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MEMO/09/355

Brussels, 30 July 2009

Erasmus programme: new figures on participation

The European Commission has today published new figures on the participation of students, teachers and other staff in higher education in the EU’s Erasmus programme. In the academic year 2007/2008, Erasmus enabled more than 182 000 European students and 32 000 academics and other staff members to go abroad for studies, placements, teaching or training. This memo contains detailed statistics including breakdowns by country.

1. Erasmus student mobility

1.1 Studies

Erasmus enables students at higher education institutions to spend an integrated period of study of between 3 months and 12 months in another participating country.

162 695 Erasmus students studied abroad in one of the 31 participating countries in the academic year 2007/2008. This represents an annual increase of 2.1 % compared to 3.2 % in the previous year.

Negative growth was recorded in 10 countries: Germany, France, Belgium, Greece, Sweden, Romania, Norway, Finland, Malta, and Liechtenstein. For the last five countries, the decrease was between 10 % and 15 %.

Germany continued to be the biggest sender with 23 553 Erasmus students, followed by Spain (23 107), France (22 556) and Italy (17 562). Spain remained the most popular destination for students, receiving 27 831 Erasmus students over the year, with France in second place (20 503), followed by Germany (17 801) and the United Kingdom (15 975).

Social sciences, business studies and law was the most popular group of subject areas for Erasmus students, followed by humanities and arts in second and engineering, manufacturing and construction in third place. The average duration of an Erasmus student mobility period was 6.5 months. 62 % of the Erasmus students studying abroad were female.

Efforts to increase the average grant that students get from the Erasmus budget have taken the European average monthly grant to € 242 in 2007/2008, an increase of 26 % on the previous year.

1.2 Placements

Erasmus also enables students at higher education institutions to spend a placement period of between 3 months (or at least two weeks for students in short-cycle higher vocational education) and 12 months in an enterprise or organisation in another participating country.

Supported until 2007 through the EU’s Leonardo da Vinci programme for vocational education and training, enterprise placements for students experienced strong growth after their transfer to Erasmus. 20 002 student placements in 2007/2008, compared to approximately 14 400 placements in the previous year, represents a strong 38.9 % increase.

With 3 389 Erasmus student trainees at placements France was the biggest sender, followed by the UK (2 755) and Germany (2 733). As in study mobility, Spain was the most popular destination for Erasmus student trainees, receiving 3 298 over the year, with the UK in second place (3 145), followed by Germany (3 021).

The most popular sector for Erasmus student trainees was the professional, scientific and technical sector, followed by the education sector.

The average duration of an Erasmus placement mobility period was 4.3 months. 62 % of the Erasmus students doing a placement abroad were female. The European average monthly grant amounted to € 409 in 2007/2008.

1.3 Erasmus Intensive Language Courses

The Erasmus Intensive Language Courses (EILC) are specialised courses in the EU’s less widely used and less taught languages helping Erasmus students prepare for their studies or placements abroad. They are organised in the countries where these languages are used as teaching languages at higher education institutions. EILCs are not organised for the most widely taught languages English, German, French and Spanish (Castilian).

In 2007/2008, 303 such courses were organised in 23 countries for a total of 4   894 students (4% increase on 2006/2007). The countries most in demand were Italy, Portugal and Belgium (the Flemish Community).

1.4 Overall student mobility

Despite continued growth in student and teacher mobility in recent years the rate of growth has slowed. In order to reach the EU target of 3 million students by 2012, an annual increase of about 8 % would be needed.

2. Erasmus staff mobility

2.1 Teaching assignments

Erasmus enables staff from higher education institutions and enterprises to spend a teaching period of between 1 day – or at least 5 teaching hours – and 6 weeks at a higher education institution in another participating country.

The number of teachers that benefited from mobility through Erasmus has been steadily increasing in recent years. In the academic year 2007/08, 27 157 teachers participated in Erasmus exchanges, a 5.4 % increase compared to the previous year. 23 countries experienced an increase. Since the start of Erasmus teacher mobility in 1997/98, 193  183 teaching assignments took place abroad.

