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MEMO/10/32

Brussels, 8 February 2010

EU Fact Sheets on Haiti



EU Rapid Response Capability (Preparatory Action on RRC):

PISARTE module in action (Advanced Medical Post with surgery room)

1. Latest Available Figures

GLOBAL

Bodies recovered and buried (minimum estimate)

111,500- 112.405 1

Extracted alive from the rubble by int. rescue teams

136 2

People with immediate need for shelter

± 1,000,000

Total number of people affected in some way 3

± 3,500,000

EU NATIONALS 4

Europeans present on 14.01 (maximum estimate) 5

2,706

Europeans accounted for

1487

Europeans unaccounted for (maximum estimate)

209

Europeans injured

10

Europeans presumed dead

12

Europeans killed

49

Evacuated

1491

2. Main Immediate Priorities for Emergency Aid

  • Shelter remains the highest priority at the moment. At present the distribution of sheeting for immediate shelter is considered the most appropriate strategy to cope with the upcoming rain and hurricane seasons. No additional tents should be ordered in addition to those already offered and accepted (45000 tents are in the pipeline) and priority is now given to sheeting to rapidly fill some of the remaining gaps. Sheeting is a low cost item that can be procured in the region and it would not be cost-efficient to ship such items from Europe.

  • The analysis of longer term needs requires the rapid finalisation of the so called ”shelter strategy”. Only then will it be possible to get clear messages from IOM (International Organisation for Migration) and the Haitian government on actual gaps in temporary housing and options to fill them.

  • The main challenge in terms of water remains limited distribution and storage capacity. Sanitation in camps is a major concern.

  • German, French and Italian medical teams remain active in PaP and in Leogane. Two EU preparatory action modules will continue their operations both until mid-February in PaP; however, the Haitian Government is requesting that medical teams stay for a longer period of time in order to minimize administrative efforts and ensure continuity of care and restore health services. Cases of tetanus have been reported, as well as suspected cases of measles in Leogane, and dysentery, including in resettlement camps. Post-operative medical supplies and antibiotics still remain a key need. Targeted vaccination programmes have begun on 2 February for populations in temporary settlements.

3. Main Challenges for International assistance

  • Lack of government capacity to co-ordinate

  • Agricultural recovery needs to be addressed prior to the main planting season, in March. The Government of Haiti estimates that USD 700 million are needed to reactivate the agricultural sector.

  • Before the earthquake, there were approximately 380,000 orphans in Haiti. The number of unaccompanied or orphaned children (including children with only one parent) is now estimated to be one million.

4. UN Flash Appeal 6 Total appeal: $575 million 89% covered



5. EU response

5.1 Emergency Phase

5.1.1 Humanitarian Effort

As of today, total EU’s humanitarian assistance, including planned pledges, amount to a total of almost €219 million in response to the earthquake in Haiti (18 Member States + Commission). 

The Commission's own emergency relief package is worth €30 million (including €3 million in fast track funds allocated less than 24 hours after the earthquake struck, + €8 million of ongoing projects in Haiti being redirected, and €19 million Emergency Decision to be adopted in the coming days). ECHO also reacted promptly by dispatching expert staff: 8 technical assistants coming from Ecuador, Nicaragua and Santo Domingo – including water and sanitation and health experts, administrator, generalists and drivers- that were in place just 14 hours after the earthquake.

5.1.2 Civil Protection coordinated by MIC 7

The EU has deployed more than 800 experts 8 and substantial assets from 25 EU /EEA countries that are providing assistance to Haiti through the EU Civil Protection Mechanism (AT, BE, BG, CZ, DK, EE, FI, FR, DE, HE, HU, IS, IRE, IT, LUX, MT, NL, NO, PL, PT, SK, SI, ES, SE, and UK). The main tasks of the team are assisting in establishing the secondary On-Site Operations Coordination Centres and OCHA officers in Leogane and Jacmel, perform needs assessments to identify further civil protection needs, liaise with the Joint Operations Tasking Centre regarding European assistance, and ensure coordination with the European teams on site and other incoming assistance. The EU Civil Protection team is also closely coordinating with DG ECHO experts on site.

Summary Overview:

  • 12 Urban Search and Rescue (USAR) Team (around 440 people and search dogs): BE, FR (2), LU, IS, PL, UK, NL, ES (4)

  • 2 Field Hospitals (90 people): BE, FR,

  • 5 Advanced Medical Posts: EU, FR (3), PT

  • 38 Medical Teams (253 people): FR (30), PT (2), DE, ES (2), HU, GR, UK

  • 6 Water sanitation units: EU, BE, DE, FR, ES (2) and water purification tablets: IT, DE, PT, SE

  • 7 Assessment teams (35 people): CZ (2 people), DE (4), IRE (4), IT (12), ES (7). SE (2), UK (4)

  • 2224 tents for app. 17500 persons: AT (400 x 6), SE (200 x 5), IT (155 x 8 and 1000 x 10), SI (25 x 10), SK (15 x 10), ES (197x6), PT (65 for 615 people), BG (67 x 2), PL (200 x 6)

  • 1 Technical Assistance Support Team (TAST)/Base-camp with a capacity 300 people provided in several shipments: this is a joint-module of SE, DK, NO, EE and FI.

