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   The  Governments of the Member States and the Commission of the  European
   Communities were represented as follows:

   Mrs Laurette ONKELINX       Minister for the Environment

   Mr Svend AUKEN              Minister for the Environment
   Mr Leo BJØRNESKOV           State Secretary for the Environment

   Mr Klaus TOEPFER            Minister for the Environment
   Mr Clemens STROETMANN       State Secretary for the Environment

   Mr Achilleas KARAMANLIS     Minister   for  the   Environment,   Regional
                               Planning and Public Works

   Mr José BORRELL             Minister for Public Works and Transport

   Mrs Ségolène ROYAL          Minister for the Environment

   Mr Michael SMITH            Minister for the Environment

   Mr Valdo SPINI              Minister for the Environment

   Mr Alex BODRY               Minister for the Environment

   Mr J.G.M. ALDERS            Minister   for  Housing,  Planning  and   the

   Mr Carlos BORREGO               Minister for the Environment and Natural
   Mr António TAVEIRA DA SILVA     State Secretary for Natural Resources

   United Kingdom:
   Mr Michael HOWARD           Secretary of State for the Environment
   Mr David MACLEAN            Minister   of   State,  Department   of   the


   Mr Yannis PALEOKRASSAS      Member


   The  Council discussed in depth Community strategy on climate change,  on
   the basis in particular of:

   -  a  progress  report  on the proposal for  a  Directive  introducing  a
      CO2/energy tax, following the ECOFIN Council meeting on 15 March 1993;

   -  a  Commission  working document on the effects of national  plans  for
      limiting CO2 emissions.

   Following the discussion, the Presidency drew the following conclusions:

   "- the Commission's assessment of the reports shows that it is as yet far
      from  certain  that the Community's stabilization objectives  will  be

    - there  is  therefore  a need for  additional  national  and  Community
      measures  for  reducing  CO2 emissions in the Community  in  order  to
      fulfil the CO2 stabilization as agreed in October 1990;

    - a  number  of Member States have put forward national  programmes  for
      reducing CO2 which in the Commission's view will not only bring  about
      a stabilization of their CO2 emissions by the year 2000 but will  also
      reduce their CO2 emissions.  Those Member States are thereby making  a
      practical  contribution  to  burden-sharing  in  the  context  of  the
      Community's collective fulfilment of its climate objective;

    - it is clear from those Member States' programmes that these  practical
      contributions  to implementation of the burden-sharing  principle  are
      based  on  the  assumption  that a combined  CO2-energy  tax  will  be
      introduced at Community level;

    - the Council welcomes the US administration's proposals for new  energy
      taxes  as an essential contribution to the worldwide measures  against
      climate change - and as an initiative which, together with other  OECD
      countries' tax level in the energy field, contributes substantially to
      the   Community's   demand  that  the  effects   on   competition   of
      corresponding tax initiatives in the Community be reduced;

    - against  this background the Presidency will initiate a dialogue  with
      the  USA  on joint global initiatives within the framework of  the  UN
      Climate  Convention and relevant international fora like the  OECD  to
      further prevent climate change;

    - at  the forthcoming joint Council of Environment and Energy  Ministers
      the  Presidency  will  look  at all  possibilities  for  reducing  CO2
      emissions,  such  as  greater  energy  efficiency,  the  promotion  of
      alternative forms of energy and the use of fiscal incentives;

    - that the Presidency will do its utmost in ECOFIN to secure a  solution
      to the outstanding problems concerning a possible combined  CO2/energy
      tax at Community level.".


   The Council reached agreement on the establishment of a monitoring system
   for  emissions  of CO2 and progressively of other  greenhouse  gases  not
   controlled by the Montreal Protocol.

   This  initiative forms part of the overall strategy to ensure  compliance
   with the commitments undertaken by the Community regarding prevention  of
   climate change.

