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European Commission


Strasbourg, 12 March 2014

EU Citizenship: European Parliament supports Commission's efforts to foster EU citizens' rights

The European Parliament has today welcomed the European Commission's proposals to reinforce EU citizens’ rights with a series of actions to tackle obstacles that citizens still encounter in their everyday lives. The European Parliament's own initiative Report (adopted 562 for, 95 against, 11 abstentions) on the European Commission's 2013 EU Citizenship Report (IP/13/410 and MEMO/13/409) fully supports the Commission's approach in addressing the concrete problems citizens encounter, for instance when job-searching or studying in another EU country, as well as ensuring stronger participation in the democratic life of the Union.

We receive over 1 million enquiries every year from citizens on issues that relate to their rights. Add to these the questions people ask during the Citizens' Dialogues and you get a long shopping list of what citizens want to see improved through the EU. That is why the Commission is acting to reinforce citizens’ rights in everyday situations, like looking for a job, shopping online or participating in the democratic life of our Union," said Vice-President Viviane Reding, the EU's Commissioner for Justice, Fundamental Rights and Citizenship. "I want to thank rapporteur Nikolaos Salavrakos for his committed work on the report adopted today. It shows: the European Parliament, like the Commission, puts citizens and their rights centre stage. This is important – not only in the run-up to the European Parliament elections but also on every other day. Together we are working to make EU citizenship a reality in people's daily lives."

The European Parliament's report particularly welcomes the Commission's proposals making it easier for EU citizens to work and doing training in another EU country; reducing excessive paperwork for EU citizens living and travelling in the EU; and eliminating barriers to cross-border shopping. It underlines the role of Member States including local authorities in upholding citizens' rights. It also welcomes measures put forward to better inform citizens about their EU rights.

In the run up to the European elections, the European Parliament also expressed its strong support for measures enabling citizens to engage in the debate and fully participate in the democratic life of the Union, something the Commission has been spearheading with a series of over 50 Citizens' Dialogues across Europe.


Two decades after the Treaty of Maastricht laid down EU citizenship rights, these rights are not always a reality in people’s everyday lives. This has been confirmed by EU citizens in a wide-ranging public consultation on EU Citizenship (IP/12/461) which illustrates the hurdles they still face in the EU. Eurobarometer surveys on citizenship (IP/13/119) and electoral rights (IP/13/215), a series of Citizens' Dialogues with national and European politicians, a hearing in the European Parliament in February 2013, as well as large numbers of complaints and queries from the public to the Commission and the European Parliament confirm that more needs to be done. The Commission is responding to these concerns.

The EU Citizenship Report 2013 announced 12 new actions in six areas to strengthen citizens' rights (see full list of the 12 actions in the annex):

  • Removing obstacles for workers, students and trainees in the EU

  • Cutting red tape in the Member States

  • Protecting the more vulnerable in the EU

  • Eliminating barriers to shopping in the EU

  • Promoting the availability of targeted and accessible information about the EU

  • Strengthening citizens’ participation in the democratic process

Many of the 12 actions have already been taken:

  1. Removing obstacles for workers, students and trainees in the EU: Action 2 (quality framework for traineeships and modernisation of EURES) was implemented through a proposal for a Council recommendation on a quality framework for traineeships adopted by the Commission in December 2013 (see IP/13/1200) and a proposal for the modernisation of EURES adopted by the Commission on 17 January 2014 (see IP/14/26)

  2. Promoting the availability of targeted and accessible information about the EU: Action 11 (online guidance for citizens) was implemented with the launch in December 2013 of a one-stop-shop website, where citizens can find information on their EU rights and on how to get redress. Action 12a, the handbook on rights, will enable citizens to have an overview of their main EU rights through short texts and pictures (10 rights at a glance). It is currently being produced and will be presented in the coming weeks.

  3. Strengthening citizens’ participation in the democratic process: Action 12c (tackling disenfranchisement) was implemented with the adoption of recommendations on 29 January 2014 (see IP/14/77) giving guidance to EU-Member States which have rules in place leading to a loss of voting rights for EU citizens in national elections, simply because they have exercised their right to free movement in the EU.

  4. Eliminating barriers to shopping in the EU: Action 8 was implemented with a proposal adopted by the Commission (see IP/13/1095) to revise the Small Claims Procedure which will help consumers resolve their small civil and commercial disputes in a hassle-free way.

  1. Protecting the more vulnerable in the EU: Under Action 7 (fair trial) a package of proposals was tabled by the Commission in November 2013 (see IP/13/1157) to further strengthen procedural safeguards for citizens in criminal proceedings. The aim is to guarantee fair trial rights for all citizens, wherever they are in the European Union (respect for the presumption of innocence and the right to be present at trial; make sure children have special safeguards when facing criminal proceedings; guarantee access of suspects and accused to provisional legal aid at the early stages of proceedings, etc.).

  2. Cutting red tape in the Member States: Action 3 was implemented with a Commission proposal (see IP/13/355) to do away with bureaucratic rubber-stamping exercises for citizens and businesses in the Member States. The initiative gets rid of a series of arcane administrative requirements, such as the Apostille stamp, which Member States still require to certify public documents for people living and working in other EU countries, and has already received the strong backing of the European Parliament (see MEMO/14/76).

The EU Citizenship Report formed the centrepiece of the 2013 European Year of Citizens and also took stock of progress made since the first EU Citizenship Report in 2010 (see IP/10/1390 and MEMO/10/525) - with the Commission delivering on the 25 action items announced in October 2010. The table of progress can be viewed here.

Some examples of the actions achieved after the first Citizenship Report in 2010:

  1. Strengthening the rights of around 75 million crime victims a year across the EU (IP/11/585)

  2. Cutting red tape for 3.5 million people registering a car in another EU country each year, with savings of €1.5 billion (IP/12/349)

  3. Banning extra credit card charges and pre-ticked boxes for online shoppers (MEMO/11/675)

  4. Reinforcing fair trial rights for all EU citizens, applying to around 8 million proceedings a year (IP/12/430, IP/10/1305)

  5. Clarifying property rights for Europe's 16 million international couples (IP/11/320)

  6. Modernising the EU’s Package travel rules to make sure an additional 120 million consumers who buy these customised travel arrangements will be protected (IP/13/663).

For more information

Press Pack:

European Commission – EU Citizenship:

Homepage of Vice-President Viviane Reding, EU Justice Commissioner:

Follow the Vice-President on Twitter: @VivianeRedingEU

ANNEX: Twelve new key actions to improve EU citizens' lives

Figures and graphics available in PDF and WORD PROCESSED

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