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Midday Express of 2012-06-21

European Commission - MEX/12/0621   21/06/2012

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EXME 12 / 21.06

Midday Express of 2012-06-21

News from the European Commission's Midday Briefing

Nouvelles du rendez-vous de midi de la Commission européenne

Eurobarometer: 98% say language learning is good for their children, but tests highlight skills gap

Almost nine out of ten EU citizens believe that the ability to speak foreign languages is very useful and 98% say that mastering languages will be good for the future of their children, according to a new Eurobarometer opinion poll on EU citizens' attitudes towards multilingualism and foreign language learning.

EU campaign makes science and innovation a 'girl thing'

With the European Union needing up to one million additional researchers by 2020, the European Commission has today launched a campaign to get more girls interested in science and encourage more women to choose research as a career. Women make up more than half the EU's student population and 45 per cent of all doctorates (PhDs), but they account for only one third of career researchers. Women PhD graduates are also still a minority in engineering and manufacturing. The three year campaign will first seek to get teenage girls interested in studying science, technology, engineering and maths (STEM subjects). The focus will then broaden to female students more generally, encouraging them to consider research careers.

EU and U.S. launch Global Alliance to fight child sexual abuse online

The EU - US Justice and Home Affairs ministerial meeting held in Copenhagen today called upon governments around the world to participate in building a Global Alliance against Child Sexual Abuse Online. This initiative seeks to unite decision-makers all around the world to better identify and assist victims and to prosecute the perpetrators.

EU takes key step to provide legal certainty for foreign investors

The European Commission today took an important step to protect foreign investors at the EU level, thereby ensuring that Europe continues to be a safe and attractive place for investment by foreign companies. Today's proposal establishes a legal and financial framework for "investor to state dispute settlement" as part of a broad investment policy which has become an exclusive EU competence under the Lisbon Treaty. It is a further step in the creation of a comprehensive EU investment policy which will allow the EU to negotiate investment protection agreements at the European level. Today's decision will ensure the EU has the right system in place so that international investment rules can be managed effectively in cases disputes arise between foreign investors and the EU and its Member States.

Fisheries: Commission proposes new approach to technical measures regulation

The on-going reform of the Common Fisheries Policy (CFP) foresees a regionalised approach to fisheries management. Rules on technical conservation measures are among the prime policy elements for regionalisation, and future technical measures should be regionally specific and developed with all stakeholders. Technical measures are rules governing how and where fishermen may fish and include rules on types of fishing gear, closed areas and other measures to protect the marine environment. Since a number of important technical measures expire on 31 December of 2012, the Commission has today adopted a proposal to ensure that these technical measures are maintained in place after this date. The measures are important for sustainable fishing and for the conservation of stocks, as well as for some Natura 2000-related measures including the protection of vulnerable deep-sea habitats. The Commission proposes to incorporate the measures into the overarching Regulation for technical measures in the Union waters of the Atlantic Ocean (Council Regulation (EC) No 850/98). This will ensure legal certainty and continuity, and it allows time to develop a new approach to regulating technical measures in accordance with the CFP reform. The Commission intends to present a proposal for a new regionalised framework for technical conservation measures immediately after adoption of the reformed CFP.

Transport: Commission launches survey on quality and efficiency of ports in Europe

As part of its on-going review of European ports policy, the European Commission has launched an online questionnaire, open until September 2012: http://iaportenhancement.questionpro.com . The port sector has a significant potential for creating jobs and growth. Ports are crucial to sustaining an export-led economic recovery. With the new proposed approach for the Trans-European Transport Networks and the Connecting Europe Facility, the Commission is giving ports the priority they deserve. The results of the survey will be presented and discussed with Member States, the European Parliament and stakeholders at a high-level conference on European ports in Brussels on 25-26 September 2012. The objective of the ports policy review is to ensure that ports in Europe fully contribute to the recovery and long-term competitiveness of the European economy. Ports handle 40% of the internal market freight exchanges and up to 90% of EU international trade. The Commission intends to assist ports on their way to even higher efficiency: this will boost the performance of European industry, create more quality employment and ensure a stable environment for investment in ports.

