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State aid: new Commission regional aid guidelines for 2007-2013 – breakdown by Member State

Commission Européenne - MEMO/05/491   21/12/2005

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MEMO/05/491

Brussels, 21st December 2005

State aid: new Commission regional aid guidelines for 2007-2013 – breakdown by Member State

(see also IP/05/1653)

Definitions

RAG – regional aid Guidelines adopted by the European Commission under EC Treaty state aid rules to indicate to Member States which state aid they are entitled to allocate to regions without violating the EC Treaty’s ban on subsidies that distort or threaten to distort competition within the common market.

Article 87(3)(a) of the EC Treaty regions: regions most in need compared to the overall EU-25 average. In particular, they are the regions with less than 75% average EU 25 GDP per capita.

Article 87(3)(c) of the EC Treaty regions: relatively less disadvantaged regions, but still lagging behind in terms of regional development.

Statistical effect regions: for certain regions, the GDP per capita exceeds 75% of the EU average solely because of the statistical effect of enlargement. These are regions which have a GDP per capita of more than 75% of the EU-25 average, but less than 75% of the EU-15 average.

Economic development regions: regions which were eligible for aid under the derogation in Article 87(3)(a) of the EC Treaty but which no longer meet the conditions for eligibility under that Article. These are the regions which had a GDP per capita of less than 75% on an EU-15 basis when the 1998 regional aid guidelines were adopted, but which as a result of their economic development no longer meet that condition on an EU-15 basis.

Aid intensity: the maximum permitted levels of regional aid for financing investment projects.

Impact on Austria

Austria
Regions
% of EU-25 per capita GDP
Population covered
Statistical effect
Burgenland
81.50
3.4%
Article 87(3)(c)
19.1%
Total population coverage
22.5%

Changes from the current situation 2000-2006

Austria loses coverage of 5% of its population under the RAG (18% of current coverage).

Austria has great flexibility as to how to allocate the 19.1% population coverage under Article 87(3)(c). Within this coverage Austria can tackle the problem of border regions, where the aid differential is limited to 20%.

Impact on Belgium

Belgium
Regions
% of EU-25 per capita GDP
Aid intensity
% Pop covered
Statistical effect
Hainault
75.45
30% =>20%
12.4%
Article 87(3)(c)
13.5%
Total population coverage
25.9%

Changes from the current situation 2000-2006

Belgium loses coverage of 5% of its population under the RAG (16% of current coverage) and has somewhat lower aid intensities (decreases of 5%, e.g. from 15% to 10%). However, the aid intensity allowed for Hainault actually increases, at least until 2010, from 20% to 30%.

Impact on Cyprus

Cyprus
Regions
% of EU-25 per capita GDP
Aid intensity
% Pop covered

Cyprus
85.75%


Article 87(3)(c)


15% / 10%
50.0%
Total population coverage



50.0%
Transitional additional coverage 2007-2008 under Article 87(3)(c)
16.0%

Changes from the current situation 2000-2006

In the period 2000-2006, the whole territory of Cyprus is eligible for regional aid under Article 87(3)(c), with 20% aid intensity.

Under the new Regional Aid Guidelines, Cyprus will lose coverage of 50% of its population.

Cyprus receives additional population coverage of 16% under Article 87(3)(c) for a two-year transitional period (2007-2008) at an aid intensity of 10%.

The aid intensity will decrease from 20% to 10 % or 15%.

Impact on Czech Republic

Czech Republic
Regions
% of EU-25 per capita GDP
Aid intensity
% Pop covered
Article 87(3)(a)
Sřední Morava
Severozápad
Sřední Čechy
Moravskoslezsko
Severovýchod
Jihovýchod
Jihozápad
52.03
53.29
54.35
55.29
55.59
58.17
60.41
40%
40%
40%
40%
40%
40%
30%




88.6%
Total population coverage

88.6%
Transitional additional coverage 2007-2008 under Article 87(3)(c)
7.7%

Changes from the current situation 2000-2006

In the period 2000-2006, the whole population of the Czech Republic is covered by national regional state aid: 88.6% of the population in Article 87(3)(a) regions and 11.6% in Article 87(3)(c) regions.

Under the new Regional Aid Guidelines, the Czech Republic loses 11.4% of its current population coverage.

The Czech Republic receives additional population coverage of 7.7% under Article 87(3)(c) for a two-year transitional period (2007-2008) at an aid intensity of 10%.

