Navigation path

Left navigation

Additional tools

Other available languages: FR

                                                                   17.XI.94

The  Governments  of the  Member  States and  the European  Commission were
represented as follows:

Belgium: 
Mr Elio DI RUPO                                                           
                       Deputy    Prime   Minister    and    Minister   for
                       Communications and Public Undertakings

Denmark:
Mr Frank JENSEN               Minister for Research

Germany:
Mr Wolfgang BÖTSCH            Federal     Minister     for     Post     and
                              Telecommunications
Mr Gerhard O. PFEFFERMANN     State     Secretary     for     Post      and
                              Telecommunications

Greece:
Mr Dimitrios ALABANOS         State    Secretary    for    Transport    and
                              Communications

Spain:
Mr José BORRELL FONTELLES     Minister  for Public  Works, the  Environment
                              and Transport

France:
Mr José ROSSI                 Minister    for    Industry,    Posts     and
                              Telecommunications and Foreign Trade

Ireland:
Mr John F. COGAN              Deputy Permanent Representative

Italy:
Mr Roberto ROSSI              Deputy Permanent Representative

Luxembourg:
Ms Mady DELVAUX-STEHRES       Minister for Communications

Netherlands:
Ms  Anne  marie JORRITSMA - LEBBINK
                           Minister for Transport and Public Works

Portugal:
Mr Joaquim FERREIRADO AMARAL
                           Minister   for  Public   Works,  Transport   and
                           Communications

United Kingdom:
Mr Ian TAYLOR                 Parliamentary   Under-Secretary   of   State,
                              Department of Trade and Industry

    *
*        *

Commission:
Mr Martin BANGEMANN           Member
Mr Karel VAN MIERT            Member

                                                    
    *
*        * 
The following  representatives of the four  acceding countries  attended as

observers:

Norway:
Mr Kjell OPSETH            Minister for Transport and Communications

Austria:
Mr Viktor KLIMA            Minister for the Public Sector and Transport

Finland:
Mr Johan NORRBACK          Minister for Transport and Communications

Sweden:
Mr Magnus PERSSON          State Secretary for Transport and Communications

EUROPEAN DATA-COMMUNICATIONS NETWORKS BETWEEN ADMINISTRATIONS (IDA)

The  Council discussed  in  detail,  on the  basis  of  a Presidency  draft
overall  compromise,  the  draft Decision  on  support  for  the  telematic
interchange of data  between administrations in  the Community (IDA).   The
purpose  of the Decision is to  determine the Community's contribution to a
number   of  projects  which  will   enable  national  administrations  and
Community institutions  and bodies  to use  data-communications systems  to
process  and interchange the information necessary for the operation of the
internal market and the implementation of common policies.

At the  end of the discussion,  the Council  noted that the  sole remaining
difference  concerned  the   amount  deemed  necessary  for  the  Community
contribution to the projects.

It  therefore  referred  this  question  to the  Permanent  Representatives
Committee  for further  examination,  so  that a  decision  could be  taken
before the end of the year.

ADVANCED TELEVISION -  USE OF STANDARDS FOR  THE TRANSMISSION OF TELEVISION
SIGNALS

The Council  agreed unanimously on the substance of  its common position on
the  amended proposal for  a European  Parliament and  Council Directive on
the use of standards for the transmission of television signals.

The purpose  of the Directive is to repeal Directive 92/38/EEC in the light
of  market developments and recent  technical advances; Directive 92/38/EEC
provided for the switch  from the current PAL and  SECAM television systems
to HDTV  using the  D2-MAC and  HD-MAC transmission  systems applicable  to
satellite  and  cable  broadcasting.    The   new  Directive  provides  for
Member States to take  measures to  promote the accelerated  development of
advanced  television  services  including   wide-screen  (16:9)  television
services,  high-definition  television  services  and  television  services
using fully digital transmission systems.   To that end the Directive  lays
down  certain  technical   requirements  which   all  television   services
transmitted to viewers,  whether by cable, satellite or  terrestrial means,
will have  to meet.   The  Directive also  defines a  series  of rules  for
conditional access to digital Pay-TV.
The  common  position will  be  formally adopted  at a  forthcoming Council
meeting.

