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MEMO/07/368

Brussels, 20 Septembre 2007

Plans de développement rural: 3 régions en Italie

Le profil d´Italie

  • Population: 58,7 Million
  • PIB/habitant: 110% (EU 25)
  • Régions convergence: 74%
  • Régions compétitivité: 124%
  • Taux d’emploi: 57,6 % (EU 25: 63,1%)
  • Taux de chômage: 8%
  • Territoire: 30,1 Millions ha
  • Superficie agricole utilisée (SAU): 13,2 Millions ha
  • Superficie forestière: 10,7 Millions ha
  • Zones défavorisées/montagne: 61% du territoire
  • Zones Natura 2000: 4,3 Millions ha (14,4% du territoire)

Définition des zones rurales: adaptation de la méthode OCDE

  • Superficie zones rurales B, C, D[1] = 92% du territoire ; 93% SAU
  • Population: 57% ; Densité (hab/km²): 54 zones D; 143 zones C; 210 zones B.
  • Revenu par habitant (IT=100): 88% (zones C et D)
  • Chômage: 12% (zones C et D); Convergence 20%
  • Agriculteurs exerçant une autre activité: 26,5%
  • Travailleurs indépendants: 24%
  • Formation continue dans lez zones rurales: 6,3% (9% EU 25)
  • Les zones rurales C et D sont caractérisées par:
  • Infrastructures (y compris touristiques) et services à la population insuffisants
  • Vieillissement des actifs en agriculture, abandon des terres
  • Richesse du paysage et du patrimoine environnemental, culturel et historique
  • Insuffisante diffusion d’internet
  • Population Leader + concentrée dans les zones C et D

La stratégie choisie

Sur base des besoins identifiés et des stratégies de Lisbonne et Göteborg, le Plan Stratégique National individu 3 objectifs stratégiques:

  • Amélioration de la compétitivité du secteur agricole et forestier
  • Amélioration de l’environnement et de l’espace rural
  • Qualité de la vie dans les zones rurales et diversification de l’économie rurale.

Contribution totale UE

Pour l'Italie, la contribution totale du Fonds européen agricole pour le développement rural (FEADER) pour la période 2007-2013 est 8.292 millions d'€

Region: Veneto

Region profile

Veneto in located in the northern part of Italy; it stretches from the Alps to the Adriatic see having a coastal strip of about 150 Km in length. The regional territory occupies 18.399 Km² (6% of Italian territory).

Population is of 5.287.700 inhabitants. The territory is 56% low-laying, 15% hilly and 29% mountainous. 95% of the territory is "rural" according to the classification proposed in the NSP (B+C+D areas).The Po Valley, which is located there is one of the most intensively farmed area.

Nearly 52% of the regional territory is dedicated to agriculture.

Regional farms are more than 147.880 and employ approx. 80.400 people.

The regional food industry pays an important role in the national context. In Veneto, there are more than 6.600 food industries, which employ 49.300. The main sectors are dairy, meat processing, pasta making. Forestry is important in mountains, and is some area of the Po valley (poplar production).

Water quality is an issue. Intensive agriculture is one of the main causes of water pollution. 45% of the regional surface is designated as Nitrates Vulnerable Zones.

Budget overall and share of EU funding:

A financial aid of € 914.7 million of which € 402.5 million is EU financed has been allocated to the Rural Development Programme for the Italian region of Veneto in the period 2007- 2013

 Axis
Total spending
EAFRD contribution rate (%)
EAFRD amount
(€ Million)
Share %
Axis 1
403.053.239
44
177.343.425
44
Axis 2
337.780.261
44
148.623.315
36.9
Axis 3
45.787.000
44
20.146.280
5
LEADER
100.614.250
44
44.270.270
11
TA*
27.440.250
44
12.073.710
3
Total
914.675.000
44
402.457.000
100

* TA stands for technical assistance for the implementation of the programmes

Overall aim of RD programme in the region

To improve:

  • Competitiveness of agriculture through modernisation, innovation and better distribution of the added value through the main actors in the production chain existing in the region.
  • Environment/ landscape through the protection of the environment from negative impact deriving from agricultural practices by using a wide range of agri-environmental measures
  • Wider rural economy through supporting diversification into non-agricultural activities and the creation and development of (micro) enterprises, supporting integrated and multi functional development of agriculture in disadvantaged rural areas.

Axis 1: budget allocation and main priorities:

Budget: € 403.05 million - EAFRD contribution: € 177.34 million

Within axis 1, the repartition of resources gives the highest rate to physical capital (64% share) followed by human capital resources (23.8% share) and quality (12.2% share). In the analysis physical capital (investments) needs have been single out. Therefore it seems justified that "modernisation of holdings" and "adding value to agriculture and forestry products" would absorb 57.7% of the total.

In the analysis rejuvenation needs are explicitly indicated giving reasons for robust support to "setting up of young farmers "within human capital.

Quality is also seen import with a share of 12.2% for financing actions for better quality and increased value added to agricultural products.

