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   On a proposal by Mr. Bruce Millan, Commissioner responsible for  Regional
   Policies,  the Commission has decided to co-finance networks  to  enhance
   co-operation  between  regions and cities. An allocation of 18  MECU  has
   been  provided from the European Regional Development Fund1)  to  support
   the setting up of 12 networks throughout the Community costing a total of
   over 31 MECU.
   Explaining  the  background to the decisions Mr MILLAN said  "Cities  and
   regions  have identified areas in which they wish to exchange  ideas  and
   co-operate.  This has led to the setting up of the 12  networks  approved
   today.  The  Commission acts as the catalyst to  facilitate  the  process
   initiated  by  the regions and cities themselves. Our hope  is  that  the
   networks contribute to the overall aim of economic and social cohesion in
   Europe by promoting a sense of solidarity and identity of purpose between
   regions and cities across the whole Community."
   The  networks are part of the Commission's programme to  promote  contact
   and  co-operation  between  regional  and  local  authorities  and   city
   administrations.  This commenced in 1989 with the launch of a  scheme  to
   initiate  exchanges  of experience and information. Some of  the  initial
   exchanges co-financed under this scheme have now matured into networks.
   Proposals  for co-financing were presented either  through  international
   organisations representing the cities and regions, or directly by  groups
   of  local  authorities themselves. Co-financing is  generally  50%,  but,
   where  less favoured regions are involved, the Community contribution  is
   higher.
   1)    Article 10 of the ERDF Regulation No. (EEC) 4254/88
                                    -  2  -
   The networks cover a wide range of themes:
   - At the regional level, they cover regional economic development,  links
     between regional authorities and universities, information  technology,
     transport   systems,   tourism  and  regions  engaged   in   automobile
     manufacture.
   - Urban networks include economic and technological development of  large
     cities  through the "Eurocities" group and smaller cities  through  the
     "Commission des Villes". Cities with problems of distressed areas  have
     also formed a network.
   - Another network is designed to facilitate greater co-operation  between
     the regions of the Community and counterparts of Eastern Europe in  the
     light of recent events.
   A full list of the approved networks is annexed.
   This  first  set of regional and city networks is being  launched  on  an
   experimental  basis. It is likely that a public call for further  network
   proposals will be launched in 1991.
                                    -  3  -
                                                       ANNEX
   PROJECTS CO-FINANCED BY ARTICLE 10 REG. 4254/88
   REGIONAL NETWORK SCHEMES
   12 Networks - Total Cost 31.172 MECU
               EC Contribution 17.932 MECU (average 58%)
                                               Total Cost         EC
                                                 MECU            MECU
   1.    Development agencies in the
     regions of Europe                           4.340           2.570 (59%)
       - joint activities between regional
     authorities, development agencies
     and Chambers of Commerce to improve
     the efficiency of regional develop-
     ment programmes
   2.    Tourism and maritime transport
     in the Mediterranean                        3.502           2.081 (59%)
     - networking to halt decline in
     relative position of the Medi-
     terranean in world tourism markets
   3.    Co-operation between Atlantic
     regions                                     3.575           2.018 (57%)
     - development of joint ventures
     between different regions on the
     Atlantic seabord of the Community
   4.    Application of communications
     technology                                  2.961           1.925 (65%)
     - use of technology to improve
     effectiveness of services and
     joint ventures
   5.    Promotion of co-operation between
     Community regions in establishing
     links with Eastern Europe                    8.667                4.897
   (58%)
   6.    Co-operation between universities
     and regional and local authorities
     in the European Community                    1.500                0.900
   (60%)
     - the development of an information
     base of academic expertise and
     research and to set up channels for
     dissemination of information to local
     and regional authorities
                                    -  4  -
   7.    Transport inter-changes (UITP)       0.550           0.330 (60%)
     - the spread of the latest and best
     practice concerning the integration
     of public transport systems
   8.    Commission des villes                1.108           0.554 (50)
     - five sub-networks of economic
     and technological co-operation of
     small and medium sized cities
   9.    Eurocities                           1.000           0.500 (50%)
     - three sub-networks of economic
     and technological co-operation of
     the "second cities" of the Community
   10.   Quartiers en crise                   1.167           0.700 (60%)
     - Network of 25 cities to share
     information and skills relevant
     to the regeneration of inner city
     areas
   11.   Automobile cities                    0.801           0.400 (50%)
     - Promotion of co-operation between
     cities and regions engaged in
     automobile manufacture
   12.   POLIS                                2.200           1.100 (50%)
     - Promoting Operational Links with
     Integrated Services through road
     traffic informatics between European
     cities
                                    -  5  -
                               REGIONAL POLICIES
               17 MECU for 6 urban and innovative pilot projects
   Following  the decision announced by the Commission on 15  February1)  to
   launch  a series of urban and innovative pilot projects,  the  Commission
   has  decided to co-finance pilot actions in Athens, Dublin,  Neunkirchen,
   Brussels  and  Gibraltar  with a study on a potential  pilot  action  for
   Lisbon.  These follow on the decisions already announced earlier  in  the
   year  for London, Marseille, Rotterdam and Berlin. The  total  commitment
   from  the  European Regional Development Fund2) is 17  MECU  for  actions
   costing in total 30 MECU.
   Explaining the background to the decisions Mr MILLAN said "The London and
   Marseille projects address the particular problems of housing estates and
   actions for disadvantaged groups. The Rotterdam project is related to the
   old dock area. Likewise, the new pilot projects address particular themes
   relevant  to  urban  development  within  the  Community.  For   example,
   environment  in  Athens,  tourism and culture in  Dublin,  innovation  in
   science and technology in Brussels, regeneration of an industrial area in
   Neunkirchen  and small business development and the problems  related  to
   providing services in a small municipality in Gibraltar".
   By representing the different facets related to the proper functioning of
   cities and towns, these pilot projects can serve as useful  demonstration
   models  for other parts of the Community and provide lessons  for  future
   policies adopted by Member State and the Community."
   Details on the individual pilot projects are annexed.
   1)    Press relase IP (90) of 15 February 1990
   2)    Article 10 of the ERDF Regulation No. (EEC) 4254/88
                                    -  6  -
                                                  ANNEX
   PILOT PROJECTS
   6 Pilot projects - Total Cost 29.975 MECU
                    EC Contribution 16.985 MECU (57%)
   1.    Dublin (Temple Bar area)               9.4          4.7 (50)
     - Creation of an urban tourist
     route linked to Dublin City of
     Culture 1991
   2.    Athens                                  7.68         5.76 (75%)
     - A new park in Athens to improve
     the environment and provide
     training on "green space" management
   3.    Neunkirchen                            4.0          2.0 (50%)
     - an industrial museum and creation
     of green space adjacent to town centre
   4.    Brussels (Anderlecht and
     St. Gilles)                                2.910        1.455 (50%)
     - the development of skills in the
     application of science and techno-
     logy to small businesses
   5.    Lisbon (study)                         0.385        0.270 (70%)
     - study to identify future pilot
     actions for the "historic centre"
   6.    Gibraltar                              5.6          2.8 (50%)
     - Conversion of buildings to
     manufacturing units with an
     emphasis on services particularly
on waste disposal and management

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