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The  Governments of  the  Member States  and  the European  Commission  were
represented as follows :

Belgium
Mr Elio DI RUPO                    Deputy   Prime  Minister,   Minister  for
                              Transport and Public Undertakings

Denmark
Mrs Mimi JAKOBSEN             Minister for Trade and Industry

Germany
Mr Matthias WISSMANN          Federal Minister for Transport
Mr Wilhelm KNITTEL            State    Secretary,   Federal    Ministry   of
                              Transport

Greece
Mr Georgios KATSIPHARAS       Minister for Merchant Shipping
Mr Christos KOKINOVASSILIS    State Secretary for Transport

Spain
Mr Manuel PANADERO            Secretary-General, Ministry of Transport

France
Mr Pierre SELLAL              Deputy Permanent Representative

Ireland
Mr John F. COGAN              Deputy Permanent Representative

Italy
Mr Roberto ROSSI              Deputy Permanent Representative

Luxembourg
Mrs Mady DELVAUX-STEHRES      Minister for Transport

Netherlands
Mrs A. JORRITSMA-LEBBINK      Minister for Transport

Portugal
Mr Jorge ANTAS                State Secretary for Transport
Mr Joâo BEBIANO               State  Secretary  to  the   Minister  for
                              Maritime Affairs

United Kingdom
Mr Brian MAWHINNEY            Secretary of State for Transport
Lord GOSCHEN                  Parliamentary  Under-Secretary of State,
                              Department of Transport

Commission
Mr Marcelino OREJA AGUIRRE    Member
Mr Karel VAN MIERT            Member

The following representatives of the four acceding countries also attended:

Norway
Mr Kjell OPSETH               Minister for Transport and Communications
Mrs Grete KNUDSEN             Minister for Trade and Shipping

Austria
Mrs Judith GEBETSROITHNER     Deputy Head of Mission

Finland
Mr Johan NORRBACK             Minister for Transport and Communications

Sweden
Mrs Ines UUSMANN              Minister for Transport and Communications
Mr Magnus PERSSON             State Secretary for Transport and
                              Communications

TRANS-EUROPEAN TRANSPORT NETWORK

The  Council  held  a  policy debate  on  the  proposal  for  a  Decision on
Community  guidelines for  the development  of the  trans-European transport
network.

The proposal  is a direct  response to  the requests  of the Copenhagen  and
Brussels   European  Councils   concerning  measures   to  promote   growth,
competitiveness  and  employment,  and  in  particular  the  realization  of
infrastructure projects.   It  covers all  transport infrastructure -  land,
sea  and  air -  with  a  view to  inter-modal  integration.   The  proposed
guidelines therefore  replace the  three "modal"  Decisions  adopted by  the
Council  on 29 October 1993  (road, inland  waterway and  combined transport
networks) and also  cover railways, ports, airports and the  information and
management systems for the whole network.

During  the debate,  delegations gave  their views  on a  number of  general
guidelines  concerning, inter  alia, inclusion  in the  decision of  further
interconnection  points,  improvement  of the  annexes  so that  projects of
common  interest   for  the  trans-European   transport  network   could  be
identified, objectives and  types of project of common interest  for traffic
management systems,  the relationship  between the trans-European  transport
infrastructure network  and third-country networks,  and the  regular review
of the guidelines.

These guidelines are in addition to those already arrived at  by the Council
at its meeting on 26 September 1994.

The Council instructed the Permanent  Representatives Committee to  continue
its  examination  of  the  dossier  in  the  light  of the  debate,  pending
submission of the  Opinions of the  Parliament and  the Economic and  Social
Committee.

The  Council  also took  note  of information  from  the  Commission on  the
progress of the work of the "Christophersen Group", which has  been asked to
draw up a list of priority transport and energy projects.

INTEROPERABILITY OF THE EUROPEAN HIGH-SPEED TRAIN NETWORK

The Council held an initial  policy debate on  the proposal for a  Directive
on the interoperability of the European high-speed train network.

The  proposal  is  based  on  Title XII  of  the  Treaty  on  trans-European
networks.     It  must  therefore  make   a  contribution  to  the   gradual
establishment  of  the internal  market  and  to the  strengthening  of  the
Community's economic  and social cohesion,  and to  the establishment of  an
internal area without frontiers.

A  number of  guidelines emerged  from the  debate  which should  facilitate
future work, on  aspects such as the scope and content of the Directive, the
possible  consideration  of   costs  in  the  concept  of  interoperability,
committee procedure  and the transitional  period up  to the realization  of
interoperability.

