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Annex 1: Key data on GDP, unemployment, public deficits and government debt

European Commission - MEMO/13/197   11/03/2013

Other available languages: FR DE DA ES NL IT SV PT FI EL CS ET HU LT LV MT PL SK SL BG RO

European Commission

MEMO

Brussels, 11 March 2013

Annex 1: Key data on GDP, unemployment, public deficits and government debt

Table 1. GDP at constant prices (annual percentage change)

5-year averages

Estimates

Forecasts

Assumption

unchanged

policies

1994-98

1999-03

2004-08

2008

2009

2010

2011

2012

2013

2014

BE

2.5

2.0

2.3

1.0

-2.8

2.4

1.8

-0.2

0.2

1.5

DE

1.7

1.2

2.0

1.1

-5.1

4.2

3.0

0.7

0.5

2.0

EE

5.4

6.0

5.6

-4.2

-14.1

3.3

8.3

3.2

3.0

4.0

IE

9.0

7.3

3.8

-2.1

-5.5

-0.8

1.4

0.7

1.1

2.2

EL

2.7

4.3

3.1

-0.2

-3.1

-4.9

-7.1

-6.4

-4.4

0.6

ES

3.2

3.8

3.1

0.9

-3.7

-0.3

0.4

-1.4

-1.4

0.8

FR

2.2

2.1

1.8

-0.1

-3.1

1.7

1.7

0.0

0.1

1.2

IT

1.9

1.5

1.1

-1.2

-5.5

1.8

0.4

-2.2

-1.0

0.8

CY

4.9

3.6

4.2

3.6

-1.9

1.3

0.5

-2.3

-3.5

-1.3

LU

3.8

5.0

4.1

-0.7

-4.1

2.9

1.7

0.2

0.5

1.6

MT

4.8

2.7

2.7

3.7

-2.4

2.7

1.6

1.0

1.5

2.0

NL

3.5

2.2

2.7

1.8

-3.7

1.6

1.0

-0.9

-0.6

1.1

AT

2.7

2.1

2.8

1.4

-3.8

2.1

2.7

0.7

0.7

1.9

PT

3.4

1.9

1.2

0.0

-2.9

1.9

-1.6

-3.2

-1.9

0.8

SI

4.3

3.9

4.9

3.4

-7.8

1.2

0.6

-2.0

-2.0

0.7

SK

5.6

2.8

7.2

5.8

-4.9

4.4

3.2

2.0

1.1

2.9

FI

4.5

3.1

3.4

0.3

-8.5

3.3

2.8

-0.1

0.3

1.2

€ area

2.3

2.0

2.1

0.4

-4.4

2.0

1.4

-0.6

-0.3

1.4

BG

-0.4

4.4

6.5

6.2

-5.5

0.4

1.7

0.8

1.4

2.0

CZ

2.5

3.0

5.5

3.1

-4.5

2.5

1.9

-1.1

0.0

1.9

DK

3.4

1.5

1.8

-0.8

-5.7

1.6

1.1

-0.4

1.1

1.7

LV

4.0

6.2

7.2

-3.3

-17.7

-0.9

5.5

5.3

3.8

4.1

LT

2.7

5.2

7.1

2.9

-14.8

1.5

5.9

3.6

3.1

3.6

HU

2.3

3.9

2.7

0.9

-6.8

1.3

1.6

-1.7

-0.1

1.3

PL

6.1

3.0

5.4

5.1

1.6

3.9

4.3

2.0

1.2

2.2

RO

1.4

3.4

6.8

7.3

-6.6

-1.1

2.2

0.2

1.6

2.5

SE

3.3

3.0

2.9

-0.6

-5.0

6.6

3.7

1.0

1.3

2.7

UK

3.4

3.3

2.2

-1.0

-4.0

1.8

0.9

0.0

0.9

1.9

EU

2.6

2.3

2.3

0.3

-4.3

2.1

1.5

-0.3

0.1

1.6

HR

-

3.3

4.1

2.1

-6.9

-1.4

0.0

-1.9

-0.4

1.0

US

3.9

2.9

2.1

-0.4

-3.1

2.4

1.8

2.2

1.9

2.6

JP

1.0

0.9

1.3

-1.0

-5.5

4.7

-0.6

1.9

1.0

1.6

Source: European Commission Economic Forecast Winter 2013

Note: As usual, the forecasts are conditioned upon, inter alia, the technical assumption of 'no policy change'.

