The measures were adopted under the Emergency Trust Fund for Africa and supplement the 68 measures approved since December 2015 for a total of EUR 1 billion. All the measures are designed to address the urgent and multiple crises in Africa by providing a flexible, rapid and integrated response.
Summary of the measures adopted today
Eight measures approved today tackle the challenges of stability by adopting an integrated approach to the chronic conflicts and crises affecting the Sahel and Lake Chad regions with a view to helping all groups - indigenous groups, returnees and refugees - regardless of status.
EUR 71 million has been allocated for four measures in Burkina Faso. The aim of the measures is to strengthen the State's presence to ensure it can fulfil its role of safeguarding the safety of goods and people, and combat violent extremism and religious radicalisation.
- ‘Budgetary support for the implementation of the Sahel Emergency Fund for Burkina Faso' will help improve the security of people and property and reduce vulnerability by bolstering the presence of the State. This measure underpins the implementation of the Emergency Programme for the Sahel — an initiative of the Burkina Faso government adopted in July 2017 to step up the implementation of the National Plan for Economic and Social Development (PNDES) in the North and the Sahel, a troubled region with a high level of insecurity. Without a strong presence and increased action by the State, the area risks falling into the hands of terrorists and traffickers, as in the case of the North of Mali and Nigeria.
- The programme ‘Prevention of radicalisation of young people in high-risk areas in Burkina Faso through education and dialogue' will focus on education as a means to improve the social and economic life of young people with a view to reducing the risks of radicalisation in the country. The measure will help improve the quality of education in Franco-Arab schools, improve conditions in Koranic schools and provide for dialogue between communities, with religious and customary leaders and with state authorities.
- The programme ‘Prevention of violent extremism and the deterioration of social cohesion in Burkina Faso' will primarily target the rural and urban populations of sensitive areas of Burkina Faso (Mali and Niger border areas) to combat violent extremism through increased monitoring of radicalisation and promoting and strengthening of social cohesion and dialogue within and between communities and religions in Burkina Faso. High-risk areas and sites of radical rhetoric will be monitored with a view to promoting social cohesion and strengthening dialogue between religions and communities as well as with the State and the security forces, using pastoralism as a vehicle for peace and resilience.
- An amendment to the ‘Integrated border management programme for Burkina Faso (ProGEF)' has also been adopted, worth EUR 5 million. This budgetary reinforcement will enhance the connectivity and interoperability of agencies involved in the monitoring and securing of borders in Burkina Faso in coordination with the neighbouring countries. It will enhance data transmission and extension of the ‘IRAPOL' network (internal security forces' data management system) and provide strengthened support for the infrastructure of the internal security forces.
In Mali, the programme ‘Youth and Stabilisation in the central regions of Mali (PROJES)' worth EUR 30 million has been adopted to foster socio-economic stabilisation and recovery by strengthening the supply of, and access to, basic services considered locally as most urgent, and by revitalising the regional and local economic fabric, with central importance being given to the training and professional integration of young people.
For Mauritania, the ‘Programme for strengthening the resilience of vulnerable urban and rural communities in Mauritania' has been approved. This measure, worth EUR 10 million, aims to strengthen the resilience of the most vulnerable population sections, in particular young people and women. It targets the structural causes of food insecurity and malnutrition, supporting opportunities connected with migratory trends and strengthening capacities to adapt to climate hazards. Based on an integrated and complementary approach, the measure will support diversification of livelihoods through a strategy of risk reduction in rural areas and of economic integration in both rural and urban areas. It will promote the social and professional integration of young people and reduce radicalisation and emigration risks.
In Niger, to complement the emergency activities already conducted in the area, the ‘Integrated project to support the resilience of vulnerable population groups of refugees, displaced persons, returnees and hosts in the Diffa region, Niger' was adopted for an amount of EUR 10 million. The aim of the programme is to create economic and employment opportunities and facilitate returns in an area characterised by population displacements stemming from Boko Haram violence. Targeting both displaced people (refugees, internally displaced persons, returnees) and host communities, the programme will provide specific support for the most vulnerable groups and will invest in the potential of young people and women in particular. The measure will address basic needs through the construction/renovation of social and community infrastructure and the provision of access to basic social services (water, health, education). It will also build development capacity through activities focusing on food security, nutrition, livelihoods and vocational training.
- For Chad, the ‘Programme of inclusive development in host areas (DIZA)', worth EUR 15 million, has been adopted and will help strengthen the inclusive local development of areas in which there are many refugees and returnees. These areas are particularly sensitive to economic, social, community and environmental tensions. The measure will focus on improving access to basic services, creating economic opportunities, strengthening local governance, and managing local investment, natural resources and peaceful coexistence.
Five measures adopted today seek to promote safe and orderly migration conditions, combat forced displacement and trafficking in human beings, and create economic conditions favourable to local development.
For Guinea, a ‘Support programme for the socio-economic integration of young people (INTEGRA)' has been approved to the tune of EUR 65 million. This measure will contribute to the prevention and limitation of irregular migration by supporting the economic development of Guinea so as to enhance the socio-professional integration of young Guineans and the reintegration of returnees. The programme has high visibility, with very strong ownership by the authorities. It aims to create sustainable jobs through labour-intensive activities for supporting local development plans, to provide better training and vocational guidance for young people, and to strengthen several key value chains at national level.
In Niger, the programme ‘Creation of jobs and economic opportunities through sustainable environmental management in transit and departure areas in Niger' has been adopted at a cost of EUR 30 million. Designed to meet the significant changes in the political and socio-economic balances in the North created by the authorities' commitment to combating trafficking, it will promote the employment and inclusion of the most economically vulnerable groups (young people, women, the unemployed, rural households) by developing a sustainable local economy adapted to climate changes in transit, departure and refugee areas in Agadez, Tahouda, Zinder and Diffa.
Lastly, three regional measures have been approved at a total cost of EUR 43.2 million. These measures aim to strengthen the fight against trafficking and smuggling of human beings and to promote academic mobility and the economic development of the region.
- The programme ‘Support for the fight against trafficking in human beings in Gulf of Guinea countries' is designed to combat trafficking and smuggling of human beings in Gulf of Guinea countries (Guinea, Côte d'Ivoire, Ghana, Togo, Benin and Nigeria). The measure supplements the work undertaken in transit countries, particularly in Niger, based on a regional approach in the countries of origin with a view to supporting national structures, strengthening the link with the still weak criminal justice system, boosting regional cooperation between these structures, and developing services for victims.
- The programme ‘Erasmus + in West Africa' will support the mobility of 2 200 students and academic staff between Europe and Africa. This measure will contribute to improving the quality of higher education in the partner countries, strengthening the skills of young people and consolidating their technical and academic backgrounds to better equip them for the labour market.
- Lastly, the programme ‘IPDEV2: Support for entrepreneurs and small SMEs in West Africa' addresses the financing problems faced by micro, small and medium-sized enterprises in Burkina Faso, Nigeria, Senegal, Côte d'Ivoire, Ghana, Cameroon, Mali and Mauritania through the creation of dedicated investment funds for each country so as to offer structured and stable financial support to micro- and SMEs that generate jobs and added value.
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*modified on 14 December 9h30, correcting the figure