SPACE SEGMENT CAPACITY - ACCESS AND PROVISION

Further    to   the    Commission    communication   entitled    "Satellite
communications: the provision  of, and access to, space  segment capacity",
the Council agreed  to the following Resolution  on the further development
of the Community's satellite communications policy, especially  with regard
to  the provision of, and access to, space segment capacity; the Resolution
will be formally adopted at a forthcoming meeting.

"THE COUNCIL OF THE EUROPEAN UNION,

Having regard to the Treaty establishing the European Community,
Having  regard to the  Communication of  the Commission  of 10 June 1994 on
satellite  communications: the  provision of, and  access to, space segment
capacity,

Having regard to Commission Directive 94/46/EC of  13 October 1994 amending
Directive 88/301/EEC and Directive 90/388/EEC in particular with regard  to
satellite communications (1),

Having  regard to  the  Council  Resolution  of  19 December  1991  on  the
development of the common market for  satellite communications services and
equipment (2),

1. Whereas in  its Resolution  of 19  December 1991,  the Council gave  its
   support  to  the general  goals  of the  Commission's Green  paper  on a
   common  approach  in  the  field  of  satellite  communications  in  the
   European Community;

2. Whereas in its Resolution of  6 May 1994 on the Community and space, the
   European  Parliament  addresses  the importance  of  a  reinforcement of
   efforts  to  assist in  the  development of,  inter alia,  a competitive
   European satellite  communications  sector through  a series  of  policy
   initiatives  and actions,  and  proposes  the  firm establishment  of  a
   longer  term  Community satellite  communications  policy,  taking  full
   account of  both the telecommunications  and the space issues  affecting
   the future of the sector;

3. Whereas  efforts should  be  undertaken  to ensure  the  future of  this
   strategically important sector;
   Whereas successful  European  participation  in  the  global  satellite
   communications market is,  inter alia, dependent  on the creation of  a
   competitive  satellite   sector  in   a  liberalised  environment,   on
   comparable  and  effective  access  to third  country  markets,  on the
   availability  of suitable  technology,  and  on attracting  substantial
   private investment;

   (1)   OJ No L 268, 19.10.1994, p. 15.
   (2)   OJ No C   8, 14. 1.1992, p.   1.
                      .
    Whereas these  factors are, inter alia, essential  elements to be taken
    into account  to enable  the  satellite sector  to make  a  appropriate
    contribution to  the development  of Trans-European  Telecommunications
    Networks and the development of a global Information Society;
                       .
    Whereas  the  Community  aims  are  to  develop  a  common  market  for
    satellite communications services  and to foster the competitiveness of
    the European  satellite services  sector; whereas  these aims  shall be
    achieved,  inter  alia,   by  the   introduction  and  stimulation   of
    competition among satellite communications service providers;
                       .
    Whereas  in an  increasingly competitive environment,  the availability
    of suitable,  transparent and  non-discriminatory, access  arrangements
    to space segment resources is essential;
                                                                      .
    Whereas the effective  management by the  Member States of orbital  and
    related   frequency  resources   is   closely   connected  with   these
    arrangements;
                      .
    Whereas space  segment  capacity is  available  from  intergovernmental
    satellite  organizations - in  particular from  INTELSAT,  INMARSAT and
    EUTELSAT   -,  from  public  satellite   operators,  and  from  private
    satellite operators;
                                       .
    Whereas  in general  national telecommunications  operators,  either as
    signatories in the  framework of intergovernmental systems or as owners
    of national systems,  control access to a  majority share of  the space
    segment  capacity;  whereas   these  national  operators  are  also  in
    competition with other service providers in the provision of  satellite
    services;

1.  RECALLING 

    that the Council  Resolution of 19 December 1991 on  the development of
    the common market for satellite services and equipment:

    - considered as  a major  goal improved  access to  the  space segment 
      and access  to  the  space capacity  of  the  intergovernmental
      organizations operating satellite systems  and effective and 
      accelerated procedures for the establishment of and access to
      separate satellite systems;

    - expressed  the  need  to  keep  carefully  in  mind  industrial 
      aspects,including  the need for an  internationally competitive 
      European Industry in the field of satellite communications;

2.    RECOGNIZING

2.1.  In relation to the Community satellite communications sector:

    (a)
    that   this  sector   is  a   high  technology   sector  of   strategic
    importance,  which has to be taken into account when further developing
    the Community's communications policy;

    (b)
    that  the  consolidation   and  growth  of   a  competitive   Community
    satellite communications  sector is dependent on,  inter alia, the full
    reflection  of its  potential  in the  consideration  of the  satellite
    communications  policy,  research  and  development  policy,   external
    relations policy and industrial policy;