This means that specific policy measures, especially in the budgetary field, which have not yet been disclosed are not taken into account. As a result, projections for 2014 are essentially an extrapolation of present trends.

Table 2. Unemployment rates (number of unemployed as % of the labour force)

5-year averages

Estimates

Forecasts

Assumption

unchanged

policies

1994-98

1999-03

2004-08

2008

2009

2010

2011

2012

2013

2014

BE

9.5

7.5

7.9

7.0

7.9

8.3

7.2

7.3

7.7

7.7

DE

9.0

8.6

9.7

7.5

7.8

7.1

5.9

5.5

5.7

5.6

EE

9.2

11.6

6.7

5.5

13.8

16.9

12.5

10.0

9.8

9.0

IE

11.1

4.6

4.9

6.4

12.0

13.9

14.7

14.8

14.6

14.1

EL

9.7

10.8

9.1

7.7

9.5

12.6

17.7

24.7

27.0

25.7

ES

18.8

11.6

9.6

11.3

18.0

20.1

21.7

25.0

26.9

26.6

FR

10.9

9.0

8.8

7.8

9.5

9.7

9.6

10.3

10.7

11.0

IT

11.1

9.4

7.1

6.7

7.8

8.4

8.4

10.6

11.6

12.0

CY

-

4.0

4.6

3.8

5.5

6.5

7.9

12.1

13.7

14.2

LU

2.9

2.6

4.7

4.9

5.1

4.6

4.8

5.0

5.4

5.7

MT

5.7

7.3

6.8

6.0

6.9

6.9

6.5

6.5

6.4

6.2

NL

5.9

3.3

4.3

3.1

3.7

4.5

4.4

5.3

6.3

6.5

AT

4.2

3.9

4.6

3.8

4.8

4.4

4.2

4.4

4.5

4.2

PT

6.7

5.4

8.4

8.5

10.6

12.0

12.9

15.7

17.3

16.8

SI

-

6.6

5.6

4.4

5.9

7.3

8.2

9.0

9.8

10.0

SK

12.8

18.3

13.8

9.6

12.1

14.5

13.6

14.0

14.0

13.6

FI

14.1

9.4

7.6

6.4

8.2

8.4

7.8

7.7

8.0

7.9

€ area

-

8.8

8.4

7.6

9.6

10.1

10.2

11.4

12.2

12.1

BG

-

16.6

8.7

5.6

6.8

10.3

11.3

12.2

12.2

11.9

CZ

4.5

8.1

6.6

4.4

6.7

7.3

6.7

7.0

7.6

7.3

DK

6.2

4.8

4.3

3.4

6.0

7.5

7.6

7.7

8.0

7.9

LV

17.1

12.9

8.5

8.0

18.2

19.8

16.2

14.9

13.7

12.2

LT

7.7

14.9

6.7

5.3

13.6

18.0

15.3

13.0

11.4

9.8

HU

-

6.0

7.2

7.8

10.0

11.2

10.9

10.8

11.1

11.1

PL

12.2

17.5

13.5

7.0

8.1

9.6

9.6

10.2

10.8

10.9

RO

-

6.8

6.9

5.8

6.9

7.3

7.4

7.0

6.9

6.8

SE

9.2

6.1

6.9

6.2

8.3

8.4

7.5

7.7

8.0

7.8

UK

7.7

5.3

5.2

5.6

7.6

7.8

8.0

7.9

8.0

7.8

EU

-

8.9

8.2

7.1

9.0

9.7

9.6

10.5

11.1

11.0

HR

-

13.9

11.0

8.4

9.1

11.8

13.5

15.8

15.9

14.9

US

5.3

5.0

5.1

5.8

9.3

9.6

8.9

8.1

7.6

7.0

JP

3.4

5.0

4.2

4.0

5.1

5.1

4.6

4.3

4.3

4.2

Source: European Commission Economic Forecast Winter 2013

Note : As usual, the forecasts are conditioned upon, inter alia, the technical assumption of 'no policy change'.