   In specific terms, the Decision provides for the Member States to devise,
   publish   and   implement   national  programmes   for   limiting   their
   anthropogenic emissions of CO2 in order to contribute to:

   -  the  stabilization  of  CO2 emissions by 2000 at 1990  levels  in  the
      Community as a whole, assuming that other leading countries  undertake
      commitments  along  similar lines, on the  understanding  that  Member
      States  which start from relatively low levels of  energy  consumption
      and  therefore  low  emissions  measured on  a  per  capita  or  other
      appropriate  basis are entitled to have CO2 targets and/or  strategies
      corresponding   to  their  economic  and  social  development,   while
      improving  the  energy  efficiency of their  economic  activities,  as
      agreed at the Energy/Environment Council meetings in October 1990  and
      December 1991, and

   -  on  the  fulfilment of the commitment relating to  the  limitation  of
      CO2 emissions in the UN Framework Convention on Climate Change, to  be
      met  by the Community as a whole through action by the  Community  and
      its Member States within their respective spheres of competence.

   On  the  basis of evaluation procedures and methods determined  with  the
   assistance  of a committee of representatives of the Member  States,  the
   Commission, in close co-operation with the Member States, is to establish
   inventories  of  CO2 emissions  and to  evaluate  regularly  progress  in
   relation to the commitments mentioned above.


   Subject  to the Opinion of the European Parliament, the  Council  reached
   agreement  in principle on the conclusion of the Framework Convention  on
   Climate  Change,  signed by the Community and the Member  States  at  the
   UNCED in Rio de Janeiro, in June 1992.

   It  was  agreed  that  instruments of  ratification  would  be  deposited
   simultaneously by the Community and the Member States as soon as possible
   and by 31 December 1993 at the latest.

   The objective of the Convention is to achieve stabilization of greenhouse
   gas  concentrations  in  the atmosphere at a  level  that  would  prevent
   dangerous anthropogenic interference with the climate system.

   That  level  should be achieved within a time frame sufficient  to  allow
   ecosystems  to  adapt naturally to climate change, to  ensure  that  food
   production  is  not  threatened and to  enable  economic  development  to
   proceed in a sustainable manner.

   It  should be noted that, at the signing during the  Rio Conference,  the
   Community and its Member States said that they regarded the Convention as
   an  important  first  step.  They expressed their  support  for  measures
   permitting  swift, effective implementation of the Convention and  stated
   their willingness to contribute to ongoing proceedings in the context  of
   that instrument.

   The  Council's conclusions of 29 October 1990, especially the  target  of
   stabilizing CO2 emissions by 2000 at the 1990 level in the Community as a
   whole, will in particular be reaffirmed when depositing the instrument of


   The  Council  reached  agreement on  the  Regulation  allowing  voluntary
   participation  by companies in the industrial sector in a Community  eco-
   management and audit scheme.

   Following  the  adoption in March 1992 of the Regulation on  a  Community
   eco-label award scheme, the above Regulation provides the second  example
   of  voluntary  schemes and market instruments which the Council  and  the
   Commission  consider  will  serve to broaden the  range  of  measures  in
   addition to legislation in the environmental field.

   The  objective of the scheme is to promote continual improvements in  the
   environmental performance of industrial activities by:

   -  the  establishment  and  implementation  of  environmental   policies,
      programmes  and management systems by companies in relation  to  their

   -  the  systematic, objective and periodic evaluation of the  performance
      of such factors, in particular by independent verifiers;

   -  the  provision  of  information on environmental  performance  to  the
      public each year in the form of "environmental statements".

   Under the Regulation, in order for a site to be registered in the scheme,
   the company in question must in particular:

   -  adopt  an environmental policy meeting certain requirements  and  also
      including   commitments   aimed  at  the  continual   improvement   of
      environmental performance, in order to reduce environmental impact  to
      levels  not  exceeding  those  corresponding  to  economically  viable
      application of the best available technology;

   -  conduct  an  environmental review of the site and  introduce,  in  the
      light  of the results of that review, an environmental  programme  for
      the  site  and an environmental management system  applicable  to  all
      activities at the site;

   -  carry  out,  or cause to be carried out, environmental audits  at  the
      sites concerned in accordance with certain criteria and in  compliance
      with  certain  requirements regarding accreditation  of  environmental

   -  set  objectives at the highest appropriate management level, aimed  at
      the continual improvement of environmental performance in the light of
      the findings of the audit, and appropriately revise the  environmental
      programme to enable the set objectives to be achieved at the site;

   -  prepare  for  the public an environmental statement specific  to  each
      site audited;

   -  have the environmental policy, programme, management system, review or
      audit  procedure and environmental statements examined to verify  that
      they  meet  the  relevant  requirements  of  the  Regulation  and  the
      environmental statements validated by the competent bodies;

   -  forward the validated environmental statement to the competent body of
      the  Member  State  where the site is located and  disseminate  it  as
      appropriate to the public in that State after registration of the site
      in question.