The Council instructed the Permanent  Representatives Committee to  continue
its examination of the proposal, in the  light of the debate and pending the
Opinions of the Parliament and the Economic and Social Committee.

OFFICER FOR PREVENTION  OF THE RISKS  INHERENT IN THE CARRIAGE  OF DANGEROUS
GOODS

The Council  held a  policy debate on  the proposal  for a Directive  on the
appointment  and vocational  qualification of  an officer  for prevention of
the risks inherent in the carriage of dangerous goods in undertakings  which
transport such goods.

The proposal is designed  to fulfil one of the  undertakings entered into by
the Commission in its report  on the transport of dangerous goods and  waste
of June 1987.   It requires undertakings which transport dangerous  goods to
appoint one or  more officers  responsible for the  prevention of the  risks
inherent  in this  type of  carriage,  regardless of  the mode  of transport
used.

In the light  of the debate,  which brought out the  problems raised  by the
proposal for  certain delegations, the  Permanent Representatives  Committee
was instructed  to explore possible routes to a compromise, in particular by
limiting the scope of the  Directive, initially, to transport by  road, rail
and  inland waterway.   The aim  of the rules,  the distinction  between the
duties  of the  entrepreneur and  the risk-prevention  officer, and  aspects
relating to exemption for small undertakings should also be reviewed.

EUROPEAN CONTRIBUTION  TO THE DEVELOPMENT  OF A  GLOBAL SATELLITE NAVIGATION
SYSTEM (GNSS)

The following Resolution was adopted:

"The Council of the European Union,

(1)    Whereas the setting-up  of a Global  Satellite Navigation System  for
       civil use  will contribute to  the attainment of  important Community
       objectives, such  as the  completion of the  internal market and  the
       strengthening of economic and social cohesion;

(2)    Whereas the  setting-up  and development  of  a satellite  navigation
       system are  also aimed  at improving  the long  term and  sustainable
       mobility of people and goods throughout Europe and transport safety;

(3)    Whereas  the White  Paper on  Growth, Competitiveness  and Employment
       envisages the  need for  European action  in the  field of  satellite
       positioning and navigation;

(4)    Whereas  the  European   Community  contributes  to  setting-up   and
       developing  trans-European  networks  in  the  fields  of  transport,
       telecommunications  and  energy  infrastructure  in  accordance  with
       Article 129(b);

(5)    Whereas  the European  Council, at  its Corfu  meeting, expressed the
       view that it is primarily up  to the private sector to respond to the
       challenges in  the field  of information technology  and to take  the
       necessary initiatives,  in particular as  regards financing;  whereas
       the  European Union  and its  Member States are  called upon  to give
       political  impetus,  and  to  provide a  clear  and  sound regulatory
       framework,  and to  promote by  appropriate means  transport projects
       within the framework of the information society;

(6)    Whereas  in order to  attain these  objectives Community  guidance is
       necessary, while complying with the principle of subsidiarity;

in the expectation that action  by the European Union will make it  possible
to raise  European industry  to a  level of competitiveness  enabling it  to
participate  in the  deployment  of  a  Global Satellite  Navigation  System
(GNSS) and in the market for user devices;

Welcomes the fact that

the Commission  has  submitted a  communication  (COM(94) 248 final) on  the
European contribution  to the development of  a Global Satellite  Navigation
System and  the setting-up of  a high-level  coordinating group composed  of
representatives   of   national   governments,   users,   telecommunications
operators,  the  relevant  international  organizations,   particularly  the
European Space Agency, ICAO and Eurocontrol, and industry, with  the task of
ensuring that  activities undertaken in Europe  in the satellite  navigation
field  tends  towards  the  same  end  and,  in  particular, to  assist  the
Commission in the tasks defined below;

The Council recalls

-  its Resolution [1]  on the situation of European civil aviation;

-  its Resolution [2]  on telematics in the transport sector;

-  its conclusions, drawn up  on 28 September 1994, on "Europe's way to the
   Information Society - an Action Plan";

-  that  the  Community,  within its  specific  research  programmes, could
   contribute to the development of a Global Satellite Navigation System in
   accordance with Article 130f of the Treaty on European Union.

