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MEMO/10/113

Brussels, 30 March 2010

Factsheet on response to Haiti earthquake

(Medecins du Monde in Haiti- 2010 © European Union - Photo by ECHO/Susana Perez Diaz)

1. Latest Available Figures

GLOBAL

Bodies recovered and buried (minimum estimate)

222,5701

Extracted alive from the rubble by int. rescue teams

2112

People with immediate need for shelter

± 1, 300,000

Total number of people affected in some way3

± 3,500,000

EU NATIONALS4

Europeans present on 14.01 (maximum estimate) 5

2,706

Europeans accounted for

1487

Europeans unaccounted for (maximum estimate)

208

Europeans injured

10

Europeans presumed dead

8

Europeans killed

55

Evacuated

1583

2. Main Immediate Priorities for Emergency Aid

  • Distribution of shelter and sanitation solutions remain the highest priority. 75% of the targeted 1.3 million people now have emegency shelter and coveragewill reach 100% by April / May. The most serious concern at the moment is in finding new sites for transitional shelters for the 200,000 IDPs currently in sites at risk of flooding once the rainy season starts. Emergency transitional sites may be an option but proximity sites are actually the most suitable solution for IDPs. Humanitarian assistance should also focus on securing the most precarious of the existing sites.

  • Rubble removal is increasingly urgent to make space for settlements but legal and technical constraints are delaying this process.

  • Sanitation in camps is a major concern; the number of latrines needed being estimated at 55,000.

  • PAHO and other aid organisations are starting a survey of 200 spontaneous settlements to help identify gaps in primary health care coverage.

  • In response to an increase of reports of gender based violence (GBV) in the IDP sites, patrolling and monitoring of sites by the relevant cluster groups plus MINUSTAH, UNPOL and Haitian Police has been stepped up.

3. Main Challenges for International assistance

  • Lack of government capacity to co-ordinate.

  • Some critical relief lifeline roads need urgent repairs requiring the use of heavy equipment and engineering capacity

  • 600 ha of land are urgently needed to relocate 200,000 persons currently displaced in high risk settlements. So far only 220 ha have been identified by the Government.

  • Contingency planning (such as the replenishment of stocks positioned in Haiti and in the DR) is urgent due to the incoming rains and hurricanes. Support to the Haitian Direction de la Protection Civile and to local communities to face natural hazards will be necessary.

  • Need to strengthen the sector /cluster coordination.

  • Need to develop "cash for work" labour-intensive emergency activities (removal of rubbles) for Haitians to restore their livelihoods.

  • Agricultural recovery needs to be addressed prior to the main planting season, in March.

  • Before the earthquake, there were approximately 380,000 orphans in Haiti. The number of unaccompanied or orphaned children (including children with only one parent) is now estimated to be one million.

4. UN Flash Appeal6

A revised Flash Appeal was published on 18 February 2010, covering both Haiti and the Dominican Republic. It totals USD 1,4 billion. The largest requirements concern food aid, early recovery, health and emergency shelter and non-food items. 49,6 % (USD 718 million) of the appeal is covered to date.

5. EU response

5.1 Emergency Phase

5.1.1 Humanitarian Effort

EU’s humanitarian assistance, including planned pledges, amount to a total of over €320 million (18 Member States + Commission). The Commission's own emergency relief package is worth more than €120 million (including €3 million in fast track funds allocated less than 24 hours after the earthquake struck, + over €8 million of ongoing projects in Haiti being redirected, + Emergency Decision of €19 million and a Decision of €90 million was adopted on the 4th March). DG ECHO also reacted promptly by dispatching expert staff: 8 technical assistants that were in place just 14 hours after the earthquake.

5.1.2 Civil Protection coordinated by MIC7

The EU has deployed more than 800 experts8 and substantial assets from 254 EU /EEA countries that are providing assistance to Haiti through the EU Civil Protection Mechanism (AT, BE, BG, CZ, DK, EE, FI, FR, DE, HE, HU, IS, IE, IT, LU, MT, NL, NO, PL, PT, SK, SI, ES, SE, and UK). On 9 February, the Prime Minister of Haiti appealed to the EU for urgent military assistance with shelter. See point 5.1.3 for details.

In order to ensure full coordination of EU military assets with the civilian humanitarian effort in full respect of Oslo Guidelines, a third team was deployed on site 27 February.

Several EU Member States have offered a range of additional assets (containers, blankets, towers) to further support the relief efforts.