This means that specific policy measures, especially in the budgetary field, which have not yet been disclosed are not taken into account. As a result, projections for 2014 are essentially an extrapolation of present trends.

Table 3. Public deficits

(General government net lending* (+) or borrowing (-) as a % of GDP)

5-year averages

Estimates

Forecasts

Assumption

unchanged

policies

1994-98

1999-03

2004-08

2008

2009

2010

2011

2012

2013

2014

BE

-3.4

-0.1

-0.7

-1.0

-5.5

-3.8

-3.7

-3.0

-3.0

-3.2

DE

-4.1

-2.3

-1.7

-0.1

-3.1

-4.1

-0.8

0.1

-0.2

0.0

EE

1.3

-0.4

1.0

-2.9

-2.0

0.2

1.1

-0.5

-0.4

0.2

IE

-0.2

1.6

-0.3

-7.4

-13.9

-30.9

-13.4

-7.7

-7.3

-4.2

EL

-6.8

-4.3

-7.0

-9.8

-15.6

-10.7

-9.4

-6.6

-4.6

-3.5

ES

-

-0.6

0.2

-4.5

-11.2

-9.7

-9.4

-10.2

-6.7

-7.2

FR

-4.2

-2.5

-3.0

-3.3

-7.5

-7.1

-5.2

-4.6

-3.7

-3.9

IT

-5.8

-2.5

-3.1

-2.7

-5.4

-4.5

-3.9

-2.9

-2.1

-2.1

CY

-

-4.0

-0.7

0.9

-6.1

-5.3

-6.3

-5.5

-4.5

-3.8

LU

2.6

3.6

1.4

3.2

-0.8

-0.8

-0.3

-1.5

-0.9

-1.3

MT

-

-6.7

-3.4

-4.5

-3.8

-3.6

-2.7

-2.6

-2.9

-2.5

NL

-2.4

-0.6

-0.2

0.5

-5.6

-5.1

-4.5

-4.1

-3.6

-3.6

AT

-3.8

-1.2

-1.9

-0.9

-4.1

-4.5

-2.5

-3.0

-2.5

-1.8

PT

-5.0

-3.6

-4.4

-3.6

-10.2

-9.8

-4.4

-5.0

-4.9

-2.9

SI

-

-3.2

-1.4

-1.9

-6.0

-5.7

-6.4

-4.4

-5.1

-4.7

SK

-6.2

-7.4

-2.5

-2.1

-8.0

-7.7

-4.9

-4.8

-3.3

-3.4

FI

-3.2

4.1

3.9

4.4

-2.5

-2.5

-0.8

-1.7

-1.5

-1.3

€ area

-

-1.9

-1.9

-2.1

-6.3

-6.2

-4.2

-3.5

-2.8

-2.7

BG

-4.5

-0.2

1.5

1.7

-4.3

-3.1

-2.0

-1.0

-1.3

-1.0

CZ

-

-5.2

-2.3

-2.2

-5.8

-4.8

-3.3

-5.2

-3.1

-3.0

DK

-1.8

1.1

4.1

3.2

-2.7

-2.5

-1.8

-4.0

-2.7

-2.8

LV

-0.4

-2.5

-1.3

-4.2

-9.8

-8.1

-3.4

-1.5

-1.1

-0.9

LT

-4.1

-2.5

-1.4

-3.3

-9.4

-7.2

-5.5

-3.2

-2.9

-2.4

HU

-

-5.8

-6.5

-3.7

-4.6

-4.4

4.3

-2.4

-3.4

-3.4

PL

-2.5

-4.4

-3.7

-3.7

-7.4

-7.9

-5.0

-3.5

-3.4

-3.3

RO

-

-3.2

-2.6

-5.7

-9.0

-6.8

-5.7

-2.9

-2.4

-2.2

SE

-4.1

0.8

2.2

2.2

-0.7

0.3

0.3

-0.2

-0.9

-0.2

UK

-3.8

-0.1

-3.5

-5.1

-11.5

-10.2

-7.8

-6.3

-7.4

-6.0

EU

-

-1.5

-2.0

-2.4

-6.9

-6.5

-4.4

-3.8

-3.4

-3.1

HR

-

-

-

-2.0

-4.7

-5.2

-5.7

-4.6

-5.0

-4.5

US

-1.9

-1.4

-3.8

-6.4

-11.9

-11.3

-10.1

-8.5

-6.6

-5.9

JP

-5.7

-7.3

-3.2

-1.9

-8.8

-8.3

-8.9

-9.1

-9.1

-8.0

Source: European Commission Economic Forecast Winter 2013

* The net lending (borrowing) includes in 2000-2005 one-off proceeds relative to UMTS licences.

