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Factsheet on Haiti

European Commission - MEMO/10/26   01/02/2010

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MEMO/10/26

Brussels, 1 February 2010

Factsheet on Haiti



Severely Damaged Area in the Centre of Port Au Prince (Source: JRC on the basis of an airborne data set 15cm res.,)

1. Latest Available Figures 1

GLOBAL

Bodies recovered and buried (minimum estimate)

111,500- 112,392 2

Extracted alive from the rubble by int. rescue teams

136 3

People with immediate need for shelter

± 1,000,000

Total number of people affected in some way 4

± 3,500,000

EU NATIONALS 5

Europeans present on 14.01 (maximum estimate) 6

2,706

Europeans accounted for

1484

Europeans unaccounted for (maximum estimate)

869

Europeans injured

10

Europeans presumed dead

16

Europeans killed

46

Evacuated

1335

2. Main Immediate Priorities for Emergency Aid

200,000 tents are needed . Nine EU Member States have provided in total 1.342 tents for approx. 8.200 persons. Emergency shelter remains a major challenge: estimations settling on a figure of approximately 1 million people in need of emergency shelter . With the upcoming rainy and hurricane season, an integrated transitional shelter solution needs to be found (to replace basic tents). Italy will send 1.000 tents (for 10 persons each) to Port au Price (PAP) with 3 flights. The first aircraft will be leaving today Italy with 330 tents at 12.00 (local time)

Some 36 million “ready to eat” meals are required now (President Preval in Montreal.).

Priority items, besides tents, include shelter kits, tarpaulins, jerry cans, blankets, plastic sheets, hygiene kits and kitchen kits.

The main challenge in terms of water is limited distribution and storage capacity. Sanitation in camps remains a major concern.

Within 2 weeks four field hospitals (IL, RU, ES, FR) will close; however, the Haitian Government is requesting that medical teams stay for a longer period of time in order to minimize administrative efforts and ensure continuity of care and restore health services. Cases of tetanus have been reported, as well as suspected cases of measles in Leogane, and dysentery, including in resettlement camps. post-operative medical supplies and antibiotics remain a key need

3. Main Challenges for International assistance

  • Lack of government capacity to co-ordinate

  • Agricultural recovery needs to be addressed prior to the main planting season, in March. The Government of Haiti estimates that USD 700 million are needed to reactivate the agricultural sector

  • Before the earthquake, there were approximately 380,000 orphans in Haiti. The number of unaccompanied or orphaned children (including children with only one parent) is now estimated to be one million

  • The bottleneck situation in Port-au-Prince airport is improving and landing time slots may be given to essential incoming emergency assistance. Jacmel airport is now fully operational. The airport of Santo Domingo is gradually reaching its capacity and countries sending in assistance should start looking into different options.

4. UN Flash Appeal 7 Total appeal: $575 million 82% covered



5. EU response

5.1 EMERGENCY Phase

5.1.1 Humanitarian Effort

As of today, total EU’s humanitarian assistance, including planned pledges, amount to a total of €212 million in response to the earthquake in Haiti (18 Member States + Commission). 

The Commission's own emergency relief package is worth €30 million (including €3 million in fast track funds allocated less than 24 hours after the earthquake struck, + €8 million of ongoing projects in Haiti being redirected, and €19 million Emergency Decision to be adopted in the coming days). ECHO also reacted promptly by dispatching expert staff: 8 technical assistants coming from Ecuador, Nicaragua and Santo Domingo – including water and sanitation and health experts, administrator, generalists and drivers- that were in place just 14 hours after the earthquake.

5.1.2 Civil Protection coordinated by MIC 8

The EU has deployed more than 800 experts 9 and substantial assets from 25 EU /EEA countries that are providing assistance to Haiti through the EU Civil Protection Mechanism (AT, BE, BG, CZ, DK, EE, FI, FR, DE, HE, HU, IS, IRE, IT, LUX, MT, NL, NO, PL, PT, SK, SI, ES, SE, and UK). The main tasks of the team are assisting in establishing the secondary On-Site Operations Coordination Centres and OCHA officers in Leogane and Jacmel, perform needs assessments to identify further civil protection needs, liaise with the Joint Operations Tasking Centre regarding European assistance, and ensure coordination with the European teams on site and other incoming assistance. The EU Civil Protection team is also closely coordinating with DG ECHO experts on site.

Summary Overview:

  • 12 Urban Search and Rescue (USAR) Team (around 440 people and search dogs): BE, FR (2), LU, IS, PL, UK, NL, ES (4)

  • 2 Field Hospitals (90 people): BE, FR,

  • 5 Advanced Medical Posts: EU, FR (3), PT

  • 3 8 Medical Teams (253 people): FR (30), PT (2), DE, ES (2), HU (arrived on 26.01), GR, UK

  • 6 Water sanitation units: EU, BE, DE, FR, ES (2) and water purification tablets: IT, DE, PT, SE

  • Assessment teams (35 people): IT, DE, UK, IRE, ES, SE, CZ

  • 1, 342 tents for app. 8200 persons: AT (400 x 6), SE (200 x 5), IT (155 x 8), SI (25 x 10), SK (15 x 10), ES (197x6), PT (65 for 615 people), BG (67 x 2), PL (200 x 6)

  • 1 Technical Assistance Support Team (TAST)/Base-camp with an extended capacity to 300 people provided in several shipments: this is a joint-module of SE, DK, NO, EE and FI.

