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MEMO/07/213

Brussels, 31 May 2007

Bathing Water: Overview of the situation in Member States

The EU Bathing Water Directive[1] lays down two sets of bathing water quality standards: minimum imperative values, with which compliance is mandatory, and stricter guide values, with which compliance is desirable but not obligatory. Member States are required to monitor the water quality in their designated bathing areas through regular sampling during the season and to report the results to the European Commission.

In the 2006 bathing season the average compliance rate with the mandatory values was 96.1% for coastal bathing areas (96.1% in 2005) and 88.6% for inland freshwater sites (85.7% in 2005).

Compliance with the guide values averaged 88.4% for coastal sites (89.1% in 2005) and 63.8% for inland freshwater areas (63.1% in 2005).

Average compliance with mandatory values in 2006 for the EU-15 was 96.2% for coastal areas (13,975 sites) and 90.0% for freshwater areas (5,684 sites). Compliance rates in the EU-10 Member States averaged 94.9% for coastal waters and 81.2% for freshwater areas.

The following summary provides an overview of the situation in individual Member States for the 2006 season.

TOTAL
Number of bathing areas
CI
Number of bathing areas complying with mandatory (imperative) values
CG
Number of bathing areas complying with guide values
NC
Number of bathing areas which do not comply with mandatory (imperative) values
NF
Number of bathing areas insufficiently sampled
NS
Number of bathing areas not sampled or for which no data are available
B
Number of bathing areas where bathing was prohibited throughout the bathing season
DL
Number of bathing areas removed from the list during this bathing season

Austria

For all bathing areas in Austria the 2006 bathing season opened on 15 June and closed on 31 August.

Austria reported on 268 freshwater (inland) bathing sites in 2006. Austria has no coast and all its bathing areas are in freshwater zones.

Compliance with mandatory values decreased from 97% to 99.3%, or by 6 sites to a total of 266. Compliance with guide values dropped slightly from 81.7% to 77.2% or 207 bathing sites, 12 fewer than in 2005.

No bathing areas were insufficiently sampled during the 2006 bathing season and all bathing areas were open.

Monitoring results on bathing water quality are made public through the media (primarily the local press and occasionally local radio stations) and are also published on-line by the federal and provincial governments.

Monitoring results for Austria

Austria
Year
Total
CI
CG
NC
B
DL
Fresh-water Zones
2005
268
260
219
8
0
0
2006
268
266
207
2
0
5

Belgium

The bathing season lasted from March-April to end September.

Belgium monitored 115 bathing areas in 2006, 40 in coastal areas and 75 in freshwater areas.

In coastal areas compliance with mandatory values remained at 95.0%. Compliance with the more stringent guide values increased by 5 percentage points from 17.5% in 2005 to 22.5% in 2006. All coastal bathing areas were open for bathing during the 2006 season.

In freshwater areas compliance with mandatory values decreased slightly from 84.9% in 2005 to 84.0% in 2006. Bathing was prohibited in 8 freshwater areas, three more than 2005.

In Flanders information on the quality of bathing water is posted on lifeguard highchairs by means of coloured smiley faces (smiling, neutral or sad). Such a system provides an easy way for children to learn about the quality of the bathing water. Leaflets in various languages on the monitoring of bathing water quality are available on the beach itself. The measurement results are also available on-line at www.vmm.be In Wallonia, a website was launched in 2006 (http://aquabact.environnement.wallonie.be/login.do) providing information on the quality of the region's 35 bathing water areas.

Monitoring results for Belgium (selected years)

Belgium
Year
Total
CI
CG
NC
B
DL
Coastal Zones
2005
40
38
7
2
0
0
 
2006
40
38
9
2
0
0
Fresch-water
2005
73
62
35
6
5
0
Zones
2006
75
63
33
4
8
0

Cyprus

The bathing season in Cyprus opened on 15 May and closed on 31 October.

Since Cyprus has no freshwater bathing areas all 100 bathing areas monitored were coastal. No new bathing sites were reported since the start of reporting in 2004 when Cyprus joined the European Union.

During the 2006 bathing season all 100 sites were sufficiently sampled. Compliance in 2006 with mandatory values and the more stringent guide values stood at 99%, down from 100% in 2005. All bathing sites were opened.

All monitoring information of bathing sites is available to the public on registers held by the Department of Medical and Public Health Services and the Environment Service. The 2006 Annual Report on the quality of the bathing water in Cyprus was also available on-line.

Monitoring results for Cyprus

Cyprus
Year
Total
CI
CG
NC
B
DL
Coastal Zones
2005
100
100
100
0
0
0
2006
100
99
99
1
0
0

Czech Republic

Generally, the bathing season ranged from May to end of September.