INVITES the Commission

1. to  define the  requirements  of all  potential users  and  describe the
   resulting possibilities;

2. to initiate, or support work on the  development and implementation of a
   European complement  to existing  systems using  INMARSAT III satellites
   and any other augmentation technology required (GNSS 1);

3. to  initiate  and  support,  in parallel  with  GNSS 1  activities,  the
   preparatory  work needed  for the  design and  organization of  a global
   satellite  navigation system  (GNSS 2) for  civil use,  which  should be
   compatible with GNSS 1 and should be operated according to international
   guidelines on an independent and, if possible, private-enterprise basis,
   in order to make  it possible to use the results  of GNSS 1 research and
   development work immediately;

4. to examine the possibilities of contributing to the necessary  resources
   and  to  examine the  potential  for  private-sector financing  of these
   activities, taking into account a thorough cost-benefit evaluation;

5. to submit a draft programme indicating the different stages, taking into
   account  national programmes, for the introduction of a Global Satellite
   Navigation System for civil use;

6. to take account of  current developments in Europe including the pending
   determination of a plan for the implementation of the CNS/ATM concept of
   ICAO, in the context of its activities and to seek a concerted approach,
   in order  to avoid duplication of  effort with the IMO and  the ICAO and
   allow a European component  of the Global Satellite Navigation System to
   be contributed without delay;

7. in respect of  all the abovementioned actions  to cooperate closely with
   all relevant organizations, in particular with Eurocontrol, the European
   Space Agency, the telecommunications operators and Eumetsat, the IMO and
   the ICAO;

8. to update its programme regularly  if necessary and to keep  the Council
   informed of its  activities concerning the schedule  for proposals to be
   submitted  to the Council, taking into  consideration the development of
   the Global Satellite Navigation  System as an ongoing process which will
   have to be  adapted periodically, and therefore  undertakes to return to
   the subject regularly.

The Council INVITES the Member States

to take appropriate measures for participation in  the European contribution
to  satellite   navigation  systems,   and  to  adopt  where   possible  and
appropriate,   a   common   approach   particularly   within   international
organizations and in relation to non-Member States."

AIR TRAFFIC MANAGEMENT

The  Council  took  note  of  a  statement  by  Commissioner  OREJA  on  the
difficulties and fragility  of the air traffic management system  in Europe,
particularly in  periods of congestion,  and the  possibility of setting  up
appropriate  institutional mechanisms whilst  complying with  the provisions
of the Treaty.

After an  exchange of  views, the  Council asked  the Commission to  propose
measures, in  the Community framework, which might - in particular - resolve
crisis situations in this area.

RELATIONS WITH THIRD COUNTRIES

Switzerland

The Council took note of  information from the Commission on developments in
the dossier  concerning the  opening of negotiations  between the  Community
and  Switzerland in the  area of transport, on  the basis of a communication
regarding  the implementation  of the  Alps Initiative  and its consequences
for the transport sector.

In  the light  of  the  ensuing  discussion,  the  Council  noted  that  the
conditions were  present for restarting  discussions on  the proposal for  a
negotiating  mandate, with  a view to  its adoption before  the next Council
meeting, scheduled for March 1995.

Opening of negotiations with certain third countries

The Council took  note of information from  the Commission on  progress with
discussions  on  the  Recommendation  for  a  Decision  on  the  opening  of
negotiations between  the Community and  certain third  countries concerning
the carriage of goods and passengers by road.

The information concerned in particular the activities of  the working party
set  up at the  Council meeting on 13 and  14 June 1994;  its work should be
continued   and   intensified,  in   particular  regarding   intra-Community
communications from and to Greece through Hungary, Romania and Bulgaria.

SHIPPING

SAFETY OF ROLL-ON ROLL-OFF PASSENGER FERRIES

The   following   Resolution  was   adopted after   a   general  discussion:

"THE COUNCIL OF THE EUROPEAN UNION,

Recalling the Communication  of the Commission on  "A common policy on  safe
seas" and the related Council Resolution of 8 June 1993; [3] 

Deeply  concerned  by  the  disastrous   accident  involving  the   Estonian
roll-on/roll-off  passenger ferry  "Estonia" which  capsized in  stormy seas
during her  voyage from Tallinn to  Stockholm on 28 September 1994 with  the
tragic loss of more than 900 lives;

Also  aware  of  the  fact  that  similar  accidents  with  roll-on/roll-off
passenger ferries have occurred in European waters in recent years;

Convinced  that  in   the  light  of  these  casualties  the   operation  of
roll-on/roll-off passenger  ferries in European  waters and,  in particular,
the design and  equipment, the quality  of the crews and  the responsibility
of  the owners  and operators  of this  type of ship,  must be  reviewed and
improved;