Axis 2: budget allocation and main priorities:

Budget: € 337.78 million - EAFRD contribution: €148.62 million.

Within axis 2, the repartition of resources gives the highest rate to environmental actions on agricultural land (88.2% share) followed by environmental actions on forestry land (11.8% share).

The high consideration given in the analysis to the environmental concerns related to various issues asks for strong support on "agro-environmental measures" fixed at 53.7% followed by "payments on natural handicaps measure" fixed at 24.0% in environmental actions on agricultural land section.

"First afforestation of agricultural land" deserves the 5.8% share under environmental actions on forestry land section in order to satisfy the needs for increasing forests extension and to encourage an alternative use of agricultural land, as highlighted in the analysis.

Axis 3 budget allocation and main priorities:

Budget: € 45.78 million - EAFRD contribution: € 20.14 million

Within axis 3, the repartition of resources gives the highest rate to economic development (62.1.% share) followed by quality of life (12.2% share) and human capital (5.2%)

The "diversification and creation of employment measures" in rural areas are absorbing the total of the budget (62.1%) under economic development section. "Basic services" measure to provide basic services in disadvantaged rural areas shares the 15.2% of the budget.

Leader budget allocation:

Budget: € 100.61 million - EAFRD contribution: € 44.27 million

Within axis 4, 64.9% of the total goes to local strategy for improving quality of life.

Region: Lombardia

Region profile

Lombardia has a population of 9.400.000 inhabitants and a surface of 23.858 km2. Nearly 50% of the regional territory is low lying, more than 40% is mountainous and the rest is hilly.

Rural areas cover 82% of the territory and are inhabited by 35% of the population.

Nearly 57% of the regional territory is dedicated to agriculture.

Regional farms are more than 61.000 and employ approx. 81.000 people. The food industries are more than 8.200 and employ 71.300 people. Forestry is important in mountains, and is some area of the Po valley (poplar production).

Water quality is a major issue, as intensive agriculture is one of the main causes of water pollution. 56% of the regional surface is designated as Nitrates Vulnerable Zones.

Budget overall and share of EU funding:

A financial aid of € 899.8 million of which € 395.9 million is EU financed has been allocated to the Rural Development Programme for the Italian region of Lombardia in the period 2007- 2013.

 Axis
Total spending
EAFRD contribution rate (%)
EAFRD amount
Share %
Axis 1
291.656.542
42.80
124.829.000
32
Axis 2
464.716.480
44.00
204.475.251
52
Axis 3
80.516.854
44.50
35.830.000
9
LEADER
35.995.364
55.00
19.797.450
5
TA
26.871.461
41.00
11.017.299
3
Total
899.756.700
44.01
395.949.000
100

Overall aim of RD programme in region

The overall objective of the programme is to accompany the regional agricultural system towards a new model of agriculture. The main aims are:

  • To help the farmers in adjusting and adapting their holdings to the new market conditions, and will support the introduction of innovation and the improvement of the agri-food business integration.
  • To promote the sustainable development of the agricultural and forestry sector, the protection of the biodiversity, the improvement of the countryside and the production of biomasses
  • To keep the population in the rural and less favoured areas, improving the quality of life and encouraging the diversification of rural economy.

Axis 1: budget allocation and main priorities:

Budget: € 291.7 Million - EAFRD contribution: € 124.8 Million.

The support for the improvement of the competitiveness of agricultural and forestry sector will have the following priorities:

  • Valorisation of young farmers
  • Improvement of entrepreneurial capability and human capital
  • Development of infrastructures to promote the competitiveness of farms in mountain areas
  • Adjustment of irrigation infrastructures, for water saving
  • Innovation of product/process and production reconversion
  • Better integration between agricultural and food sector
  • Diffusion of quality products and processes
  • Valorisation of regional quality products.

The measures of axis 1 will focus on promoting innovation and restructuring and developing physical capital (84% of the axis). The improvement of human potential will be also relevant (14%), while the improvement of quality, though strategic, will concentrate on few products (2%)

Axis 2: budget allocation and main priorities:

Budget: € 464.7 Million - EAFRD contribution: € 204.5 Million.

The support to the improvement of the environment and the countryside will have the following priorities:

  • To support and preserve agriculture in mountain areas
  • To realise "green territorial systems" in lowlands, with the aim to improve the purification of water, to create ecological corridors and to preserve and improve the environment and the countryside
  • To promote low impact agricultural practises
  • To promote biomass production in lowlands.

The measures supporting the sustainable use of agricultural land will be very important (72% of the axis). Agri-environment, in particular, will have almost 50% of the financial resources of axis 2 (more than 25% of the entire programme). The measures for the sustainable use of forestry land will also be relevant (28%)

Axis 3: budget allocation and main priorities:

Budget: € 80.5 Million - EAFRD contribution: € 35.8 Million.

The support to quality of life in rural areas and diversification of rural economy will have the following priorities:

  • To develop rural tourism and small enterprises
  • To support integrated and multi-functional development of agriculture in rural and less favoured areas.
  • To promote renewable energy production
  • To develop the services for the rural economy and population.

