODUCTION

  1                                                                      .
  Following  the adoption  of its  declaration on  development cooperation
  in the run-up to  2000, the Council, in its conclusions of  25 May 1993,
  considered that education and training were among the  priority areas in
  which coordination between the Community and the Member States should be
  strengthened.

  2                                                                      .
  Having  examined  the communication  from  the Commission,  the analysis
  and main recommendations of which it endorses, the Council hereby adopts
  the following guidelines.

II.  THE STATE OF EDUCATION AND TRAINING IN THE DEVELOPING COUNTRIES

  3                                                                      .
  The  Council recognizes  the considerable  progress  that has  been made
  in recent decades at all educational levels, in  sub-Saharan Africa too,
  despite  the  fact that  the situation  in Africa  is more  difficult in
  comparison  with  other regions;  however, this  progress has  been very
  unevenly distributed, both geographically and qualitatively.

  4                                                                      .
  The  viability  of  action on  education  and  training is  a  long-term
  concern.  A key factor in ensuring its viability is the support of local
  institutional capacities.

  5                                                                      .
  The Council  emphasizes that  education, in particular basic  education,
  is a fundamental right.  It plays  a crucial role in the affirmation  of
  democratic values,  economic growth  and job creation,  the reduction of
  disparities in income and of inequality and the improvement of standards
  of living  and health.   The most  important benefits  come from primary
  education rather than higher education.  Moreover, education can play an
  essential part in promoting the status of women in society.  The Council
  reaffirms the important role  played by NGOs in  the field of  education
  and training in the DCs.

  PRINCIPLES AND PRIORITIES

  6                                                                      .
  The appropriate  level of intervention by  the Community and  the Member
  States in each country will  be determined by the political  will of the
  responsible authorities to undertake reform. 

  7                                                                      .
  Problems  in the  education sector  can only  be correctly  diagnosed in
  relation to  each individual country.   That is  the only  way in  which
  cultural  diversity and long-term  political choices  can be  taken into
  consideration.

  8                                                                      .
  Aid  from  the  Community  and  the  Member  States  for  education  and
  training must,  as agreed at the 1990 World Conference  on Education for
  All, support the developing countries' policies and own efforts, not act
  as a substitute for local initiative.

  9                                                                      .
  Action  funded  under structural  adjustment  facilities must  be better
  integrated into  the long-term  priorities of the developing  countries'
  education systems.
  
  10                            .
  The priority for the  Community and the  Member States  must be both  to
  maximise  access  to  education  within  the  limits  of  the  resources
  available and to ensure that the quality of education provided is suited
  to the needs of the majority of students.  That education should provide
  the basis for a  continuous improvement in the  educational level of the
  population.
  
  11                                                              
  The Community  and the Member  States will  seek to promote support  for
  vocational  training for formal and informal sectors  of the economy, to
  be provided by formal and non-formal educational channels.
  
  12                                                .
  The   Community  and   the  Member   States  must   improve  educational
  opportunities for disadvantaged groups.  Among the various disadvantaged
  groups, priority will be given to improving women's access to education.
  The impact of all education sector projects on women's education must be
  studied at the project identification stage and monitored during project
  implementation.    In  particular,  priority must  be  given to  women's
  education, leading  to  action at  the level  of  primary education  and
  teacher training.

IV.  STRATEGIES
  
  13                                                                   .
  The Council  stresses  the  importance  of a  balanced,  programme-based
  strategy, tailored  to the specific circumstances of  the individual DC,
  which concentrates on improving  the quality and relevance of  education
  and training available throughout the life of each individual.

  In the  context of this  balanced approach,  pride of place  should be
  accorded to support  for basic education.   That support will  include
  measures  to increase  the  availability of  non-formal  education, in
  order to improve  access to basic  education for disadvantaged  groups
  and  to  provide  alternatives  for  those  who  have  been unable  to
  complete their primary education.
  
  14                                                                  
  With regard to secondary  education, support should concentrate on those
  areas and skills that are most relevant  to the development needs of the
  DCs.  Preference should be given to local training measures.
  