As the Czech Republic has no coastal waters all of the 188 bathing areas monitored were freshwater bathing sites.

During the 2006 bathing season 148 out of 188 (78.7%) sampled bathing sites complied with mandatory values, corresponding to an increase of 11.1% in comparison to 2005. In 2006 compliance with the more stringent guide values increased by 10 percentage points (24 bathing sites) to 53.2% and the number of bathing areas not complying with mandatory values decreased by 8.5% (16 areas). The number of banned areas decreased slightly from 9.7% to 9.6%. Bathing areas insufficiently sampled decreased from 8.0% in 2005 to 2.1% in 2006 (14 to 4 bathing areas) and some 18 bathing sites were de-listed.

Information on bathing water quality in the Czech Republic is available on-line (http://www.szu.cz/chzp/koupani/ , http://www.mzcr.cz/)

and published by the media during the bathing season. A set of symbols are used to clearly communicate with the public on the quality of bathing sites.

Monitoring results for the Czech Republic

Czech Republic
Year
Total
CI
CG
NC
NF
NS
B
DL
Fresh-water
2005
176
119
76
25
14
1
17
0
zones
2006
188
148
100
16
4
2
18
18

Denmark

The bathing season opened on 1 June and closed on 1 September.

A total of 1,259 bathing areas were monitored during the 2006 bathing season, 1,147 in coastal areas and 112 in freshwater areas.

Compliance with mandatory values in coastal areas decreased from 96.9% in 2005 to 93.5% in 2006. Compliance with the guide values slipped from 90.8% in 2005 to 84.2% in 2006. Banned bathing areas remained the same at 0.7% or 8 sites while 67 bathing sites (5.8%) were non-compliant. Three coastal bathing sites were de-listed in 2006 (0.3% of total coastal bathing areas) and eight were banned (0.7%).

In freshwater areas compliance with mandatory values remained steady at 96.4% while compliance with guide values increased from 84.8% in 2005 to 90.2% in 2006. Bathing was banned in two freshwater areas in Denmark (1.8% of freshwater bathing areas).

Monitoring results for Denmark (selected years)

Denmark
Year
Total
CI
CG
NC
B
DL
Coastal Zones
2005
1146
1110
1040
27
8
5
 
2006
1147
1072
966
67
8
3
Fresh-water
2005
112
108
95
2
2
1
Zones
2006
112
108
101
2
2
0

Estonia

For most bathing areas the season began on 15 May and ended on 15 September.

Estonia monitored 72 bathing areas in 2006, 34 of which were coastal and 38 freshwater areas.

In coastal areas the rate of compliance with mandatory values and guide values improved substantially, by 14.7 percentage points from 76.5% in 2005 to 91.2% in 2006 and by 8.9% from 38.2% in 2005 to 47.1% in 2006 respectively. Coastal bathing areas not complying with mandatory values decreased from 8 to 3 (from 23.5% to 8.8%).

All freshwater bathing sites complied with the mandatory values and compliance with the guide values improved from 57.9 to 81.6%.

During the bathing season information on bathing water quality is posted on beach sites and the website of the Health Protection Inspectorate (http://www.tervisekaitse.ee/) and published by the media.

Monitoring results for Estonia

Estonia
Year
Total
CI
CG
NC
B
DL
Coastal Zones
2005
34
26
13
8
0
0
 
2006
34
31
16
3
0
0
Fresh -water
2005
38
38
22
0
0
0
zones
2006
38
38
31
0
0
0

Finland

The bathing season lasted from 1 June to 15 August except in Lapland where the bathing season opened on 15 June.

In 2006 Finland monitored 373 bathing areas, 99 in coastal areas and 274 in freshwater areas.

Bathing sites in coastal areas complying with mandatory values increased from 97% in 2005 to 99% in 2006. By contrast, the percentage of bathing areas complying with guide values decreased by 1 percentage point to 63.6%. Only one bathing site did not comply with mandatory values, or 1.0% of total coastal sites. All bathing areas were open and all monitored areas were sufficiently sampled. Finland removed 2 coastal sites from the official lists in 2006.

Bathing water quality in freshwater areas decreased somewhat. Freshwater bathing sites complying with mandatory values fell from 98.2% to 97.4% and compliance rates with guide values decreased from 72.9% in 2005 to 68.2% in 2006. Insufficiently sampled sites doubled to a total of four (1.5% of total freshwater sites) while non-compliance rates remained the same at three sites or 1.1%. In 2006 Finland removed 8 freshwater bathing sites from the official lists and the number of freshwater bathing areas monitored decreased from 378 in 1995 to 274 in the 2006. Bathing water quality results are displayed at public bathing sites.

