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Brussels, 24 July 2013
Galileo, Europe’s GPS, opens up business opportunities and makes life easier for citizens
Today a public demonstration of how the four satellites of the EU’s satellite navigation system Galileo can independently and highly accurately determine a position on the Earth’s surface took place in the Galileo Control Centre in Fucino, Italy.
This position fix1 of longitude, latitude and altitude is a concrete proof of Galileo's ability to provide highly accurate positioning data. The availability of this data is crucial to providers who will create the derived services we ultimately expect from Galileo. As the benefits of Galileo become tangible the next step is for industry providers to start preparing for future market opportunities.
Galileo underpins Europe’s economy
Europe needs Galileo to strengthen its economic development and reinforce the resilience of the European economic structure, especially against the current context of the European economic crisis.
Today, positioning and timing signals provided by satellite navigation systems are used in many critical areas of the economy, including power grid synchronization, electronic trading and mobile phone networks, effective road, sea and air traffic management, in-car navigation, search and rescue service to mention but a few examples.
According to market studies, it is estimated that already 6-7% of Europe's GDP in 2009, or €800 billion, relies on satellite navigation signals provided currently by the US GPS and this dependency is increasing. With Galileo, Europe is will be able to exploit the opportunities provided by satellite navigation to a much greater extent than otherwise possible.
Galileo in short: accuracy, innovative services, availability, precision
Better accuracy: Galileo offers three Open Service signals, each of them providing more information and in larger bands than the unique narrow-band current GPS civil signal. These improvements allow better accuracy and better signal tracking for end users, so better navigation.
Boost the growth of innovative services: The diversity of the Galileo open signals will permit even more innovation in navigation receivers and applications, from cell-phones to very high accuracy navigation and time receivers, from standalone to assisted and hybridised navigation, from fixed to real-time high-speed usage. Galileo will boost the growth of satellite navigation services.
Availabiliy of signals: In a combined GPS-Galileo use, as compared to GPS alone, the higher number of satellites available to the user will improve the availability of signals in high-rise cities as well as in mountain regions where buildings/hills can obstruct signals from satellites that are low on the horizon.
High precision: Galileo offers also a Commercial Service signal that will allow global high-end and innovative applications based on few centimetres accuracy and signal.
€124 bn market value to increase to €244 bn by 2020
The global annual market for global navigation satellite products and services is currently valued at 124 billion Euros and is expected to grow over the next decade, leading to an estimated market size of €244 billion in 2020.
Like the Internet, a global navigation satellite system is a service enabler rather than a standalone service. It acts as a catalyst for economic activities, leading to the creation of added value and jobs in a wide range of connected sectors (upstream and downstream markets) and at macroeconomic level through socio-economic benefits for society as a whole.
The expected benefits of Galileo and EGNOS can be divided into three main components:
In addition, the technological advances that come about as a result of research & development investment in the space industry are transferred to firms in other sectors in the form of ‘spill-over’ effects. Research by Oxford Economics2 suggests that such spill-over effects are very large, with R&D investment by the aerospace sector generating a social return of around 70% - i.e. every €100 million invested in R&D leads to an increase in GDP of €70 million in the longer term in other sectors (e.g. health and medicine, transport, computer science).
The overall economic impact is estimated to be around 90 billion euro over the next 20 years (source: GSA studies Market Monitoring and Forecasting).
Galileo applications: from transport to power grids
Global Navigation Satellite Systems such as Galileo allow users worldwide to pinpoint their locations or the locations of other people or objects at any given moment. A simple concept, perhaps, but the range of possible uses for this sort of capability is enormous, spanning many domains, both public and private. Numerous potential applications have already been identified, based on the quality and reliability of Galileo signals, but the list is certain to grow, limited only by the imaginations of innovative entrepreneurs and service providers.
Emergency, security and humanitarian services
Finance, banking, insurance
As already stated, the list of possible applications is still to be completed and the full potential for user services and devices unknown. It will be noted that GPS-based services already exist in many of the areas mentioned above. The key point is that Galileo will increase the levels of accuracy and reliability, making possible a new range of more beneficial and commercially profitable products and services.
Achievements of the Galileo programme
At present there are four operational satellites in space, launched successfully on 21 October 2011 (IP/11/1220) and on 12 October 2012 (IP/12/1098). These satellites in combination with ground infrastructure are used to assess the system performance and validate the system design.