The aid intensities for different regions will be modified as follows:

  • Sřední Morava, Severozapad, Sřední Čechy, Moravskoslezsko, Severovýchod, Jihovýchod regions from 50% to 40%;
  • Jihozápad from 50% to 30%,
  • Region of Prague (currently Article 87(3)(c) region with 20% aid intensity) to 0% (after the transitional period).

Impact on Denmark

Denmark
Population covered
Article 87(3)(c)
8.6%
Total population coverage
8.6%
Transitional additional coverage 2007-2008 under Article 87(3)(c)
2.7%

Under the safety-net (i.e. no Member State loses more than 50% of its previous coverage), Denmark is eligible for a population coverage of 8.6% of its populationat intensity of 10%-15%.

Denmark receives additional population coverage of 2.7% under Article 87(3)(c) for a two-year transitional period (2007-2008) at an aid intensity of 10%.

Changes from the current situation 2000-2006

Denmark loses 50% of its current coverage, with a reduction in aid intensities of 5%-10% in some cases.

Impact on Germany

Germany
Regions
% of EU-25 per capita GDP
Aid intensity
Population covered
Article 87(3)(a)
Dessau
Chemnitz
Brandenburg-Nordost
Magdeburg
Mecklenburg-Vorpommern
Thüringen
Dresden
65.99
69.63
70.64
72.27
72.56
73.10
74.95
30%




12.5%
Statistical effect
Halle
Leipzig
Brandenburg-Südwest
Lüneburg
75.07
77.12
77.45
81.80
30% => 20%





6.1%
Article 87(3)(c)
10%/15%
11.0%
Total population coverage

29.6%

Changes from the current situation 2000-2006

Germany loses coverage of 5% of its territory under the RAG (15% of current coverage).

The whole of East Germany (except Berlin) remains an assisted area, either as Article 87(3)(a) or as a ‘statistical effect’ area. Berlin will be surrounded by theses areas with high aid intensity, but may be proposed by Germany as an Article 87(3)(c) region.

Because of a decline in its relative wealth, the whole region of Lüneburg now qualifies for regional aid, with an initial aid intensity of 30% in 2007.

Germany receives 11 % population coverage under Article 87(3)(c) with great flexibility as to how to allocate this. Within this coverage Germany can tackle the problem of border regions, where the aid differential is limited to 20%.

Impact on Spain

Spain
Regions
% of EU-25 per capita GDP
Aid intensity
% Pop. covered
Article 87(3)(a)
Extremadura
Andalucia
Galicia
Castilla-La Mancha
Canarias
59.89
69.29
73.36
74.75
87.79
40%
30%
30%
30%
40%




36.2%
Statistical effect
Asturias
Murcia
Ceuta
Melilla
79.33
79.37
79.64
79.72
30%=>20%





5.8%
Article 87(3)(c)
15%-10%
17.7%
Total population coverage

59.6%
Transitional additional coverage 2007-2008 under Article 87(3)(c)
12.4%

Changes from the current situation 2000-2006

In the period 2000-2006, 79.2% of the population of Spain lived in assisted areas: 58.4% in Article 87(3)(a) regions and 20.8 % in Article 87(3)(c) regions. The aid intensities varied in the range from 30% to 50% for the Article 87(3)(a) regions and in the range from 10% to 20% for the 87(3)(c) areas.

Under the new Regional Aid Guidelines, Spain loses 4.8% of its coverage. The total coverage for the period 2007-2013 is established at 59.6%: of which 36.2% under Article 87(3)(a), 5.8% under statistical effect regions and 17.7% under the derogation of Article 87(3)(c).

Spain receives additional population coverage of 12.4% under Article 87(3)(c) for a two-year transitional period (2007-2008) at an aid intensity of 10%.

The regional aid ceilings will change:

for Article 87(3)(a) regions from 40%-50% to 30%-40%,

for Article 87(3)(c) regions from 20% to 15% or 10% and

for the outermost region of Canarias from 50% to 40% .

Impact on Estonia

Estonia
Regions
% of EU-25 per capita GDP
Aid intensity
% Pop covered
Article 87(3)(a)
Estonia
44.94
50%
100%
Total population coverage



100%

Changes from the current situation 2000-2006

Estonia will continue to have 100% regional aid coverage under Article 87(3)(a).