Referring to the Council Directive of 22 November 1994 on  the minimum level
of  training  of seafarers,  and  in  particular to  Article 8(1)  and  (2),
thereof,   which   inter  alia   establishes   specific   requirements   for
communication on board passenger vessels;

I. 1.  Welcomes the  IMO initiative of an  ad hoc panel of  maritime experts
       to   recommend  improvements   in  the   safety  of  roll-on/roll-off
       passenger ferries;

   2.  Calls upon the  Member States and the Commission to fully support the
       IMO  initiative and  to cooperate  in such  a way  that the  panel of
       experts can  present its conclusions and recommendations by May 1995;
       calls  upon the  Member States  and the  Commission  to cooperate  in
       ensuring that the panel addresses not only  the technical aspects but
       also the wider human element;

   3.  Invites the  Member States  and the Commission  to submit or  support
       proposals that the IMO should undertake:

       (a)    an  urgent  and  thorough  review  of the  intact  and  damage
              stability requirements  applied to  roll-on/roll-off passenger
              ferries   with  the   aim   of  significantly   enhancing  the
              survivability of such vessels;

       (b)    a   review   of   the   evacuation  procedures   applying   to
              roll-on/roll-off passenger  ferries including  the procedures,
              equipment   and   crew   training   requirements   for   rapid
              evacuation,  effective  and  understandable  communication  of
              safety information  and for giving  evacuation instructions to
              passengers on board;

       (c)    a review of the  requirements for qualified medical  personnel
              on board  roll-on/roll-off passenger ferries  undertaking long
              voyages;

       (d)    preparatory work  for the amendment of the SOLAS Convention or
              the preparation of a  free-standing Convention to provide  for
              the  investigation  of   marine  casualties  and   cooperation
              between States in the investigation of such casualties;

       (e)    an  examination of the  necessary technical specifications for
              the   mandatory  fitting  out  of  roll-on/roll-off  passenger
              ferries  with   voyage  recorders   as  an  aid   to  accident
              investigation following a marine casualty;

       (f)    the necessary steps to allow  application of the standards set
              out  in the  "Agreement Concerning  the Stability  of Existing
              Ro-Ro Passenger  Ships  Operating Services  to  or from  Ports
              within  a Designated  Sea  Area of  North  West  Europe" as  a
              "Regional"  standard  and to  enable  Member  States to  apply
              these  standards  to  all  roll-on/roll-off  passenger ferries
              operating to and from all ports of this specific region;

       (g)    improved  focusing   and  acceleration  of  the  work  of  the
              Subcommittee on Flag State Implementation (FSI) of the IMO;

       (h)    consideration of  the need to  prepare operational  guidelines
              for use in  adverse weather conditions given the  size/type of
              ro-ro ships concerned and their area of operation;

   4.  Invites the  Member States  and the Commission  to strive within  the
       framework of the Paris  Memorandum to apply  as soon as possible  but
       on 1 January 1995  at the latest  the provisions related  to expanded
       inspection embodied in the draft Directive on port-State control;

II.    Invites the  Commission  to submit  proposals  for Council  decisions
       concerning:

   1.  the  advance  mandatory  application  of  the  International   Safety
       Management  Code (IMO Resolution  A.741(18))  by 1 July 1996  to  all
       regular  roll-on/roll-off passenger  ferry  services operating  to or
       from European ports, in compliance with international law;

   2.  a mandatory  requirement that  all  regular roll-on/roll-off  vessels
       carrying  passengers  to or  from  ports  of the  European  Union  on
       voyages lasting a number of hours  yet to be determined, be  equipped
       with a  system indicating  accurately the  number and  names, and  on
       voyages of  short duration the number  only, of passengers  and crews
       on  board the vessel at any  time, except where a specific derogation
       is granted  for voyages  of very  short duration.   Such  information
       should be  communicated to  the shore  before the  vessel leaves  its
       berth for  a place to which  the relevant authorities  have immediate
       access;

   3.  an   expanded   mandatory  survey   regime,   including   operational
       inspections   etc.,  for   all  roll-on/roll-off   passenger  ferries
       operating  to or from  ports of the  European Community  prior to the
       start of a new service and subsequently at regular intervals;

   4.  a regime  compatible with  international law  and the  need to  avoid
       arbitrary interference with the freedom to trade,  for the control by
       Member  States  of  the  safety  of  all  roll-on/roll-off  passenger
       ferries  serving  European  Union   ports  including  the  right   of
       investigation of marine  casualties as mentioned in the  relevant IMO
       Resolutions;

