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EU Fact Sheets On Haiti

Commission Européenne - MEMO/10/21   27/01/2010

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MEMO/10/21

Brussels, 27 January 2010

EU Fact Sheets On Haiti



Zoom in showing destruction in the slums south of Port au Prince (Source : JRC on the basis of NOAA/Google data ,)

1. Latest Available Figures 1

GLOBAL

Bodies recovered and buried

± 112,250 2

Extracted alive from the rubble by int. rescue teams

135 3

People with immediate need for shelter

± 1,000,000

Total number of people affected in some way 4

± 3,500,000

EU NATIONALS 5

Europeans present on 14.01 (maximum estimate) 6

2,706

Europeans accounted for

1484

Europeans unaccounted for (maximum estimate)

869

Europeans injured

10

Europeans presumed dead

18

Europeans killed

44

Evacuated

1335

2. Main Immediate Priorities for Emergency Aid

  • Search and rescue phase officially terminated, but two persons have been extracted alive from the rubbles in the past 24 hours.

  • The situation in Haiti regarding shelter (as well as plastic sheeting) remains critical with a continuing need for 200.000 family tents (for 5 people) to support 1 million people. Some 30 million “ready to eat” meals are required tor the next 15 days.

  • There are still affected areas where assistance has not arrived. Special attention needs to be given to the rural areas around Leogane and Jacmel, where experts from the EU Civil Protection Team are working together with UN OCHA ( Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs.).

  • Water quality and distribution remains an issue – water quality may worsen if rains were to come

  • 200,000 people in need of post-surgery follow-up and an unaccounted number with untreated injuries. Infectious diseases and sanitary conditions remain a priority concern

  • Fuel, small pumps, and drums for latrines.

3. Main Challenges for International assistance

  • The unblocking of the logistical bottlenecks (restricted landing and unloading capacity) at Port-au-Prince airport and seaport is an absolute priority: There is still a 7-day backlog for incoming flights, and about 1,000 planes are waiting to get in .

  • Coordination issues: Lack of government capacity to co-ordinate; need to strengthen coordination under the UN leadership among main actors at the operational/field level, notably between military and humanitarian actors.

  • The Government reports that 130,000 people are leaving Port-au-Prince (many on buses provided free of charge by the Government), but IOM considers this an underestimate.

  • Income generating activities for up to three million people whose livelihood has been disrupted by the eathquake. Haitian governement’s request for ”food for work” and ”cash for work” programmes aimed at cleaning /removing debris in destroyed areas.

4. UN Flash Appeal 7 Total appeal: $575 million 66% covered



5. EU response

5.1 Emergency Phase

5.1.1 Humanitarian Effort

As of today, total EU’s humanitarian assistance, including planned pledges, amount to a total of €196 million in response to the earthquake in Haiti (18 Member States + Commission). 

The Commission's own emergency relief package is worth €30 million (including €3 million in fast track funds allocated less than 24 hours after the earthquake struck, + €8 million of ongoing projects in Haiti being redirected, and €19 million Emergency Decision to be adopted in the coming days). ECHO also reacted promptly by dispatching expert staff: 8 technical assistants coming from Ecuador, Nicaragua and Santo Domingo – including water and sanitation and health experts, administrator, generalists and drivers- that were in place just 14 hours after the earthquake.

5.1.2 Civil Protection coordinated by MIC 8

The EU has deployed over 819 experts 9 and substantial assets from 24 EU /EEA countries that are providing assistance to Haiti through the EU Civil Protection Mechanism (AT, BE, BG, DN,EE , FI, FR, DE, HE, HU, IS, IRE, IT, LUX, MT, NL, NO, PL, PT, SK, SI, ES, SE, and UK).

The EU Civil Protection team will continue to work jointly with UNDAC (UN Disaster Assessment and Coordination) and OCHA in Port au Prince to identify further civil protection needs and facilitate the coordination of assistance channelled through the Community Mechanism, in close cooperation with the other EU players (such as German THW coordinator, the Belgian B-Fast team, and the Spanish International Cooperation Agency) on site including DG ECHO.

