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   The  Governments of the Member States and the Commission of the  European
   Communities were represented as follows:

   Belgium:
   Mrs Magda DE GALAN          Minister for the Environment
   Mr Didier GOSUIN            Minister for the Environment of the  Brussels
                               Region

   Denmark:
   Mr Svend AUKEN              Minister for the Environment
   Mr Leo BJØRNESKOV           State Secretary for the Environment

   Germany:
   Mr Klaus TOEPFER            Minister for the Environment
   Mr Clemens STROETMANN       State Secretary for the Environment

   Greece:
   Ms Elizabeth PAPAZOI        State Secretary for the Environment, Regional
                               Planning and Public Works

   Spain:
   Ms Christina NARBONA        State Secretary for the Environment

   France:
   Mr Michel BARNIER           Minister for the Environment

   Ireland:
   Mr Michael SMITH            Minister for the Environment

   Italy:
   Mr Valdo SPINI              Minister for the Environment

   Luxembourg:
   Mr Alex BODRY               Minister for the Environment

   Netherlands:
   Mr J.G.M. ALDERS            Minister   for  Housing,  Planning  and   the
                               Environment

   Portugal:
   Mrs Teresa GOUVEIA          Minister  for  the  Environment  and  Natural
                               Resources

   United Kingdom:
   Mr John GUMMER              Secretary of State for the Environment
   Mr Timothy YEO              Minister   of   State,  Department   of   the
                               Environment

                                     - + -

   Commission:
   Mr Yannis PALEOKRASSAS      Member

   Discussions   will  continue  on  Monday 13 December  (at  18 .00)   with
   particular reference to:

   -   THE PROPOSAL FOR A DIRECTIVE ON PACKAGING AND PACKAGING WASTE,

   -   COMMUNITY STRATEGY ON CLIMATE CHANGE.

                                       o

                                 o          o

   PROTECTION OF THE OZONE LAYER

   The  Council unanimously adopted a Decision on conclusion of  the  second
   Amendment  to the Montreal Protocol on substances that deplete the  ozone
   layer; it also worked out political guidelines on the Regulation aimed at
   Communityimplementation  of  theprovisions contained  in  the  Amendment,
   which were decided on at the fourth meeting of the Parties in  Copenhagen
   in November 1992.

   The  most  significant  features of the Amendment, which  is  due  to  be
   ratified by the Community and the Member States before June 1994,  relate
   to:

   -   HCFCs  (hydrochlorofluorocarbons),  for which the  Amendment  sets  a
       consumption limit, as from 1 January 1996, of 3,1% of the  calculated
       level  of consumption of CFCs and HCFCs in 1989, and a timescale  for
       phasing  down  from -35% on 1 January 2004 to  total  elimination  on
       1 January 2030;

   -   methyl bromide, which the Amendment aims to freeze at 1991 production
       and  consumption levels on 1 January 1995; it also provides  for  the
       possibility  of  a  decision,  on the  basis  of  a  full  scientific
       analysis,  on a 25% reduction by the year 2000 and on a schedule  for
       phasing out;

   -   HBFCs   (hydrobromofluorocarbons),  which  the  Amendment   aims   to
       eliminate by 1 January 1996.

   In  the light of these guidelines, the Council's common position  on  the
   Community  Regulation  should bring in tougher measures,  especially  for
   HCFCs  and  methyl  bromide,  than contained  in  the  Amendment  to  the
   Protocol.

   In  real terms, this means that starting from 1 January 1995, there  will
   be  a  maximum limit on consumption of HCFCs of 2,6%  of  the  calculated
   level of consumption of CFCs and HCFCs in 1989, and a phase-out  schedule
   beginning in 2004 and ending in total elimination in 2015.

   A 25% reduction in methyl bromide is planned for 1998, in addition to the
   freeze at 1991 consumption and production levels on 1 January 1995 set by
   the Amendment to the Protocol.

   Measures  are also planned for the recovery of controlled substances  and
   the reduction of leakages.

   For  the sake of clarity, the proposal is designed to cancel and  replace
   Regulation No 594/91 as amended by Regulation No 3952/92.