III.   1. Takes note  of the  Commission's intention  to submit  as soon as
          possible  the proposals  mentioned  in its  action programme  and
          requested by  the Council  and which could  favourably affect the
          safety  of  roll-on/roll-off  passenger  ferries,  notably  those
          relating to:

       -  the  application  of   appropriate  working  hours   and  working
          conditions ensuring safety on board such passenger ships,

       -  common safety rules for marine equipment used on board commercial
          and passenger vessels, including rescue facilities, in particular
          on board vessels with high sides,

       -  mandatory application of  the relevant provisions of  certain IMO
          Assembly Resolutions,

       -  safety rules for passenger vessels engaged in domestic trade;

   2.  Invites the  Commission to investigate the effect of competition upon
       the safe operation of ferries and to report to the Council;

   3.  Invites  the Commission to report,  one year after the implementation
       by the  Member States  of the Council  Directive on minimum  training
       requirements   for   seafarers,   on   the   effectiveness   of   the
       communication  arrangements  for  passengers  provided  for  in  this
       Directive;

IV.    1. Urges Member States  to inform the Commission  of any  difficulty
          they  encounter  in  the  implementation of  their  GMDSS (Global
          Maritime Distress and Safety System) obligations;

   2.  Urges  Member  States  to  ensure  that  their  requirements for  the
       application  of  the guidelines  for  securing  arrangements for  the
       transport of road vehicles on board  roll-on/roll-off ferries, and in
       particular those regarding  lashings (IMO Resolution A.581(14)),  are
       correctly fulfilled by roll-on/roll-off passenger ferry operators;

   3.  Urges all classification  societies and in  particular those who  are
       European Members of  the International Association  of Classification
       Societies (IACS) to  assess and tighten up their rules  governing the
       structural   elements   of   roll-on/roll-off   ferries.      Special
       consideration  should  be  given to  the  construction  and  means of
       securing the  doors of roll-on/roll-off passenger ferries which allow
       vehicle access to vehicle decks;

   4.  Underlines  the  need  to  ensure  that  adequate  search  and rescue
       facilities are available;

V. Decides to keep the matter of ferry safety on its agenda."

EUROPEAN VESSEL REPORTING SYSTEM (EUROREP)

The  Council  reached  partial agreement  on  its  common  position  on  the
proposal for  a Directive  concerning the  setting-up of  a European  vessel
reporting  system  in  the  maritime   zones  of  Community   Member  States
(EUROREP).

The proposal  forms part of the common policy  on safe seas and is a follow-
up to Directive 93/75 of 13 September 1993  which introduces a  notification
system consisting  in obliging vessels sailing to or from Community ports to
supply certain  information to  the Member  States  in which  the ports  are
situated.   It forms the second phase of a process in two stages intended to
set up, at Community level, a European vessel reporting system.

The  Permanent Representatives Committee has been instructed  to examine the
outstanding questions,  which  concern in  particular  the establishment  of
points at which vessels will  have to make  themselves known to the  coastal
authorities, the  application of  the Directive  to vessels  not flying  the
flag of  a Member State, and the setting of the date when the Directive will
enter  into force  in  relation to  the work  of  the  IMO, with  a view  to
preparing the Council's future work on this subject.

COMPETITION RULES IN THE SHIPPING SECTOR - PRESIDENCY CONCLUSIONS

The Council held an exchange of  views on the application of the competition
rules to shipping, following information from Commissioner VAN MIERT and  in
the  light  of the  report  submitted  by the  Commission  at the  Transport
Council in June 1994.

Concluding the discussion, the President drew the following conclusions:

"The Presidency  welcomes  Commissioner VAN MIERT's  Report  as  a  valuable
discussion document  responding to the request  first made by the  Transport
Council  in 1989.   The  Presidency  acknowledges that  the terms  on  which
members of shipping conferences offer carriage on inland sectors need  to be
clarified  so  as to  ensure  effective  competition  and protect  shippers'
interests.

The Presidency  notes the major  change which  the Commission's report  will
mean for  commercial practices  which liner  conferences  have followed  for
more than 2 decades in connection with multimodal rates.

In  the Presidency's  view  the implications  of  this change  for  European
foreign  trade  and for  the  European  shipping industry  cannot  be  fully
assessed at the present time.

The Presidency is anxious that the twin aims of
-  efficient container transport services for European foreign trade and
-  the existence of  a competitive European liner shipping  industry should
   be guarded.

The  Presidency  likewise   affirms  that   the  interest  of  shippers   in
competitive   container  transport   services  and   in   non-discriminatory
treatment as well as interests of outsiders must be taken into account.