Progress has also been made with regard to the ground segment which consists of telemetry and telecommand centres, Galileo sensor stations, navigation message uplink stations and a number of service-specific infrastructures. Three telemetry and telecommand stations centres are operational, with a further two in the process of completion in 2013. A total of twelve sensor station sites are operational with a further four in the process of completion in 2013 and 2014. The five navigation message uplink stations are operational. Two ground control centres in Fucino (Italy) and Oberpfaffenhofen (Germany) are also partly completed and operational to permit in orbit validation testing and constellation grow-up, completion of the two centres is in process to ensure early services in 2014 and full redundancy of the two centres in 2015.
Galileo early services next available
The Galileo programme will soon enter into a new phase as it will start offering early services based on the signals emitted by the Galileo satellites. At this stage, the users will be able to benefit from the Galileo early services in combination with the services of the USA’s GPS.
Galileo’s full services by 2020
Gradually with additional satellites in orbit, the availability and coverage of the signal will gradually improve, allowing stand-alone Galileo positioning services to be made available in 2016. Then, by 2020, the Galileo system aims to be fully operational with a global network of ground stations, providing high-accuracy services around the clock and overall the globe.
Galileo and the 2015 World Expo in Milan
The World Expo 2015 will take place in Milan from 1 May to 31 October 2015, with 20 million visitors expected. The Expo will deal with the theme "Feeding the Planet: Energy for Life". This edition of the Expo is intended to form a milestone in the planetary debate on food and sustainability and will be a platform for political discussions and policy initiatives on these issues. It will showcase European industrial achievements, ideas, innovative solutions and technologies.
European Space Expo visits Rome in August
Rome will host the European Commission’s travelling space exhibition – the European Space EXPO - from 30 August to 6 September 2013. Using unique interactive, educational and entertaining displays the Space Expo shows how space activities and applications have a direct impact on our daily life: visitors of all ages can see, touch and experience the wide range of innovative technologies and services that space offers. Entrance to the European Space Expo is free and most of its information is presented in several languages.
The definition and validation phase of Galileo over the years 2000 and 2001 was financed by the EU and European Space Agency (ESA) and cost the EU contribution around €80 million (coming from the 5th Research and Development Framework Programme). A similar amount was contributed by ESA.
Total costs of the development phase which was launched in 2003 under the auspices of the ESA is currently around €2400 million, with the EU providing roughly up to two-thirds of the funding.
The deployment phase (so-called FOC phase) is entirely financed by the EU's budget. Of the total €3405 million made available, €560 million were re-attributed to the development and validation phase and around €2400 million are earmarked for the deployment phase of Galileo. €417 million have been set aside for EGNOS.
The total cost of implementing EGNOS to date has been around €1100 million. Of this, more than 400 million were financed by ESA, €200 million came from previous EU financing programmes and €417 million have been made available under the current budget framework.
The annual operating costs of Galileo are in the order of €800 mio per year. The revenue is estimated to be in the order of €80 million per year on average, in constant prices in 2011 (source: the Impact Assessment accompanying the new Regulation proposal).
How much money is required to complete Galileo and EGNOS?
EGNOS is now operational and does not need additional budget for completion, over and above what is earmarked in the current budget. With the entry into operations of the Safety-of-Life service, EGNOS will enter the next phase of its life-cycle.
As regards Galileo, costs for the completion of the ground and space infrastructure and for the exploitation of Galileo and EGNOS are estimated at €1bn per year on average over the next two decades - without escalation. In the Commission budget proposal from 29 June 2011, a total of €7bn have been proposed for the next financial perspective. A stable, long-term and sustainable governance framework for the exploitation of the Galileo and EGNOS programmes and a transition to it needs to be defined. With this mind, the European Commission presented its proposal on the repeal of Regulation 683/2008 with a new GNSS Regulation at the end of November 2011 (IP/11/1478). The legislative process of adoption which involved the European Parliament and Council has been concluded, and the Regulation will formally be adopted once the multi-annual financial framework is in place.
For more information on Galileo, see also:
European GNSS Agency:
Position fixing determines the position of a ship, aircraft or person on the surface of the Earth
The Case for Space: The Impact of Space Derived Services and Data (July 2009)
Jamming: transmission of disturbing signals to block signal acquisition at user level;
Spoofing: transmission of fake but coherent satellite-like signals to deceive the user;
Meaconing: retransmission of original satellite signals with a delay to deceive the user.