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ENP Country Progress Report 2012 – Ukraine
Commission Européenne - MEMO/13/257 20/03/2013
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Brussels, 20 March 2013
ENP Country Progress Report 2012 – Ukraine
The European Commission and the High Representative of the Union for Foreign Affairs and Security Policy published on 20 March 2013 the annual “neighbourhood package”, consisting of a joint communication (“Towards a Stronger Partnership”) making an assessment of the ENP implementation in 2012, a report on the “Partnership for Democracy and Shared prosperity” with Southern Mediterranean, an Eastern Partnership progress report, 12 country reports (on developments in 2012 and with a set of recommendations for the future), including one on Ukraine, and a statistical annex.
In March 2012, the EU and Ukraine initialled the text of the Association Agreement and its Deep and Comprehensive Free Trade Area. Ukraine stepped up its efforts to implement the priorities of the Association Agenda. However, much remains to be done by Ukraine, for example the fight against conflict of interest and corruption in the judiciary and the stabilization and consolidations of its public institutions so as to enable it to benefit fully from the Association Agreement’s potential.
Most of the key recommendations contained in the 2012 ENP progress report still need to be acted on. However, Ukraine did take steps toward legal and judicial reform, with the entry into force of a new Criminal Procedure Code and other important legislation. It also adopted a law on asylum and refugee status, although implementation is deficient.
On the basis of this year’s report, and with a view of to the sustained implementation of the Association Agenda in 2013, Ukraine is invited to:
Reforms initiated, carried out successfully, or delayed during 2012 in the different areas of cooperation between the EU and Ukraine are described in the annual country report. Some of the issues reported deserve special attention. In 2012, Ukraine took several important reform steps – for instance the new Criminal Procedure Code and law on freedom of association were positive developments. However, these steps were largely overshadowed by instances of selective justice and the conduct of the October 2012 parliamentary elections, which showed deterioration in some areas compared to standards previously achieved. Corruption perception remains high. Steps were taken in the field of combating money laundering, organised crime, drugs, and trafficking in human beings. Progress in implementing structural reforms to boost competitiveness has been slow. In March 2012, the EU and Ukraine initialed the text of the Association Agreement and its Deep and Comprehensive Trade Area. Progress was made in the implementation of the Action Plan for Visa Liberalisation. People-to-people contacts improved. An increasing number of Ukrainian students and researchers benefited from different European programmes in the education area.
EU–Ukraine – BACKGROUND
The European Neighbourhood Policy governs the relations between the EU and Ukraine. Since 2009 the EU implements the Eastern Partnership, the Eastern dimension of the ENP framework, aiming at substantially upgrading engagement with the six Eastern neighbours via:
This approach allows for gradual political association and deeper economic integration.
FACTS AND FIGURES
1998: EU- Ukraine Partnership and Cooperation Agreement entered into force.
2005: EU-Ukraine Action Plan was approved.
2007: Negotiations started for a far reaching Association Agreement (AA).
2007, 2008 and 2009: The EU's Civil Protection Mechanism (MIC) was mobilised to prepare a first assessment of the environmental damage and needs for pollution remediation efforts in Kerch Strait, in assessing the flooding of the Dnistr (Dniester) and the Prut rivers, to assist Ukraine in the flu pandemic as well as regarding a potential tailing dam collapse in Kalush.
2008: Visa facilitation and readmission agreements entered into force. Visa dialogue opened with a visa-free regime as a long term objective.
2008: Ukraine joined the WTO, paving the way for the negotiation of a DCFTA with the EU.
2007-2010: The ENPI1 envelope for Ukraine stands at EUR 494 million, with additional allocation of EUR 28.6 million through the Governance Facility.
2008-2010 – Neighbourhood Investment Facility committed EUR 22 million to five projects in Ukraine, mainly in the energy sector. Ukraine also benefitted partially from EUR 42 million in regional projects approved for the ENP East region.
2011-2013: An indicative ENPI envelope of EUR 470.1 million announced by the Commission.
2011-2013: The new National Indicative Programme (NIP) 2011-2013 for Ukraine was adopted in March 2010 and has a budget of EUR 470.1 million. The programme is geared towards supporting the achievement of key policy objectives as outlined in the EU-Ukraine Association Agenda and pursues 3 priorities: (1) good governance and the rule of law; (2) facilitation of the entry into force of the EU-Ukraine Association Agreement (including a Deep and Comprehensive Free Trade Area (DCFTA)) and (3) sustainable development.
2011: Conclusion of the negotiations on an Association Agreement, including Deep and Comprehensive Free Trade Area (DCFTA).
2011: Ukraine became a member of the Energy Community.
2012: initialling of the EU-Ukraine Association Agreement.
More info at:
the European Neighbourhood Partnership Instrument