Estonia will also continue to receive the highest aid intensity of 50%.

Impact on Finland

Finland
Regions
% of EU-25 per capita GDP
Aid intensity
% Pop covered
Economic development and low population density 87(3)(c)


15% or 10%
13.0%
10.7%
Article 87(3)(c)
15% or 10%
9.3%
Total population coverage

33%

Economic development regions receive transitional phasing out support.

In addition to the regions formerly eligible under Article 87(3)(a) and the low population density regions, Finland receives 9.3% population coverage under Article 87(3)(c) with great flexibility as to how to allocate this.

For low population density regions max. aid intensity for large companies declines from 30% to 15%, however, additional flexibility is given in designating these regions.

Changes from the current situation 2000-2006

Finland loses coverage of 9% of the population coverage under the RAG and has somewhat lower aid intensities for the economic development regions (due to the growth of GDP/cap above the Community average, Finland’s Article 87(3)(a) regions would even in an EU-15 scenario no longer qualify as (a) regions).

A new form of operating aid will be permitted to combat depopulation in the least population density regions of Finland - “Arctic regions” (< 8 inhabitants/km²). Max. aid intensity envisaged for large companies in these areas is 15%.

Finland will continue to have low population density areas (thus regional transport aid can continue in these areas as before).

Impact on Greece

Greece
Regions
% of EU-25 per capita GDP
Population covered
Article 87(3)(a)
Dytiki Ellada
Anatoliki Makedonia, Thraki
Ipeiros
Thessalia
Ionia Nisia
Kriti
Peloponnisos
Voreio Aigaio
56.30
57.40
59.30
62.90
65.53
72.27
73.71
74.29



36.6%
Statistical effect
Kentriki Makedonia
Dytiki Makedonia
Attiki
75.89
76.77
78.98




55.5%
Article 87(3)(c)
7.9%
Total population coverage
100.0%

Changes from the current situation 2000-2006

Under the new regional aid Guidelines, Greece will continue to be eligible for regional aid in its entirety. However, some regions have become wealthier (economic development regions) and will have lower aid intensities:

  • decrease from 40%-50% to 10% or 15%

but will benefit form transitional phasing in provisions.

The statistical effect regions (which represent 55.5% of Greece’s population), will have lower aid intensities, down from 50%/40% to 30%, but will retain their status to grant operating aid under Article 87(3)(a) until 1.1.2011. The relative wealth of these regions will be reviewed in 2010, and a lower aid rate of 20% may apply thereafter.

Impact on France

France
Regions
% of EU-25 per capita GDP
Aid intensity
% Pop covered
Article 87(3)(a)
Outermost regions:
Guyane
Réunion
Guadeloupe
Martinique
56.76
60.63
67.32
74.88
60%
50%
50%
50%




2.9%
Article 87(3)(c)

15.5%
Total population coverage

18.4%
Transitional additional coverage 2007-2008 under Article 87(3)(c)
6.9%

Changes from the current situation 2000-2006

France has no statistical effect regions, nor economic development regions.

France receives 15.5% population coverage under Article 87(3)(c) with great flexibility as to how to allocate this, including to target regional aid on deprived areas (undergoing industrial transformation or with the risk of closure of enterprises).

France loses coverage of 18% of its territory under the RAG (50% of current coverage) and has somewhat lower aid intensities for outermost regions.

France receives additional population coverage of 6.9% under Article 87(3)(c) for a two-year transitional period (2007-2008) at an aid intensity of 10%.

Impact on Luxembourg

Luxembourg
Regions
% of EU-25 per capita GDP
Aid intensity
% Pop covered
Article 87(3)(c)
10%
16.0%
Total population coverage

16.0%
Transitional additional coverage 2007-2008 under Article 87(3)(c)
5.1%

Changes from the current situation 2000-2006

In the period 2000-2006, 32% of the Luxembourg population lived in Article 87(3)(c) regions. The regional aid ceiling is 10%.

Under the new Regional Aid Guidelines, Luxembourg loses 50% of its current coverage. Which means that 16% of the Luxembourg population remains covered by the derogation under Article 87(3)(c).

Luxembourg receives additional population coverage of 5.1% under Article 87(3)(c) for a two-year transitional period (2007-2008) at an aid intensity of 10%.

The regional aid ceiling remains unchanged at 10%.

