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    The Commission today adopted a draft Regulation aimed at establishing the
    conditions for the large market of 1992 in the field of air cargo
    services. Presenting this proposal, Mr Karel Van Miert, European
    Commissioner for Transport, emphasized that he was committed to putting
    on the table, as soon as possible, all the necessary measures to cover
    every aspect of air transport with a view to the large market. "My
    proposals today concern air cargo and are aimed at creating an open
    system to cover the Community market, as regards establishment and access
    to the market, prices and the organization of services."
    The proposed Regulation, which in the Commission's view ought to be
    adopted by the Council this year in order to come into force in 1992,
    provides for free access to the market for every Community operator. The
    regulation also fixes criteria and procedures for air cargo tariffs in
    the Community with the prime concern of creating transparency.
    Transporters must publish their tariffs and inform States concerned
    30 days before they come into effect.  Member States may refer the matter
    to the Commission if they believe that the tariffs proposed do not
    contain a sufficient margin to guarantee compliance with technical
    standards and safety regulations.  Member States are to carry out a
    detailed enquiry when the proposed tariff varies by 20% from the
    corresponding tariff in the previous season.  Tariffs of which the
    Commission has been notified can be applied automatically unless the
    Commission gives notice of disapproval at least 7 days before their
    Member States are to allow the exercise of air traffic rights between
    different airports in the Community without discrimination between
    Community operators. Thus, transporters will be able to change aircraft
    in an airport of their choice according to their needs.  Any limitations
    that the Member States may impose on transporters will have to justified
    by reasons of air traffic control, protection of the environment, social
    legislation or safety regulations and must in no case be discriminatory.
    1   COM(90) 63
                                      - 2 -
    The liberalization of the market in air cargo services comes at a time
    when this sector is seeing many developments, especially in the area of
    high speed specialized transport, delivery of letters and parcels and air
    transport of perishable goods. Until now, the organization of goods
    transport has always been highly complicated because it has required many
    intermediaries. More and more operators can now be found who specialize
    in express delivery by air and who take on the whole operation, providing
    a door-to-door service.
    As air cargo services are naturally organized around traffic rights
    arising from bilateral agreements on air services, it is important in
    liberalizing air services in the Community to introduce Community rules
    which bring about a large market for transporters of goods by air,
    comparable to the other markets for inland transport services. Air cargo
    currently accounts for only 0.08% of all goods movements within the
    Community. The opening of this market to the Community dimension, putting
    an end to the jumble of complicated national rules and complex bilateral
    arrangements, should bring about the flexibility and competition which
    are likely to ensure progress and growth in this key service area.

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