Other available languages: FR
1 The Commission today adopted a draft Regulation aimed at establishing the conditions for the large market of 1992 in the field of air cargo services. Presenting this proposal, Mr Karel Van Miert, European Commissioner for Transport, emphasized that he was committed to putting on the table, as soon as possible, all the necessary measures to cover every aspect of air transport with a view to the large market. "My proposals today concern air cargo and are aimed at creating an open system to cover the Community market, as regards establishment and access to the market, prices and the organization of services." The proposed Regulation, which in the Commission's view ought to be adopted by the Council this year in order to come into force in 1992, provides for free access to the market for every Community operator. The regulation also fixes criteria and procedures for air cargo tariffs in the Community with the prime concern of creating transparency. Transporters must publish their tariffs and inform States concerned 30 days before they come into effect. Member States may refer the matter to the Commission if they believe that the tariffs proposed do not contain a sufficient margin to guarantee compliance with technical standards and safety regulations. Member States are to carry out a detailed enquiry when the proposed tariff varies by 20% from the corresponding tariff in the previous season. Tariffs of which the Commission has been notified can be applied automatically unless the Commission gives notice of disapproval at least 7 days before their introduction. Member States are to allow the exercise of air traffic rights between different airports in the Community without discrimination between Community operators. Thus, transporters will be able to change aircraft in an airport of their choice according to their needs. Any limitations that the Member States may impose on transporters will have to justified by reasons of air traffic control, protection of the environment, social legislation or safety regulations and must in no case be discriminatory. 1 COM(90) 63 - 2 - The liberalization of the market in air cargo services comes at a time when this sector is seeing many developments, especially in the area of high speed specialized transport, delivery of letters and parcels and air transport of perishable goods. Until now, the organization of goods transport has always been highly complicated because it has required many intermediaries. More and more operators can now be found who specialize in express delivery by air and who take on the whole operation, providing a door-to-door service. As air cargo services are naturally organized around traffic rights arising from bilateral agreements on air services, it is important in liberalizing air services in the Community to introduce Community rules which bring about a large market for transporters of goods by air, comparable to the other markets for inland transport services. Air cargo currently accounts for only 0.08% of all goods movements within the Community. The opening of this market to the Community dimension, putting an end to the jumble of complicated national rules and complex bilateral arrangements, should bring about the flexibility and competition which are likely to ensure progress and growth in this key service area.