Impact on Hungary

Hungary
Regions
% of EU-25 per capita GDP
Aid intensity
% Pop. covered
Article 87(3)(a)
Észak-Magyarország
Észak-Alföld
Dél-Alföld
Dél-Dunántúl
Közép-Dunántúl
Nyugat-Dunántúl
36.10
36.31
39.44
41.36
52.28
60.37
50%
50%
50%
50%
40%
30%




72.2%
Article 87(3)(c)



27.8%
Total population coverage

100%

Changes from the current situation 2000-2006

Közép-Dunántúl region passes from 50% aid intensity to 40% and Nyugat-Dunántúl from 45% to 30%.

Közép-Magyarország (with Budapest and Pest county) becomes an economic development region.

As it neighbours regions with an aid intensity of 50 %, NUTS III-level Pest county (currently 40 %) could benefit from the “no more than 20% differential” rule and thus have an aid ceiling of 30%.

Aid intensity in Budapest drops from 35 % to 10 % in two stages (a decrease of 10% from 1.1.2007 and the balance from 1.1.2011).

Impact on Malta

Malta
Regions
% of EU-25 per capita GDP
Aid intensity
% Pop covered
Article 87(3)(a)
Malta
74.75
30%
100%
Total population coverage



100 %

Changes from the current situation 2000-2006

Malta remains an Article 87(3)(a) region.

In line with the overall reduction in regional aid, the aid intensity declines from 40% to 30%.

Impact on Ireland

Ireland
Regions
% of EU-25 per capita GDP
Aid intensity
% Pop.
covered
Economic development Article 87(3)(c)
Border, Midlands & Western
Southern & Eastern
96.10
141.56
15%
or
10%
26.5%
Article 87(3)(c)


15%
or 10%
23.5%
Total population coverage



50.0%
Transitional additional coverage 2007-2008 under Article 87(3)(c)
25.0%

Changes from the current situation 2000-2006

In the period 2000-2006, the whole population of Ireland is living in assisted regions: 26.5% of the population lives in Article 87(3)(a) regions and 73.5% in Article 87(3)(c) regions. The regional aid ceilings are: 40% for Article 87(3)(a) areas, 20% and 18% for Article 87(3)(c) areas and 17.5% for the Article 87(3)(c) area Dublin.

Under the new Regional Aid Guidelines, Ireland loses 50% of its current coverage. The old Article 87(3)(a) areas are now recognised as economic development area since their GDP increased well over 75% of the EU25 average (threshold to establish Article 87(3)(a) status).

Ireland receives additional population coverage of 25% under Article 87(3)(c) for a two-year transitional period (2007-2008) at an aid intensity of 10%.

The aid intensities for the different types of regions will be modified as follows:

  • For the economic development region from 40% to 30% on 1.1.2007 and then to 15% on 1.1.2011.
  • For Article 87(3)(c) regions from 20%, 18% or 17.5% to 15% or 10% as from 1.1.2007.

Impact on The Netherlands

The Netherlands
Population covered
Article 87(3)(c)
7.5%
Total population coverage
7.5%
Transitional additional coverage 2007-2008 under Article 87(3)(c)
2.4%

Under the safety net (guaranteeing that no Member State loses more than 50% of its previous coverage), 7.5% Netherlands’ population will be living in assisted areas with an aid intensity of 10%-15%.

Changes from the current situation 2000-2006

The Netherlands loses 50% of its current coverage, with a possible reduction in aid intensities of 5%-10% in some cases.

Netherlands receives additional population coverage of 2.4% under Article 87(3)(c) for a two-year transitional period (2007-2008) at an aid intensity of 10%.

Impact on Italy

Italy
Regions
% of EU-25 per capita GDP
Aid intensity
% Pop covered
Article 87(3)(a)
Calabria
Campania
Sicilia
Puglia
67.93
71.78
71.98
72.49
30%
30%
30%
30%




29.2%
Statistical effect
Basilicata
77.54
30%=>20%
1.0%
Economic development
Sardegna

15% or 10%
2.9%
Article 87(3)(c)
15% or 10%
1.0%
Total population coverage

34.1%
Transitional additional coverage 2007-2008 under Article 87(3)(c)
5.6%

Changes from the current situation 2000-2006

In the period 2000-2006, 43.6% of the whole population of Italy is covered by national regional state aid: 33.6% of the population falls under the derogation of Article 87(3)(a) and 10% under the derogation of Article 87(3)(c).

