Brussels, 11 December 2013
EU increases funding for transport research and innovation by 50%
Horizon 2020 is the new €80 billion framework programme for Research and Innovation covering the period 2014-2020. It is the financial instrument implementing the Innovation Union, a Europe 2020 flagship initiative aimed at securing Europe's global competitiveness.
With an investment in transport research and innovation of €6.3 billion, the EU transport sector will significantly benefit from Horizon 2020. This is an increase of 50% compared with the previous funding period. The aim is to transform Europe's transport system into a resource efficient and competitive transport system, thus creating jobs and facilitating growth.
The results of this investment in "Smart, green and integrated transport" will, among others, contribute to reaching the crucial objective of cutting carbon emissions in transport by 60% by 2050, as set out in the 2011 White Paper on Transport. Horizon 2020 activities in transport will also focus on speeding up the deployment of the most promising innovations.
The budget for transport for 2014-2015 is close to €1,5 billion and will be used to address:
To create speed and scale of deployment, the Commission intends to develop accompanying policy actions and invest Horizon 2020 funds to generate synergies with other European, national, regional and local programmes, including the Connecting Europe Facility (CEF).
Partnerships with the transport industry will be stepped up in Horizon 2020 in order to overcome fragmentation and, hence, accelerate the market take up of innovative solutions. The Commission has put four proposals on the table:
CLEAN SKY 2 JOINT TECHNOLOGY INITIATIVE
Clean Sky 2, the follow up to Clean Sky 1, is a Joint Technology Initiative which will run from 2014 until 2024 and will develop and demonstrate new break-through technologies for the civil aircraft market to cut aircraft emissions and noise, and secure the future international competitiveness of the European aviation industry.
The amount earmarked for Clean Sky 2 for 2014 and 2015 is €450 million. The proposed EU contribution for Clean Sky 2 for the whole funding period of Horizon 2020 (2014-2020) is €1,8 billion.
SESAR JOINT UNDERTAKING
The Single European Sky Air Traffic Management Research Joint Undertaking, a public private partnership established to cover a period from 2007 until 2016, is the implementation instrument for the technology pillar of the Single European Sky (SES). However, it is necessary to continue research and innovation on air traffic management (ATM) beyond 2016, and in particular, the coordinated approach in ATM research and innovation in the context of the SES to achieve the performance targets there defined. The Commission has proposed to extend the duration of the SESAR Joint Undertaking until 2024. It will ensure its contribution to the achievement of the Single European Sky and the ATM related objectives of the 2011 White Paper on transport policy and of Horizon 2020.
The amount earmarked for SESAR for 2014 and 2015 is €70 million. The proposed EU contribution for the whole of Horizon 2020 for SESAR is €600 million.
SHIFT2RAIL JOINT UNDERTAKING
The Shift2Rail Joint Undertaking, which the Commission intends to establish in 2014, will contribute to boosting the competitiveness of the European rail industry and to meeting changing EU transport needs. In partnership with industry, it focuses on research and innovation aimed at accelerating the integration of advanced new market-driven technologies and solutions into the rail system. Through the research and innovation activities conducted within this Horizon2020 initiative, the necessary technology will be created to help complete the Single European Railway Area, thereby increasing the attractiveness and the long-term sustainability of the rail sector.
The amount earmarked for Shift2Rail for 2014 and 2015 is €96 million. The proposed EU contribution for the whole of Horizon 2020 for Shift2Rail is €450 million.
FUEL CELLS AND HYDROGEN JOINT TECHNOLOGY INITIATIVE
The transport funding will also contribute to the Fuel Cells and Hydrogen Joint Technology Initiative (FCH JTI). This is a new phase of the first FCH JTI launched in 2008. It will continue to develop a portfolio of clean, efficient and affordable fuel cells and hydrogen technologies to the point of market introduction and help secure the future international competitiveness of this strategically important sector in Europe. The new FCH JTI is expected to start in 2014 and will end in 2024.
The total proposed EU contribution for the FCH JTI is €700 million and will come from the 'Secure, clean and efficient energy' and the 'Smart, green and integrated transport' H2020 societal challenges budget. The amount earmarked for the FCH JTI from transport for 2014 and 2015 is €72,5 million.
