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Brussels, 12 May 2010
ENP Country Progress Report 2009 – Georgia
The Commission published on 12 May 2010 the so-called neighbourhood package, consisting of an overall assessment of five years of implementation of the European Neighbourhood Policy (ENP), 12 country reports on developments in 2009, including one on Georgia, and a sector report.
In 2009 Georgia made progress in the implementation of the ENP Action Plan priorities, especially in the areas of rule of law, reform of the justice system, fight against corruption, trade facilitation and improvement of business climate.
In 2010 continuous and effective implementation of related legislation will be the key in ensuring the long-term success of the reforms, thus meeting ENP Action Plan commitments. Also, Georgia will need to continue its democratic reform efforts and consolidation of democratic institutions, especially political pluralism and media freedom. Other major future challenges include poverty reduction, employment and social policies, agricultural development including sanitary and phyto-sanitary issues and civil service reform.
Negotiating directives for a future Association Agreement were adopted by the EU on 10 May 2010.
Political dialogue and governance, including CFSP
Economic integration and trade
Promoting mobility, fighting irregular migration
Sector cooperation - examples
EU–Georgia – BACKGROUND
The European Neighbourhood Policy governs the relations between the EU and Georgia. In 2009 the EU launched the Eastern Partnership, the Eastern dimension of the ENP framework, aiming at substantially upgrading engagement with the six Eastern neighbours via:
- Bilateral track, whose objectives include the establishing of Association Agreements with Deep and Comprehensive Free Trade Areas, once conditions have been met, as well as progress on visa and mobility issues
- Multilateral track (i.e. intergovernmental platforms and Flagship Initiatives).
This approach allows for gradual political association and deeper economic integration.
FACTS AND FIGURES
1999: EU-Georgia Partnership and Cooperation Agreement entered into force.
2005: EU-Georgia Action Plan was approved
2008: August 2008 war with Russia. It was stopped thanks to the EU mediation. The EU set up civilian monitoring mission (340 observers) and provided a post-conflict assistance package of up to € 500 million from its budget. The EU’s Civil Protection Mechanism (MIC) was mobilised in the aftermath of and facilitated the arrival and use of the civil protection assistance provided by the EU Member States
2008-2009: An 18-months Stand-By Arrangement was approved by the International Monetary Fund, in August 2009 extended until June 2011 and increased to € 835.7 million. In addition the EC provided a grant of € 46 million of Macro Financial assistance.
2007-2010 the ENPI1 envelope for Georgia stands at € 120.4 million
2011-2013: An indicative ENPI envelope of € 180.3 million announced by the Commission (a doubling of yearly EU assistance.)
2009 – Neighbourhood Investment Facility - one project was approved (Tbilisi Railway Bypass Environmental Clean-up), committing € 8.5 million in grants and expected to leverage € 253.5 million.
More info at:
the European Neighbourhood Partnership Instrument