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 The Commission has approved a Communication to the Council
 concerning the guidelines for a Community Policy on
 Migration. The purpose of this Communication is:
 (i)  to update the Commission's existing policy on migrant
 workers and their families (2) and
 (ii) to relaunch at the level of the Council and the
 Parliament a discussion on how best to make progress in
 this area, especially in view of the fact that the
 current economic and social situation is vastly
 different from that which prevailed in 1974 (when the
 original Commission programme was initiated).
 The changed economic and social situation which faces the
 Community today is characterized by high unemployment
 affecting all disadvantaged groups, including migrants, and
 uncertainty as to the future possibilities of job creation.
 These circumstances have tended to lead to an increase in
 discrimination, racism and xenophobia, aimed at sectors of
 the migrant population.
 This changed situation has also led Member Statess to adopt
 policies which have attempted to react to the immediate
 pressures. Efforts have been made to stabilize and integrate
 the migrant population within the Member States, but a
 tendancy has also developed to limit further immigration
 from Third Countries and there have even been attempts at
 certain measures of voluntary return to the countries of
 origin. The Commission has often stated that it is
 unfortunate that these policies could not have been
 coordinated between the Member States, and that a common
 position has not been developed. In this present
 Communication, the Commission describes the situation of the
 some 12 million migrant population within the existing
 Community, outlines the various sectors to which attention
 should be given, and points to the need for consultation
 between the Member States and the Commission on migration
 policies vis-a-vis Third Countries.
 The new Communication suggests three areas in which progress
 can be made:
 -    Community law and related action as regards migrants
 who are citizens of Member States;
 -    consultation between Member States and the Commission
 on national policies, particularly as regards Third
 Country migrants;
 -    information for the population of host countries and
 for migrants.
 (1) COM(85) 48
 (2) Supplement 3/76 to the Bulletin of the EC
           
                             - 2 -
 As regards the field of Community law, it is imposed:
 - to improve certain aspectss of the provisions for free
 movement of workers, to adapt and strengtheen social
 security provisions and to pursue and intensify thee
 supervision of the application of Community law;
 - to make Community texts more readily available and
 comprehensible to the user and to the officials dealing
 with their application;
 - to examine specific provisions to see how they may be
 adopted to deal with the problem of such specific
 categories as frontier-workers and workers in the cultural
 sector, including refugees who are entitled to the
 benefits of Community regulations on social security.
 The Commission also insists, once again, on the need for
 progress towards the granting of political rights to
 migrants who are citizens of Member States (1).
 These areas which touch on Community law also relate to the
 work on "Citizen's Europe", to which the Communication
 refers.
 The Commission notes that the Member States have, on a
 number of occasions, commented on the need for consultation
 and cooperation between the Member States and with the
 Commission in the field of migration policies with regard to
 Third Countries. However, experience shows that the results
 have been insufficient and fail to respond to the  ever-
 growing needs for the integration of our migrant
 population. It is for this reason that the Commission in its
 Communication, announces its intention to provide an
 appropriate framework for such a process of information and
 consultation.
 Finally, a major part of the Communication deals with the
 need to integrate the migrant population and to ensure that
 the unfortunate growth of racial tensions is stopped.
 In this context, the area of information is seen as vital to
 the successful insertion of the immigrant population in the
 society of the receiving country. This information ought, in
 the first instance, to be addressed to the people of the
 receiving country and the immigrant countries but it should
 also, however, have in mind the officials in contact with
 them.
 The Commission puts great emphasis on the need for social
 and educational integration measures, especially for the
 second generation of migrants. Considerable work has already
 been done in this area, particularly within the framework of
 the Community Directive concerning the education of migrant
 children (2). The Commission notes generally, however, that
 whilst many of these needs have been recognised by the
 Member States, progress towards the adoption of the measures
 necessary to overcome the problems has been slow. This is
 more particularly so in the case of Third Country migrants
 which constitue the major part of the migrant population in
 the Community.
  
 
                            - 3 -
 The Communication is intended to re-open, therefore, the
 debate on migration policy and the Commission hopes that all
 the interested parties (Council, Parliament and migrant
 groups) will contribute in a positive fashion to the search
 for a solution to the many problems which the Community
 faces in this area.
 (1) Bulletin of the European Communities 7/75: Supplement on
 "Towards European Citizenship"
 (2) Directive EEC/486/77 - OJ No. L 199/32 of 6.8.1977

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