The Presidency underlines  the necessity of avoiding jurisdictional conflict
with major trading partners.

The Presidency therefore calls on the Commission to

(a)    closely  monitor  the   economic  and  commercial  consequences   for
       conference shipping  lines  and shippers  of  conferences ceasing  to
       offer multimodal rates;

(b)    hold itself  ready for  immediate consultations  with the  Council in
       case of unforeseen consequences;

(c)    grant  a  reasonable  transition  period  for  any  restructuring  of
       present multimodal rate arrangements and to implement  the new policy
       in a flexible manner;

(d)    give a report on the experiences with the new approach  on multimodal
       rate agreements at the  latest in 12 months time  and in so doing  to
       avail itself of  the advice of independent persons competent  in this
       area and, in the event of disruption, in 6 months' time;

(e)    consider whether  it would  be desirable to  propose a regulation  on
       multimodal transport to deal with the application  of the competition
       rules to  all modes of transport in the light of current developments
       in transport technology and telematics."

POSITIVE MEASURES ON SHIPPING

The Council  held a policy  debate on  relaunching positive measures  in the
shipping  sector,  in  the  light  of  an  introductory   statement  by  the
Commission.

Discussions in this area will continue during the next six months.

TRAINING OF SEAFARERS

The Council, with the Italian delegation abstaining, adopted  a Directive on
the minimum level of training for seafarers.

The Directive forms part  of the common policy on safe seas launched  by the
Council  Resolution of  8 June 1993, which  set  the  objective of  removing
substandard crews by enhancing training and education  and developing common
standards for minimum training of key personnel.

The  text of  the Directive  is  the same  as that  of  the common  position
approved by  the Transport  Council at  its meeting  on 13  and 14 June 1994
(see Press Release 7731/94 Presse 119).

Among other things,  the Directive lays down  that all seafarers serving  on
board ships registered in a  Community Member State must hold a  certificate
issued  or  recognized  by  a  competent authority  of  a  Member  State and
certifying  that they have  received appropriate training in compliance with
the International Maritime Organization (IMO) 1978  International Convention
on  Standards  of Training,  Certification  and  Watchkeeping for  Seafarers
(STCW Convention) as amended by Resolution MSC 21(59) of 1991.

INSPECTION OF VESSELS IN COMMUNITY PORTS

The Council agreed on  the common position on the  proposal for a  Directive
concerning the  enforcement, in  respect of shipping  using Community  ports
and  sailing in the  waters under the jurisdiction  of the Member States, of
international standards for  ship safety, pollution prevention and shipboard
living and working conditions.

The  proposal answers  the call  made by  the Council  in its  Resolution of
8 June 1993 on  a common policy  on safe  seas.  Its  aim is drastically  to
reduce the number  of substandard vessels operating in waters  falling under
the  jurisdiction  of the  Member  States,  by  ensuring that  international
legislation  and the  relevant  Community legislation  on ship  safety,  the
protection  of  the marine  environment  and  shipboard living  and  working
conditions,  applicable  to  vessels  whatever  flag  they fly,  are  better
complied with in Community ports.

It aims in  particular to  improve the  effectiveness of  the Memorandum  of
Understanding on Port State Control, signed in Paris in 1982.

The common position,  which provides for the  Directive to enter into  force
by 1 July 1996  at the latest,  lays down common criteria  for selecting the
vessels to be inspected and harmonizes inspection and  detention procedures,
taking into account,  in particular, the commitments entered into  by Member
States'  shipping   authorities  in  the   context  of   the  Memorandum  of
Understanding.

In  practical  terms,  the  common  position  contains  provisions  on   the
following:

-  Inspection

   Total number of inspections equal to at least 25% of the number of ships
   entering the ports of each Member State during a representative year.

   Increasingly rigorous inspections as  the probability of finding more or
   less serious deficiencies on board increases.

-  Rectification and detention

   Detention of the  ship or a ban  on operation where the  deficiencies of
   the  ship inspected  are  clearly  hazardous to  safety,  health  or the
   environment.

   Refusal  of access  to  Community  ports for  ships  which,  after being
   detained,  have  not  complied  with  the  requirements imposed  by  the
   competent authorities.

-  Cooperation between Member States

   Exchange of  information and cooperation  between competent  authorities
   concerning ships calling at Member States' ports.

   Quarterly publication by the competent authorities of the lists of ships
   detained.

The common  position will  be formally  adopted  in the  near future,  after
finalization of the texts.

