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MEMO/11/746

Brussels, 28 October 2011

Did you know…? Facts and figures about the European Union and the G20

Please also consult the online flip book with tables and graphs at: http://ec.europa.eu/commission_2010-2014/president/g20/index_en.htm

Table of contents:

EU participation in the G20 1

Demography 1

Economy 2

Sources of growth 2

Financial regulation 3

Debt crisis and economic governance 3

Financial Transaction Tax 4

Climate action and energy 4

Digital / social 4

Agriculture 5

Development 5

Annex tables 1

EU participation in the G20

Did you know that …

… the European Union is a full member of the G20 and is represented at leaders' level by the President of the European Commission, José Manuel Barroso, and the President of the European Council, Herman Van Rompuy.

… France is the current holder of the G20 presidency and that President Sarkozy will chair the G20 summit in Cannes on 3-4 November 2011.

… Mexico will hold the G20 presidency in 2012.

Demography

Did you know that…

… the EU with its half a billion of inhabitants accounts for 7% of the world population.

… EU27 with its 502.4 millions citizens is the third largest member of the G20 in terms of population.

… Europeans live among the longest in the world.

infant mortality in EU27 is the third lowest among the G20.

… European lives 12 years longer (79.8 years) than the average citizen in the world (67.9 years).

Economy

Did you know that…

… the EU accounts for 25.8% of the world's GDP.

… GDP per capita (in €) in the EU27 is 24 400€ and in euro-area 27 700€, which places Europe among the five most performing economies.

…the euro area's GDP is with 9 176 billion euro more than twice as high as the GDP of China with its 4 434 billion euro (2010).

… EU GDP grew by nearly 35% over 1995-2008 and reduced by approximately 2.5% over 2008-2010. Over the last 15 years, this represents an average annual growth of 1.8% (US=2.5%).

… the EU has only experienced a small trade deficit over the last decade as a result mainly of its imports of energy and raw materials.

… the EU is dependent on raw materials. The share of imports of raw materials, notably energy, has been continuously rising and now represents more than a third of total EU imports.

… the European Union has "lost" about € 2 000 billion between 2007-2010 due to the crisis, equivalent to the GDP of France or 11% of Europe's cumulative debt.

… EU GDP grew strongly early in 2011, but has slowed substantially since then. Growth in the second half of 2011 is expected to be slow, stalling by the end of the year.

… real GDP growth is very uneven across the EU, reaching levels of more than 3% in countries like Sweden, Poland, Lithuania, Latvia etc. and negative growth in Greece.

… the EU's productivity (per hours worked) is almost 30% lower than in the US in 2010.

… compared to the US and Japan, the EU is particularly lagging in terms of private R&D spending.

… G20 members have taken no less than 424 restrictive measures to open trade since October 2008. In the past 12 months alone, 131 new restrictions have been introduced while only 40 have been removed.

More information:

IP/11/1208 of 19 October 2011: EU report highlights concerns over rise in protectionism across G20

Sources of growth

Did you know that...

… the internal market has helped the EU to grow: 2.1% extra GDP over 1992-2006; €500 per head; 2.75 million jobs.

… almost 70% of EU exports go to other EU Member States. More than 60% of the EU's FDI is invested inside the EU.

… thanks to the euro, intra-euro area trade rose by 5-15%, and intra-euro area investment flows by 15-35%.

… the EU is the largest exporter and the largest importer of goods among the G20. The EU benefits from being one of the most open economies in the world.

… by 2015, 90% of future economic growth will be generated outside of Europe.

… EU trade with the rest of the world doubled between 1999 and 2010.

… in 2010, roughly ¼ of EU growth came from international trade.

… the recently concluded EU-South Korea Free Trade Agreement offers new export opportunities worth nearly €20 billion for the EU.

… EU inward investment from the rest of the world is playing an increasingly important role in GDP growth.

… Europe is a world leader in environmental technologies. This global market is forecast to triple by 2030.

Financial regulation

Did you know that...

the EU is delivering swiftly on its commitment to global efforts for financial regulation.

… the EU was the first G20 jurisdiction to begin the legislative process to implement the new Basel III capital requirements (draft EU law tabled by the Commission in July 2011, covering all 8.300 banks in the EU: CRD IV).