  15                                                                     
  The Council recognizes that the training of teachers  and instructors is
  an essential component of any strategy to support education and training
  in the  DCs.   Priority will  be given to the  training of  teachers and
  instructors in the field of basic education  and teachers engaged in the
  teaching  of subjects  relevant to  development  in secondary  and post-
  secondary education, with a relative preference for in-service training.
  Support should be provided for developing local teaching  programmes and
  the local production of teaching materials, in particular textbooks.
 
  16                                                             .
  The  Council recognizes that technical education and vocational training
  are fundamental to the creation of the skilled manpower needed by formal
  and informal  sectors of the economy; likewise, vocational training will
  have to be provided through both formal and non-formal channels.

     The Community and  the Member States  should strengthen their  support
     for vocational training  programmes designed  to combat poverty,  meet
     the basic needs of more vulnerable groups and, in particular,  provide
     training  for   informal   economic   sectors,   thereby   encouraging
     independent work and  fostering small  and medium-sized  undertakings.
     Support for programmes  and projects  adopting alternative methods  of
     education such  as  apprenticeship schemes,  refresher and  in-service
     training   provided   by   employers   themselves   should   also   be
     strengthened.

     This  presupposes the  involvement of  the private sector  in devising
     programmes.   Support for technical  education and vocational training
     must be placed in a global strategy  for the development of a pool  of
     skilled manpower in a specific DC.
  
  17                               .
  With regard to university education and other forms of higher education,
  the  Council considers that the emphasis should  be on creating adequate
  institutional capacity  in the DCs themselves.   Bearing  that in  mind,
  priority ought  to be given  to training in  the country itself  or in a
  neighbouring country.   Training  in Europe, particularly  in the fields
  and   skills  essential   for  DC   development,  could   be  envisaged,
  particularly when there was no such capacity in the country itself or in
  a  neighbouring country  and  where such  training could  contribute  to
  strengthening local or regional institutional capacity.
  
  18                                            .
  The Council  regards the qualitative improvement  of the  DCs' education
  systems as  a  priority.   Measures to  increase the  efficiency of  the
  utilization of  available  resources  will  essentially be  support  for
  education planning and management and innovation and reform.

     This  will   essentially  involve   strengthening  the   institutional
     capacity of local  administrations, helping them  both to establish  a
     comprehensive planning  framework and  to increase  the efficiency  of
     resources  allocated to  educational  systems,  in particular  through
     innovation in the supply of education services and curricula.

 V.  IMPLEMENTATION: THE MEANS AND THE INSTRUMENTS
  
  19
  The Council is concerned  at the paucity  of resources allocated to  the
  education and training sector.  In order to  cope with increasing needs,
  determined among  other things  by population growth,  the Community and
  its Member States will examine what additional means  could be released,
  in particular through inter-sectoral  reallocation, in order to  develop
  action  on education,  in particular  in the  field of  basic education.
  Increased resources  must  go hand  in hand  with  policies targeted  at
  narrowing  inequality.    They  must  also  be  accompanied  by  greater
  attention to cost-efficiency, with policies being reviewed accordingly.

     While bearing in mind the need for balance among sectors  contributing
     to human  development, the Community  and the Member  States recognize
     that efforts  in this  area must  where possible  evolve towards  fair
     sharing.

     In  this  regard  the  Community  and  the  Member  States  must   pay
     particular  attention  to  the  need  to  strike  a  balance for  each
     individual country between, on the one hand, the need  to increase the
     efficiency of the  developing country's education  system, and on  the
     other, to provide sufficient  resources to make gains in  productivity
     possible.
  
  20                                                                   
  The Council stresses the importance of the increase  in the availability
  of human  resources.   Better  coordination at  all  levels between  the
  Community and the Member States will contribute to that.

VI.  JOINT ACTION AND COORDINATION

  21                                                             
  The Council refers to its  Resolution of 2 December 1993 on coordination
  procedures, in which the emphasis was placed on  policy coordination and
  coordination at  operational level,  in order to  continue and  increase
  coordination through better use of existing coordinating mechanisms.
  
