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Factsheet on Haiti
Commission Européenne - MEMO/10/15 26/01/2010
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Brussels, 26 January 2010
Factsheet on Haiti
Oil Spils, Port-au-Prince, Carrefour Harbour (Source : JRC)
1. Latest Available Figures 1
2. Main Immediate Priorities for Emergency Aid
3. Main Challenges for International assistance
Coordination issues: Lack of government capacity to co-ordinate; need to strengthen coordination under the UN leadership among main actors at the operational/field level notably between military and humanitarian actors.
The unblocking of the logistical bottlenecks (restricted landing and unloading capacity) at Port-au-Prince airport and seaport is an absolute priority: There is a 7-day backlog for incoming flights, and about 1,000 planes are waiting to get in (Military flights account for 27% of the total)
The Government reports that 130,000 people are leaving Port-au-Prince (many on buses provided free of charge by the Government), but IOM considers this an underestimate.
Income generating activities for up to three million people whose livelihood has been disrupted by the earthquake. Haitian government's request for food for work and cash for work programmes aimed at cleaning /removing debris in destroyed areas.
4. UN Flash Appeal 8 Total appeal: $575 million 48% covered
5. EU response
5.1 Emergency Phase
5.1.1 Humanitarian Effort
As of today, total EU’s humanitarian assistance, including planned pledges, amount to a total of €196 million in response to the earthquake in Haiti (18 Member States + Commission).
The Commission's own emergency relief package is worth €30 million (including €3 million in fast track funds allocated less than 24 hours after the earthquake struck, + €8 million of ongoing projects in Haiti being redirected, and €19 million Emergency Decision to be adopted in the coming days). ECHO also reacted promptly by dispatching expert staff: 8 technical assistants coming from Ecuador, Nicaragua and Santo Domingo –including water and sanitation and health experts, administrator, generalists and drivers- that were in place just 14 hours after the earthquake.
5.1.2 Civil Protection coordinated by MIC 9
The EU has deployed over 1,000 experts and substantial assets from 24 EU /EEA countries that are providing assistance to Haiti through the EU Civil Protection Mechanism (Austria, Belgium, France, Greece, Luxemburg, Italy, Sweden, Spain, Germany, Netherlands, UK, Iceland, Portugal, Poland, Finland, Denmark, Ireland, Estonia, Norway, Slovakia, Slovenia, Malta, Bulgaria and Hungary).
An EU Civil Protection Mechanism team is deployed in Haiti to reinforce coordination of the international relief effort.
5.1.3 Military and Security Related Assets
EU Member States have offered a range of additional assets to support the government of Haiti and UN MINUSTAH. Exchange of information and coordination will be facilitated through the newly established Haiti Coordination Cell (EUCO) in the EU SITCEN.
5.2 Support for Early Recovery and Reinforcing State Capacity
The European Commission will make €100 million available for early non-humanitarian assistance, focusing notably on restoration of government's capacity to operate effectively. A joint EU expert’s team will go to Haiti in the coming days to assess immediate needs in this respect and to programme the use of these funds.
The Commission, together with the UN and the World Bank, is liaising with the Haitian Government to launch a Post-Disaster Needs Assessment (PDNA) in Haiti. This PDNA will produce an “Early Recovery Strategic Framework” that will be the basis for the international pledging conference for Haiti. An EC / UN / WB scoping mission is scheduled for the first week of February.
5.3 Mid-Term Recovery / Reconstruction and Rehabilitation Phase
The European Commission will make available €200 million from the 10 th and 9 th EDF funds for Haiti to support its medium term rehabilitation and long term development. This will be in addition to individual contributions from EU Member States' budgets.
For more information and to download relevant documents please consult the ”Humanitarian Crisis in Haiti” page on Vice President Ashton’s website http://ec.europa.eu/commission_barroso/ashton/haiti/index_en.htm .
The European Commission's Joint Research Centre funded by the Instrument for Stability provides maps and analysis at http://lunar.jrc.it/disasters/Crisis/HaitiEarthquake/tabid/425/Default.aspx
Source : DG ECHO, Various international media, Haitian Government
Source : UN
Source : MIC
Source : UN
Source: EU SITCEN/Consular Unit, Member States Consular Authorities
EU citizens on consular lists of EU Member States' Embassies. This number also includes Haitians with dual nationality .
The MIC advises the Participating States to focus on these civil protection priorities.
European Commission’s Monitoring and Information Center (MIC)