Regarding the UN request for support with shelter, so far, a French military offer has been made. The offer consists of two engineering platoons (more than 200 people with about 70 vehicles).. The EUCP team has defined a list of tasks for the engineering contingent which has been agreed with the French representatives. ECHO personnel on site will ensure assistance and coordination between them and local government, relevant clusters and NGOs. EU Civil Protection Team “Charlie” left Haiti on 18 March.

The MIC has agreed with the humanitarian colleagues that one of the three ECHO Technical assistants deployed to Haiti will follow up on the implementation of the task list and maintain contacts with the FR military contingent on site. The expert will facilitate the implementation of the task list established by the MIC team through providing pointers, local knowledge and advice and contacts with international actors.

Summary Overview:

  • 12 Urban Search and Rescue (USAR) Team (around 440 people and search dogs): BE, FR (2), LU, IS, PL, UK, NL, ES (4)

  • 2 Field Hospitals (90 people): BE, FR,

  • 5 Advanced Medical Posts: EU, FR (3), PT

  • 38 Medical Teams (253 people): FR (30), PT (2), DE, ES (2), HU, GR, UK

  • 6 Water sanitation units: EU, BE, DE, FR, ES (2) and water purification tablets: IT, DE, PT, SE

  • 7 Assessment teams (35 people): CZ (2 people), DE (4), IRE (4), IT (12), ES (7), SE (2), UK (4)

  • 2234 tents for app. 20.000 persons: AT (400 x 6), SE (200 x 5), IT (155 x 8 and 1000 x 10), SI (25 x 10), SK (15 x 10, 4 x 12,6 x 8), ES (197x6), PT (65 for 615 people), BG (67 x 2), PL (200 x 6)

  • 1 Technical Assistance Support Team (TAST)/Base-camp with a capacity 300 people provided in several shipments: this is a joint-module of SE, DK, NO, EE and FI.

  • EU co-financing for transport of assistance approved so far reaches a total amount of €4.37 million. Nineteen (19) requests for transport support have been awarded by the Commission.

  • 3 EU CP Assessment and Coordination Teams deployed on site: Team Alpha - 14.01-25.01.2010; Team Bravo – 23.01-14.02.2010; Team Charlie – 28.02 – 18.03.2010

5.1.3 Military and Security Related Assets

EU Member States have offered a range of additional assets to support the government of Haiti and UN MINUSTAH. Exchange of information and coordination is facilitated through the Haiti Coordination Cell (EUCO) in the EU SITCEN. Regarding the UN request for support with shelter, France has sent last weekend two engineering platoons and a transportation vessel which set sail on 5 March.

Summary Overview:

2 Formed Police units totaling 323 Gendarmerie Officers (FR, IT, ES). The 125 members of the Italian contingent are not deployed yet.

"Cavour" Aircraft Carrier with enhanced hospital on board (ROLE 2), engineering task force (190),6 Italian helicopters, and force protection elements (IT)+ 1 military police team+ 1 scuba diver team docked at "Port au Prince" (IT).

"Castilla" LPD (Landing Platform Dock) Ship with enhanced hospital on board ROLE 2, 2 drinking water production and delivery capability and engineering assets, transport and supply assets, force protection elements, 446 officers and 4 helicopters. Acting in the area of Petit Goave (ES).

"RFA Largs Bay" - Auxiliary Vessel with Amphibious landing capability(UK) will shuttle cargo between different ports in Haiti.

4 military personnel as Operational Liaison and Reconnaissance Team (UK)

8 Royal Military Police (UK)

7 liaison officers with USA and Canada. (UK)

Infantry Platoon (30 officers) offered by Greece to MINUSTAH

Military Engineer Officer (IRE)+ national Planning Team

5.2 Support for Early Recovery and Reinforcing State Capacity

An EU joint team of experts (COM and FR, ES, B) assessed the most urgent needs facing the Haitian authorities during a mission to Haiti from 1 to 9 February. They jointly made proposals for reconstruction of government buildings, support for education and governance, budget support and strengthening disaster preparedness mechanisms. The European Commission has decided to allocate €100 million to help Haiti's government respond to these needs.

On February 18 the Prime Minister of Haiti Jean-Max Bellerive launched the Post-Disaster Needs Assessment (PDNA) exercise. The PDNA was a truly multinational operation involving 300 experts from Haiti and abroad, including 14 from the European Union (8 from Member States and 6 from COM). It was undertaken to form a national strategy for recovery and development, including the design of measurable targets, indicators and costs for the immediate (6 months), short-term (18 months) and medium to long-term (3 and 10 years respectively) perspective. 