  22                                                                  
  The  Council draws attention to the importance of the role of management
  committees  during the  planning stage  and in  coordinating country-by-
  country approaches.   This role should  result in greater  coherence and
  complementarity of Community measures with those of the Member States.
  
  23                            
  The Council  stresses  that the  Community and  the  Member States  must
  endeavour to  provide coordinated support, in  a limited number  of DCs,
  for  strategies  and support  programmes  consistent with  the education
  systems  concerned.    The Council  therefore calls  upon  the  group of
  experts  to  propose  a  list  of  countries  concerned  and  to  define
  consistent support methods.   This list of countries should be as  close
  as possible  to the list of  developing countries  in which  operational
  coordination has already been established experimentally.

  24
  At  policy level,  the Council  stresses  that coordination  between the
  Community  and  the  Member  States  will  be  based   on  exchanges  of
  information  on  projects and  programmes  and exchanges  of experience.
  These could examine the place  of education in DC  budgets, policies and
  priorities; effectiveness,  quality,  financing  of  education  systems;
  aspects of  financing  by the  Community or  Member  States of  specific
  schemes (budget support or projects).

  25 
  The Council calls on the Commission to step up this coordination  on the
  basis of regular, systematic  contacts between local representatives  of
  the  Commission and the Member States,  designed to exchange information
  and ensure greater  consistency in discussions with the  beneficiary DCs
  (on sectoral  and subsectoral educational policy  issues and on specific
  operations or projects).

  These contacts  could  lead to  joint  studies and  evaluations  which
  would  be  examined by  the  appropriate Council  bodies,  and to  the
  identification,  preparation and implementation of joint operations in
  line with  the guidelines  adopted  by the  Community and  the  Member
  States.

  26
  In the framework of the operational coordination established between the
  Commission and  the  Member  States  with beneficiary  countries,  local
  representations could if needed, by common agreement and taking  account
  of the specific characteristics of each country, entrust  a Member State
  or the Commission with the task of organizing local coordination between
  the Commission and the Member States in the education sector.

  27
  The  Council calls on the  Commission to bring together groups of Member
  States' experts (at least  once a year),  to discuss the whole range  of
  problems,  to refine the analyses made of  certain geographical areas or
  particular aspects of policy or education and training  measures, with a
  view  to improving  coordination  between the  Community and  the Member
  States.

  The expert groups  could produce specific  guidelines to be  submitted
  to the Council.

  28 
  In this  framework, the Council calls  on the Commission,  together with
  those Member States that  so wish, to submit an annual analytical report
  on the implementation of this Resolution.

  29
  The  Community  and  the  Member  States  reaffirm  the   importance  of
  cooperation and coordination with other donors.

  30
  The  Council wishes the Commission's annual report  referred to above to
  cover activities undertaken  in the context of  coordination with  other
  donors as  well as progress made  in coordination between  the Community
  and the Member States.

- OTHER POINTS RELATING TO DEVELOPMENT COOPERATION POLICY IN THE RUN-UP TO
  2000

  -   OPERATIONAL COORDINATION

      The  Presidency briefed the Council concerning  the implementation of
      the operational coordination  experiment which had  been approved  in
      December 1993  for   six  developing   countries  (Bangladesh,   Côte
      d'Ivoire,   Costa Rica,  Ethiopia,   Mozambique  and   Peru).     The
      experiment  involves  a  pilot  project  to  strengthen  and  improve
      coordination between  Community activities  and those  of the  Member
      States in the countries concerned.

      A progress report on the experiment will be submitted to  the Council
      at its next meeting.

-   COMPLEMENTARITY BETWEEN THE  DEVELOPMENT POLICIES AND  MEASURES OF  THE
    EU AND OF THE MEMBER STATES
-   CONSISTENCY BETWEEN THE VARIOUS COMMUNITY POLICIES

    The  Council discussed these  two topics  in detail, with  reference to
    the text of the Maastricht Treaty (Articles 130u and 130v).