Neelie Kroes will this afternoon dish out awards to the UK's tech entrepreneur "AllStars" in London

Kroes believes Europe needs more entrepreneurs and entrepreneurial spirit. Kroes will call on European business and finance to be more open-minded so we can be more dynamic. "You should have a licence to fail … Most start-ups fail, that's the way it works. What's interesting is how you pick yourself up and learn from it." Kroes will criticise the fact that European banks have passed up the opportunity to support entrepreneurs, leaving the way for Silicon Valley Bank open its first branch in London to fill the market gap.

Infringements:

Commission to take United Kingdom to court over unpaid amounts of customs duties to EU budget

The European Commission is taking the UK to the EU Court of Justice over its refusal to compensate for duties its customs authorities failed to collect in the past - £15 million should have been paid to the EU budget. The origins of the case date back to 2005/2006, when the UK customs authorities allowed imports of fresh garlic from the People's Republic of China erroneously stating that it was frozen garlic, subject to significantly lower import duties than fresh garlic. The Commission considers that in failing to collect the correct amount, the UK authorities did not act with all due care. The UK authorities, however, have refused to compensate for the missing amount by claiming that the customs took all necessary actions justified by the case.

Digital Agenda: Commission asks Court of Justice to fine Poland for not fully implementing Audiovisual Media Services Directive

The European Commission has decided to refer Poland to the EU Court of Justice for failing to fully implement EU audiovisual media services Directive. Poland has partially implemented the Directive but not the provisions concerning on-demand services. This means that providers of such services are not obliged to protect viewers, especially children, from hidden advertising (such as subliminal advertising) or from content containing incitement to hatred. Nor does Poland respect the rules on the European content of services provided on-demand. Poland should have implemented the Directive in full, including the rules for on-demand services, by December 2009. The Commission proposes a daily fine of € 112 190.40 which would be paid as from the date of the Court's affirmative ruling until Poland notifies the Commission that it has fully implemented the rules into national law

Free movement of goods: Commission takes Germany to Court over barriers to trade in construction products

The European Commission has decided to refer Germany to the European Court of Justice for failing to respect EU rules governing the harmonisation of the marketing of construction products. The result of this failure is that manufacturers from other Member States have great difficulty selling construction products on the German market.

Free movement of goods: Commission refers Spain to Court over heavy goods vehicle restrictions

The European Commission has decided to refer Spain to the European Court of Justice for because it imposes barriers to imports of heavy goods vehicles in breach of EU rules on the free movement of goods. In particular, Spanish authorities refuse to authorise for commercial use the first vehicle in road haulage operators' fleets if it is more than five months old.

Environment: Commission refers Ireland back to Court over incomplete environmental impact assessment laws

The European Commission is urging Ireland to bring its national legislation on assessing the effects of projects on the environment into line with EU rules. Despite considerable interaction with the Commission, legislation on environmental impact assessments in Ireland still contains shortcomings. On the recommendation of Environment Commissioner Janez Potočnik, the Commission is therefore referring Ireland back to the European Court of Justice and requesting that it impose a lump sum fine of over €1.800.000 and a daily penalty payment of over €19 000 for each day after the second Court ruling until the infringement ends.

Environment: Italy in Court over urban waste water treatment failings

The European Commission is taking Italy to court for its failure to ensure that waste water from agglomerations with more than 10,000 inhabitants that discharge into sensitive areas is properly treated. The lack of adequate collection and treatment systems, required by EU legislation since 1998, poses risks to human health and to inland waters and the marine environment. Despite good progress since a reasoned opinion on this matter in 2011, the significant shortcomings that remain have led the Commission, on the recommendation of Environment Commissioner Janez Potočnik, to refer the case to the EU Court of Justice.

Environment: Commission urges Cyprus and Lithuania to comply with EU waste legislation

Two Member States have not correctly interpreted or applied EU waste laws: Cyprus (for landfill) and Lithuania (for packaging waste), causing harm to human health and the environment, potentially creating barriers to trade and distorting competition. On the recommendation of Environment Commissioner Janez Potočnik, the Commission is referring Cyprus to the European Court of Justice and sending Lithuania a reasoned opinion, requesting amendments to its national legislation. If Lithuania fails to reply within two months, the Commission may also refer their case to the Court.

Driving licences: Commission takes Cyprus to Court

The European Commission decided today to refer Cyprus to the European Court of Justice for its failure to transpose a directive on driving licence. The directive should have been fully transposed by 19 January 2011. Failure to implement the directive may affect road safety and makes it difficult for the Cypriots to exchange the relevant driving licences in other parts of the EU.