Monitoring results for Finland

Finland
Year
Total
CI
CG
NC
NF
B
DL
Coastal Zones
2005
99
96
64
2
1
0
5
 
2006
99
98
63
1
0
0
2
Fresh -water
2005
280
275
204
3
2
0
6
zones
2006
274
267
187
3
4
0
8

France

On the French mainland the 2006 bathing season varied widely, but for most bathing areas the season began in June and ended in September. In freshwater areas the bathing season was generally concentrated in July and August.

France monitored a total of 3,212 bathing areas, 1,893 in coastal areas and 1,319 in freshwater areas.

In coastal areas bathing areas complying with mandatory values decreased minimally from 96.9% to 96.4%. Similarly, the number of bathing areas complying with the more stringent guide values fell slightly by 5 bathing areas from 79.2% in 2005 to 79.0% in 2006. Bathing areas not complying with mandatory values increased slightly by 0.5 percentage points. One coastal bathing site was insufficiently sampled and all coastal bathing areas were opened.

In freshwater areas 64 bathing sites were de-listed and 55 new bathing sites were added. Compliance with mandatory values decreased by 1.2 percentage points (25 sites) from 95.9% in 2005 to 94.7% in 2006. Compliance with guide values went down slightly from 62.7% to 60.9%. Bathing areas not complying with mandatory values increased from 4.2% to 5.2%. One freshwater area was insufficiently sampled and all freshwater bathing areas were open.

Monitoring results are available on-line for the current and previous bathing seasons (http://baignades.sante.gouv.fr).

Monitoring results for France

France
Year
Total
CI
CG
NC
NF
B
DL
Coastal Zones
2005
1894
1835
1500
59
0
0
8
 
2006
1893
1825
1495
67
1
0
12
Fresh -water
2005
1328
1274
832
54
0
0
114
zones
2006
1319
1249
803
69
1
0
64

Germany

The bathing season opened on 1 June and closed on 15 September.

A total of 1,915 bathing areas were monitored, 352 in coastal areas and 1,563 in freshwater areas.

The number of coastal bathing areas reported during the 2006 bathing season decreased by 36 sites. Compliance with mandatory values and guide values decreased from 99.0% to 97.7% and 91.5% to 88.6% respectively. Bathing areas not complying with mandatory values doubled from two to four as did banned sites. Some 50 coastal bathing areas were de-listed during the 2006 bathing season while 13 new sites were added.

In freshwater areas bathing areas complying with mandatory values decreased slightly from 93.9% in 2005 to 93.8% in 2006 and from 82.1% to 79.1% for guide values (7 and 38 sites respectively). Non-compliant areas increased by 1 percentage point from 3.5% to 4.5% (15 sites). Insufficiently sampled areas decreased from 0.3% to 0.1%. Bathing areas banned during the 2006 bathing season fell 0.6 percentage points from 34 to 25 sites. Some 16 bathing areas were de-listed and 19 new sites added to the list.

Information on bathing water quality is displayed at bathing sites and in tourist offices. During the bathing season the latest sampling results are released to the media.

Monitoring results for Germany

Germany
Year
Total
CI
CG
NC
NF
B
DL
Coastal Zones
2005
389
385
356
2
0
2
4
 
2006
352
344
312
4
0
4
50
Fresh -water
2005
1553
1459
1275
55
5
34
25
zones
2006
1563
1466
1237
70
2
25
16

Greece

The bathing season opened on 1 May to 1 June and closed on 31 October.

Greece monitored a total of 2,047 coastal bathing areas during the 2006 bathing season, 41 more than the previous year. The number of areas has been increasing steadily since 1992.

Nearly all coastal bathing areas complied with the mandatory values (99.7%) except for seven bathing sites. Compliance with the more stringent guide values decreased from 98.1 to 96.9%. Seven bathing sites (0.3%) were not sufficiently monitored and all areas were open for bathing.

The number of freshwater bathing areas increased by 2 in 2006 and 2 sites were de-listed. Compliance with mandatory rates decreased to 66.7% from 100.0% in 2005 as did guide values. This drop can be explained by 2 bathing sites that were insufficiently sampled.

In 2006 bathing water quality results were posted on-line at www.edpp.gr & http://iason.minenv.gr/akti/ . The public can also request to be informed of the water quality of bathing sites by phone or post.

Monitoring results for Greece

Greece
Year
Total
CI
CG
NC
NF
B
DL
Coastal Zones
2005
2006
2005
1967
1
0
0
1
 
2006
2047
2040
1983
0
7
0
3
Fresh-water
2005
4
4
4
0
0
0
0
zones
2006
6
4
4
0
2
0
0

Hungary

The 2006 bathing season started on 15 June and ended 20 August. Due to floods and heavy rains some bathing areas opened later than usual.