  • EU Civil Protection Assessment and Coordination Team (7 people) was on site since 14.01.2010 and left on 25.01.2010.

  • A second team (7 people) is now on the field, since 23.01.

  • EU co-financing for transport of assistance requested or approved so far reaches a total amount of €3.6 million. Twelve (12) requests for transport support have been approved by the Commission.

5.1.3 Military and Security Related Assets

EU Member States have offered a range of additional assets to support the government of Haiti and UN MINUSTAH. Exchange of information and coordination will be facilitated through the newly established Haiti Coordination Cell (EUCO) in the EU SITCEN.

Summary Overview :

  • 2 Formed Police Units totaling 263 Gendarmerie Officers (FR, IT, ES)

  • 115 Police Officers (FR) included in the 2 FPU (To be confirmed).

  • "Cavour" Aircraft Carrier with enhanced hospital on board, engineering task force (190),6 helicopters, and force protection elements (IT)+ 1 military police team+ 1 scuba diver team

  • "Castilla" LPD (Landing Platform Dock) Ship with enhanced hospital on board ROLE 2, drinking water production and delivery capability and engineering assets, transport and supply assets, force protection elements (ES), 450 officers.

  • “Siroco" docked the last week and expected to set asail the next week, and "Batral", in transit, logistic ships with amphibious landing capability.

  • 540 Military personnel in Port au Prince (FR)

  • 135 personnel deployed at Aux Antilles (FR)

  • "RFA Largs Bay" - Auxiliary Vessel with Amphibious landing capability(UK)

  • 12 military personnel as Operational Liaison and Reconnaissance Team (UK)

  • 8 Royal Military Police (UK)

  • Protection detachment (BE)(34 officers)

  • Two military building installations with first aid medical facilities, (FR)

  • Field hospital and water purification facility (FR)

  • Two infantry companies (on stand by) (FR)

  • Infantry Platoon (30 officers) offered by Greece to MINUSTAH

  • Military Engineer Officer (IRE)+ national Planning Team

  • An Operational Liaison and reconnaissance Team (12 Military personnel) [UK]

  • Military Police protection team (8 officers) (UK)

5.2 Support for Early Recovery and Reinforcing State Capacity

The European Commission will make €100 million available for early non-humanitarian assistance, focusing notably on restoration of government's capacity to operate effectively. A joint EU expert’s team has left this Saturday for Haiti to assess immediate needs in this respect and to programme the use of these funds. The Commission, together with the UN and the World Bank, has agreed with the Haitian Government to launch a Post-Disaster Needs Assessment (PDNA) in Haiti. This PDNA will produce an “Early Recovery Strategic Framework” that will be the basis for the international pledging conference for Haiti. A mission of EC / UN / WB experts will arrive in Haiti at the end of the first week of February to assist the authorities in the preparation of the PDNA.

5.3 Mid-Term Recovery / Reconstruction and Rehabilitation Phase

The European Commission will make available €200 million from the 10 th and 9 th EDF funds for Haiti to support its medium term rehabilitation and long term development. This will be in addition to individual contributions from EU Member States' budgets.

For more information and to download releva nt documents please consult the”Humanitarian Crisis in Haiti” page on Vice President Ashton’s website

http://ec.europa.eu/commission_barroso/ashton/haiti/index_en.htm .

The European Commission's Joint Research Centre funded by the Instrument for Stability provides maps and analysis at

http://lunar.jrc.it/disasters/Crisis/HaitiEarthq uake/tabid/425/Default.aspx

1 :

Source : MIC, Please note that Haitian Preval is quoted by Le Monde (28.01 at 7h) providing the figure of “about 170.000 deaths”

2 :

Source OCHA sitrep 14 of 27 January.

3 :

Source : MIC

4 :

Source : UN

5 :

Source: EU SITCEN/Consular Unit, Member States Consular Authorities

6 :

EU citizens on consular lists of EU Member States' Embassies. This number also includes Haitians with dual citizenship .

7 :

http://ocha.unog.ch/fts/reports/daily/ocha_R3sum_A893___1001291628.pdf

8 :

European Commission’s Monitoring and Information Center (MIC)

9 :

The number of experts is a minimum estimate due to partial information on the exact size of USAR and medical teams provided by Member States. The number of experts does not take into account for example, various other types of experts deployed in Haiti, e.g. logistics and communication experts, coordination and support teams,, etc.


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