   The  Permanent Representatives Committee was instructed to  continue  its
   discussions so that the Council could adopt its common position formally,
   in the light of the European Parliament's Opinion.

   MEASURES  TO  BE  TAKEN AGAINST AIR POLLUTION  BY  EMISSIONS  FROM  MOTOR
   VEHICLES

   The  Council  reached political agreement with a view to  adoption  of  a
   common  position on a Directive aimed at securing a further reduction  in
   noxious  motor-vehicle  emissions from 1996 via a  further  amendment  of
   Directive 70/220/EEC.

   The main features of the common position, which will be adopted  formally
   at a forthcoming Council meeting, are:

   -   setting  limit  values on pollutant emissions for private  cars  with
       petrol  or  diesel  engines, these will be compulsory  for  new  type
       approvals  from 1 January 1996 and for all newly registered  vehicles
       from 1 January 1997.  The values are as follows:

   category        reference                    limit values
   of vehicle      mass
                   RM (kg)

                             mass of carbon  combined mass    mass of
                             monoxide        of hydrocarbons  particulates
                                             and oxides of
                                             nitrogen
                                 L1              L2               L3
                               (g/km)          (g/km)           (g/km)

                            petrol  diesel   petrol  diesel     diesel

     M           all         2,2     1,0      0,5     0,7        0,08

   -   the  conditions  subject  to  which  Member  States  may  grant   tax
       incentives  for  new vehicles offered for sale on  their  territories
       which  comply  in advance with the limit-value  requirements  of  the
       Directive; these will apply until the limit values become mandatory;

   -   the  guidelines  which the Commission is to take  into  account  when
       drawing  up  the  measures it is to submit  to  the  Council,  before
       31 December 1994,  for the period starting from  the  year 2000.  The
       guidelines provide that the Commission is to follow a "multi-faceted"
       approach   encompassing  all  possible  measures  for  reducing   air
       pollution  from  road traffic.  The Council has already  agreed  that
       these  measures  must  aim at a substantial  reduction  in  pollutant
       emissions  from  the vehicles concerned as compared  with  the  limit
       values which are to become mandatory from 1996-1997.

   The common position will be formally adopted in the near future, once the
   texts have been finalized.

   HAZARDOUS WASTE

   Directive 78/318/EEC   on  toxic  waste  was  due  to  be   replaced   on
   12 December 1993  by  Directive 91/689/EEC  on  hazardous  waste,   which
   provides  that the Commission is to draw up a list of hazardous waste  no
   later than six months before implementation of the Directive.

   As  this  list is not yet available, for technical reasons,  the  Council
   agreed on its common position on a decision designed to postpone the date
   of implementation of the Directive in question until 31 December 1994.

   As  no formal decision can be taken before 12 December 1993, the  Council
   also agreed on a political statement in which the Member States undertake
   to take the appropriate measures to maintain practical application of the
   provisions of the repealed Directive 78/319/EEC.

   The  Permanent Representatives Committee was instructed to  continue  its
   discussions  so that the Council could act as soon as possible, once  the
   Opinion of the Parliament has been delivered.

   LANDFILL OF WASTE

   The Council took note of progress on the proposal for a Directive on  the
   landfill of waste, particularly under the current Presidency.

   It  also  noted  an initial summary of the outcome  of  the  cost/benefit
   analysis  which the Commission has carried out in respect of some of  the
   Member States; the full report is expected early in 1994.

   The  proposal was called for in the Council Resolution of 7 May 1990;  it
   forms  part  of the Community's waste-management  strategy,  which  makes
   landfill the last resort for waste disposal, disposal itself being low on
   the strategy's list of options.

   In   practical  terms,  the  proposal  is  designed  to   harmonize   the
   environmental and technical standards for the landfill of waste so as  to
   secure  a  high level of protection for environments (water,  soil,  air)
   likely  to  be  affected  by landfill and  to  avoid  any  distortion  of
   competition as regards disposal waste which might result from disparities
   in legislation on landfill.

   The  Permanent  Representatives Committee will  continue  discussing  the
   proposal in preparation for the Council's forthcoming discussions.