Road safety: Commission takes Finland to Court for failure to implement EU rules on safety of road infrastructure

The European Commission decided today to refer Finland to the EU's Court of Justice for failure to implement a directive on road infrastructure safety management. The directive should have been fully implemented by 19 December 2010. Failure to implement the directive can put road users at risk.

Maritime Safety: Commission takes Poland to Court

The European Commission has today decided to refer Poland to the EU Court of Justice for failing to communicate what measures were being taken to organise safety investigations after serious accidents at sea1. The purpose of these investigations is to establish what has caused the accidents and draw lessons to improve maritime safety in the future. By failing to put in place an independent body to carry out these investigations, Poland is slowing down possible maritime safety improvements.

Digital agenda: Commission urges Estonia to ensure impartial regulation in telecoms sector

The European Commission has sent a formal request to Estonia to comply with EU rules that require a clear separation between the bodies which regulate telecoms markets and those providing telecoms services. This separation is essential to preserve the impartiality of national telecoms regulators, guaranteeing fair regulation for consumers and businesses and maintaining competition.

Temporary work: Commission requests Cyprus and Sweden to implement rules to protect temp agency workers

The European Commission has requested Cyprus and Sweden to implement into their national law new EU legislation which defines conditions for temporary agency workers ( Directive 2008/104/EC ). The Directive guarantees a minimum level of protection to temporary agency workers while supporting the positive role played by temporary agency work by providing flexibility in the labour market. The request takes the form of a 'reasoned opinion' under EU infringement procedures. Cyprus and Sweden now have two months to notify the Commission of measures taken to implement the Directive. Otherwise, the Commission may decide to refer these Member States to the EU's Court of Justice.

Free movement of workers: EU requests Greece to end discrimination against teachers who have worked in other Member States

The European Commission has asked Greece to comply with its obligations under EU law by taking into account professional experience and seniority acquired by teachers in other Member States without any time limit. The Commission's request takes the form of a 'reasoned opinion' under EU infringement procedures. Greece now has two months to inform the Commission of measures taken to bring its legislation into line with EU law. Otherwise the Commission may decide to refer Greece to the EU's Court of Justice.

Collective redundancies: Commission requests Italy to end exclusion of managers from information and consultation rules

The European Commission has requested Italy to end the exclusion of managers (dirigenti) from the procedural guarantees for information, consultation of workers at the workplace laid down by EU law. The Collective Redundancies Directive harmonises rules on the procedure and practical arrangements for on collective redundancies at EU level so as to ensure comparable protection of workers' rights in all Member States. The Commission's request takes the form of a 'reasoned opinion' under EU infringement procedures. Italy now has two months to inform the Commission of measures taken to bring its legislation into line with EU law. Otherwise the Commission may decide to refer Italy to the EU's Court of Justice.

Health and safety: Commission requests Italy and UK to protect workers from hazardous chemicals

The European Commission has requested Italy and the United Kingdom to fulfil their obligations under EU law by implementing fully into national law a 2009 Directive on protecting workers from hazardouschemicals. The Directive sets indicative limits for 19 chemicals to which workers can be exposed in the course of their work and complements the indicative limits for potentially hazardous chemicals set by previous Directives. The Commission's requests take the form of 'reasoned opinions' under EU infringement procedures. Italy and the UK now have two months to inform the Commission of measures taken to bring their legislation into line with EU law. Otherwise the Commission may decide to refer the two Member States to the EU's Court of Justice.

Renewable energy: national legislation in 4 Member States still not in line with EU rules

Increasing the share of renewable energy to 20% in the EU energy consumption by 2020 relies on the commitment of Member States to fully implement the requirements of EU legislation. The timely transposition of this Directive is a priority for the Commission, especially since unnecessary delays in implementing it may jeopardize the achievement of the EU renewable energy objective. However, Cyprus, Ireland, Malta and Slovenia have not informed the Commission of all the measures necessary to fully transpose the Directive into their national legislation. Therefore, the Commission has today decided to send Reasoned Opinions to these Member States. If the Member States do not comply with their legal obligation within two months, the Commission may decide to refer them to the Court of Justice.