    The  Council  agreed  in conclusion  to ask  the  Commission to  call a
    meeting of  Directors-General for  Development from  the Member  States
    and  the  Commission in  January 1995 to  continue  its  discussions on
    these matters,  the  aim  being  to  enable the  Commission  to  submit
    communications to  the Council with  a view to  the Council meeting  on
    1 June 1995.

MEASURES IN THE SPHERE OF TROPICAL FORESTS

The  Council recorded a  political agreement  on the  draft common position
concerning a proposal  for a Regulation  on operations to promote  tropical
forests.  After  legal finalization, the  common position will be  formally
adopted by the Council  at one of its meetings in the near  future and sent
to  the  European  Parliament  for  second reading  under  the  cooperation
procedure (Article 189c of the Treaty).

The Regulation  will lay  down the  objectives and  implementing rules  for
operations to contribute to the preservation and  sustainable management of
tropical  forests  and  their  biological  diversity.    Adoption  of   the
Regulation   will  provide   the   legal   basis   for   implementing   the
appropriations  under heading B7-5041 of  the Community budget ("Operations
to promote tropical forests").

The Regulation would  be for an initial period  of three years (1995-1997),
with an  assessment before the end  of 1997.   The amount  deemed necessary
for the operations would be set at ECU 50 million per annum.

PROGRAMME  OF IMMEDIATE ACTION TO RESTORE  SOCIAL AND PRODUCTION STRUCTURES
IN RWANDA

  I.                                   .
  On the basis of guidelines from the Commission,  the Council recommended
  the implementation of an action programme for Rwanda,  financed from the
  EDF and comprising the following measures:

  1.
     Contingent of human rights observers:
     50 observers: ECU 5 million

  2  Support for the education and health sectors through budgetary 
     assistance to the Rwandan State
     ECU 8 million
  3                                                                      .
     Support for tea and coffee exports:
     ECU 20 million (Stabex)

  4                                                                      .
     Rebuilding of Kigali airport:
     ECU 2 million

  5                                                                      .
     Repair of damaged roads:
     ECU 3 million

  6                                                                      .
  Restoration  of  the  health   and  education  systems  (hospitals   and
  schools):
     ECU 7 million

  7                                                                      .
     Environment and protection of parks:
     ECU 4 million

  8                                                                      .
     Special import programme:
     ECU 15 million

  9                                                                      .
     Technical assistance for implementing the programme:
     ECU 3 million

     TOTAL: ECU 67 million

II.  The Council would  point out that  respect for human  rights, for  the
     rule  of law  and  for democracy  is  an essential  condition  for the
     normalization of political and cooperation relations with Rwanda.

  Efforts  will have  to be  made by  the Rwandan  Government in  order to
  achieve, through practical  measures, the national  reconciliation among
  Rwandans that is so greatly wished for by the international community.

LOME IV - MID-TERM REVIEW

In the  light of an introductory  statement by the Commission,  the Council
held  a broad discussion on the  progress and prospects of the negotiations
under  the mid-term review  of the  Fourth ACP-EEC Convention.   This comes
shortly  before  the  important  negotiating  session  due  to  be held  at
ministerial level on 30 November and 1 December 1994.

The Council reaffirmed  the Union's dedication to  cooperating with the ACP
States  and its  desire to  support them  in their  efforts.   The Lomé  IV
mid-term  review  is  intended  to  result,  before  1 March 1995,  in  the
revision of certain provisions of the Convention and the drawing  up of the
next financial  protocol.  It  will be  an opportunity to  confirm the  two
parties'   commitment   to   continuing   and   improving   their   special
relationship.

FUTURE RELATIONS WITH SOUTH AFRICA - COUNCIL STATEMENT

1.   The programme "Positive  measures for the  Republic of South  Africa",
     which  was  designed as  a  means  of contributing  to  the  ending of
     apartheid  and providing  support  for disadvantaged  groups  in South
     Africa, has been in force since 1985.