Hungary has no coastal areas.

In 2006 Hungary monitored 241 freshwater bathing areas. Compliance with mandatory values in 2006 increased by 43.2 percentage points from 39.4% to 82.6%. Some 57.7% of bathing areas complied with the more stringent guide values compared to 26.3% in 2005. The number of insufficiently sampled bathing areas in 2006 fell substantially from 143 to 28 (55.2% to 11.6%). Bathing areas non-compliant with the mandatory values increase by 2 to 13 (5.4% of bathing sites). Only one bathing site was banned in 2006 but 21 sites were taken off the official lists.

Monitoring results for Hungary

Hungary
Year
Total
CI
CG
NC
NF
NS
B
DL
Fresh-water
2005
259
102
68
11
143
1
2
0
zones
2006
241
199
139
13
28
0
1
21

Ireland

The 2006 bathing season lasted from 1 June to 31 August.

The number of bathing areas remained unchanged compared to the previous season. Some 122 coastal and 9 freshwater bathing areas were monitored in 2006, the same as the previous season. No bathing areas were added or de-listed.

Compliance with mandatory values by bathing sites in coastal areas from 95.9% to 96.7% but decreased from 91.8% to 91.0% for the guide values. Bathing areas not complying with mandatory values fell to 3.3% from 4.1% in 2005.

All freshwater bathing areas complied with mandatory values and 77.8% of sites with guide values. All bathing areas were open and were sufficiently sampled.

Water quality sampling results are posted at or near bathing areas sampled together with a map showing the location of the sampling points. Local sampling results are open the public. A national report on bathing water quality is published on-line at http://www.epa.ie/

Monitoring results for Ireland

Ireland
Year
Total
CI
CG
NC
B
DL
Coastal Zones
2005
122
117
112
5
0
0
 
2006
122
118
111
4
0
0
Fresh-water
2005
9
9
7
0
0
0
zones
2006
9
9
7
0
0
0

Italy

The bathing season opened on 15 May and closed on 30 September for all bathing areas.

Italy monitored a total of 5,705 bathing areas, 4,929 in coastal areas and 776 in freshwater areas.

In coastal areas compliance rates with mandatory values decreased slightly to 93.4% from 93.9% in 2005 and for the more stringent guide values compliance rates fell to 91.1% from 91.9%. This confirms the slight negative trend since 2002. The number of non-compliant bathing areas decreased by 2 to 22 (0.4% of total bathing areas). Some 31 bathing areas (0.6%) were not sufficiently sampled, 14 more than in the previous season. For 9 areas no data was available in 2006 (0.2%). The number of banned areas increased by 6 in 2006 to 262, or 5.3% of total coastal bathing sites.

In freshwater areas compliance with mandatory values in 2006 decreased to 61.5% from 64.8% in 2005. Compliance with guide values decreased from 53.7% to 52.6% and the number of bathing areas failing to comply with mandatory values due to poor water quality fell from 0.7% to 0.4%. Some 43 freshwater areas or 5.5% or all freshwater bathing sites were not sufficiently sampled or data was not available.

An annual report on bathing water quality is posted on the Ministry of Health website.

Monitoring results for Italy

Italy
Year
Total
CI
CG
NC
NF
NS
B
DL
Coastal Zones
2005
4918
4616
4521
24
17
5
256
60
 
2006
4929
4605
4491
22
31
9
262
11
Fresh-water
2005
766
496
411
5
1
12
252
30
zones
2006
776
477
408
3
2
43
251
3

Latvia

The bathing season started at the end of April and ended at the end of August.

Latvia reported on 275 bathing areas in 2006, 45 in coastal areas and 230 in freshwater areas. The 2006 season marks the second year Latvia has reported data on bathing water quality.

In coastal areas 95.6% of bathing areas complied with mandatory values and 77.8% with guide values. One site did not comply with mandatory values, one was banned, and one was de-listed.

In freshwater areas 89.6% of bathing areas complied with mandatory values and 70% with guide values. Some 17 bathing areas, or 7.4% of all freshwater areas, did not comply with mandatory values. Seven bathing areas were banned and 13 were de-listed.

Monitoring results for Latvia

Latvia
Year
Total
CI
CG
NC
NF
B
DL
Coastal
2005
42
37
21
1
4
0
0
zones
2006
45
43
35
1
0
1
1
Freshwater
2005
236
210
125
14
10
2
0
zones
2006
230
206
161
17
0
7
13

Lithuania

The bathing season opened on 1 June and closed on 15 September.

Lithuania reported on 74 bathing areas in 2006, 15 in coastal areas and 59 in freshwater areas. The 2006 season marks the third year Lithuania has reported data.

