Other available languages: ES
Brussels, 26th June 2008
Rural development plans in Spain: National rural network (Programa de la Red Rural Nacional 2007-2013)
Country profile for Spain
Size: 504 411 km²
Population: 44, 5 millions inhabitants (density: 88 inhabitants/ km²)
GDP per capita: 19 480 € (average years 2000-2002)
Rural areas cover 91.3 % of the Spanish territory and about 20% of the population live in these areas. The Spanish situation is characterized by important territorial discrepancies, mainly between the interior and the coastal areas.
Globally speaking, about 50 % of the total surface area of Spain is utilised as agricultural land (25.2 million ha), 75% of which are classified as LFA, whilst 10.47 million ha are covered by forests. Around 15% of agricultural land is irrigated consuming about 75% of the total Spanish water consumption.
Stopping rural depopulation is the biggest challenge for Spain, given that a large area of the territory suffers from problems of depopulation, mainly due to poor living conditions resulting from topography, climate or scarcity of water, among other causes. The primary sector (agriculture, hunting and forestry) constitutes the main source for maintaining population and employment in the rural areas.
Chosen strategy corresponding to the profile
Due to its structure, Spain implements the rural development policy through rural development programmes (RDP) established basically at regional level by the Autonomous Communities. In this respect, 17 regional and 2 horizontal programs (the National Framework and the Rural Network drafted at national level) have been elaborated. The National Framework Programme, which doesn't dispose of a budget, was adopted by the Commission on the 28th November 2007.
Spain will implement the national network ("Red Rural Nacional") through a network programme at national level. The work of the national network will address the whole rural Spanish territory.
The action plan of the Spanish network programme referred to in article 68 (2) b) of Regulation (EC) 1698/2005 will include the following:
Financial table for the whole programming period (EUR current prices)