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European Commission - Fact Sheet

MEMO: 2016 EU Transport Scoreboard

Brussels, 27 October 2016

The 2016 edition of the EU Transport Scoreboard compares Member State performance in 30 transport-related categories and highlights the five top and bottom performers in each of these categories.

An interactive viewer makes it possible to track Member State progress over time and to compare the performance of two or more Member States as regards individual indicators.

The Scoreboard can be consulted either by country or by one of the following categories:

  • Internal Market: One of the Commission's priorities is to create a deeper and fairer internal market. This category includes indicators such as the market share of rail undertakings competing with the main operator and the employment share in high growth transport enterprises. It also includes the number of pending court cases for an alleged infringement of EU law and the state of transposition of EU transport directives.
  • Investment and infrastructure: Investment in transport infrastructure has a huge potential in boosting growth and jobs. Member State performance is measured here in indicators such as the perceived quality of transport infrastructure and progress towards completion of the TEN-T core network.
  • Energy Union and innovation: Transport accounts for 23% of all greenhouse gas emissions (excluding international shipping) and for 33% of all energy used in Europe. Research and innovation are key to progress in this area. Member State performance is shown for example in the share of renewable energy in transport fuel consumption and private expenditure in research and development by transport companies.
  • People: The Commission works towards safe, available and affordable transport for everyone. This category includes indicators on road and rail safety, as well as customer satisfaction with urban, rail and air transport. It also highlights the percentage of women employed in the transport sector. 

How are EU Member States performing? 

Austria ranks third in this year's Scoreboard. It has the highest consumer satisfaction ratings for urban transport in the EU. The quality of its roads is also rated very highly.

Belgium's port infrastructure is ranked second best in the EU. The time that drivers spend in traffic jams is the third highest in the EU.

The rail freight market in Bulgaria is among the most open to competition: competitors to the main operator have a market share of 48.8%, the third highest in the EU. It is the country with the highest number of road fatalities per capita in the EU.

Following good progress in lowering the number of road fatalitiesin 2014,the number of road deaths in Croatia has gone up again in 2015. Surveys show a positive tendency as regards consumer satisfaction across all modes of transport.

Cyprus has no rail network, so several indicators of the scoreboard do not apply to it. It has the highest percentage of women working in transport in the EU (31%). Consumer satisfaction with urban and air transport, which was among the highest in the EU in 2013, has gone down to EU average.

There are positive developments in the Czech Republic regarding the share of renewable energy in transport fuel consumption and the number of new cars using alternative fuels. The Czech Republic also scores highly in the share of women employed in transport.

Denmark ranks second in the EU for the availability of charging points for electric vehicles. It has maintained an excellent road and rail safety record.

Estonia has very few pending court cases concerning alleged infringements of EU transport lawand a very good record in transposing EU transport directives into national law. The share of renewable energy in transport fuel consumption is the lowest in the EU.

The quality of Finland's rail, port and air infrastructureis rated among the best in the entire EU, maintaining last year's level. The share of renewable energy used in transport fuels has risen sharply and is now the highest in Europe.

France continues to receive excellent ratings for its road, rail and air infrastructure. It has further improved the timeliness of shipments. Its road safetyperformance has deteriorated over the past two years and is now below the EU average.

Germany shares the overall third rank with Austria. It is ahead of all other EU Member States as regards private investment in research and development in the transport sector. Like in France, the road safety situation in Germany has deteriorated over the past two years.

In Greece, consumer satisfaction with transport is rising for all modes of transport. However, drivers in Greece spend a lot of time in traffic jams. The number of charging points for electric vehiclesis very low.

Hungary has made a big improvement in its ranking. In particular, consumer satisfaction with all means of transport has improved a lot. As regards satisfaction with air transport, Hungary is now amongst the EU top 5 performers.

Ireland is among the EU countries with the highest number of charging points for electric vehicles per city population. It has the lowest share of electrified railway lines in the EU (3%).

Italy has the highest share of new cars using alternative fuels, because of the sales of LPG and natural gas vehicles. It records low consumer satisfaction with urban, air and rail transport, although satisfaction with rail and air transport has improved.

In Latvia, the employment share in high growth transport enterprisesis among the highest in the EU and growing, an indication of a lively transport sector. In 2015, Latvia managed to bring the number of fatalities on its roads down below 100 per million inhabitants. However, its road safetyperformance still needs considerable improvement towards the EU average.

Lithuania tops the EU ranking for the employment share in high growth transport enterprises. Consumer satisfaction with rail transport is the highest in the entire EU. However, there are still only few new cars being registered in Lithuania that use alternative fuels.

Luxembourg takes the lead as regards the timeliness of shipments. Its transport infrastructure continues to receive positive ratings. More than 95% of Luxembourg's railway lines are electrified, the highest share in any EU country. Luxembourg has the lowest share of women employed in transport in the EU.

Malta has no rail network, so a number of indicators in the Scoreboard do not apply to it. It has maintained the best road safety score in the entire EU. Consumers are very satisfied with air transport in Malta, but give urban transport low marks.

The Netherlands record the highest overall score for the third year running. The Dutch transport infrastructure receives top ratings. Marks for its roads, ports and airports are the highest across the EU. The Netherlands also have by far the most charging points for electric vehicles per city in Europe, and they have maintained a very good road safety record.

Consumers in Poland are more and more satisfied with urban and air transport, and satisfaction with rail transport, which was the lowest in the EU in 2013, has increased a lot. Poland has a relatively low number of charging points for electric vehicles, but a growing number of new cars that use alternative fuels.

Portugal has completed 100% of its TEN-T core network for roads, and the quality of the Portuguese road infrastructure is rated among the highest in the EU. Private investment in research and development for transport is rather low.

In Romania, competitors of the main freight rail undertaking have a large market share. Ratings for its transport infrastructure are rather low. However, consumer satisfaction with urban, rail and air transport has increased. Satisfaction with air transport is among the highest in the EU.

Slovakia is among the top 5 EU countries as regards the share of renewable energy in transport fuel consumption, which has increased considerably in recent years. It also ranks highly as regards employment in high growth transport enterprises. However, its air transport infrastructure still receives poor ratings.

Slovenia has a relatively high number of charging points for electric vehicles.However, the number of new cars using alternative fuelsis relatively low, and the share of renewable energy in transport fuel consumption is among the lowest in the EU. Slovenia has one of the lowest shares of women employed in transportin the EU.

Spain has maintained high ratings concerning the quality of its transport infrastructure, with however a small decline in ratings across all modes. It is doing well as regards road safety. Consumer satisfaction with air transport in Spain is the lowest in the EU.

Sweden ranks second in this year's Scoreboard. It has maintained its position among the three top performers in road safety. It has the second highest share of renewable energy in transport fuel and is in fourth place in the share of new cars using alternative fuels. Consumers remain rather critical about transport in Sweden across all modes.

The United Kingdom is among the top performers for private investment in research and development in transport and as regards road and rail safety. The share of renewable energy in transport fuel consumption and the number of new cars that use alternative fuels are increasing but are still below average.

More information

Press release: the EU at work to strengthen the internal market

Multilingual country-specific fiches

A European Strategy for low-emission mobility

MEMO/16/3532

Press contacts:

General public inquiries: Europe Direct by phone 00 800 67 89 10 11 or by email


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