In coastal areas all bathing areas complied with mandatory values and 66.7% (up from 53.3% in 2005) complied with the more stringent guide values. No coastal bathing areas were de-listed in 2006.

In freshwater areas 58 out of 59 bathing areas (98.3%) complied with mandatory values and 27 complied with the more stringent guide values, or 45.8% up from 39.3% the previous bathing season. One bathing area (1.7%) was insufficiently sampled and no sites were banned or de-listed.

Information on bathing water quality is available at each bathing area, on the Internet, the radio, the local press and television.

Monitoring results for Lithuania

Lithuania
Year
Total
CI
CG
NF
B
DL
Coastal zones
2005
15
15
8
0
0
0
 
2006
15
15
10
0
0
0
Fresh-water
2005
56
55
22
1
0
2
zones
2006
59
58
27
1
0
0

Luxembourg

The bathing season started on 15 May and ended on 31 August.

Luxembourg has no coastal waters. Since it began reporting in 1991 Luxembourg has never added or de-listed any bathing area.

Of the 20 freshwater bathing areas sampled only 35% (down from 65% in 2005) complied with mandatory values and 20% (down from 35%) with guide values. This is a significant drop from the rates achieved during the 2002 bathing season, 85% and 55% respectively. During the 2006 bathing season three sites (15%) were banned and six (30%) were insufficiently sampled. Bathing water quality in Luxembourg has shown no sign of improvement for a number of years.

A report on bathing water quality is published every year and appropriate information is provided to the press and posted in the vicinity of bathing areas.

Monitoring results for Luxembourg

Luxembourg
Year
Total
CI
CG
NC
NF
B
DL
Fresh-water
2005
20
13
7
4
0
3
0
zones
2006
20
7
4
4
6
3
0

Malta

The bathing season started in mid-May and ended mid-October.

Malta reported 87 bathing areas for the 2006 bathing season, all of which were coastal bathing areas.

Compliance with mandatory values increased from 56.4% in 2005 to 96.6% in 2006. Compliance with the more stringent guide values increased from 50.6% to 83.9%. These results point to a significant increase in bathing water quality which can be explained by the considerable drop in the number of insufficiently sampled bathing areas, from 46 bathing sites to zero (52.9% in 2005 to 0 in 2006). Bathing areas not complying with mandatory values decreased by 3 (to 3.4% from 6.9% in 2005). No bathing areas were banned or de-listed.

An annual report on bathing water quality is published on the Department of Health's webpage and a weekly report is issued during the bathing season which can be received by e-mail. Information on bathing water quality at bathing areas is available in five languages.

Monitoring results for Malta

Malta
Year
Total
CI
CG
NC
NF
B
DL
Coastal Zones
2005
87
35
29
6
46
0
0
 
2006
87
84
73
3
0
0
0

The Netherlands

The bathing season lasted from 1 May to 30 September.

In 2006 the Netherlands reported on 639 bathing sites, 86 in coastal areas and 553 in freshwater areas.

In coastal areas the rate of compliance with mandatory values remained at 100% and compliance with guide values increased to 90.7% (from 89% in 2005). All coastal areas were sufficiently sampled and were open for bathing. No coastal bathing areas were de-listed in 2006.

In the freshwater areas bathing sites complying with mandatory values remained high (97.1%) despite a slight decrease of 0.7 percentage points from the previous year. Compliance with guide values decreased from 61.8% in 2005 to 58.6% in 2006. Bathing areas not complying with mandatory values improved slightly by 0.4 percentage points to 1.8%.

Two freshwater bathing sites (0.4%) were insufficiently sampled and bathing was banned in four bathing sites (0.7%). The Netherlands removed 6 freshwater sites (1.1%) from the official lists.

Information on bathing water quality can generally be found in tourist offices, with provincial authorities, and at bathing areas. Information on banned or health risk bathing areas is available via teletext or the Internet.

Monitoring results for the Netherlands (selected years)

Netherlands
Year
Total
CI
CG
NC
NF
B
DL
Coastal Zones
2005
82
82
73
0
0
0
0
 
2006
86
86
78
0
0
0
0
Fresh-water
2005
550
538
340
12
0
0
10
zones
2006
553
537
324
10
2
4
6

Poland

The bathing season began from April/end of July to end of August/mid-October.

Poland reported on 323 sites during the 2006 bathing season, 70 in coastal areas and 253 in freshwater areas.

In coastal areas compliance with mandatory values was 85.7% in 2006, an increase of 50.7 percentage points from 2005. Compliance with the more stringent guide values also increased significantly, from 18.3% in 2005 to 38.6% in 2006. Bathing areas failing to comply with mandatory values set in the directive increased one percentage point to 14.3% (10 bathing areas). No coastal bathing areas were banned and all were sufficiently sampled in 2006.

