European Neighbourhood Policy – THE OCCUPIED PALESTINIAN TERRITORY
European Commission - MEMO/08/213 03/04/2008
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Brussels, 3 April 2008
EU–Palestinian Authority relations: basic facts
The Interim Association Agreement on Trade and Cooperation with the Palestinian Liberation Organisation on behalf of the Palestinian Authority (PA) is in force since 1997. The ENP Action Plan was adopted in May 2005.
Major developments in 2007
The political situation in the occupied Palestinian territory during 2006 and the first half of 2007 did not allow progress in the bilateral co-operation with the Palestinian Authority within the European Neighbourhood Policy.
The EU is now ready to re-launch the implementation of the EU-PA Action Plan. A Joint Committee meeting with the Palestinian Authority is scheduled for Spring 2008.
Efforts by the Government of Prime Minister Fayyad in areas like the security sector, fiscal redress, and governance are noticeable. Palestinian police has enhanced security in Nablus. The Ministry of Finance has taken bold steps to restore the functioning of public finances.
The European Commission commended the PA Government’s efforts to produce the Palestinian Reform and Development Plan 2008-2010, which sets out the vision of the future Palestinian state.
The EU supports reforms in the occupied Palestinian territory by
Assistance to the Palestinians
The European Commission is the lead donor to the Palestinians. Its assistance has increased to €550 million in 2007 from €340 million in 2006 and €270 million in 2005. This was linked to higher emergency and humanitarian needs due to the deterioration of the political and economic situation, especially in the Gaza Strip.
The EU assistance (European Commission + Member States cumulated) has increased from €500 million in 2005, to €688 million in 2006 and to around €1 billion in 2007.
In December 2007, the Commission co-chaired the Paris donors’ conference for the Palestinians and pledged €440 million for 2008. This includes substantial support for the Palestinian Reform and Development Plan 2008-2010, support to UNRWA for Palestine refugees, as well as humanitarian and food aid. EU Member Stated pledged €664 million for 2008.
The Communication from the Commission to the Parliament and the Council Implementation of the European Neighbourhood Policy in 2007 (3 April 2008) and a report on the occupied Palestinian territory are available at
More on occupied Palestinian territory and ENP