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Brussels, 16 June 2011
Examples of EU funded Projects in Pakistan
Over one third of Pakistan’s 187 million people is younger than 14, while two-thirds of all Pakistanis are younger than 30. Pakistan has at least 7 million out-of-school children and one in two adults is illiterate. Only 30% of Pakistan’s children receive secondary education, while 19% attend upper secondary schools, and only 5% of the eligible age group attends tertiary education.
The financial support to the education sector provided by the European Commission amounted to € 80.7 million over the period 2007-2010 and € 70 million are foreseen for 2011-2013. This will continue to support the efforts of the provincial governments in the implementation of education sector reforms.
The European Commission's responds to the education challenge in Pakistan by supporting the education sector at provincial level in Sindh and in Khyber Pakhtunkhwa.
The Sindh Education Plan Support Programme's objective is to improve the quality and access to basic education. Focus is on strengthening governance, institutional capacity building and managing educational service provision in a transparent, accountable and participative manner. EU funding amounts to € 69 million for the period 2005- 2011. In parallel, the World Bank has provided $300M for the education sector. DFID will also invest in public private partnerships, and USAID will fund 5 district development plans (infrastructure, capacity building and quality of education) of northern Sindh.
The Khyber Pakhtunkhwa (KP) Education Sector Reforms Programme (ESRP) aims to improve the quality and access to basic education. Focus will be on improved service delivery in the entire province and reconstruction and rehabilitation of infrastructure in Malakand district in particular. EU funding amounts to €35 million for 2007-2010 and an additional €40 million in 2013. All donors in KP have signed a Memorandum of Understanding to align their assistance to the Education Sector Plan, approved by the government of KP in 2009. A capacity development plan is being implemented by GIZ with pooled funding from GIZ (BMZ), RNE, AusAid and EU. Norway has an ongoing programme of $5M in support of the sector plan, while DfID has pledged ₤205M for the next 5 years.
Combating abusive forms of child labour
Funded with an EU contribution of €5 million and implemented by the International Labour Organisation (ILO), the overall objective of this project is to contribute to the efforts of the Government of Pakistan to eliminate child labour.
Some of the results achieved so far:
In the Sahiwal district:
In the Sukkur district:
Child Labour Units (CLUs) have been established in all the provincial labour departments and at the federal level. Action Plans have been launched in three provinces. Coordination committees have been established at the provincial and district level. All the relevant stockholders are members of these committees at the provincial and district level.
Actions programmes are developed and implemented by the Employers Federation of Pakistan, Pakistan Workers Federation, Centre for Improvement of Working Conditions and Environment and the district Governments in the two districts. A Child Labour Survey will be conducted from September 2011.
Support to elected representatives
The EU has recently agreed with the Government of Pakistan to finance the programme "Support to elected representatives" with €6 million. The programme focuses mainly on support for the functioning of elected representatives, secretariats and selected committees, primarily at federal level and also with respect to international human rights standards. It also tackles the issue of improved parliamentary transparency and access and aims to foster interaction between Pakistani elected representatives and Members of the European Parliament. The objective is to support democratisation in Pakistan by building up the capacity of elected representatives and institutions through improved law making, oversight and representation.
The Multi Donor Trust Fund
The Fund is implemented through the Instrument for Stability (IFS), which focuses on situations of crisis or emerging crisis. IfS projects include support to mediation, confidence building, interim administrations, strengthening Rule of Law, transitional Justice or the role of natural resources in conflict.
The Multi Donor Trust Fund was established in 2010, with a total budget estimated at EUR 134.6 million, of which the EU contributes EUR 15 million.
It aims to contribute to the construction and development after the 2009 conflict in the following regions: Khyber Pakhtunkhwa (KP), the Federally Administered Tribal Areas (FATA) and Baluchistan. The Fund is administered by the World Bank, its projects are executed by the Governments of Pakistan, KP, FATA and Balochistan. Its objectives are: