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Brussels, 25 January 2013
1. Key facts about the strategic partnership between EU and Africa
On 27-28 January, EU Development Commissioner Andris Piebalgs will represent the EU at the African Union (AU) summit of African heads of state and government. The EU-AU relationship is very close and is guided by the joint strategy between the two organisations.
The Joint Strategy, which was adopted by Heads of State and Government from Africa and Europe at the Lisbon Summit in December 2007.
The Strategy puts EU-Africa relations on a new footing, based on the pursuit of shared values, common interests and strategic objectives. Both sides are determined to overcome the traditional donor-recipient relationship and narrow development focus, instead wanting to strengthen their cooperation as equal partners, based on this shared long-term vision for EU-Africa relations in a globalised world.
The Joint Strategy focuses on moving:
Implementing the Partnership
The last Africa-EU Summit in November 2010 emphasised the need for a link between closer economic cooperation and integration, and highlighted the importance of increased private sector engagement. It also called for enhanced cooperation in the fields of science and information society: to create a more inclusive knowledge-based and globally competitive economy.
In their Summit Declaration, leaders renewed their commitments and adopted an Action Plan (2011-2013), calling for reinforced cooperation in the eight priority areas and the setting up of support mechanisms to facilitate the process.
Since the 2010 Africa-EU Summit, the EU and Africa have been active in supporting the implementation of the second Joint Africa-EU Strategy (JAES) action plan 2011-2013, which was set up by the European Commission, in collaboration with its African partners, to deliver more and better results.
Under the Africa-EU partnership, work has been carried out in health, gender, peace and security, agriculture, infrastructure and human rights.
A few key examples are highlighted below:
The African Union Support Programme (AUSP)
Through the AUSP the EU has allocated €55 million under the European Development Fund to provide a support to AU institutions, notably to assist the African Union Commission (AUC) in speeding up the Institutional Reform Process. This support has enabled the AU Commission to effectively play its role as “motor” of the African integration process and to facilitate the deepening of the partnership between the AU and the EU.
The African Peace Facility (APF)
The APF is the operational tool of the Africa-EU partnership on peace and security. Through this instrument, the EU supports the AU and other African regional organisations in finding ‘African solutions to African problems’. The missions financed by the facility are led and staffed by Africans.
Since the creation of the APF in 2004, the EU has committed more than €1 billion. The two ongoing peace support operations are AMISOM (the AU Mission in Somalia and MICOPAX (the Mission for the Consolidation of Peace in the Central African Republic.)
At the EU Foreign Affairs Council on 17th January 2013, the EU announced that €50 million have been reserved under the APF to support the African-led International Support Mission to Mali (AFISMA). This mission is expected to contribute to helping the country to recover its territorial integrity.
The African Peer Review Mechanism (APRM)
The objectives of the APRM are primarily to foster the adoption of policies, standards and practices that lead to political stability, high economic growth, sustainable development and accelerated subregional and continental economic integration through experience sharing and reinforcement of successful and best practices, including identifying deficiencies and assessment of requirements for capacity building.
Since 2009 the European Commission has contributed €2 million to the UNDP-managed Trust Fund to support the APRM Secretariat.
The Comprehensive Africa Agriculture Development Programme (CAADP)
Under the European Development Fund (EDF) and Development Cooperation Instrument (DCI), Food Security Thematic Program, the EU has provided €15 million to support African Institutions (AUC, New Partnership for Africa's Development (NEPAD), Agency and Regional Economic Communities (RECs) leading to the implementation of the CAADP process at continental, regional and national level.
The EU-Africa Infrastructure Trust Fund (ITF)
The EU-Africa Partnership on Infrastructure is a cornerstone of the EU Strategy for Africa. The partnership aims to increase European and African investment in infrastructure and related services. It mixes grants and loans to increase the total amount for large-scale regional infrastructure projects Africa.
Its total endowment is €392.7 million. The total allocation from the Commission now stands at €308.7 million. The remaining €84 million are contributed by the participating EU Member States.
Climate to Development in Africa (CLIMDEV Africa)
The EU has contributed up to €8 million to CLIMDEV Africa, in collaboration with the United Nations Economic Commission for Africa (UNECA). This continental initiative aims to enable the African population to be better prepared for climate challenges (droughts, rainfall patterns modifications, extreme weather events etc.) by adapting agro-ecosystems, better managing water resources, preserving genetic variability in local species, or accessing information, addressing the need for improved climate information in Africa and strengthening access to and the use of such information by decision-makers and key stakeholders (e.g. to anticipate future changes; be it slow-onset events such as shorter rain seasons or sudden shocks such as hurricanes or storms).
The next Summit
The 4th EU-Africa Summit is expected to take place in 2014 in Brussels. Efforts are under way to speed up the implementation of the current Action Plan and to deliver more tangible results for the citizens of both continents.
Background: EU Development cooperation for Africa
Since the adoption of the Joint Africa-EU Strategy, the EU has mainstreamed the new priorities in its various aid and cooperation instruments.
Under the current financial perspectives 2008-2013, the European Development Fund (€22.7 billion) is the main instrument for cooperation with Sub-Saharan African countries. The European Development Fund supports the cooperation at national, regional and intra-ACP levels. The national and regional programming for Africa for 2008-2013 amounts to €13.9 billion.
Africa is also covered by the European Neighbourhood and Partnership Instrument for the Mediterranean countries, the relevant geographic and thematic part of the Development Cooperation Instrument (DCI), and by worldwide thematic instruments such as the European Instrument for Democracy and Human Rights (EIDHR).
2. Key facts about our cooperation with Africa
Why is Africa a development priority for the EU?
How does the EU make a difference in Africa?
Funding and donor ranking
Under the 10th European Development Fund (2008–2013) the European Commission has already committed appr. €12 billion for African countries.
The EU (27+1) remains the most important donor for Africa. According to the Organization of Economic Co-operation and Development/Development Aid Committee data, African countries received €25.3 billion Official Development Aid (ODA) from the EU in 2011 which is more than half of the total amount of ODA being directed to Africa. Other top donors to Africa are the USA and the World Bank.
It is interesting to note that Europeans place a particularly high priority on Africa within their development agenda as demonstrated by the share of aid to Africa as part of their total aid budget. The top 10 donors by share of aid to Africa include only European countries, topped by Ireland (with 81% of its total aid to Africa) and followed by Belgium (77%), Portugal (73%) and France (63%).