In freshwater areas compliance with mandatory values and guide values increased to 65.6% (from 11% in 2005) and 34.4% (from 6.2% in 2005). Freshwater bathing areas not complying with mandatory values decreased substantially from 69.6% in 2005 to 17.0% in 2006 (34 bathing areas). Ten freshwater bathing areas (4%) were banned in 2006 and 9 sites were de-listed.

Information on bathing water quality is available on the websites of the Chief Sanitary Inspectorate, the provincial public heath services and in the press. Posters are also placed in the vicinity of bathing areas.

Monitoring results for Poland

Poland
Year
Total
CI
CG
NC
NF
B
DL
Coastal Zones
2005
60
21
11
8
26
5
0
 
2006
70
60
27
10
0
0
0
Fresh-water
2005
227
25
14
11
158
33
0
zones
2006
253
166
87
43
34
10
9

Portugal

The bathing season for both coastal and freshwater areas started on 1 June and ended on 30 September, including the Azores and Madeira.

In 2006 Portugal reported on 508 bathing sites, 422 in coastal areas and 836 in freshwater areas.

In coastal bathing areas compliance with mandatory values remained at 97.6%. In 2006 there were 5 more sites complying with guide values than in the previous season but due to the increase of banned sites the rate of compliance decreased to 90.3% from 90.8% in 2005. Non-compliance with mandatory values decreased slightly to 1.4% (from 2.4% in 2005). Four bathing areas were banned and one site was de-listed in 2006.

In freshwater areas compliance with mandatory values decreased from 95.9% in 2005 to 88.4% in 2006. Compliance with guide values moved up to 58.1% in 2006 from 45.2% the year before. The number of non-compliant areas increased to 9.3% from 4.1%. All bathing areas were sufficiently sampled, but two areas were closed for bathing. No freshwater areas were de-listed in 2006.

Monitoring results of bathing water are available on the website of the Water Institute http://snirh.pt/ . Signs are also placed at the main entrances of bathing sites.

Monitoring results for Portugal

Portugal
Year
Total
CI
CG
NC
B
DL
Coastal Zones
2005
414
404
376
10
0
1
 
2006
422
412
381
6
4
1
Fresh-water
2005
73
70
33
3
0
0
zones
2006
86
76
50
8
2
0

Slovakia

The bathing season in Slovakia lasted from 15 June to 15 September.

Slovakia reported on 38 bathing areas in 2006, all freshwater since Slovakia has no coastal waters.

Compliance with mandatory values increased from 45.9% in 2005 to 92.1% in 2006. Compliance with the more stringent guide values increased from 35.9% to 71.1%. The strong increase in bathing water quality can be explained by the significant fall in the number of insufficiently sampled bathing sites from 35.9% in 2005 to zero in 2006. There were two less non-compliant sites (5.3%) and one bathing area was banned (2.6%).

Information on bathing water quality is available on the websites of the Public Health Authority (www.uvzsr.sk) and the Slovak Environmental Agency (www.sazp.sk), and through the media.

Monitoring results for Slovakia

Slovakia
Year
Total
CI
CG
NC
NF
B
DL
Fresh-Water
2005
39
18
14
4
14
3
28
zones
2006
38
35
27
2
0
1
1

Slovenia

The bathing season in Slovenia ranged from 15 June to end of September.

Slovenia reported on 37 bathing areas, 19 in coastal areas and 18 in freshwater areas.

The quality of bathing water in coastal areas is high. Compliance with mandatory values reached 100% and compliance with the stricter guide values remained at 84.2%. All bathing areas on the coast were opened and sufficiently sampled and none failed to comply with the mandatory values.

In freshwater areas compliance with mandatory values increased dramatically from 50% in 2005 to 83.3% in 2006. Only eight out of 18 bathing areas (44.4%) complied with the guide values, an increase of 5.5 percentage points compared to 2005. Three bathing areas did not comply with mandatory values. All freshwater bathing areas were sufficiently sampled and all were open for bathing.

Slovenia has not removed any bathing site from the official lists for the three years since it began reporting in 2004.

Information on water bathing quality is available at bathing areas, on the website of the Slovenian Environment Agency and in the media.

Monitoring results for Slovenia

Slovenia
Year
Total
CI
CG
NC
B
DL
Coastal Zones
2005
19
18
16
1
0
0
 
2006
19
19
16
0
0
0
Fresh-water
2005
18
9
7
9
0
0
zones
2006
18
15
8
3
0
0

Spain

In freshwater areas the bathing season opened between 22 May and 3 July and closed in September. In coastal areas the bathing season started as early as 15 April and closed by mid-October. In the Canary Islands the bathing season was open from 1 March to 31 October.