2.   The Council  requests the Commission to forward  to it a comprehensive
     and  analytical  report  on  the  implementation  of  this  Programme,
     including an evaluation of the results achieved.

3.   In view of the considerable funds available under budget line  B7-5070
     and   in   the    light   of   Council   decisions   on   25 May 1993,
     6 December 1993,   19 April  1994  and  the   results  of  the  Berlin
     Conference on  5-6 September 1994, the Council  welcomes the fact that
     the  Commission has  announced that a  formal proposal  to establish a
     provisional  legal  basis  concerning  future   programmes  and  their
     implementation  will  be forwarded  to  the Council  during  the first
     quarter of 1995.

4.   The Council considers  it important that  in this context  discussions
     should  continue on  the definition of  a long  term country strategy,
     taking  account  of the  level  of development  of  the South  African
     economy and indicating  a list of priority  sectors to be  included in
     the  Community's  future  development  cooperation,  as  well  as  the
     modalities for implementation of the programmes.

EVALUATION - COUNCIL STATEMENT

Further  to the  Council's  conclusions  of  May 1989  on  evaluation,  the
Council  reiterates  the  importance  it  attaches  to  evaluations  of  EU
development programmes  and instruments.   The  Council is  of the  opinion
that  such evaluations would constitute  important steps towards maximizing
the  effectiveness  of the  aid  delivered to  partner countries  and would
provide  the  EU and  partner  countries with  substantive inputs  in their
policy dialogue.

In this  connection,  the  Council  invites  the Commission  to  convene  a
meeting  of development evaluation experts  to consider possible modalities
for  such evaluations,  including procedures  and terms  of reference,  and
ensuring the widest possible participation.

The Council Working  Party on Development Cooperation  will take account of
the outcome of  the experts' discussions in  preparing draft modalities for
submission to the next Development Council.

BUDGET HEADINGS CONCERNING HUMANITARIAN AID
- STATEMENT BY THE COUNCIL AND THE COMMISSION ON HUMANITARIAN ACTION

1.   The Council  recalls and confirms  its conclusions  of 25 May 1993  on
     humanitarian  and emergency  aid.  In  this connection,  it notes with
     satisfaction the holding  of quarterly meetings  between the heads  of
     national emergency departments and the Commission.

2.   In view  of the  great  importance assumed  by humanitarian  aid,  the
     Council  welcomes  the  fact that  the  Commission  has  undertaken to
     submit, within the next few months,  a draft Regulation on the use  of
     budgetary  resources  earmarked  for humanitarian  aid.    The Council
     considers  that  this  legal  basis  should  take  into   account  the
     aforementioned  Council conclusions.  In  particular, it should define
     the  scope  of  humanitarian  aid  activities,  coordination  and  the
     possibilities for  cooperation between  the Community, Member  States,
     international organizations, including the DHA, and NGOs.

  Provision should  be  made for  the establishment  of a  decision-making
  procedure involving  the possible  creation of an appropriate  Committee
  with a view to ensuring sufficient participation of the Member States in
  the  decision-making process, as  well as  for a  review of  the guiding
  principles of  humanitarian action and, in particular,  the principle of
  non-discrimination  on  the  grounds  of  race,  religion  or  political
  opinion.

3.   The  Council  stresses   the  importance  of  transparent  and  speedy
     procedures   and   the  definition   of   clear  criteria   concerning
     cooperation with NGOs in this area.

4.   In  view  of its  importance,  it is  essential  that the  Community's
     humanitarian aid should be monitored by a Council working party.

REHABILITATION

At the request of the Danish  delegation, the Commission gave the Council a
progress report  on the implementation of  the rehabilitation  measures, in
particular  those covered by the "Initiative for Africa" which was approved
by the Council on 25 May 1993.

The Council called on the Commission to continue the efforts  it was making
to implement these measures with a view to speeding them up.

MIGRATION AND DEVELOPMENT

At  the  initiative of  the  Belgian and  Italian delegations,  the Council
asked  the  Commission to  submit,  before its  next meeting,  a discussion
paper on  the  role  that  development  cooperation policy  could  play  in
reducing the pressure of migration.