The measures to diversify the rural economy will use 76% of the resources, while the measures for the improvement of quality of life will be less relevant (22%). 2% of the resources will be used for training and information.

Leader budget allocation:

Budget: € 36 Million - EAFRD contribution: € 19.8 Million.

Within axis 4 (LEADER), 37% of the resources will contribute to the objective of improving quality of life in rural areas and of promoting the diversification of rural economy.

Region: Tuscany

Region profile

Tuscany has a population of 3.601.448 inhabitants and a surface of 22.939 km². Urban areas cover only 4.6 % of the territory of Tuscany, all the rest is agro-forestry land in mountain (22,6%) or hilly areas.

Rural areas cover 56 % of the territory and are inhabited by 15 % of the population.

Nearly 45 % of the regional territory is dedicated to agriculture used land, forests cover 43% of the total surface.

There are more than 139.000 regional farms in this area which employ approx. 50.000 people.

The GNP per capita (121% of the EU-25 average) is above the Italian average (110%), the unemployment rate is 5.20%.

As everywhere in Italy the agricultural sector has drastically diminished over the last 40 years (- 40 % of farms, -26 % of cultivated land)

The most important agricultural sector of the region are viticulture, covering 8.3 % of the Italian vineyards (62.074 ha) represented by 42.300 farms with a production value which reaches 10.8% of the national wine production value.

Olive cultivation and olive oil production involves 85.000 ha and 50.000 farms also has quite a big importance.

The share of crops, beef production and milk is shrinking. Flower and sugar production is in crisis.

More than 60% of the soil is at the risk of erosion in the area.

The main criticism of the agriculture in Tuscany is the limited qualification of the workers, the high amount of manual work required, the ageing of farmers and the reduction of permanent employment in favour of part time.

Communication infrastructure is weak as well.

Budget overall and share of EU funding:

A financial aid of € 839.1 million of which € 369.2 million is EU financed has been allocated to the Rural Development Programme for the Italian region of Toscana in the period 2007- 2013

 Axis
Total spending
EAFRD contribution rate (%)
EAFRD amount
Share %
Axis 1
323.058.750
44,00%
142.145.850
38,5
Axis 2
335.645.455
44,00%
147.684.000
40
Axis 3
88.106.818
44,00%
38.767.000
10,5
LEADER
83.911.478
44,00%
36.921.050
10
TA
8.391.136
44,00%
3.692.100
1
Total
839.113.637
44,00%
369.210.000
100

Overall aim of RD programme in region

The rural development programme aims at improving the competitiveness of agriculture and forestry by supporting restructuring, development and innovation; improving the environment and the countryside by supporting land management; improving the quality of life in rural areas and encouraging diversification of economic activity.

Axis 1: budget allocation and main priorities:

Budget: € 323 million - EAFRD contribution: € 142.1 million.

The support to the improvement of the competitiveness of agricultural and forestry sector has the following priorities:

  • the consolidation and development of the farms in the regions regarding the markets through increasing competitiveness, promoting innovation and reinforcing the productive lines of agriculture and forestry– to reinforce the productive branches of agriculture and forestry
  • consolidation and development of the quality of agricultural and forestry products. .
  • To improve the entrepreneurial and professional capacities of agricultural and forestry employees and to support the age-gap via age renewal (rejuvenation) in the farming sector and the sharing of information in order to gain better professional qualification.

Axis 2: budget allocation and main priorities:

Budget: € 335.6 million - EAFRD contribution: € 147.6 million.

  • Conservation of biodiversity and the and protection of wild cultivated and breed species
  • The safeguard of superficial and profound water resources by promoting the economising of water and reducing water pollution
  • Reduction of the green gas effect by promote energy saving and renewable energies including cogeneration (production of energy and heat) from biomasses, contributing to fight climate change.
  • Protection of landscape by .conservation and improvement of the countryside and reduction of soil erosion.

Axis 3: budget allocation and main priorities:

Budget: € 88.1 million - EAFRD contribution: € 38.7 million.

  • strengthen support for rural population to make the rural area more attractive for businesses and population
  • maintain and create new employment and income possibilities in rural areas.

20% of the rural development programme are dedicated to axis 3 (including Leader, without Leader: 10.5).The principal component of this axis is the measure addressing diversification (52% of the axis ). The other measures of the axis are going to be realised only under LEADER

Leader budget allocation:

Budget: € 83.9 million - EAFRD contribution: € 36.9 million.

The identified objectives of LEADER which covers 10 % of the programme are the

  • Strengthening of local management and planning capacity
  • Giving more value to endogen resources of this territory

[1] Le Plan Stratégique National a classifié le territoire italien en 4 catégories: zones A (Pôles urbaines), zones B (zones rurales avec agriculture intensive spécialisée), zones C (zones rurales intermédiaires) et zones D (zones rurales avec problèmes globaux de développement)


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