The initial results of the PDNA and the working document of the Government's action plan for recovery and national development were discussed at a technical conference held on 16-17 March in Santo Domingo9. The initial PDNA findings set the total of damages at $ 4,2 billion and the losses at $ 3,5 billion10. The final PDNA document will be presented at the International Donor’s Conference Towards a New Future for Haiti in New York on 31 March.

The UN Secretary General has requested the Member States to visit the conference web site (www.haiticonference.org) manifest their intention to participate and highlight, from March 24th onwards, their financial pledges on the site.

During the Santo Domingo conference the EU welcomed the Government of Haiti’s presentation of a preliminary recovery and development vision. The EU encouraged the prioritisation of the various needs identified, including through consultations with relevant stakeholders. To facilitate such consultations, on 23 March the EU organised a conference for Haitian and European NGOs participating in Haiti’s reconstruction. The EU also co-sponsored, together with the UN Special Envoy for Haiti, an international NGO consultation on Haiti reconstruction on 25 March in New York.

5.3. Mid-Term Recovery/Reconstruction and Rehabilitation Phase

The International Donors’ Conference Towards a New Future for Haiti is being prepared by the UN and US in cooperation with the Government of Haiti, and with the support of Brazil, Canada, the European Union, France, and Spain. The goal of the conference is to mobilize international support for the development needs of Haiti to begin to lay the foundation for country's long-term recovery. The UN Secretary General has requested UN Member States to visit the conference web site (www.haiticonference.org) to manifest their intention to participate and indicate their financial pledges on the site.

The Government is expected to use the occasion of the conference to present its vision for the future of Haiti, including how international support can assist in meeting the challenges following the 12 January earthquake. The European Union plans to respond to this vision with a common EU strategy and a joint package of support that will be announced at the conference. The European Commission and Member States are continuing to work towards the elaboration of a comprehensive plan to aid Haiti's reconstruction, including by defining a single European figure for assistance.

EU High Representative Catherine Ashton and EU Commissioner for International Cooperation, Humanitarian aid and Crisis Response, Kristalina Georgieva visited Haiti on 2-3 March, where they met with Haitian President René Préval and Prime Minister Jean-Max Bellerive to discuss the country's needs and inform the EU's response. As part of the run up to the New York event, the European Commission this week invited around 50 NGOs to a stakeholder outreach conference in Brussels on 23 March, which is expected to inform the Donor's Conference in New York. A representative from the European NGO's will attend the New York donors' conference. The European Commission is making available more than €200 million from the 10th EDF fund for Haiti to support its medium term rehabilitation and long term development. This will be in addition to individual contributions from EU Member States' budgets.

For more information and to download relevant documents please consult the ”Humanitarian Crisis in Haiti” page on Vice President Ashton’s website

http://ec.europa.eu/commission_barroso/ashton/haiti/index_en.htm

The European Commission's Joint Research Centre funded by the Instrument for Stability provides maps and analysis at

http://lunar.jrc.it/disasters/Crisis/HaitiEarthquake/tabid/425/Default.aspx

1 :

Source: UN OCHA Situation Report no. 25 of 1 March quoting the Government's Direction for Civil Protection(DPC)

2 :

Source : UN OCHA Situation Report no. 20 of 11 February

3 :

Source : DG ECHO Situation Report n. 15 of 4 March

4 :

Source: EU SITCEN/Consular Unit, Member States Consular Authorities

5 :

EU citizens on consular lists of EU Member States' Embassies. This number also includes Haitians with dual citizenship.

6 :

http://ocha.unog.ch/fts/reports/daily/ocha_R3sum_A893___1002170204.pdf

7 :

European Commission’s Monitoring and Information Center (MIC)

8 :

The number of experts is a minimum estimate due to partial information on the exact size of USAR and medical teams provided by Member States. The number of experts does not take into account for example, various other types of experts deployed in Haiti, e.g. logistics and communication experts, coordination and support teams,, etc.

Due to difficulties finding a transport solution for the Cypriot assistance, the country's offer was not retained.

9 :

Documents from this meeting are available from the following web page : http://www.haitisantodomingo2010.org/hsd2010/content/documents

10 :

Damage were estimated as the cost of replacing partly or totally destroyed physical assets, built to the same standards as those prevailing before the disaster;

Losses were estimated based on economic flows resulting from the temporary lack of damaged assets;

Based on the damage and losses, the impact of the disaster on economic performance, employment and poverty was assessed;

Needs took into account the rehabilitation, reconstruction, and transformation of the Haitian State.


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