  • The EUCPT has been downsized to one expert, who at the request of OCHA will contribute to OCHA assessments in Leogane area and return home on 13 February. Greek medical assistance was sent on 7 February.

  • EU co-financing for transport of assistance requested or approved so far reaches a total amount of €4.3 million. Fourteen (14) requests for transport support have been approved by the Commission.

5.1.3 Military and Security Related Assets

EU Member States have offered a range of additional assets to support the government of Haiti and UN MINUSTAH. Exchange of information and coordination will be facilitated through the newly established Haiti Coordination Cell (EUCO) in the EU SITCEN.

Summary Overview:

  • 2 Formed Police Units totaling 263 Gendarmerie Officers (FR, IT, ES). NL has offered 60 additional policemen under logistical conditions.

  • "Cavour" Aircraft Carrier with enhanced hospital on board (ROLE 2), engineering task force (190),6 italian helicopters, and force protection elements (IT)+ 1 military police team+ 1 scuba diver team docked at "Puerto CAUCEDO".

  • "Castilla" LPD (Landing Platform Dock) Ship with enhanced hospital on board ROLE 2, 2 drinking water production and delivery capability and engineering assets, transport and supply assets, force protection elements, 450 officers and 4 helicopters. Acting in the area of Petit Goave (ES).

  • FR “Siroco" and "Batral" logistic ships with amphibious landing capability.

  • 540 Military personnel in Port au Prince (FR)

  • 135 personnel and 4 aircrafts on call deployed in location "Antilles "(FR)

  • "RFA Largs Bay" - Auxiliary Vessel with Amphibious landing capability(UK)

  • 12 military personnel as Operational Liaison and Reconnaissance Team (UK)

  • 8 Royal Military Police (UK)

  • 7 liaison officers with USA and Canada. (UK)

  • Protection detachment (BE)(34 officers). Planned to back Belgium 05 FEB (to be confirmed).

  • Two military building installations with first aid medical facilities, (FR)

  • Field hospital and water purification facility (FR)

  • Infantry Platoon (30 officers) offered by Greece to MINUSTAH

  • Military Engineer Officer (IRE)+ national Planning Team

  • 1 medical team (5 people) (BG)

  • 1 Navy Ship "PELIKAAN" with 45 marines and 7 militians set sail 27th January.(NL)

5.2 Support for Early Recovery and Reinforcing State Capacity

The European Commission will make €100 million available for early non-humanitarian assistance, focusing notably on restoration of government's capacity to operate effectively. A joint EU expert’s team has left on 30 January 2010 for Haiti to assess immediate needs in this respect and to programme the use of these funds. The team will present a report with options how to programme these funds on Wednesday.The Commission, together with the UN and the World Bank, has agreed with the Haitian Government to launch a Post-Disaster Needs Assessment (PDNA). This PDNA will produce an “Early Recovery Strategic Framework” that will be the basis for the international pledging conference for Haiti. The Government of Haiti and partners are reviewing the sectors and cross cutting issues that will be assessed with the support of international experts. 

5.3 Mid-Term Recovery / Reconstruction and Rehabilitation Phase

The European Commission will make available €200 million from the 10 th and 9 th EDF funds for Haiti to support its medium term rehabilitation and long term development. This will be in addition to individual contributions from EU Member States' budgets.

For more information and to download relevant documents please consult the ”Humanitarian Crisis in Haiti” page on Vice President Ashton’s website http://ec.europa.eu/commission_barroso/ashton/haiti/index_en.htm .The European Commission's Joint Research Centre funded by the Instrument for Stability provides maps and analysis at

http://lunar.jrc.it/disasters/Crisis/HaitiEarthquake/tabid/425/Default.aspx

1 :

Source OCHA sitrep 18 of February 5 th MIC, President Preval has suggested a much higher figure see Le Monde last week ( http://www.lemonde.fr/ameriques/article/2010/02/03/haiti-plus-de-200-000-morts-selon-un-dernier-bilan_1300788_3222.html#ens_id=1290927 )

2 :

Source : MIC and media reports

3 :

Source : UN

4 :

Source: EU SITCEN/Consular Unit, Member States Consular Authorities

5 :

EU citizens on consular lists of EU Member States' Embassies. This number also includes Haitians with dual citizenship .

6 :

http://ocha.unog.ch/fts/reports/daily/OCHA_R3sum_A893.PDF

7 :

European Commission’s Monitoring and Information Center (MIC)

8 :

The number of experts is a minimum estimate due to partial information on the exact size of USAR and medical teams provided by Member States. The number of experts does not take into account for example, various other types of experts deployed in Haiti, e.g. logistics and communication experts, coordination and support teams,, etc.


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