OTHER DECISIONS IN THE AREA OF TRANSPORT
(Adopted  without  discussion.   In  the  case of  legislative  acts,  votes
against or abstentions are indicated)

Transport of dangerous goods by road

-  Approximation of laws

   Within the  framework of the cooperation  procedure with the Parliament,
   the Council adopted a Directive on  the approximation of the laws of the
   Member States with  regard to the transport of  dangerous goods by road;
   the Spanish and Netherlands delegations abstained.

   The text of  the Directive is  the same as  that of the  common position
   adopted by  the Council  on 19 September 1994,  following the  political
   agreement reached  at the  meeting of  the Transport  Council on 13  and
   14 June 1994 (see Press Release 7731/94 Presse 119).

   The purpose of the Directive is to harmonize the rules applicable to the
   national and intra-Community transport of dangerous goods, both so as to
   ensure  an acceptable level of safety and to  create a single market for
   such transport services within the Community.

   It  accordingly  aims  to  transpose  into  Community  law  the European
   Agreement  concerning the International  Carriage of Dangerous  Goods by
   Road  (ADR), to  which  all the  Member States  are  contracting parties
   except Ireland, which should become one before the end of 1994.

   The Directive  provides for  the retention  of national  legislation  in
   certain  prescribed  cases.    Such  derogations,  most  of  which   are
   temporary, affect only a small part of the transport market.

-  Inspection procedures

   Following  the  political  agreement  reached  at  the  meeting  of  the
   Transport   Council    on   26 September 1994    (see   Press    Release
   9405/94 Presse 193),  the Council adopted the common position on uniform
   procedures for checks on the  transport of dangerous goods by  road; the
   Danish delegation abstained.

   The  proposal for  a Directive is part  of the process  of improving and
   ensuring compliance  with the  safety conditions  under which  dangerous
   goods are transported by  road, and ensuring that obstacles  to the free
   movement of such transport in the Community as a whole are eliminated.

Rail transport

-  Allocation of railway infrastructure capacity and the charging of fees

   Following  the  political  agreement  reached  at  the  meeting  of  the
   Transport Council on  26 September 1994, the Council adopted  its common
   position on the  proposal for a  Directive on the allocation  of railway
   infrastructure capacity and the charging of infrastructure fees.

   The aim  of the  proposal is  to establish  the general  framework of  a
   uniform,  non-discriminatory  Community  system in  this  area,  so that
   railway undertakings  and their customers  can reap the  full benefit of
   the opportunities offered by the internal market in the rail sector.

-  Licensing of railway undertakings

   Following  the agreement  in  principle reached  at the  meeting  of the
   Transport   Council    on   26 September 1994    (see   Press    Release
   9405/94 Presse 193),  the Council  adopted  its common  position on  the
   licensing of railway undertakings.

   The  purpose   of  introducing  such  licensing   is  to  guarantee  the
   application of common conditions of access to the Community rail market,
   within the framework of  the rights of access to railway infrastructures
   granted under Directive 91/440.

   The fact that an  undertaking has a licence would  guarantee that it was
   able  to  supply safe  and  efficient railway  services.   In  itself, a
   licence  does not  give an  undertaking any  right to  operate transport
   services;  it  authorizes  it   to  request  rights  of  access  to  the
   infrastructure as provided for by the Directive.

Shipping

-  Ship inspection and survey

   Within the framework of the  cooperation procedure with the  Parliament,
   the  Council adopted a Directive on common  rules and standards for ship
   inspection and survey organizations.

   The text of  the Directive is the  same as that  of the common  position
   approved by the Council at its meeting on 13 and 14 June 1994 (see Press
   Release 7731/94 Presse 119).
 
   The Directive is a follow-up to the Council Resolution of 8 June 1993 on
   a  common policy  on  safe seas,  which set  the goal  of  removing from
   Community  waters  any  substandard  ship  and  regarded  as a  priority
   Community action to ensure effective  and uniform implementation of  the
   international  rules  by devising  common  standards for  classification
   organizations.

   In  practical terms,  the  Directive lays  down measures  which  must be
   complied with by the Member  States and by organizations involved in the
   inspection, survey and certification of ships, whilst furthering the aim
   of the free  provision of services.   The competent administrations will
   therefore have to  be capable  of ensuring  effective implementation  of
   international agreements.   If the Member States  wish to delegate their
   tasks to  private bodies,  such as classification  societies, they  will
   approach only  bodies which  they have approved  and which will  have to
   comply with certain criteria laid down in the Directive.