Under the new Regional Aid Guidelines, Italy loses 10% of its current coverage; nonetheless most of the Southern regions are and will continue to be eligible as Article 87(3)(a) areas.

Italy receives additional population coverage of 5.6% under Article 87(3)(c) for a two-year transitional period (2007-2008) at an aid intensity of 10%.

Substantial reductions in aid intensities will be necessary for Calabria and Sardinia, but these are offset by transitional rules leading to;

  1. for Sardinia, losing Article 87(3)(a) status and provided that the region is proposed by Italy as eligible for regional aid under Article 87(3)(c), the reduction of aid intensity may take place in two stages: a reduction of at least 10% net to gross shall be applied on 01.01.2007, a further reduction to 15% on 01.01.2011.
  2. for Calabria, being confronted with a reduction of 20%, the same may be implemented in two stages, by a reduction of a minimum of 10 percentage points on 1.1.2007 and the balance on 01.01.2011.

Impact on Latvia

Latvia
Regions
% of EU-25 per capita GDP
Aid intensity
% Pop covered
Article 87(3)(a)
Latvia
37.28
50%
100%
Total population coverage



100%

Changes from the current situation 2000-2006

Latvia will continue to have 100% regional aid coverage under Article 87(3)(a).

Latvia will also continue to receive the highest aid intensity of 50%.

Impact on Lithuania

Lithuania
Regions
% of EU-25 per capita GDP
Aid intensity
% Pop covered
Article 87(3)(a)
Lithuania
40.57
50%
100%
Total population coverage



100%

Changes from the current situation 2000-2006

Lithuania will continue to have 100% regional aid coverage under Article 87(3)(a).

Lithuania will also continue to receive the highest aid intensity of 50%.

Impact on Slovenia

SLOVENIA
Regions
% of EU-25 per capita GDP
Aid intensity
% Pop. covered
Article 87(3)(a)
Slovenia
74.40
30%

Total population coverage

100 %

Changes from the current situation 2000-2006

Slovenia continues to have a 100% regional aid population coverage and remains an area covered by a derogation of Article 87(3)(a).

The aid intensity for entire territory is decreased from 40% (except for the Central Slovenia region where aid intensity is decreased from 35%) to 30%.

Impact on Poland

Poland
Regions
% of EU-25 per capita GDP
Aid intensity
% Pop covered
Article 87(3)(a)
Lubelskie
Podkarpackie
Warmińsko-Mazurskie
Podlaskie
Świętokrzyskie
Opolskie
Małopolskie
Lubuskie
Łódzkie
Kujawsko-Pomorskie
Pomorskie
Zachodniopomorskie
Dolnośląskie
Wielkopolskie
Śląskie
Mazowieckie
32.23
32.80
34.70
35.05
35.82
38.28
39.81
41.09
41.45
41.80
45.75
46.29
47.52
48.18
50.62
68.77
50%
50%
50%
50%
50%
50%
50%
50%
50%
50%
40%
40%
40%
40%
40%
30%

Total population coverage

100 %

Changes from the current situation 2000-2006

In the new Regional Aid Guidelines, Poland continues to have a 100% regional aid population coverage and remains an area covered by a derogation of Article 87 (3) (a).

Aid intensity decrease for the following regions:

  • Pomorskie, Zachodniopomorskie, Dolnośląskie, Wielkopolskie and Śląskie from 50% to 40%,
  • for Mazowieckie from 50% to 30%.

Previously, lower aid intensities affected only certain cities and not entire regions: the cities of Warsaw and Poznań were eligible for 30% aid intensity and 40% aid intensity was available for the cities of Cracow, Wrocław, Gdańsk-Gdynia-Sopot.

Impact on Portugal

Portugal
Regions
% of EU-25 per capita GDP
Aid intensity
% Pop. covered
Article 87(3)(a)
Norte
Centro (PT)
Alentejo
Açores
Madeira
61.94
63.08
65.72
61.61
87.84
30%
30%
30%
50%
50%




70.1%
Statistical effect
Algarve
80.05
30%=>20%
3.8%



Article 87(3)(c)
15%-10%
2.8%
Total population coverage

76.7%
Transitional additional coverage 2007-2008 under Article 87(3)(c)
19.2%

Changes from the current situation 2000-2006

In the period 2000-2006, 100% of the population lived in assisted areas: 66.6% in Article 87(3)(a) regions and 33.4 % in Article 87(3)(c) regions. The aid intensities varied in the range from 40% to 50% for the Article 87(3)(a) regions and in the range from 10% to 20% for the Article 87(3)(c) areas.