In 2006 Spain reported on 2,034 bathing sites, 1,863 in coastal areas and 171 in freshwater areas.

In coastal areas bathing water quality remained high (98.9%) despite the slight drop in compliance (0.2 percentage points) with mandatory values. Compliance with guide values increased to 92.7% from 92.4% the previous season. All reported sites were sufficiently sampled, but no information was reported for seven coastal bathing areas (0.4%). Despite 13 bathing areas (0.7%) not complying mandatory values in 2006 no bathing areas were banned. Three coastal bathing areas were de-listed.

In freshwater areas compliance with mandatory values decreased from 96.4% to 90.6%, or 155 less areas complying. Compliance with guide values decreased further to 40.9%, down from 45.5% in 2005.

Eight sites (4.7%) did not comply with mandatory values, two were not sufficiently sampled, and no data was reported for three bathing areas. Three bathing areas were banned (1.8%) and none were de-listed.

An annual report on bathing water quality is published on-line (www.msc.es) by the Ministry of Health and Consumer Affairs. The latest bathing water quality information is available at the bathing sites.

Monitoring results for Spain

Spain
Year
Total
CI
CG
NC
NF
NS
B
DL
Coastal Zones
2005
1824
1808
1685
14
1
0
1
19
 
2006
1863
1843
1727
13
0
7
0
3
Fresh-water
2005
165
159
75
2
0
0
4
5
zones
2006
171
155
70
8
2
3
3
0

Sweden

The bathing season opened on 15 June and 15 July and ended on 15 August.

In 2006 Sweden reported on 849 bathing areas, 408 in coastal areas and 441 in freshwater areas.

In coastal areas compliance with mandatory values fell by 1.1 percentage point to 96.8% while compliance with the stricter guide values increased to 81.4% in 2006 from 80.6 in 2005. Eleven coastal bathing areas (2.7%) failed to comply with the mandatory values. Two areas (0.5%) were insufficiently sampled and none were banned. Sweden did not remove any coastal bathing site from the official lists in 2006.

In freshwater areas compliance mandatory values fell from 97.6% in 2005 to 95.9% in the 2006 bathing season. Compliance rate with guide values slipped from 78.2% to 65.1%. The number of non-compliant bathing areas doubled from 0.7% in 2005 to 1.4% in 2006. Nine sites (2.0%) were insufficiently sampled. Three sites were banned and two were de-listed.

Information on bathing water quality is available on the websites of the Swedish Environmental Protection Agency or the Swedish Institute for Infectious Disease Control (http://badplatsen.smittskyddsinstitutet.se).

Monitoring results for Sweden (selected years)

Sweden
Year
Total
CI
CG
NC
NF
B
DL
Coastal Zones
2005
382
374
308
8
0
0
0
 
2006
408
395
332
11
2
0
0
Fresh-water
2005
413
403
323
3
7
0
2
zones
2006
441
423
287
6
9
3
2

United Kingdom

The bathing season opened on 15 May and closed on 30 September. The bathing areas in Gibraltar opened on 15 April and closed on 30 October.

The United Kingdom reported on 578 bathing areas, 567 in coastal areas and 11 in freshwater areas.

In coastal areas compliance with mandatory values inched up to 99.6%, up from 98.2% in 2005. Compliance with the stricter guide values decreased by 3.3 percentage points to 80.4%. Two sites (0.4%) did not comply with mandatory values. All coastal bathing sites were sufficiently sampled and were open for bathing. Two sites were de-listed in 2006.

In freshwater areas compliance with mandatory values decreased from 100% to 90.9%. This can be explained by the small number (11) of bathing sites monitored and that one did not comply. Compliance with guide values remained at 27.3%. All freshwater bathing sites were open and sufficiently sampled, and none were removed from the official lists in 2006.

The United Kingdom does not have the same tradition of inland bathing as other Member States. Easy access to swimming pools and coastal bathing sites by much of the population is also a factor for the small number of freshwater bathing sites.

Information on bathing water quality is available on the websites of the Environment Agency for England and Wales (www.environment-agency.gov.uk/), the Scottish Environment Protection Agency for Scotland (www.sepa.org.uk), and the Environment Heritage Service (www.ehsni.gov.uk) for Northern Ireland. Real-time bathing water quality and a text messaging service were available for several locations in Scotland in 2006.