ACTION TO COMBAT DRUGS

The  Council noted  a number  of comments  by the  United Kingdom  Minister
regarding the Commission's communication on an EU plan of  action to combat
drugs.  His  comments dealt particularly with  the link between development
cooperation and the fight against drugs.

The Council  confirmed  that  the  examination  of this  dossier  would  be
continued by the appropriate Council bodies.

FUTURE RELATIONS OF THE EUROPEAN UNION WITH LAA AND MED COUNTRIES

The  Council  discussed the  EU's  future relations  with the  countries of
Asia, Latin America  and the  Mediterranean, on  which  the Commission  had
sent its communications.

Noting that the  examination of these communications  would be continued by
the  appropriate  bodies,  the  Council  stated  specifically  that  in the
process of  determining such relations it  would be necessary to  take into
account the financial aspects.

WORLD SUMMIT FOR SOCIAL DEVELOPMENT

The Council agreed to:

-
  give  full support to the  idea, the objectives and  the programme of the
  World Summit  for Social Development which will  take place in Copenhagen
  from 6 to 12 March 1995;

-
  recommend that the summit be attended by Heads of State or Government;

-
  consult with the United States and the other G7 countries;

-
  give positive  consideration to the commitments that  will be proposed at
  the  summit, including  the  commitment  to  increase  significantly  the
  resources earmarked  for social  development and  to  allocate them  more
  effectively through national action and international cooperation.

BURUNDI

After the discussion on Burundi  which took place over lunch, the Ministers
agreed that  it was time  for action to  help Burundi  to be stepped  up to
prevent the situation deteriorating as had happened in Rwanda.

ANGOLA AND MOZAMBIQUE

The Council  noted  a  statement  by  the Portuguese  Minister  seeking  an
increase in humanitarian and rehabilitation aid for Mozambique and  Angola.
Mr MARIN, Vice-President of  the Commission, confirmed that his departments
were working to achieve this aim.

MISCELLANEOUS DECISIONS
(adopted without debate)

Prudential supervision

The Council found that it was unable to adopt the  Directive on reinforcing
prudential  supervision  as amended  by the  European Parliament  on second
reading.  The Directive amends Directives 77/780/EEC and 89/646/EEC in  the
field of  credit institutions, Council Directives  73/239/EEC and 92/49/EEC
in  the  field  of non-life  insurance,  Council Directives  79/267/EEC and
92/96/EEC in  the field  of assurance,  Council Directive 93/22/EEC in  the
field  of  investment  firms,  and  Directive 85/611/EEC in  the  field  of
undertakings for collective investment in transferable securities (UCITS).

The  Council was unable  to accept two amendments  proposed by the European
Parliament  which  concerned  the  definition  of  "head  office"  and  the
requirement  that  the  auditors of  financial  undertakings  should report
certain facts and decisions to the competent authorities.

The  President  of the  Council will  therefore  convene a  meeting  of the
Conciliation Committee in accordance with Article 189b(3).

Customs Union - Fisheries

Further  to  the substantive  agreement  reached at  the  Fisheries Council
meeting on  23 November 1994 (see Press Release  11055/94, Presse 240), the
Council formally adopted Regulations:

-
  temporarily suspending totally or partially the autonomous duties  of the
  Common Customs Tariff for certain fishery products (1995);

-
  amending  Regulations  (EC)  No 3466/93  opening  and  providing for  the
  administration of Community  tariff quotas  for certain agricultural  and
  industrial  products (first  series 1994),  (EC)  No 3672/93  opening and
  providing  for the administration of Community  tariff quotas for certain
  industrial  products (second  series 1994),  (EC) No  845/94 opening  and
  providing  for the administration of  Community tariff quotas for certain
  fishery  products (1994) and  (EC) No  1502/94 opening  and providing for
  the administration of  Community tariff quotas for certain industrial and
  fisheries products (third series 1994).

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