Internal energy market: national legislation in 3 Member States is still not fully in line with EU rules

Opening energy markets for competition is key to competitiveness of the EU economy as a whole. An efficient, interconnected and transparent European internal energy market will also offer consumers a choice between different companies supplying gas and electricity and will make the market accessible to all suppliers. To date Ireland and Slovenia have not informed the Commission of all the necessary transposition measures for fully transposing the two directives and Poland has not done so as regards the Gas Directive. Consequently, the Commission sent today reasoned opinions to these 3 Member States to urge them to comply with their legal obligation. The Member States now have two months to respond. If they fail to comply the Commission may refer them to the Court of Justice of the European Union.

Free movement of goods: Commission requests Belgium, Denmark, Finland, Luxemburg, Poland and United Kingdom to implement EU defence product rules

The European Commission has today decided to request Belgium, Denmark, Finland Luxemburg, Poland, and the United Kingdom to implement EU rules on defence products () into national law. The implementation deadline was 30 June 2011. If the Member States concerned do not inform the Commission within two months of measures taken to ensure full compliance with their obligations under the Directive, the Commission may decide to refer them to the Court of Justice of the European Union.

Free movement of goods: Commission requests Finland to withdraw legislation on calibration of ships' tanks

The European Commission has requested Finland to comply with its obligations under EU law to repeal national legislation on the calibration of ships' tanks that implemented a Directive dating from 1971 ( 71/349/EEC ). The deadline for Member States to repeal this legislation was 1 July 2011. The request to Finland takes the form of a reasoned opinion under EU infringement procedures. If Finland does not inform the Commission within two months of measures taken to ensure full compliance with its obligations, the Commission may decide to refer Finland to the EU's Court of Justice.

Environment: Commission urges Austria to comply with EU law on nature conservation areas

The European Commission is concerned Austria is not carrying out required appropriate assessments of certain flood protection and other water-related projects to wildlife conservation areas. On the recommendation of Environment Commissioner Janez Potočnik, the Commission is sending a reasoned opinion to ask Austria to comply with EU law in this area. If Austria fails to do so within two months, the Commission may refer the case to the EU Court of Justice.

Environment: Commission urges Austria to comply with EU law on water services

The European Commission is concerned Austria is not fully applying the principle of cost recovery for water services. On the recommendation of Environment Commissioner Janez Potočnik, the Commission is sending a reasoned opinion to ask Austria to comply with EU law in this area. If Austria fails to do so within two months, the Commission may refer the case to the EU Court of Justice.

Environment: Commission urges Bulgaria to comply with EU nature protection laws

The European Commission is concerned Bulgaria has not assessed the possible impact of wind turbines and other projects in protected areas of the Kaliakra region. On the recommendation of Environment Commissioner Janez Potočnik, the Commission is sending a reasoned opinion to ask Bulgaria to comply with applicable EU laws. If Bulgaria fails to do so within two months, the Commission may refer the case to the EU Court of Justice. Should the case reach the Court, the Commission may ask for interim measures as well as the removal of offending projects.

Environment: Commission asks Hungary to comply with EU legislation on environmental impact assessments

The European Commission is urging Hungary to bring its national legislation on assessing the effects of projects on the environment in line with EU rules. On the recommendation of Environment Commissioner Janez Potočnik, the Commission is therefore sending a reasoned opinion. In the absence of a satisfactory response within two months, the Commission may refer the case to the EU Court of Justice.

Environment: Commission asks Malta to comply with European legislation on industrial emissions

The European Commission is concerned that Malta is failing to protect its citizens from noxious air pollution from a major power plant. On the recommendation of Environment Commissioner Janez Potočnik, the Commission is sending a reasoned opinion. If Malta fails to reply within two months, the Commission may refer the case to the European Court of Justice.

Environment: Commission asks Malta to comply with European legislation on packaging waste

The European Commission is concerned that Malta has incorrectly implemented the definition of packaging and packaging waste in its national law, as required by EU waste legislation. On the recommendation of Environment Commissioner Janez Potočnik, the Commission is sending Malta a reasoned opinion. If Malta fails to reply within two months, the Commission may refer the case to the European Court of Justice.

Environment: Commission urges Portugal to comply with EU law on waste water and water pollution

Portugal is failing to provide sufficient treatment for waste water produced in small urban agglomerations and is not complying with EU cleanliness standards for shellfish waters. On the recommendation of Environment Commissioner Janez Potočnik, the Commission is sending reasoned opinions to ask Portugal to comply with EU law in both areas. If Portugal fails to do so within two months, the Commission may refer both cases to the EU Court of Justice.