Summary Overview:

  • 12 Urban Search and Rescue (USAR) Team (around 440 people and search dogs): BE, FR (2), LU, IS, PL, UK, NL, ES (4)

  • 2 Field Hospitals (90 people): BE, FR,

  • 5 Advanced Medical Posts: EU, FR (3), PT

  • 38 Medical Teams (252 people): FR (30), PT (2), DE, ES (2), HU (arrived on 26.01), GR, UK

  • 6 Water sanitation units: EU, BE, DE, FR, ES (2) and water purification tablets: IT, DE, PT, SE

  • 5 Assessment teams (30 people): IT, DE, UK, IRE, ES

  • 1,182 tents for app. 7.600 persons: AT (400 x 6), SE (200 x 5), IT (155 x 8), SI (25 x 10), SK (15 x 10), ES (55), PT (65 for 615 pax), BG (67 x 6), PL (200 x 6)

  • 2 Technical Assistance Support Team (TAST)/Base-camp with a capacity 300 people: this is a joint-module of SE, DK, NO, EE and FI.

  • EU Civil Protection Assessment and Coordination Team (7 people) was on site since 14.01.2010 and left on 27.01.2010.

  • A second team (7 people) has arrived in Port-au-Prince on 23.01, to replace the existing team.

  • EU co-financing for transport of assistance requested or approved so far reaches a total amount of €3.2 million. Nine (9) requests for transport support have been approved by the Commission.

5.1.3 Military and Security Related Assets

EU Member States have offered a range of additional assets to support the government of Haiti and UN MINUSTAH. Exchange of information and coordination will be facilitated through the newly established Haiti Coordination Cell (EUCO) in the EU SITCEN.

Summary Overview:

  • 2 Formed Police Units totalling 220 Gendarmerie Officers (FR, IT, ES)

  • 140 Police Officers (FR)

  • Further police contributions under consideration by LUX, RO, ES

  • ”Cavour” Aircraft Carrier with enhanced hospital on board, engineering task force (200),
    6 helicopters, and force protection elements (IT)

  • ”Castilla” LPD (Landing Platform Dock) Ship with enhanced hospital on board, drinking water
    production and delivery capability and engineering assets, transport and supply assets, force protection elements (ES).

  • ”Siroco” logistic ship with amphibious landing capability (FR)

  • ”RFA Largs Bay” - Auxiliary Vessel with Amphibious landing capability (UK)

  • Naval support ship (LUX)

  • Protection detachment (BE)

  • Two military building installations with first aid medical facilities, (FR)

  • Field hospital and water purification facility (FR)

  • Two infantry companies (on stand by) (FR)

  • Military Engineer Officer (IRE)

  • An Operational Liaison and reconnaissance Team (12 Military personnel) [UK]

  • Military Police protection team (8 officers) (UK)

5.2 Support for Early Recovery and Reinforcing State Capacity

The European Commission will make €100 million available for early non-humanitarian assistance, focusing notably on restoration of government's capacity to operate effectively. A joint EU expert’s team will go to Haiti in the coming days to assess immediate needs in this respect and to programme the use of these funds. The Commission, together with the UN and the World Bank, is liaising with the Haitian Government to launch a Post-Disaster Needs Assessment (PDNA) in Haiti. This PDNA will produce an “Early Recovery Strategic Framework” that will be the basis for the international pledging conference for Haiti. An EC / UN / WB scoping mission is scheduled for the first week of February.

5.3 Mid-Term Recovery / Reconstruction and Rehabilitation Phase

The European Commission will make available €200 million from the 10 th and 9 th EDF funds for Haiti to support its medium term rehabilitation and long term development. This will be in addition to individual contributions from EU Member States' budgets.

For more information and to download relevant documents please consult the ”Humanitarian Crisis in Haiti” page on Vice President Ashton’s website http://ec.europa.eu/commission_barroso/ashton/haiti/index_en.htm .The European Commission's Joint Research Centre funded by the Instrument for Stability provides maps and analysis at

http://lunar.jrc.it/disasters/Crisis/HaitiEarthquake/tabid/425/Default.aspx

1 :

Source : DG ECHO, Various international media, Haitian Government

2 :

An alternative figure of 150.000 deaths is provided by Haitian Ministry of Communication

3 :

Source : MIC

4 :

Source : UN

5 :

Source: EU SITCEN/Consular Unit, Member States Consular Authorities

6 :

EU citizens on consular lists of EU Member States' Embassies. This number also includes Haitians with dual nationality .

7 :

http://ocha.unog.ch/fts/reports/daily/ocha_R3sum_A893___1001240204.pdf

8 :

European Commission’s Monitoring and Information Center (MIC)

9 :

The number of experts is not complete due to lack of information about the size of several USAR and medical teams provided by Member States. The number of experts does not take into account various other type of experts deployed in Haiti, e.g. logistics and communication experts, coordination and support teams, base camp experts, etc.


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