   Each  year  the Commission is to publish in the Official Journal  of  the
   European Communities a list of all the registered sites in the Community.

   Companies  will be able to use for their registered sites  statements  of
   participation  designed  to bring out clearly the nature of  the  scheme.
   These  statements  may  not  be used to advertise  products,  or  on  the
   products themselves or their packaging.

   Member  States may also promote participation in the eco-audit scheme  by
   companies,  in particular small and medium-sizes enterprises  (SMEs).  In
   this connection the Commission is to submit appropriate proposals to  the
   Council,  aimed  at  greater  participation by  SMEs,  in  particular  by
   providing information, training and structural and technical support  and
   as regards auditing and verification procedures.

   Moreover,  in the review of the scheme to be carried out not  later  than
   five  years after the Regulation comes into force, the Commission  is  to
   propose,  on the basis of experience in its  implementation,  appropriate
   amendments  particularly as regards the scope of the scheme.  The  scheme
   will remain voluntary.

   The  Regulation  is to be formally adopted shortly, once the  texts  have
   been finalized.


   The  Council  took  note  of a progress report  on  the  proposal  for  a
   Regulation laying down provisions with regard to possession of and  trade
   in specimens of species of wild fauna and flora.

   The  proposal contains rules on internal and external Community trade  in
   wild  fauna and flora.  It also deals with aspects of  implementation  of
   the Convention on International Trade in Endangered Species of wild Fauna
   and  Flora  (CITES)  and more stringent  measures  proposed  directly  or
   indirectly by the Community.

   The  Council  instructed  the  Permanent  Representatives  Committee   to
   continue  with  discussion on the proposal in the light of  the  European
   Parliament's Opinion.


   The  Council held a policy debate on the proposal for a Directive on  the
   control  of volatile organic compound (VOC) emissions resulting from  the
   storage  of  petrol  and  its  distribution  from  terminals  to  service

   The  proposal,  which forms part of the Community strategy  for  reducing
   man-made VOC emissions, constitutes the first stage of measures affecting
   the petrol distribution system.

   As such it covers emissions resulting from the storage of petrol and  its
   distribution  from  terminals  to service stations;  emissions  from  the
   refuelling of vehicles in service stations will shortly form the  subject
   of a new Commission proposal.

   Following  discussions, which revealed broad support for the  aspects  of
   the   Presidency   compromise   under   consideration,   the    Permanent
   Representatives  Committee was instructed to continue  with  proceedings,
   particularly  in the light of the European Parliament's Opinion,  with  a
   view to agreement being reached at the June meeting.



   The  Council agreed to proceed with the deposit by the Community  and  by
   those  Member  States  which  had  not yet  done  so  of  instruments  of
   ratification  of  the Basle Convention on the  control  of  transboundary
   movements  of hazardous wastes and their disposal, by 6 February 1994  at
   the latest.

   It  should  be  noted that on 1 February 1993 the  Community  decided  to
   ratify  that  Convention following the adoption at the same time  of  the
   Regulation on the supervision and control of shipments of waste.


      "Referring  to  the results of the first meeting  of  the  Contracting
      Parties  to  the  Basle  Convention  in  Uruguay  and  in   particular
      Decisions I/16 and I/22 concerning the introduction of a total ban  on
      shipments  of  hazardous waste to developing countries at  the  second
      meeting of the Parties;

      Referring  also to the statement made by the Presidency on  behalf  of
      the European Community at the same meeting on 4 December 1992;

      Recalling  that Council Regulation (EEC) No 259/93 of 1 February  1993
      already provides for a ban on all exports of waste for disposal to all
      countries  except EFTA countries and establishes strict  measures  for
      all exports of hazardous waste for recovery to countries to which  the
      OECD decision does not apply;

      Recalling that Article 39 of the Lomé Convention provides for a  total
      ban on exports of waste to ACP States,


      DECIDES  that the Community should support and actively work  for  the
      implementation and further development of the Basle Convention;

      NOTES that Article 17(1) of the Convention states that: "Any Party may
      propose amendments to this Convention ..." and that in accordance with
      Article 17(2) of the Convention any amendment to the Basle  Convention
      must   be  forwarded  to  the  Contracting  Parties  by  the   Interim
      Secretariat  of the Convention not later than six months prior to  the
      second  meeting of the Contracting Parties, which is expected to  take
      place in February/March 1994, and accordingly

      INVITES  the  Commission to examine any circumstances  justifying  the
      call  for  a total ban on exports of hazardous waste  covered  by  the
      Basle  Convention  to developing countries and to  submit  appropriate
      proposals to it at the earliest possible date.