In addition the Horizon 2020 Transport Work Programme 2014-2015 will focus on areas which directly contribute to European transport policy such as:
Efficient and quality transport infrastructure is a prerequisite for the mobility of people and goods and for Europe's economic growth, competitiveness and territorial cohesion. Transport policy needs an efficient, interoperable and interconnected transport infrastructure network which can offer adequate availability and high capacity, optimal interconnectivity between modes, traffic management based on shared data/information base across modes, increased safety and security, reduced impact on environment and spatial quality, economic affordability in terms of total cost of ownership. Research and innovation efforts under Horizon 2020 will focus on key areas to leverage infrastructure performance and a streamlined delivery of infrastructure projects. Research and Innovation actions will be promoted to achieve a smarter design, construction and maintenance as well as to develop resource efficient, smarter and safer transport infrastructures. The aim is to achieve greener, cost-efficient and smarter transport infrastructure, contributing to the achievement of the Transport White Paper goal of an efficient and modern European transport infrastructure.
The amount earmarked for infrastructure for 2014 and 2015 is €36.5 million.
Urban mobility and transport are integral part of European transport policy, which confirms that urban mobility is at the core of the debate on resource efficiency and plays a key role in defining a well-balanced approach between the social, economic and environmental pillars of sustainable mobility. The most important challenge is to bring the results of the research to the market and to turn innovation into business opportunities, thereby fostering growth and employment. The start of Horizon 2020 means the launch of CIVITAS 2020: innovation in resource-efficient and competitive urban mobility and transport. R&I action in this area will improve transport and mobility in urban areas, which will benefit a large and increasing share of the population which lives and works in cities or uses them for services and leisure. New mobility concepts, transport organisation, logistics and planning solutions will be developed and tested, contributing to the reduction of air pollution and noise and improving efficiency. Public and non-motorised transport as well as other resource-efficient transport options should be developed as a real alternative to the use of private motor vehicles, supported by greater use of intelligent transport systems as well as by innovative demand management.
The amount earmarked for urban mobility for 2014 and 2015 is €106.5 million. In addition, there will be a contribution to the Call 'Smart Cities and Communities' for an amount of €40 million for 2014-15.
Logistics is a cross-sectorial activity impacting the entire supply chain from the producers and manufacturers to the end-customers, making it a key sector for business success and for EU competitiveness. For this reason, logistics needs to be seen not only in the limited sense of goods transport and warehousing, but also in the wider context of the complex macro-economic role it plays in helping deliver a competitive European industrial base. Eurostat surveys estimate that 24% of good vehicles in the EU are running empty and the average loading of the rest is 57%, resulting in an overall efficiency of 43%. It has been estimated that this efficiency could be improved by 30%. R&I action in this area will aim at increasing efficiency and hence sustainability in the logistics supply chain, removing the communication bottlenecks and improving the utilisation of equipment and seamless connectivity across the transport modes. The objective is to achieve a connected green supply chain, which is responsive and resilient and that contributes to the targets of transport policy, notably in terms of CO2 reductions.
The amount earmarked for logistics for 2014 and 2015 is €50 million.
INTELLIGENT TRANSPORT SYSTEMS
Intelligent Transport Systems (ITS) play a key role to help deliver safe, efficient, sustainable and seamless transport of goods and people on the European road network and its interfaces with the other transport modes as well as to safeguard the competitiveness of European industry. This is the reason why ITS is one of the leitmotiv themes in the Transport White Paper. However, though a big effort has been made in this domain, there are still significant challenges and barriers, technological and non-technological, for the successful ITS deployment. R&I action on ITS will contribute to bridging the gap to deployment by focusing on the optimal use of traffic and travel data to improve mobility and on the continuity of traffic and freight management ITS services. The application of Smart ICT services for people and freight can transform the way transport is used, its quality of delivery to the customer and its efficiency, contributing to the innovation and deployment strategy set out by the Transport White Paper.
The amount earmarked for ITS for 2014 and 2015 is €31 million.
- FAQ on Horizon 2020: http://ec.europa.eu/programmes/horizon2020/en/faq