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Brussels, 30 July 2012
Security industry: Commission proposes Action Plan to enable growth – further details
The European Commission announced today the adoption of an Action Plan dedicated to support the competitiveness of the EU Security Industry (see IP/12/863). This Memo provides more detailed information on the rationale behind the Action Plan and the scope of the central policy measures.
The security market has three distinctive features:
Expected benefits of the action plan
There is currently no clear definition of the security industry due to the fact that:
The EU security industry can nevertheless broadly be subdivided into the following sectors: aviation security; maritime security; border security; critical infrastructure protection; counter-terror intelligence (including cyber security and communication); physical security protection; crisis management and protective clothing.
1. Overcoming market fragmentation
Standardisation: Divergent national standards pose an obstacle for the creation of a true internal market for security. For this reason, the Commission will ask the European Standardisation Organisations (CEN, CENELEC and ETSI) to establish concrete and detailed standardisation roadmaps. These roadmaps should focus on the next generation of tools and technologies.
Conformity assessment procedures: There are currently no EU-wide certification systems for security technologies. Following an impact assessment analysis and consultation of stakeholders, the Commission propose two pieces of legislation: one to establish an EU wide harmonised certification system for airport screening equipment; and another to establish an EU harmonised certification system for alarm systems. The objective is to achieve mutual recognition of certification systems.
Exploiting synergies between security and defence technologies: Emphasis should be given to a better exploitation of synergies between the two technology areas. The Commission intends to issue, in close cooperation with the European Defence Agency, 'hybrid standards' standardisation mandates to the European standardisation organisations. A first mandate will soon be issued for software defined radio.
2. Reducing the gap from research to market
Aligning funding programmes, exploiting Intellectual Property Rights (IPR) routes: To reduce the existing gap between research and market, the Commission proposes to use the new IPR rules provided in Horizon 2020. Border security and aviation security are the most promising areas.
Pre-commercial procurement (PCP): PCP should enable public users to play a more central role in the innovation cycle, through the purchase of novel technologies. The Commission intends to devote a significant part of the security research budget to this instrument and encourages Member States to launch similar initiatives at national level, in compliance with relevant EU public procurement law.
Third party liability limitation (TPLL): To ensure that the threat of liability does not deter development of the security industry, the Commission has launched a tender for a major study analysing the legal and economic implications of third party liability limitation. The study will also look into possible alternatives to TPLL, such as those introduced through the US Safety Act; for example a voluntary industry fund, a Commission recommendation, etc.
3. Better integration of the societal dimension
Societal impact "checking" during the R&D phase: The Commission considers that any impact on societal and fundamental rights should already be taken into account through engagement with civil society before and during the R&D phase. The Commission will involve citizens and make societal impact testing obligatory.
Privacy by design and privacy by default during the design phase: Due to the difficulty in translating societal considerations into technological requirements, and the different issues related to security among Member States, the Commission will introduce the concept of "privacy by design" and "privacy by default". The Commission will issue a mandate to the European Standardisation Organisations to develop a standard modelled on existing quality management schemes, and also incorporating the management of privacy issues in the design phase.
A dedicated expert group set up by the Commission will meet at least once per year to monitor the announced policy measures and bring together all relevant actors in the security field.