Sanctioning employers of irregular migrants: Commission urges Cyprus to act

Some Member States are still failing to apply EU rules on sanctions and measures against employers who exploit irregular migrants. Today, the Commission decided to advance infringement proceedings and issue a reasoned opinion requesting Cyprus to bring its law into line with the Employer Sanctions Directive ( Directive 2009/52/EC ), which should have been implemented by 20 July 2011. The Directive targets employers who take advantage of irregular migrants' precarious position and employ them for what are usually low-paid jobs with poor working conditions. It also strengthens the rights of the individual migrant by requiring employers to pay outstanding wages. A letter of formal notice (the first step of the infringement procedure) was sent to Cyprus on 30 September 2011. However, the country has still not notified the measures necessary to fully transpose the Directive. The Commission therefore decided to issue a reasoned opinion, formally requesting Cyprus to comply with EU law. Cypriot authorities have two months to answer.

Free movement: Commission asks Austria, Germany and Sweden to uphold EU citizens' rights

The European Commission has given Austria, Germany and Sweden two months to comply with EU rules on free movement of EU citizens and their family members across the EU. The Commission's request takes the form of reasoned opinions (second step in the three-step EU infringement proceedings). In the absence of a satisfactory answer within two months, the Commission may decide to refer these countries to the Court of Justice of the European Union.

Door-to-Door selling: Commission stands up for consumer rights

The European Commission has given Germany two months to comply with European Union rules protecting consumers negotiating contracts "at the doorstep". The Commission's request takes the form of a reasoned opinion (the second step in the three-step EU infringement process). The doorstep-selling Directive ( Directive 85/577/EEC ) aims to protect consumers who conclude contracts for goods and services with door-to-door salesmen, in the consumer's home or during an excursion organised by a trader for consumers.

Free movement: Swedish nationals can now register their full surnames

Today, the European Commission closed an infringement case against Sweden concerning the free movement directive. This comes after Sweden notified the Commission of its amended Names Act, which is now in line with EU rules on non-discrimination and free movement as it allows Swedish national to register registration under double surnames.

Marché intérieur: la Commission agit pour assurer la distribution des films européens en Catalogne

La Commission européenne a demandé à l'Espagne de mettre un terme aux règles discriminatoires qui entravent la distribution des films non espagnols. La Commission considère que la législation en question, la loi catalane sur le cinéma, est incompatible avec les règles de l'UE sur la libre circulation des services (articles 56 du traité sur le fonctionnement de l'UE). La demande adressée à l'Espagne par la Commission prend la forme d'un avis motivé. Les autorités nationales doivent notifier la Commission dans les deux mois qu'ils ont mis fin à ces règles discriminatoires. Le cas échéant, la Commission pourra saisir la Cour de justice de l'Union européenne.

Public procurement: Commission requests Slovenia to implement EU defence procurement rules

The European Commission has requested Slovenia to notify within the next two months the measures it is taking to implement EU rules for defence procurement (Directive 2009/81/EC ). The Commission's request takes the form of a reasoned opinion. If the Slovenian authorities do not notify the Commission of their implementing measures within two months, the Commission may refer the matter to the Court of Justice of the European Union and may request the Court to impose financial penalties.

Transport of dangerous goods: Commission asks action from Belgium

The European Commission has decided today to send a reasoned opinion to Belgium for failure to adopt national legislation on the inland transport of dangerous goods.

Commission requests Italy to comply with EU rules on public service contracts for regional ferry services

The Commission has called on Italy to comply with EU rules on public service contracts once they have expired thereby respecting the principle of non-discrimination among European ship owners. Italy has failed to launch competitive procedures for the award of three public service contracts operated by regional shipping companies, in Campania, Latium and Sardinia. The contracts have expired at the end of 2008, they have been automatically extended afterwards and no competitive procedure has been launched yet for the award of new ones. If Italy fails to inform the Commission within two months of the measures taken to ensure full compliance with EU law, the Commission could refer the case to the EU Court of Justice.

Ports: Commission asks Lithuania to abolish the priority right for leasing public port land

The European Commission has sent today a reasoned opinion to Lithuania for maintaining a priority right for cargo-handling operators renewing their port land lease contract upon its expiry. Cargo-handling operators from other Member States wishing to establish themselves in Lithuania might be discouraged from doing so because of the barrier this provision raises on the market for cargo-handling services. This is the second stage in the infringement procedure. If Lithuania fails to react satisfactorily, the Commission may refer the matter to the EU Court of Justice.