2.2.in relation  to intergovernmental  satellite organizations  such as
    INTELSAT, INMARSAT and in particular EUTELSAT:

    (a)
    that  these  organizations   are  of  considerable  importance  in  the
    supply of space segment  capacity and that this capacity at  present is
    supplied   to  Signatories  on  a   universal  basis   and  under  non-
    discriminatory conditions;

    (b)
    that presently  a review  of the  Institutional and  economic basis  of
    these organizations is in progress;

    (c)
    that Member  States pursuant  to the  rules  of the  Treaty shall  take
    all  appropriate  steps  to  ensure  that  signatories  exercise  their
    functions with  regard to the  allocation of space  capacity in a  non-
    discriminatory manner in accordance with Directive 94/46/EC;

2.3.    that a balanced approach by Member States with regard to  effective
        management  of orbital  and  related frequency  resources, ensuring
        effective representation of  their interests, is essential in order
        to  assure  equitable, non-discriminatory  access  by providers  of
        space  segment capacity, taking due account  of the new competitive
        and commercial environment;

2.4.    that  satellite-based  networks,  services,  and  applications  may
        contribute  to the fast development  of Trans-European networks and
        that this may also contribute to the global Information Society;

3.  IDENTIFIES  AS BASIC GOALS for the further development of the satellite
    communications policy:

3.1.    non-discriminatory  access,   for  all   providers  and   users  of
        satellite  services  throughout  the  Community,  to  space segment
        capacity, including  in particular space segment  capacity provided
        by Intergovernmental satellite organizations;

3.2.    urgent adjustment of the  intergovernmental satellite organizations
        such as INTELSAT, INMARSAT and in particular EUTELSAT in the  light
        of  the Community regulatory framework  and the market requirements
        in accordance with the Treaty obligations and with the interest  of
        the  Community   satellite  communications   sector,  taking   into
        account, inter alia, the following principles;

    (a)    strict separation of all regulatory and operational aspects;

    (b)    separation  or more flexibility in the linkage of investment 
           shares and usage;

    (c)    non-discrimination and  transparency,  if both  space segment 
           capacity and satellite services are provided;

3.3.    Comparable  and effective  access  to  third  country  markets,  in
        parallel with the Community market liberalization;

3.4.    Effective management of  orbit and  frequency resources within  the

        framework of  the International Telecommunications  Union, building
        on the  co-operation in  CEPT  and taking  full account  of  Member
        States' sovereign rights,  with the aim  of improving the  economic
        benefits and  efficiency, and the market orientation of the current
        approach;

4.  NOTES the intention of the Commission,

    to use,  where necessary, the means  available through  the application
    of  the  Treaty provisions,  in  particular  the competition  rules  to
    remove  restrictions within  the Community  on access  to space segment
    capacity;

5.  INVITES the Member States,

    - to assist  each  other, where  necessary, and  to cooperate  closely,
      where appropriate, in  implementing the basic  goals mentioned  above
      with  regard  to  the  reform  of   the  Intergovernmental  satellite
      organizations such as INTELSAT, INMARSAT and in particular  EUTELSAT,
      and with regard to  the effective  management of orbit and  frequency
      resources;

    - to apply  the  constituent  instruments  of  these  organizations  at
      national level  in line  with the Treaty  obligations, in  particular
      with the competition rules, and with Community law;

    - to provide for  non-discriminatory access to  space segment  capacity
      at national level taking  account of the relevant  provisions of this
      Resolution;

6.  INVITES the Commission,

    - to monitor the access  arrangements in  third country markets with  a
      view to  ensuring  comparable and  effective market  access to  third
      countries,  in line with  the GATT  framework and other international
      obligations of Member States;

    - to take due account,  inter alia, of advantages offered by satellite-
      based  applications in  its  development of  a coherent  strategy for
      Trans-European Networks.

7.  REQUESTS the Commission

    to  report on the progress in the implementation of the basic goals and
    the implementation of  Community measures such as Directive 94/46/EC to
    the European Parliament and the Council."

MUTUAL RECOGNITION OF LICENCES AND OTHER NATIONAL AUTHORIZATIONS

The  Council held  a policy debate  on the  proposal for  a Directive  on a

policy  for  the  mutual   recognition  of  licences  and   other  national
authorizations  for  the  provision of  satellite  network  services and/or

satellite communications services.