Under the new Regional Aid Guidelines, Portugal loses 23.3% of its coverage. The total coverage for the period 2007-2013 is established at 76.7%: of which 70.1% under Article 87(3)(a), 3.8% under statistical effect regions and 2.8% under Article 87(3)(c).

Portugal receives additional population coverage of 19.2% under Article 87(3)(c) for a two-year transitional period (2007-2008) at an aid intensity of 10%.

The regional aid ceilings will change:

  • for Article 87(3)(a) regions change from 40%-50% to 30%,
  • for Article 87(3)(c) regions 10%-20% to 15% - 10% and
  • for Madeira and Acores (outermost regions) from 62% to 50%.

Impact on Sweden

Sweden
Regions
% of EU-25 per capita GDP
Aid intensity
% Pop covered
Economic development or low population density 87(3)(c)


15%
13.0%
Article 87(3)(c)
15% or 10%
2.3%
Total population coverage

15.3%

Changes from the current situation 2000-2006

Sweden loses coverage of 1% of the population coverage under the RAG (3% of current coverage) and has somewhat lower aid intensities for the economic development regions.

A new form of operating aid will be permitted to combat depopulation in the least population density regions of Sweden - “Arctic regions” (< 8 inhabitants/km²). Max. aid intensity envisaged for large companies in these areas is 15%.

Sweden will continue to have low population density areas (thus regional transport aid can continue in these areas as before). For low population density regions aid intensities are reduced from current 30% to 15%.

Impact on Slovakia

Slovakia
Regions
% of EU-25 per capita GDP
Aid intensity
% Pop. covered
Article 87(3)(a)
Východné Slovensko
Stredné Slovensko
Západné Slovensko
37.21
40.72
45.42
50%
50%
40%




88.9%
Total population coverage

88.9%
Transitional additional coverage 2007-2008 under Article 87(3)(c)
7.5%

Changes from the current situation 2000-2006

In the period 2000-2006, the whole population of Slovak Republic was living in assisted regions: 88, 6% of the population in Article 87(3) (a) regions and 11.4% in Article 87(3) (c) regions.

Under the new Regional Aid Guidelines, the Slovak Republic loses 11.1% of its current population coverage.

Slovakia receives additional population coverage of 7.5% under Article 87(3)(c) for a two-year transitional period (2007-2008) at an aid intensity of 10%.

The aid intensities for different regions will be modified as follows:

  • Západné Slovensko region from 50% aid intensity to 40%;
  • Bratislavký Kraj [current. Article 87(3) (c) region] from 20% to 0% (non assisted region).

Impact on the United Kingdom

United Kingdom
Regions
% of EU-25 per capita GDP
Aid intensity
% Pop. covered
Article 87(3)(a)
Cornwall & Isles of Scilly
West Wales and the Valleys
70.16
73.98
30%
30%




4.0%
Statistical effect
Highlands and Islands
77.71
30%=>20%
0.6%
Economic development 87(3)(c)
Merseyside
South Yorkshire
Northern Ireland
83.62
86.98
91.35
15%
or 10%
30%=>15%

6.8%
Article 87(3)(c)
15% or 10%
12.5%
Total population coverage

23.9%

Changes from the current situation 2000-2006

In the period 2000-2006, 28.7% of the UK population lived in assisted areas: 8.6% in Article 87(3)(a) regions and 20.1% in Article 87(3)(c) regions. The aid intensities varied from 40% for Northern Ireland, 35% for the Article 87(3)(a) regions, 30% for the low population density areas of the Highlands and Islands and 20%, 15% and 10% for the Article 87(3)(c) areas.

Under the new Regional Aid Guidelines, the UK loses 4.8% of its coverage. The total coverage for the period 2007-2013 is established at 23.9%: of which 4% under the derogation of Article 87(3)(a) and 19.9% under the derogation of Article 87(3)(c).

The regional aid ceilings will change:

  • for Northern Ireland from 40% to 30% on 1.1.2007 and then further to 15% on 1.1.2011,
  • for Article 87(3)(a) areas covered from 35% to 30% on 1.1.2007,
  • for Article 87(3)(c) areas from 20% to 15% or

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