Monitoring results for the United Kingdom

United Kingdom
Year
Total
CI
CG
NC
B
DL
Coastal Zones
2005
565
555
473
10
0
0
 
2006
567
565
456
2
0
2
zones
2005
11
11
3
0
0
0
 
2006
11
10
3
1
0
0

Further information

See press release

The Bathing Water Report 2007 is available on the Commission's Bathing Water Quality site:

http://ec.europa.eu/water/water-bathing/index_en.html

Member State
+ EU
 2006
2005
 
NBA
CI %
CG %
BA %
DL%
NBA
CI %
CG %
BA %
DL %
Austria
268
99.3
77.2
0
1.9
268
97
81.7
0
0
Belgium
75
84.0
44.0
10.7
0
73
84.9
47.9
6.8
0
Denmark
112
96.4
90.2
1.8
0
112
96.4
84.8
1.8
0.9
Finland
274
97.4
68.2
0
2.9
280
98.2
72.9
0
2.1
France
1319
94.7
60.9
0
4.8
1328
95.9
62.7
0
8.1
Germany
1563
93.8
79.1
1.6
1
1553
93.9
82.1
2.2
1.6
Greece
6
66.7
66.7
0
0
4
100
100
0
0
Ireland
9
100
77.8
0
0
9
100
77.8
0
0
Italy
776
61.5
52.6
32.3
0.4
766
64.8
53.7
32.9
3.9
Luxembourg
20
35
20
15
0
20
65
35
15
0
Netherlands
553
97.1
58.6
0.7
1.1
550
97.8
61.8
0
1.8
Portugal
86
88.4
58.1
2.3
0
73
95.9
45.2
0
0
Spain
171
90.6
40.9
1.8
0
165
96.4
45.5
2.4
2.9
Sweden
441
95.6
65.1
0.7
0.5
413
97.6
78.2
0
0.5
United Kingdom
11
90.9
27.3
0
0
11
100
27.3
0
0
Cyprus
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
Czech Republic
188
78.7
53.2
9.6
10.2
176
67.6
43.2
9.7
0
Estonia
38
100
81.6
0
0
38
100
57.9
0
0
Lithuania
59
98.3
45.8
0
0
56
98.2
39.3
0
3.8
Slovakia
38
92.1
71.1
2.6
2.6
39
46.2
35.9
7.7
41.8
Slovenia
18
83.3
44.4
0
0
18
50
38.9
0
0
Hungary
241
82.6
57.7
0.4
8.1
259
39.4
26.3
0.8
0
Latvia
230
89.6
70
3
5.5
236
89
53.0
0.8
0
Malta
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
Poland
253
65.6
34.4
4
4
227
11
6.2
14.5
0
European Union
6749
88.6
63.8
5
2.5
6674
85.7
63.1
5.3
3.7

Member State + EU
2006 
 2005
 
NBA
CI %
CG %
BA %
DL%
NBA
CI %
CG %
BA %
DL %
Austria
-
-
-
-
 
-
-
-
-
 
Belgium
40
95
22.5
0
0
40
95
17.5
0
0
Denmark
1147
93.5
84.2
0.7
0.3
1146
96.9
90.8
0.7
0.4
Finland
99
99
63.6
0
1.9
99
97
64.6
0
4.9
France
1893
96.4
79
0
0.6
1894
96.9
79.2
0
0.4
Germany
352
97.7
88.6
1.1
12.9
389
99
91.5
0.5
1
Greece
2047
99.7
96.9
0
0.1
2006
100
98.1
0
0.1
Ireland
122
96.7
91
0
0
122
95.9
91.8
0
0
Italy
4929
93.4
91.1
5.3
0.2
4919
93.9
91.9
5.2
1.2
Luxembourg
 
 
 
 
 
-
-
-
-
 
Netherlands
86
100
90.7
0
0
82
100
89
0
0
Portugal
422
97.6
90.3
0.9
0.2
414
97.6
90.8
0
0.3
Spain
1863
98.9
92.7
0
02
1824
99.1
92.4
0.1
1
Sweden
408
96.8
81.4
0
0
382
97.9
80.6
0
0
United Kingdom
567
99.6
80.4
0
0.4
565
98.2
83.7
0
0
Cyprus
100
99
99
0
0
100
100
100
0
0
Czech Republic
-
-
-
-
 
-
-
-
-
-
Estonia
34
91.2
47.1
0
0
34
76.5
38.2
0
0
Lithuania
15
100
66.7
0
0
15
100
53.3
0
0
Slovakia
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
Slovenia
19
100
84.2
0
0
19
94.7
84.2
0
0
Hungary
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
Latvia
45
95.6
77.8
2.2
2.4
42
88.1
50
0
0
Malta
87
96.6
83.9
0
0
87
40.2
33.3
0
0
Poland
70
85.7
38.6
0
0
60
35
18.3
8.3
0
European Union
14345
96.1
88.4
1.9
0.6
14239
96.1
89.1
1.9
0.7


[1] Directive 76/160/EEC concerning the quality of bathing water


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