The debate  covered the aim of the Directive, the instruments for achieving
it,  the definition  and  scope  of mutual  recognition  and whether  prior

harmonization  should be required, and  the applicability  of the Directive
(which service providers were to benefit from its advantages).
At  the  end   of  its  debate,   the  Council  instructed  the   Permanent
Representatives Committee to  resume its discussion of  the proposal in the
light of the approach which had  been worked out, with the aim of  reaching
a common position at an early date.

TELECOMMUNICATIONS INFRASTRUCTURES

The Council discussed  in detail the  liberalization of  telecommunications

infrastructures and  cable television networks on the  basis of Part One of
the Commission's Green Paper.  At the  end of the discussion, in which  all

delegations stressed  their  attachment to  the principle  of  liberalizing
these infrastructures,  the Council  approved the  Resolution below on  the

timetable and  arrangements for  the  liberalization of  telecommunications
infrastructures.    After  finalization, the  Resolution  will  be formally

adopted at a forthcoming Council meeting.

"THE COUNCIL OF THE EUROPEAN UNION,

    Having regard to the Treaty establishing the European Community,

    Having regard to the Commission communication of 25 October 1994 (3);

    Having regard  to  the  conclusions  of  the meeting  of  the  European
    Council held in Corfu on 24 and 25 June 1994;

    Having regard to  the Council Resolution of  22 July 1993 on the review
    of the  situation in  the telecommunications  sector and  the need  for
    further  development  in  that  market and  the Council  Resolution  of
    7 February 1994    on    universal   service    principles    in    the
    telecommunications sector;

    Whereas  the European  Council considers  it essential  that the  basic
    principles  of the internal  market should  be extended  to those areas
    such  as  energy and  telecommunications  which are  still  only partly
    covered  by it,  while ensuring that  the town  and country  and public
    service requirements in these sectors are also safeguarded;

    Whereas the European  Council has  called for the  creation of a  clear
    and  stable  regulatory  framework  for  information   infrastructures,
    notably as  regards access  to markets and  compatibility of  networks,
    and  for  the establishment  of  this regulatory  framework as  soon as
    possible at Community level;

    Whereas  satellite  communications  have  already  been liberalized  by
    Commission    Directive 94/46/EC     of    13 October 1994     amending
    Directive 88/301/EEC  and   Directive 90/388/EEC  in  particular   with
    regard to satellite  communications and whereas  the liberalization  of
    mobile and personal communications is in progress;
                      
        (3) Green Paper on the liberalization of telecommunications
            infrastructure and cable television networks - Part One:
            Principles and schedule.

                                                                  
Whereas the  basic principles of the single market  up to now have not been
extended  to  telecommunications infrastructures  throughout  the Community
and whereas  the  relevant  safeguards  taking  the  public  interest  into
account have not yet been defined;

Whereas   the   joint  Industry/Telecommunications   Council   meeting   on
28 September 1994  concluded that  a first part  of the Green  Paper on the
liberalization of  telecommunications infrastructures,  to be submitted  by
the  Commission  before  1 November 1994,  should  enable  the  Council  to
examine and, if  possible, to decide  on, the principles of  liberalization
and to fix a clear timetable,

1.  WELCOMES  the submission, by  the Commission, of Part  One of the Green
    Paper on the liberalization of telecommunications infrastructures;

2.  NOTES in particular

    -   the  Commission's conclusions on the  principles of, the procedures
        and the  timetable  for, the  liberalization of  telecommunications
        infrastructures;

    -   the  subjects to  be addressed by  the Commission  in Part Two of
        the Green Paper;

3.  RECOGNIZES   the    general   principle   that    the   provision    of
    telecommunications   infrastructures    should   be    liberalized   by
    1 January 1998.

    To enable them  to proceed with  the necessary structural  adjustments,
    the Member States  which use the  transition period provided  for voice
    telephony  in  the aforementioned  Council  Resolution of  22 July 1993
    shall be eligible  for an additional  transitional period of a  maximum
    of  five years.  Very small networks may, where justified, be granted a
    period of up to two years;

4.  AGREES  that  the  general  principle  outlined   in  point 3  will  be
    implemented by means of the following main measures.

    The  necessary  regulatory  framework  in  order  to  ensure  effective
    liberalization of  the provision  of telecommunications  infrastructure
    by 1 January 1998.

