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   The  results  of the latest EUROBAROMETER, conducted  during  the  period
   March-April 1993 throughout the twelve Member States, continue to show  a
   certain  gloom ranging from dissatisfaction with the way democracy  works
   at  a  national level to a drop in support with regard  to  the  European
   Community and some of its policies.

          The way democracy works in the EC and at the national level

   There are on average more people dissatisfied (47%) than satisfied  (41%)
   with the way democracy works in the European Community.

   As far as this question, asked for the first time, is concerned, it is in
   Italy (54%), France (50%), Germany and Denmark (48%), the United  Kingdom
   (47%) and Spain (46%) that dissatisfaction is most felt.

   Similarly, there are more people dissatisfied (55%) than satisfied  (42%)
   with  the  way  democracy  works  in  their  country.  This  feeling   of
   dissatisfaction is predominant among Italians, Greeks, Spaniards,  French
   and  east Germans.  Conversely, the highest degree of satisfaction is  to
   be found in Denmark, Luxembourg and the Netherlands.

                             The Maastricht Treaty

   Looked  at as a whole, favourable or unfavourable attitudes  towards  the
   Maastricht  Treaty have not undergone considerable change since the  last
   EUROBAROMETER  survey  of  Autumn  1992, and  more  precisely  since  the
   European Council of Edinburgh.  41% of Europeans are "for", 24% "against"
   and  35%  are "undecided".  The greatest positive  increases  have  taken
   place in Denmark (+11) and Ireland (+7).  In the United Kingdom (29%) and
   Spain  (37%), a small number of citizens (+3) show themselves to be  more
   favourable  towards  the Treaty than in Autumn 1992, but their  level  of
   approval  remains among the lowest in the Community along  with  Portugal
   (34%).  In  Greece,  Luxembourg, Italy and Portugal,  positive  attitudes
   decline  by  -13, -12, -11 and -9 respectively.  However, these falls  in
   support  do not increase the ranks of opponents to the Treaty but  rather
   those of the indifferent/undecided.  In ten countries out of twelve,  the
   number of people neither for nor against the Treaty has increased.

   Some measures such as a "common foreign policy towards countries  outside
   the  EC" (66% for, 19% against) and "a common defence policy"  (77%  for,
   13%  against)  receive majority support of citizens from all  the  Member
   States except Denmark (45% for a common defence policy, 48% against).

   Within the same framework of a common foreign and defence policy, 55%  of
   European citizens are in favour of European Community intervention in ex-
   Yugoslavia  to restore peace there.  28% are against and 17% do not  give
   an  opinion.  In all countries except Germany, Denmark and Greece,  large
   majorities support intervention.

   The  proposal  for a "European Monetary Union, with one  single  currency
   replacing  the  national  currency by 1999" draws  strong  opposition  in
   Denmark  (65% against), the United Kingdom (61%) and  Germany  (60%).  In
   other states, the proposal is accepted more readily.

                      Single market - already some effect

   Hope brought on by the completion of the Single Market increases from 51%
   to 53% in comparison to the last report.  Fear increases to 36% of  those
   interviewed.  Only  in France (48% to 45%) and east Germany (46% to  45%)
   does fear slightly exceed hope.

   The Single European Market has been "open" since January 1st 1993, but it
   is  still too early for its effects to have become widely felt.   Out  of
   the 28% of people who say they have already been affected by it, 9% think
   their experience good, 7% bad, and 12% say spontaneously neither good nor
   bad.  67% have yet to be affected, or are not aware of any effects.

                      Support for the European Community

   Support for the unification of Western Europe stabilises (73% "very  much
   in  favour"  or "in favour") after three significant drops  since  Spring
   1991.

   Equally,  there  is  consolidation of opinion  about  membership  of  the
   European  Community.  60% of citizens think it a "good thing" that  their
   country belongs to it.

   A downwards tendency (-2) continues, by contrast, regarding the  benefits
   that each citizen feels their country receives from being a member of the
   European  Community.  Positive impressions now stand at 47%.  An  average
   of  35% think their country has not benefited from being a member of  the
   EC.  In Denmark (+8), Portugal (+7), France (+6) and the Netherlands (+4)
   a greater number of people now perceives an absence of benefits for their
   country.

   Those  Europeans who would be sorry if the European Community were to  be
   scrapped  now  form  42%  (-2)  of  the  overall  total.  38%  would   be
   indifferent and 11% would be very relieved.

                     Enlargement of the European Community

   Very  large  majorities approve EC membership for most  European  states.
   Sweden  (82%),  Switzerland (80%), Norway (79%), Austria  (78%),  Finland
   (77%) and Iceland (71%) are very popular.

   Malta (57%), Cyprus (50%) and Turkey (39%) are less welcome but there are
   notable differences in opinion at the national level in this regard.  83%
   and  70% of Greeks respectively would gladly see Cyprus and  Malta  join,
   but only 11% would be prepared to welcome Turkey.  Alternatively, 54%  of
   Irish,  52%  of  British  and 50% of Dutch  are  in  favour  of  Turkey's
   accession.

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