… the EU has completely overhauled and strengthened its financial supervision. The new European System of Financial Supervision is operational since 1 January 2011.

… the European Commission has tabled over 30 pieces of legislation since 2008 to strengthen financial regulation; many of them have been turned into European law already.

… the EU is well on the way to adopting legislation on OTC derivatives. The Commission has presented in October a package of draft laws to further strengthen the regulation on investment firms and securities, commodity and derivatives trading.

the European Commission will propose the remaining EU laws needed to meet its G20 commitments by end of 2011 (on credit rating agencies and orderly resolution of failing banks).

Debt crisis and economic governance

Did you know that...

… in 2010 the EU27 had a lower deficit (-6.4% of GDP) than the US (-8.4% of GDP) and Japan (-8.1% of GDP).

… in 2010 the EU27 had a lower government debt (80% of GDP) than Canada (84% of GDP), the United States (94.4% of GDP) and Japan (220% of GDP).

… in 2010 inflation in the EU27 (2.1%) and euro-area (1.6%) was among the lowest in the world.

the European Union, in 2011, overhauled and dramatically strengthened its mechanisms for coordinating economic and budgetary policies.

… the EU adopted in October a package of six EU laws for much closer surveillance of public finances and macro-economic imbalances, with improved prevention and enforcement including timely and more effective sanctions.

… the 17 Member States of the euro area completed the ratification process of the reinforced financial backstop EFSF in less than three months, on 14 October 2011.

Financial Transaction Tax

Did you know that...

… between January 2007 and August 2011 public aid and guarantees to the financial sector amounted to €4.6 trillion over the period, i.e. 37% of EU GDP, or 6% of the total assets of the sector.

… EU banks have raised as much additional capital as they have "written down" (lost in asset values) since the crisis started.

… in October the European Commission proposed a law for a Financial Transaction Tax for all 27 Member States. And that it is pressing for a G20 agreement on a global Financial Transaction Tax.

… a Financial Transaction Tax could generate revenues of €55 billion per year in Europe alone.

… 10 EU Member States already apply a kind of financial transaction tax, including France and the United Kingdom.

More information:

IP/11/1085 of 28 September 2011: Financial Transaction Tax: Making the financial sector pay its fair share

MEMO/11/640 of 28 September 2011: Common Rules for a Financial Transaction Tax – Frequently Asked Questions

Climate action and energy

Did you know that…

… energy consumption per capita in 2008 in the EU (3 616 kgoe) was lower than energy consumption per capita in Canada (7 539 kgoe), United States (7 075 kgoe), Saudi Arabia (6 176kgoe) and Australia (5 975 kgoe).

… energy consumption per capita in the EU is the lowest among the industrialised countries of the G20.

… European carbon dioxide emissions (8.2 tonnes per capita) are less than half of the emissions per capita of the US (19.3 tonnes per capita), Australia (17.7 tonnes per capita) and Canada (16.9 tonnes per capita).

Digital / social

Did you know that...

… there are almost twice as many mobile phone subscriptions in the EU than on average in the world and significantly more than in the US and Japan.

… on average in the world, in 2010 there were 30 internet users per 100 inhabitants in 2010, compared with 65 users in the EU.

Agriculture

Did you know that...

… the EU's Common Agriculture Policy has become much more development-friendly over the past 20 years. The days of ‘wine lakes’ and ‘butter mountains’ are long gone.

… developing countries have excellent market access to the EU with low or zero tariffs and market distortions are significantly reduced.

… around 70 % of the EU's agricultural imports originate from developing countries.

… export subsidies have been reduced drastically: 15 years ago, we spent €10 billion a year on export subsidies. In 2009, we spent no more than €350 million. In the context of the WTO negotiations, the EU has offered to eliminate all export subsidies by 2013.

Development

Did you know that...

… trade exchanges between the EU and Africa have doubled during the last decade (2000-2009) and the EU remains the main trade partner for Africa with a share above 40%.

… the EU and Member States remain the world's largest Aid for Trade donor. With 41% Africa accounted for the largest share in Aid for Trade.

… the EU Commission proposed an EU law in support of the Extractive Industries Transparency Initiative (EITI) on 25 October, which requires the disclosure of payments to governments on a country and project basis by listed and large non-listed companies in the extractive (oil, gas and mining) an forestry sectors.

Annex tables


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