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   Four  years  after  the Commission proposal, the  Transport  Council  has
   finally  decided to liberalise the transport of passengers by bus in  the
   Community.  The Council has adopted a regulation which will  represent  a
   major  achievement  in  one highly regulated  sector.  The  authorisation
   procedure  for intra-Community travel which was the normal rule has  been
   phased  out  for  almost all the trips except  for  regular  and  shuttle
   services without accommodation. In addition, the authorisation procedures
   have  been  simplified and included in a precise  framework  (procedures,
   time limits).
   Commissioner  Van Miert expressed his satisfaction with this  achievement
   which will liberalize the bus market within the EEC to the benefit of the
   travellers.
                                     - - -
               1 -  SERVICES FREE FROM AUTHORISATION REQUIREMENT
                 Before                                   After
                 ------                                   -----
   a) A few occasional services              a)   Almost   all    occasional
                                             services, namely :
      - closed door tours                      - services already free from
      - outward journey laden and return         authorisation (see facing
        journey unladen                          column)
      - certain services                      - services carrying various
                                                 groups of passengers on
                                                 round trips
                                               - one-way services carrying
                                                 groups of passengers
                                                 between Member States
                                               - services organised for
                                                 special occasions
                                                 (conférences, etc.).
   b)          -                             b) Shuttle services with
                                                accomodation (defined as at
                                                least 2 nights stay) ; these
                                                services may also stop at a
                                                maximum of 3 places en route
                                                passengers able to return on
                                                any subsequent service.
                                                Shuttle services with
                                                accomodation may carry a
                                                certain percentage of travel
                                                only passengers
   c)          -                             c) Most special regular
                                                services
                                                (services carrying workers,
                                                school-children, military
                                                personnel + frontier urban
                                                transport), provided they
                                                are subject to a contract
                                                between organiser and
                                                carrier.
   d) Transport by non-profit making         d) Transport by non-profit
      organisations subject to a variety of     making organisations of
      national rules and provisions of          their own members in their
      bilateral agreements                      own vehicules subject to
                                                certification
                                     - - -
                         2 - AUTHORISATION PROCEDURES
                Before                                 After
                ------                                 -----
   a) Applications for almost all services   a) Applications for regular and
      to be examined except in light of         shuttle services without
      effects on existing markets (all          accomodation to be allowed
     transport modes) and taking account        unless   proposed    service
      of whether operators already in market    would threaten existing
      could organise such a service             regular coach services or
      themselves                                comparable rail service or
                                                is aimed exclusively at the
                                                most lucrative existing
                                                services.
   b) Countries where passengers are         b) Countries where passengers
      picked up or set down and transit         are picked up or set down
      countries may oppose a request for        may oppose a request for
      authorisation                             authorisation
   c) No time-limits for deciding on         c) Time-limits set for deciding
      applications for authorisation            on applications for
                                                authorisation
                                     - - -
                              3 - SPECIFIC CASES
   a) Local excursions                       a) Local excursions
      During occasional services local          Occasional and shuttle
      excursions could be made provided         services with accomodation
      all the passengers on the coach           to make local excursions
      participate and the trip is               outside Member State of
      indicated on the passenger way-           establishment, provided a
      bill                                      vehicle belonginf to the
                                                carriers concerned is used.
   b) Own account transport                  b) Own account transport
      Own account services not subject          Own account services not
      to a system of certification are          subject to a system of
      subject to a variety of national          certification come under
      rules and those agreed under              E.C. authorisation system
      bilateral arrangements
* * *

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