    The  regulatory framework,  including the  necessary safeguards,  shall
    set up common principles ensuring, inter alia,

    -   the provision and the financing of universal service;
    -   the establishment of interconnection rules;
    -   the setting up of licensing procedures and conditions;
    -   comparable  and   effective  market  access   including  in   third
        countries, namely through discussion in the appropriate framework;
    -   fair competition;

4a.   REAFFIRMS  the necessity that conditions  governing the definition of
      the  future Community  policy  on telecommunications  infrastructures
      should  be the  result  of  a  political agreement  building  on  the
      compromise of December 1989  and notes  the Commission's support  for
      this approach;

5.  NOTES the  intention of  the Commission  to submit,  by 1 January 1995,
    the  second part  of  the  Green  Paper addressing  in  particular  the
    regulatory framework  including the  safeguards to  be established  for
    the liberalization of telecommunications infrastructures;

5a.  WELCOMES that the Commission provides for a wide consultation of  all
     interested  parties  of the  Green  Paper and  in  particular on  its
     second part;

6.  REQUESTS the Commission:

    -   to  report to  the  European  Parliament  and the  Council  on  the
        results  of   this  consultation   in  order   to  allow   for  the
        determination of the necessary safeguards,

    -   to  prepare  and to  propose  to the  European  Parliament and  the
        Council,  before  1 January 1996, the  amendments  which  should be
        made to the Community regulatory framework;

7.  INVITES the Commission  and the Member States to continue consultation,
    in particular  within the framework of the  ad hoc high-level Committee
    of  National  Regulators  referred  to in  the  Council  Resolution  of
    17 December 1992 on the  assessment of the  situation in the  Community
    telecommunications sector".

DEVELOPMENT  OF  THE  INTEGRATED  SERVICES  DIGITAL  NETWORK  (ISDN)  AS  A

TRANS-EUROPEAN NETWORK

The  Council   agreed  on  the   substance,  with  the  German   delegation
abstaining, of  its common position on a  proposal for a Decision  on a set
of  guidelines  for  the development  of  the  Integrated  Services Digital
Network  (ISDN) as a trans-European network.  The Council's common position
will be formally adopted at a forthcoming meeting.

The Council  noted that  the Commission  intends very  shortly to submit  a
report  on the  general  framework for  trans-European  networks.   Pending
examination of  that  report, the  United Kingdom delegation  maintained  a
scrutiny reservation on the Decision.

The Decision is  needed in order to  ensure effective co-ordination between
Member States  and  the  economic operators  responsible  for  creating the
basic infrastructure in  the interests  of harmonized introduction  of ISDN
services.

The development of EURO-ISDN will have two objectives:

-   access to EURO-ISDN facilities, including basic services;

-   full geographic  coverage  by EURO-ISDN  in all  Member States,  having
    regard to  market needs, in  particular to facilitate  EURO-ISDN access
    by peripheral regions.

The priorities for achieving the objectives are as follows:

-   to promote  the use of EURO-ISDN by  small and medium-sized enterprises
    in particular and by public organizations;

-   to   contribute  to  the  rapid   availability  of  affordable  testing
    equipment;

-   to promote access to less expensive  terminal equipment and application
    software.

In addition,  the  Decision  identifies  a  series of  projects  of  common
interest.

MOBILE AND PERSONAL COMMUNICATIONS

Pending the  Commission's presentation of  the outcome of consultations  on
the  Green Paper on "Mobile and personal communications", the Council noted
a statement by Commissioner Bangemann summarizing the consultations.

TELEMATICS APPLICATIONS IN EUROPEAN TRANSPORT

The Council noted  the Commission's oral presentation of  the communication
on telematics applications  in European  transport, which  it had  recently
forwarded to the Council.  The communication proposes a number  of measures
in the process of putting in place Europe's information society.

MISCELLANEOUS DECISIONS
(adopted without discussion)

Anti-dumping

The Council adopted Regulations:

-   imposing  a  definitive  anti-dumping  duty  on  imports  of  potassium
    permanganate falling within  CN code 2841  60 10 originating in  China.
    The duty will be ECU 1,26 per kilogram;

-   extending   the   provisional   anti-dumping   duty   on   imports   of
    furfuraldehyde originating  in China for  two months (until  22 January
    1995) (to complete the examination of the facts).                                       

Side Bar