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Brussels, 3 April 2008
EU–Jordan relations: basic facts
The EU-Jordan Association Agreement entered into force in 2002 and aims to create a free trade area between the EU and Jordan over 12 years and to help increase economic growth and business.
The Action Plan was adopted in June 2005. Several sub-committee meetings have been activated to monitor implementation of the action plan for the different sectors. Jordan was the first ENP partner to establish a sub-committee on human rights and governance.
Major developments in 2007 and overall assessment
Jordan is an active and constructive partner in the ENP, showing a strong commitment to a wide range of social and economic reforms and taking steps towards political reform.
In 2007 Jordan has taken measures to enhance women’s participation in public life. The new Municipality Law reserves 20% of municipal council seats for women. The new Prime Minister has appointed four women in his cabinet and the first woman was appointed Chief of Court.
Jordan is reforming its education sector to improve universal and equal education for all segments of society, including in rural areas. In August 2007 Jordan decided to open the doors of its public schools to all Iraqi children in the country, regardless of their residency status.
Jordan and the EU considerably enhanced energy cooperation including through the signature, in October 2007, of a Joint Declaration. In December 2007 Jordan adopted an energy master plan for the period until 2020. It decided to put greater emphasis on the use of renewable energy sources and expressed the wish to develop peaceful uses of nuclear energy.
Significant progress was made in public finance management, improvement of the business environment and financial sector reforms. Several banking supervision regulations and instructions were adopted during 2007. Jordan decreased the time to start a business and the number of business start-up procedures. These efforts should be complemented with the adoption of a coherent legal framework for investment and taxation to attract more foreign investment.
On reform of the public sector, some Ministries, such as the Ministry of Environment have proceeded with successful internal reforms. Those initiatives could serve as inspiration for a clear effort across the public sector as a whole.
The EU is supporting reforms in Jordan by
Assistance to Jordan
In 2007, €62 million in Community assistance was allocated to Jordan (€15 million devoted to private sector development; €42.5 million to public finance reform; and €4.5 million for a de-mining programme).
The overall allocation for 2007-2010 is €265 million, under the European Neighbourhood Policy Instrument.
The Communication from the Commission to the Parliament and the Council Implementation of the European Neighbourhood Policy in 2007 (3 April 2008) and a country report on Jordan are available at
More on Jordan and ENP