Germany (2 681) , Spain (2 653) and Poland (2 462) sent the highest number of teachers and Germany (2 927) , Italy (2 560) and Spain (2 510) were the largest recipients of Erasmus teachers. Most countries experienced an increase in outgoing teacher mobility, which was highest in Bulgaria, followed by Poland and Latvia.

Erasmus teachers were most mobile in subject areas such as social sciences, business and law; humanities and arts; and engineering, manufacturing and construction.

2.2 Staff training

Erasmus enables both teachers and other staff of higher education institutions to spend a period of training between 1 week (5 working days) and 6 weeks in an enterprise or organisation such as a higher education institution in another participating country.

This new opportunity of staff mobility for training abroad was taken up by 4 883 participants in 2007/2008. Both academic staff and non-academic staff from central administration and support services participated in it. In 2007/08 52 staff members from enterprises could also go to higher education institutions abroad for training.

Poland (652), Latvia (443) and Finland (435) sent the highest number of staff and the UK (615), Germany (555) and Spain (480) were the biggest recipients of Erasmus staff.

3. Erasmus Intensive Programmes

An Intensive Programme (IP) is a short programme of study (10 continuous full days to 6 weeks of subject related work) which brings together students and teaching staff from higher education institutions of at least three participating countries.

Newly managed by national agencies, in 2007/08 255 Erasmus Intensive Programmes were organised. 8 932 students and 2 725 teachers took part.

The main subject areas covered were social sciences, business and law; and engineering, manufacturing and construction.

The average duration of these short programmes was 12 days.

ANNEXES:

Annex 1: Outgoing Erasmus students from 1987/1988 to 2007/2008

Annex 2: Outgoing and incoming Erasmus student mobility for studies and placements combined in 2007/2008

More detailed information on the Erasmus website , including statistics on "Outgoing and incoming Erasmus student mobility for studies in 2007/2008" and "Outgoing and incoming Erasmus student mobility for placements in 2007/2008"

Annex 3: Outgoing and incoming Erasmus staff mobility for teaching assignments and staff training combined in 2007/2008

More detailed information on the Erasmus website , including statistics on "Outgoing and incoming Erasmus staff mobility for teaching assignments in 2007/2008" and "Outgoing and incoming Erasmus staff mobility for staff training in 2007/2008"

Annex 4: Outgoing Erasmus students as a share of student population in 2007/2008 by country

Annex 1: Outgoing Erasmus students from 1987/1988 to 2007/2008

Figures and graphics available in PDF and WORD PROCESSED


* EUI: European University Institute in Florence, Italy. From 2007/08 mobility from EUI is included in the figures for Italy.

** From 1996/97 mobility from and to Switzerland is not included in the Erasmus figures.

Annex 2: Outgoing and incoming Erasmus student mobility for studies and placements combined in 2007/2008

Figures and graphics available in PDF and WORD PROCESSED


More detailed information on the Erasmus website, including statistics on "Outgoing and incoming Erasmus student mobility for studies in 2007/2008" and "Outgoing and incoming Erasmus student mobility for placements in 2007/2008": http://ec.europa.eu/education/erasmus/doc920_en.htm

Annex 3: Outgoing and incoming Erasmus staff mobility for teaching assignments and staff training combined in 2007/2008

Figures and graphics available in PDF and WORD PROCESSED


More detailed information on the Erasmus website, including statistics on "Outgoing and incoming Erasmus staff mobility for teaching assignments in 2007/2008" and "Outgoing and incoming Erasmus staff mobility for staff training in 2007/2008": http://ec.europa.eu/education/erasmus/doc920_en.htm

Annex 4: Outgoing Erasmus students as a share of student population in 2007/2008 by country

Figures and graphics available in PDF and WORD PROCESSED



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