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MEMO/10/22

Brussels, 28 January 2010

EU Fact Sheets on Haiti



Lycée J.J. Dessalines (Source: JRC on the basis of NOAA/Google data ,)

1. Latest Available Figures 1

GLOBAL

Bodies recovered and buried (minimum estimate)

111,500- 112,392 2

Extracted alive from the rubble by int. rescue teams

136 3

People with immediate need for shelter

± 1,000,000

Total number of people affected in some way 4

± 3,500,000

EU NATIONALS 5

Europeans present on 14.01 (maximum estimate) 6

2,706

Europeans accounted for

1484

Europeans unaccounted for (maximum estimate)

869

Europeans injured

10

Europeans presumed dead

18

Europeans killed

44

Evacuated

1335

2. Main Immediate Priorities for Emergency Aid

  • 200,000 tents are needed for the total displaced population of 1 million. There is also lack of clarity over the number of tents actually available in the country . Emergency shelter remains a major challenge: estimates of people in need of emergency shelter range from 500,000 to 1,000,000. With the upcoming rainy and hurricane season, an integrated transitional shelter solution needs to be found (to replace basic tents.

  • Some 36 million “ready to eat” meals are required now (President Preval in Montreal.).

  • Priority items, besides tents, include shelter kits, tarpaulins, jerry cans, blankets, plastic sheets, hygiene kits and kitchen kits.

  • The main challenge in terms of water is limited distribution and storage capacity. Sanitation in camps remains a major concern.

  • Post-operative medical supplies and antibiotics remain a key need. 200,000 people are in need of post-surgery follow-up and an unaccounted number of people remain with untreated injuries.

3. Main Challenges for International assistance

  • Lack of government capacity to co-ordinate; need to strengthen coordination under the UN leadership among main actors at the operational/field level, notably between military and humanitarian actors.

  • 90% of schools in Port-au-Prince and 60% of the schools in the South and West departments have been partially damaged or destroyed, leaving 500,000 children aged 5-14 out of school

  • The unblocking of the logistical bottlenecks (restricted landing and unloading capacity) at Port-au-Prince airport is an absolute priority. There are now 130-150 flights per day entering Port-au-Prince, and the flow of aircraft is not expected to slow in the near future

4. UN Flash Appeal 7 Total appeal: $575 million 77,1% covered



5. EU response

5.1 Emergency Phase

5.1.1 Humanitarian Effort

As of today, total EU’s humanitarian assistance, including planned pledges, amount to a total of €196 million in response to the earthquake in Haiti (18 Member States + Commission). 

The Commission's own emergency relief package is worth €30 million (including €3 million in fast track funds allocated less than 24 hours after the earthquake struck, + €8 million of ongoing projects in Haiti being redirected, and €19 million Emergency Decision to be adopted in the coming days). ECHO also reacted promptly by dispatching expert staff: 8 technical assistants coming from Ecuador, Nicaragua and Santo Domingo – including water and sanitation and health experts, administrator, generalists and drivers- that were in place just 14 hours after the earthquake.

5.1.2 Civil Protection coordinated by MIC 8

The EU has deployed more than 800 experts 9 and substantial assets from 25 EU /EEA countries that are providing assistance to Haiti through the EU Civil Protection Mechanism (AT, BE, BG, CZ, DK, EE, FI, FR, DE, HE, HU, IS, IRE, IT, LUX, MT, NL, NO, PL, PT, SK, SI, ES, SE, and UK).

The EU Civil Protection team continues to work jointly with UNDAC (UN Disaster Assessment and Coordination) and OCHA. Their main tasks at the moment are assisting in establishing the secondary On-Site Operations Coordination Centres and OCHA offices in Leogane and Jacmel, performing needs assessments to identify further civil protection needs, liaising with the Joint Operations Tasking Centre regarding European assistance, and ensuring coordination with the European teams on site and other incoming assistance. The EUCP team is also closely coordinating with DG ECHO experts on site.

Summary Overview:

  • 12 Urban Search and Rescue (USAR) Team (around 440 people and search dogs): BE, FR (2), LU, IS, PL, UK, NL, ES (4)

  • 2 Field Hospitals (90 people): BE, FR,

  • 5 Advanced Medical Posts: EU, FR (3), PT

  • 37 Medical Teams (248 people): FR (30), PT (2), DE, ES (2), HU (arrived on 26.01), GR, UK

  • 6 Water sanitation units: EU, BE, DE, FR, ES (2) and water purification tablets: IT, DE, PT, SE

  • 7 Assessment teams (35 people): IT, DE, UK, IRE, ES, SE, CZ

  • 1,182 tents for app. 7.600 persons: AT (400 x 6), SE (200 x 5), IT (155 x 8), SI (25 x 10), SK (15 x 10), ES (55), PT (65 for 615 pax), BG (67 x 6), PL (200 x 6)

  • 1 Technical Assistance Support Team (TAST)/Base-camp with a capacity 300 people: this is a joint-module of SE, DK, NO, EE and FI.