-  Tonnage measurement of ballast spaces in segregated ballast  oil tankers
   (SBTs)

   Within the framework  of the cooperation procedure  with the Parliament,
   the Council adopted a Regulation on the implementation of IMO Resolution
   A.747(18) on the application of tonnage measurement of ballast spaces in
   segregated ballast oil  tankers (SBTs), which afford  less danger to the
   environment.

   The  Regulation  corresponds to  the  common  position approved  by  the
   meeting of the Transport Council on 13 and 14 June 1994.

   The purpose of  the Regulation is  to cancel out  the loss  suffered, in
   terms  of port  and pilot  charges, by  segregated ballast  oil tankers,
   where the  charges are  calculated  on the  basis  of a  vessel's  gross
   tonnage.

Air transport

-  Investigation of civil aviation accidents and incidents

   Within the framework  of the cooperation procedure  with the Parliament,
   the  Council adopted a Directive establishing the fundamental principles
   governing the investigation of civil aviation accidents and incidents.

   The text  of the Directive  is the same as  that of the  common position
   adopted by  the Council on  16 May 1994.   The Directive is  based inter
   alia on the conviction  that determining the causes and circumstances of
   accidents  (by  means  of a  detailed  technical  investigation)  is  of
   fundamental importance if better preventive measures are to be developed
   within  the  framework  of  a  common  air  safety policy.    The  basic
   principles proposed are as follows :

   -   obligation  to  carry out  an  investigation into  every  accident or
       serious incident, and into certain incidents  in civil aviation, with
       the sole purpose of preventing their recurrence;

   -   clear  separation between  the  judicial investigation  (intended  to
       establish   liabilities)  and   the   technical  investigation,   and
       strengthening the status of the latter;

   -   permanence and independence of  the organizations or bodies  carrying
       out the investigation;

   -   obligation  for   the   organizations  or   bodies   to  publish   an
       investigation  report as  soon  as possible,  and if  possible within
       twelve months of the  date of the accident;   the report may  contain
       safety recommendations;

   -   monitoring of the action taken on these recommendations;

   -   protection of the investigation against  use for other purposes  than
       the prevention of accidents.

MISCELLANEOUS DECISIONS
(Adopted  without discussion.   In the  cases  of legislative  acts,  votes
against or abstentions are indicated)

Research

The Council adopted Decisions on the rules for

-  the  participation of undertakings, research centres and universities in
   the  specific  programmes of  research,  technological  development  and
   demonstration of the European Community;

-  the  participation of undertakings, research centres and universities in
   the specific programmes of  research and teaching of the European Atomic
   Energy Community;

-  the dissemination of  the research results from  the specific programmes
   of research, technological development and demonstration of the European
   Community.

The  adoption of these Decisions  follows approval by  the Parliament of two
Council common  positions on  the rules for participation  and dissemination
of  results relating  to  R&TD programmes  of  the European  Community,  and
approval by Parliament of a policy guideline on the  rules for participation
relating to  research  programmes  concerning  the  European  Atomic  Energy
Community.

These  Decisions  establish   horizontal  rules  for  implementing  all  the
specific  R&TD programmes.    Particular attention  is  given to  small  and
medium-sized undertakings and cooperation with bodies in  third countries or
international organizations.

Education

The  Council   authorized  the  Commission   to  negotiate   agreements  for
cooperation  in  higher   education  and  vocational  training  between  the
Community, the United States and Canada.

These agreements  will amplify  the agreement for  scientific and  technical
cooperation recently negotiated with Canada and a possible  agreement in the
same area with the United States.

Customs union

The  Council  adopted  Regulations  temporarily  suspending  the  autonomous
Common Customs Tariff duty on

-  certain  industrial  products  (in  the  micro-electronics  and  related
   sectors);

-  certain industrial products (in the chemical and allied sectors).

The suspensions are valid from 1 January to 30 June 1995.

Agriculture

The Council adopted a Regulation  amending Regulations (EEC)  No 2328/91 and
(EEC) No 866/90  with a  view to  expediting the  adjustment  of production,
processing and  marketing structures within the  framework of the reform  of
the Common Agricultural Policy.
(Already  approved at  the meeting  of  the  Agriculture Council  on 24  and
25 October 1994 - see Press Release 9753/94 Presse 213).

 
[1]       OJ No C 309, 5.11.1994, p. 2.
[2]       OJ No C 309, 5.11.1994, p. 1.
[3]       OJ No C 271, 7.10.1993, p. 1.

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