   DISPOSAL OF PCBs/PCTs

   The Council took note of progress on the proposal for a Directive on  the
   disposal  of  polychlorinated biphenyls  and  polychlorinated  terphenyls
   (PCBs/PCTs).

   Following the European Parliament's Opinion, the initial proposal  dating
   from 1988 was much amended by the Commission in 1991.  It is intended  to
   replace  a 1976 Directive which has become obsolete following the ban  on
   marketing PCBs/PCTs and advances in disposal techniques.

   In  practical  terms,  it provides for the alignment  of  Member  States'
   legislation  on  the  controlled  disposal  of  PCBs/PCTs  and  equipment
   contaminated by those substances (mainly transformers and capacitors).

   The  Permanent Representatives Committee was instructed to  continue  its
   discussions  so that the Council could decide on its common  position  at
   one of its forthcoming meetings.

   GREEN PAPER ON CIVIL LIABILITY

   The  Council  held  a  public debate on  the  Green  Paper  on  remedying
   environmental damage.

   The paper is part of a series of measures or guidelines concerning  civil
   liability  in the field of the environment; those include the  Commission
   proposal  on  civil liability for damage caused by waste,  the  Council's
   conclusions  on  25 January 1993, and the fifth  Community  programme  of
   policy and action in relation to the environment and development, to name
   but a few examples.

   It is designed to weigh up the feasibility and effectiveness of  recourse
   to  civil-liability  mechanisms on the one  hand  and  joint-compensation
   schemes on the other hand to remedy environmental damage.

   The Commission will continue its proceedings in the light of the  debate,
   as part of the ongoing consultation process.

   FOLLOW-UP TO THE UNCED

   The  Council  took  note of progress on the follow-up to  the  UNCED  and
   discussed,  amongst  other  things, the preparation  of  reports  to  the
   Commission on Sustainable Development (CSD).

   IMPLEMENTATION AND APPLICATION OF COMMUNITY ENVIRONMENTAL
   LEGISLATION - COUNCIL CONCLUSIONS

   "THE COUNCIL OF THE EUROPEAN UNION,

   1.  RECOGNIZING  the  importance of Community environmental action  as  a
       decisive area of Community policy of direct relevance to the  quality
       of life of European citizens;

   2.  CONSIDERING  that the aims of the Community environmental policy  can
       only be achieved through the consistent and effective application  of
       Community environmental legislation by all Member States;

   3.  RECALLING  the Council conclusions of 15 December 1992 including  the
       Commission's  commitment to submit annual reports to the Council,  as
       well  as  the Council's commitment to have an annual  debate  on  the
       implementation of Community environmental legislation;

   4.  WELCOMES  the presentation, for the first time, both to  the  Council
       and the European Parliament by the Commission of such a report  aimed
       at describing the state of implementation throughout the Community;

   5.  DECLARES  its intention in the next Council debate on  implementation
       to   consider  the  effectiveness  of  Community  legislation  in   a
       particular sector;

   6.  REAFFIRMS  that the Council attaches great importance to  a  correct,
       effective  and  timely implementation and  application  of  Community
       environmental legislation;

   7.  STRESSES  that the Commission and the Member States must prepare  for
       timely and effective completion of the tasks allocated to them in the
       measures adopted;

   8.  UNDERLINES   that   good  quality  in  the  drafting   of   Community
       legislation,    as   referred   to   in   Council    Resolution    of
       8 June 1993 (1),   contributes  to  facilitate   implementation   and
       application of Community law;

   9.  EMPHASIZES  the need for legislation to be prepared on the  basis  of
       thorough  and extensive consultation with all interested Parties,  in
       line  with the concept of shared responsibility which  underlies  the
       Fifth Environmental Action Programme;

   10. UNDERLINES  the  role,  in  the context  of  the  implementation  and
       application  of  Community  environmental  legislation,  of  existing
       "horizontal" Directives, such as Directive 90/313/EEC (2) on  freedom
       of   access   to   information,   and   Directive 91/692/EEC (3)   on
       rationalized reporting;