  • EU Civil Protection Assessment and Coordination Team (7 people) was on site since 14.01.2010 and left on 25.01.2010.

  • A second team (7 people) is now on the field, since 23.01.

  • EU co-financing for transport of assistance requested or approved so far reaches a total amount of €3.2 million. Eleven (11) requests for transport support have been approved by the Commission.

5.1.3 Military and Security Related Assets

EU Member States have offered a range of additional assets to support the government of Haiti and UN MINUSTAH. Exchange of information and coordination will be facilitated through the newly established Haiti Coordination Cell (EUCO) in the EU SITCEN.

Summary Overview:

  • 2 Formed Police Units totalling 257 Gendarmerie Officers (FR, IT, ES)

  • 109 Police Officers (FR)

  • Further police contributions under consideration by LUX, RO,

  • ”Cavour” Aircraft Carrier with enhanced hospital on board, engineering task force (190),
    6 helicopters, and force protection elements (IT)+ 1 military police team+ 1 scuva diver team

  • ”Castilla” LPD (Landing Platform Dock) Ship with enhanced hospital on board ROLE 2, drinking water
    production and delivery capability and engineering assets, transport and supply assets, force protection elements (ES).

  • ”Siroco” and "Batral" logistic ships with amphibious landing capability (FR)

  • ”RFA Largs Bay” - Auxiliary Vessel with Amphibious landing capability (UK)

  • Protection detachment (BE)

  • Two military building installations with first aid medical facilities, (FR)

  • Field hospital and water purification facility (FR)

  • Two infantry companies (on stand by) (FR)

  • Military Engineer Officer (IRE)

  • An Operational Liaison and reconnaissance Team (12 Military personnel) [UK]

  • Military Police protection team (8 officers) (UK)

5.2 Support for Early Recovery and Reinforcing State Capacity

The European Commission will make €100 million available for early non-humanitarian assistance, focusing notably on restoration of government's capacity to operate effectively. A joint EU expert’s team is leaving this Saturday for Haiti to assess immediate needs in this respect and to programme the use of these funds. The Commission, together with the UN and the World Bank, is in parallel liaising with the Haitian Government to launch a Post-Disaster Needs Assessment (PDNA) in Haiti. This PDNA will produce an “Early Recovery Strategic Framework” that will be the basis for the international pledging conference for Haiti. An EC / UN / WB scoping mission is scheduled for the first week of February.

5.3 Mid-Term Recovery / Reconstruction and Rehabilitation Phase

The European Commission will make available €200 million from the 10 th and 9 th EDF funds for Haiti to support its medium term rehabilitation and long term development. This will be in addition to individual contributions from EU Member States' budgets.

For more information and to download relevant documents please consult the ”Humanitarian Crisis in Haiti” page on Vice President Ashton’s website http://ec.europa.eu/commission_barroso/ashton/haiti/index_en.htm .The European Commission's Joint Research Centre funded by the Instrument for Stability provides maps and analysis at http://lunar.jrc.it/disasters/Crisis/HaitiEarthquake/tabid/425/Default.aspx

1 :

Source : MIC, Please note that Haitian Preval is quoted by Le Monde (28.01 at 7h) providing the figure of “about 170.000 deaths”

2 :

Source OCHA sitrep 14 of 27 January.

3 :

Source : MIC and media reports

4 :

Source : UN

5 :

Source: EU SITCEN/Consular Unit, Member States Consular Authorities

6 :

EU citizens on consular lists of EU Member States' Embassies. This number also includes Haitians with dual citizenship .

7 :

http://ocha.unog.ch/fts/reports/daily/ocha_R3sum_A893___1001240204.pdf

8 :

European Commission’s Monitoring and Information Center (MIC)

9 :

The number of experts is a minimum estimate due to partial information on the exact size of USAR and medical teams provided by Member States. The number of experts does not take into account for example, various other types of experts deployed in Haiti, e.g. logistics and communication experts, coordination and support teams,, etc.


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