Transportable pressure equipment: Commission sends a reasoned opinion to Luxembourg

The European Commission has decided today to send a reasoned opinion to Luxembourg for failure to adopt national legislation transportable pressure equipment.

Animal Welfare: Commission steps up calls urging 10 Member States to implement ban on laying hen cages

Today, the European Commission has sent a reasoned opinion to ten Member States that have failed to correctly implement Directive 1999/74/EC which introduces a ban on the use of un-enriched cages for laying hens. Belgium, Greece, Spain, France, Italy, Cyprus, Hungary, the Netherlands, Poland and Portugal still allow the use of un-enriched cages for laying hens despite the ban which came into force in January 2012 for which they have had 12 years to prepare. Sending a reasoned opinion is the next step in the procedure before referral to the EU Court of Justice.

Commission urges Poland to transpose provisions of directive on marketing of fodder plant seed mixtures

The European Commission asked Poland today to notify national implementing measures providing for certain derogations for marketing of fodder plant seed mixtures intended for use in the preservation of the natural environment as required by Directive 2010/60/EU . Earlier this year the Commission initiated the infringement procedure, described in Article 258 of the Treaty on the Functioning of the European Union (TFEU), by sending a letter of formal notice to Poland. Since Poland continues not to comply with the Commission's request, a "Reasoned Opinion," is being sent to formally request its compliance within a period of two months. Subsequently, the Commission may decide to refer Poland to the EU's Court of Justice if action to ensure compliance is not taken.

Customs: Bulgaria asked to review terms of bilateral agreement with the United States

The European Commission has formally asked Bulgaria to put an end to certain duty and tax relief provisions contained in a bilateral agreement with the United States on technical assistance. The request takes the form of a Reasoned Opinion (the second stage of an infringement procedure). If the legislation is not brought into compliance within two months, the Commission may refer the matter to the European Court of Justice.

European Commission calls on France to limit the reduced VAT rate to domestic care services

The European Commission has officially asked France to ensure that certain "personal services" should be subjected to the normal VAT rate because they do not, in its view, constitute domestic care services as laid down in European Union law. The request takes the form of a reasoned opinion, which is the second stage of an infringement procedure. If the rules are not brought into compliance within two months, the Commission may refer the matter to the Court of Justice of the European Union.

Taxation: Commission requests Hungary end the full excise duty exemption of pálinka

The European Commission has requested Hungary to amend its legislation that grants an exemption from excise duty to fruit distillates (pálinka) under certain conditions. The request takes the form of a reasoned opinion (the second stage of an infringement procedure). If the legislation is not brought into compliance within two months, the Commission may refer the matter to the European Court of Justice.

European Commission calls on Portugal to change its excise duty rules for cigarettes

The European Commission has officially asked Portugal to change its excise duty rules related to the marketing of cigarettes. The Commission's request takes the form of a reasoned opinion (second step of EU infringement proceedings). If the rules are not brought into compliance within two months, the Commission may refer the matter to the European Court of Justice.

VAT: Commission requests UK to amend its rules on reduced rates

The European Commission has asked the United Kingdom to amend its legislation which allows a reduced VAT rate for the supply and installation of "energy-saving materials". This measure goes beyond the scope allowed under the VAT Directive . The request takes the form of a Reasoned Opinion (the second stage of an infringement procedure). If the legislation is not brought into compliance within two months, the Commission may refer the matter to the European Court of Justice.

Autre matériel diffusé :

Speech by President Barroso at the opening session of the Rio+20 conference - rediffusion

Memo: " EU law: Commission acts to ensure that European legislation is fully and properly implemented"

Memo: "Commission launches "Science: it's a girl thing!" campaign"

Memo "Joint statement by the Danish EU Presidency and Environment Commissioner Janez Potočnik welcoming a World Bank Communiqué on Natural Capital Accounting"

Memo "Preparation of Eurogroup and Economic and Finance Ministers Council, Luxembourg, 21-22 June 2012"

Memo "Joint Statement on the negotiation of a EU-U.S. Data Privacy and Protection agreement by European Commission Vice-President Viviane Reding and U.S. Attorney General Holder"

Speech by Commissioner Karel De Gucht on "ACTA: Making the right choice" - rediffusion

1 :

Directive 2009/18/EC on the investigation of accidents at sea


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