   11. CALLS on the Commission and the Member States to fulfil promptly  the
       reporting obligations laid upon them in the measures adopted;

   12. STRESSES  first the need for enhanced bilateral consultation  between
       the  Member  States  concerned  and  the  Commission  to   facilitate
       implementation and underlines that, if practised on a regular  basis,
       such consultation will prevent and reduce difficulties;

   13. SUPPORTS  the  Commission  initiative in inviting  Member  States  to
       informal consultations in good time before the date of implementation
       of relevant Community legislation in order to help solve  outstanding
       questions;

   14. WELCOMES  the ongoing efforts to enhance collaboration of  Commission
       and Member States in the informal network of enforcement  authorities
       that  aims at the exchange of information on and the  development  of
       greater   consistency   in  the   implementation,   application   and
       enforcement of environmental legislation in the Community;

   15. RECALLS  that Article 20 of Council  Regulation (EEC)  No 1210/90 (4)
       on the European Environment Agency provides
          that  two  years  after the Regulation's  entry  into  force,  the
          possible  contribution  of  the Agency to the  monitoring  of  the
          implementation  of  Community  environmental  legislation  may  be
          examined."

   
   (1) OJ C 166, 17.6.1993.
   (2) OJ L 158, 23.  6.1990.
   (3) OJ L 377, 31.12.1991.
   (4) OJ L 120, 11.  5.1990.

   MISCELLANEOUS DECISIONS
   (adopted without debate)

   Textiles

   The  Council  adopted,  by  a  qualified  majority,  a  Decision  on  the
   conclusion of agreements between the EC and certain third countries (1)
   on international trade in textile products.

   The Council also authorized the Commission to negotiate the extension  of
   the  Arrangement  regarding international trade in textiles (MFA)  for  a
   further 12 months from 1 January 1994.

   Anti-dumping measures

   Following a review by the Commission, the Council adopted by a  qualified
   majority (with the United Kingdom, Germany and Luxembourg voting against)
   a Regulation imposing amended anti-dumping measures on imports of  ferro-
   silicon  originating  in Russia, Kazakhstan,  Ukraine,  Iceland,  Norway,
   Sweden,  Venezuela  and Brazil.  A definitive anti-dumping duty  will  be
   imposed  on imports of ferro-silicon containing 20 to 96% of  silicon  by
   weight  falling  within CN codes7202 21 10 90  and  ex 7202 29 00  (Taric
   code 7202 29 00 11)  and originating in Norway, Sweden, Iceland,  Brazil,
   Venezuela, Kazakhstan, Russia and Ukraine.

   The  rate  of  duty, calculated on the basis  of  the  free-at-Community-
   frontier price of the product, not cleared through customs, will now be:

   -     6,8% for ferro-silicon originating in Norway
   -     6,8% for ferro-silicon originating in Iceland
   -     7,4% for ferro-silicon originating in Sweden
   -    20,4% for ferro-silicon originating in Venezuela
   -    25%   for ferro-silicon originating in Brazil unless produced by the
              companies below, to which the following rates apply:

       =    9,2% Cia Brasileira Carbureto de Cálcio, Rio de Janeiro
       =   22,8% Cia de Ferro Ligas da Bahia (Ferbasa), Pojuca, Bahia
       =   20,5% Cia Rima Electrometalurgia S.A., Belo Horizonte
       =   20,5% Cia Paulista de Ferroligas, São Paulo
       =   20,5% Cia Ferroligas Minas Gerais, Minasligas, Contagem, MG

   -   74% for ferro-silicon originating in Russia, Kazakhstan and Ukraine.

   The  Council  also  adopted a Regulation extending  for  two  months  the
   provisional anti-dumping duty on imports of ethanolomines originating  in
   the United States.

                                     * * *

   
   (1) Hong Kong,  Singapore, Macao, Indonesia, the  Philippines,  Colombia,
       Peru, China, Argentina, Bangladesh, Brazil, Korea, Guatemala,  India,
       Malaysia, Mexico, Pakistan, Sri Lanka, Thailand and Uruguay.

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