Table 4. Government debt

(General government gross debt as a % of GDP)

5-year averages

Estimates

Forecasts

Assumption

unchanged

policies

1994-98

1999-03

2004-08

2008

2009

2010

2011

2012

2013

2014

BE

125.8

105.9

89.4

89.2

95.7

95.5

97.8

99.8

100.8

101.1

DE

56.5

61.2

67.0

66.8

74.5

82.5

80.5

81.6

80.7

78.3

EE

-

5.5

4.4

4.5

7.2

6.7

6.1

10.5

11.8

11.3

IE

71.3

36.0

30.2

44.5

64.9

92.2

106.4

117.2

122.2

120.1

EL

96.9

100.1

105.5

112.9

129.7

148.3

170.6

161.6

175.6

175.2

ES

64.2

55.8

41.1

40.2

53.9

61.5

69.3

88.4

95.8

101.0

FR

56.3

59.1

65.6

68.2

79.2

82.3

86.0

90.3

93.4

95.0

IT

118.8

107.7

105.0

106.1

116.4

119.2

120.7

127.1

128.1

127.1

CY

-

63.0

62.5

48.9

58.5

61.3

71.1

86.5

93.1

97.0

LU

7.0

6.3

8.0

14.4

15.3

19.2

18.3

20.5

22.2

24.1

MT

-

58.4

64.4

60.9

66.3

67.4

70.4

73.1

73.8

73.6

NL

72.0

53.6

51.1

58.5

60.8

63.1

65.5

70.8

73.8

75.0

AT

65.8

66.3

63.1

63.8

69.2

72.0

72.4

74.3

75.2

74.5

PT

56.4

54.4

67.8

71.7

83.2

93.5

108.0

120.6

123.9

124.7

SI

-

26.4

25.1

22.0

35.0

38.6

46.9

53.7

59.5

63.4

SK

-

46.6

32.7

27.9

35.6

41.0

43.3

52.4

55.1

57.1

FI

54.7

43.6

39.0

33.9

43.5

48.6

49.0

53.4

56.4

57.6

€ area

-

69.3

69.1

70.2

80.0

85.6

88.1

93.1

95.1

95.2

BG

-

62.6

23.4

13.7

14.6

16.2

16.3

18.9

17.1

17.3

CZ

-

22.6

28.5

28.7

34.2

37.8

40.8

45.5

48.0

49.5

DK

69.1

51.3

35.1

33.4

40.7

42.7

46.4

45.6

45.9

47.3

LV

-

13.4

13.4

19.8

36.7

44.5

42.2

41.9

44.4

41.5

LT

-

22.5

17.6

15.5

29.3

37.9

38.5

41.1

40.5

40.3

HU

-

56.8

65.4

73.0

79.8

81.8

81.4

78.6

78.7

77.7

PL

-

40.6

46.5

47.1

50.9

54.8

56.4

55.8

57.0

57.5

RO

-

23.3

14.6

13.4

23.6

30.5

34.7

38.0

38.1

38.0

SE

71.9

55.4

45.0

38.8

42.6

39.5

38.4

37.7

37.3

35.5

UK

48.9

39.9

44.6

52.3

67.8

79.4

85.2

89.8

95.4

97.9

EU

-

62.2

61.6

62.2

74.6

80.2

83.1

87.2

89.9

90.3

HR

-

-

34.3

28.8

35.7

42.2

46.7

53.6

57.4

60.2

Source: European Commission Economic Forecast Winter 2013

Note : As usual, the forecasts are conditioned upon, inter alia, the technical assumption of 'no policy change'.

This means that specific policy measures, especially in the budgetary field, which have not yet been disclosed are not taken into account. As a result, projections for 2014 are essentially an extrapolation of present trends.


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