   The  Council  took  note  of a progress report  on  the  proposal  for  a
   Directive on the incineration of hazardous waste.

   The proposal forms part of the Community's waste-management strategy.  It
   supplements Community legislation on incineration of municipal waste  and
   responds  to  the  Council's invitation to the Commission,  in  the  1990
   Resolution  on  waste  policy, to submit proposals  on  incinerators  for
   industrial waste.

   The  proposal  contains provisions to prevent or  minimize  the  negative
   effects  of incineration of hazardous waste on the environment and  human
   health  in accordance with an integrated approach to prevent transfer  of
   pollution from one medium to another.

   After   a  brief  discussion,  the  Council  instructed   the   Permanent
   Representatives Committee to continue examining the proposal with a  view
   to its adoption as soon as possible.


   The Council took note of a progress report from the Presidency on follow-
   up to the UNCED in Rio de Janeiro, including the Convention on Biological

   After  a  discussion, the Council agreed to return to the matter  at  its
   June  meeting, particularly in the light of Community proceedings in  the
   meantime,  notably  the  Development Council meeting due to  be  held  on
   25 May 1993.


   The  Council held a policy debate on preparations for the  Conference  of
   European Ministers for the Environment, to be held in Lucerne from 28  to
   30 April 1993,  as a further step in the process begun in  Dublin  (1990)
   and in Dobris (1991).

   At  the  Conference, bringing together representatives of EEC,  EFTA  and
   Central  and  East  European States, the  governments  and  international
   organizations attending are to discuss four documents on the  environment
   in Europe, viz.:

   -  a report on nature conservation in Europe;
   -  an interim report on the state of the environment in Europe;
   -  elements for a Pan-European Environment Programme;
   -  an  Environmental  Action  Programme (EAP)  for  Central  and  Eastern


   The  Council  held a policy debate on the follow-up  to  the  conclusions
   adopted   at   the  joint  Environment/Transport   Council   meeting   on
   25 January 1993,   concerning   safety   at  sea,   in   particular   the
   communication  submitted  by the Commission on  3 March 1993,  which  was
   discussed at the recent Transport Council meeting.

   The  Communication  looks first at the main factors behind  accidents  at
   sea,   before   detailing  a  fourfold   action   programme   (convergent
   implementation   of   international   rules;   uniform   enforcement   of
   international    rules;   development   of    maritime    infrastructure;
   international  rule-making) and indicating the corresponding  legislative

   The  Council  noted  the  Commission's  intention  of  submitting  formal
   proposals without delay, to be discussed at the Transport and Environment
   Council meetings in June.


   The  Council took note of the presentation by the Commission of a  report
   on progress at the Commission with its proposal for the implementation of
   the Montreal Protocol as regards HCFCs and methyl bromide.

   Commissioner   PALEOKRASSAS  announced  the  Commission's  intention   of
   approving its proposal by the end of April so that it could be considered
   by the Council as soon as possible.


   The Council took note of the presentation by the Commission of a proposal
   for  a  Directive for the further reduction of pollutant  emissions  from
   cars in 1996 and beyond.

   At present, the Directive in force on exhaust gases, which was adopted by
   the  Council  in June 1991 and aims at an 85-90% reduction  in  emissions
   from the 1970 starting level, will make the level of pollutant  emissions
   from  new  cars placed on the Community market one of the lowest  in  the

   The  prospects for growth in road traffic over the next few years  prompt
   the Commission to envisage a further reduction averaging 35% in permitted
   vehicle  emission  levels  for  regulated  pollutants  (carbon  monoxide,
   nitrogen oxides and unburnt hydrocarbons, and particulates).

   After   a  brief  discussion,  the  Council  instructed   the   Permanent
   Representatives   Committee   to   continue   examining   the   proposal,
   particularly  in  the  light of the  European  Parliament's  Opinion,  in
   preparation for a forthcoming Council meeting.



