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Brussels, 12 May 2010
ENP Country Progress Report 2009 – Republic of Moldova
The Commission published on 12 May 2010 the so-called neighbourhood package, consisting of an overall assessment of five years of implementation of the European Neighbourhood Policy (ENP), 12 country reports on developments in 2009, including one on Republic of Moldova1, and a sector report.
In 2009, EU-Moldova relations went through a serious test. Following elections in spring disputed in a highly controversial political environment, street riots were met with violations of human rights and fundamental freedoms by the law enforcement bodies. A new Government was created after elections in July. Moldova’s efforts to effectively implement structural reforms, in line with the objectives of the Action Plan, and to counter the economic and financial crisis that hit the country hard in 2008, were significantly enhanced in the last quarter of 2009.
In 2010 further progress is needed to ensure implementation of the measures adopted in line with the EU-Moldova ENP Action Plan and, more specifically, to strengthen the mechanisms for preventing violations of human rights and fundamental freedoms, further reform the judiciary and ensure the rule of law, ensure the neutrality of the public media and promote a pluralistic media environment, enhance the fight against trafficking in human beings, and improve matching labour market needs with skills development.
Negotiations on a future EU- Moldova Association Agreement (AA) were launched in January 2010.
Political dialogue and governance, including CFSP
Economic integration and trade
Promoting mobility, fighting irregular migration
Sector cooperation - examples
EU–Moldova – BACKGROUND
The European Neighbourhood Policy governs the relations between the EU and the Republic of Moldova. In 2009 the EU launched the Eastern Partnership, the Eastern dimension of the ENP framework, aiming at substantially upgrading engagement with the six Eastern neighbours via:
- Bilateral track, whose objectives include Association Agreements, Deep and Comprehensive Free Trade Areas as well as progress on visa and mobility issues
- Multilateral track (i.e. intergovernmental platforms and Flagship Initiatives).
This approach allows for gradual political association and deeper economic integration.
FACTS AND FIGURES
1998: EU- Moldova Partnership and Cooperation Agreement entered into force.
2005: EU-Moldova Action Plan is approved
2008: Visa facilitation and readmission agreements entered into force. A pilot Mobility Partnership is signed to strengthen legal migration opportunities and to strengthen capacities for migration management and fighting illegal migration.
2008: The EU Autonomous Trade Preferences were granted
2008 and 2009: The EU’s Civil Protection Mechanism (MIC) was mobilised to support Moldova in assessing the flooding of the Nistru (Dniester) and the Prut rivers, and in alleviating the consequences of the Ukraine/Russia gas crisis.
2007-2010 the ENPI2 envelope for Moldova stands at € 209.7 million, with an additional allocation of € 16.6 million through the Governance Facility
2011-2013: An indicative ENPI envelope of € 273.1 million announced by the Commission (an increase of nearly 75% on annual average)
2008-2009 – Neighbourhood Investment Facility committed nearly € 20 million to four projects in Moldova in the social sphere and transport sector. Moldova benefited also from three NIF regional projects (€ 24 million in support of the energy and the private sectors).
More info at:
hereafter referred to as Moldova
the European Neighbourhood Partnership Instrument