   -  Sulphur content of certain liquid fuels

      Following the co-operation procedure with the European Parliament, the
      Council adopted the Directive on the approximation of the laws of  the
      Member States relating to the sulphur content of certain liquid fuels.

      The  main aim of the Directive is the generalized introduction in  the
      Community as from 1 October 1994 of a single maximum level of 0,2% for
      the sulphur content of the various gasoils as defined in the Directive
      (which excludes gasoils for processing prior to final combustion).

      There  is also provision for a second stage further bringing down  the
      sulphur content of gasoil in the continuing interests of reducing  the
      level  of pollution caused by sulphur dioxide (SO2) emissions  and  in
      order   to  meet  the  requirements  of  various  specific   Community
      legislation including Directive 91/542/EEC of 1 October 1991  relating
      to  the  measures  to be taken against  the  emission  of  particulate
      pollutants  from  diesel  engines used in heavy  goods  vehicles  (the
      clean-lorry Directive).

      The  provisions of the Directive, corresponding in the main  to  those
      decided   on  when  the  Council  adopted  its  common   position   on
      3 July 1992, set the following limit values:

      (a) for automotive gasoils:
      - 0,2% by weight as from 1 October 1994;
      - 0,05% by weight as from 1 October 1996;

      (b)for   gasoils  other  than  automotive  gasoils,  except   aviation
      - 0,2% by weight as from 1 October 1994;
      - in addition, the Commission is to submit to the Council a  proposal,
        on  which the Council will have to take a decision by  31 July 1994,
        aimed,  in  the  more general framework of  policy  to  improve  air
        quality, at transition to a second phase providing for a lower value
        by  1 October 1999  and  at  the setting of  new  limit  values  for
        aviation kerosenes.

        Member States must, moreover, ensure that automotive gasoils with  a
        sulphur  content  not  exceeding  0,05%  by  weight  are   gradually
        available    on   the   market   from   1 October 1995,   so    that
        Directives 91/441/EEC   and   91/542/EEC,   inter   alia,   can   be

   -  Evaluation and control of the risks of existing substances

        The Council adopted the Regulation on the evaluation and control  of
        the   risks  of  existing  substances  for  human  beings  and   the
        environment,   following   the  co-operation  procedure   with   the

      The  aim is to make possible systematic evaluation at Community  level
      of  risks  attributable  to existing substances  appearing  in  EINECS
      (European Inventory of Existing Commercial Substances) on the basis of
      information  supplied  by manufacturers or importers,  covering,  with
      varying degrees of requirement, in particular, some 10 000  substances
      available on the market, depending on the quantities concerned.

   The  text  provides in particular for the  following  stages:  systematic
   compiling  of  data, listing of substances for  priority  evaluation  and
   evaluation of risks.

   It  introduces  for  the purpose of  close  co-operation  between  Member
   States, the Commission and industrialists, following which in  particular
   Member States are to receive the data available by way of the  Commission
   and  then  participate  directly in the evaluation of the  risks  of  the
   substances listed as priority substances.

   In the process of setting priorities and evaluating the risks of existing
   substances,  account is to be taken in particular of the absence of  data
   on  the  effects  of  a substance, work  already  carried  out  in  other
   international  fora,  such as the OECD, and other  Community  legislation
   and/or programmes concerning hazardous substances.

   A  committee  of representatives of the Member States is  to  assist  the
   Commission in the application of the Regulation and the adaptation of the
   Annexes to technical progress.


   Annual Economic Report for 1993

   Following approval at its meeting on 15 March 1993, the Council  formally
   adopted  the  Decision adopting the Annual Economic Report for  1993  and
   adopting  the economic policy guidelines to be followed in the  Community
   in 1993 (see press release 5332/93 Presse 25).


   The Council adopted the:

   -  Regulation amending Regulation (EEC) No 1360/78 on producer groups and
      associations thereof.  The aim is in particular to extend the validity
      of  the  aid scheme for starting up such groups  and  associations  in
      order   to   concentrate  supply  and  adapt  production   to   market

   -  Decision  on  the  granting of national aid in the  form  of  aid  per
      hectare given over to sheep-farming in the sheepmeat sector in France.
      The  aid is to be granted as an allowance of not more than FF 100  per
      hectare,   within  the  limits  of  a  total  of  FF 65 million   (see
      Agriculture Council press release 5334/93 Presse 37).

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