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Over the period 1976-88, a total of ECU 4 409 million was mobilized for the 33 Latin American and Asian developing countries by the Community and by international organizations and institutes; most of this sum was spent on developement aid (ECU 3 973 million), while humanitarian aid accounted for ECU 265 million and economic cooperation ECU 171 million, the latter having developed only very recently but at a very rapid rate. Standard food aid (ECU 1 836 million) and financial and technical cooperation (ECU 1 950 million) were the main components of development aid. These are the figures given in the report on thirteen years of the Community's development cooperation with the Latin American and Asian developing countries, adopted by the Commission and to be transmitted to the Council and Parliament, in response to their request. According to the report, the geographical breakdown of this aid between continents was about 74% for Asia and 26% for Latin America for the whole of this period. India was the main beneficiary, followed by Bangladesh, Thailand, Pakistan and Bolivia. The least developed countries (LLDCs) received 64% of the resources. In line with the Council's guidelines, 74% of the resources committed were allocated to agriculture and other rural activities. As regards disbursements, half the resources committed over the entire period 1976-88 were actually transferred to the ultimate recipients; this stems from the nature of the aid granted (projects). In a qualitative analysis the report gives a breakdown of the various operations financed by type of operation and sector. The analysis covers, in addition to support for international agricultural research, reconstruction and disaster prevention, support for industry, and specific topics such as food strategies and food security, support for agrarian reform and for traditional communities, rural credit and technical assistance. It is stated in the specific summary that the use made of the funds has closely reflected the most urgent needs of the Latin American and Asian developing countries and the objectives set by the Community: efforts have been concentrated on the poorrest countries, rural production, the living standards of the neediest sections of the population, and regional integration. - 2 - The report gives three reasons for the positive results: since 1976 the Community has been able to extend its action to tall the developing countries, in line with the Council's objective; the operating targets set by the Council have been met action concentrated on the poorest countries and sections of the population and on agriculture), and aid has been implemented efficiently. Four main conclusions are drawn in the report as regards future action: it is necessary to speed up disbursements and develop improved forms of aid; to achieve better integration of all Community financial and technical cooperation instruments; to ensure greater coordination with the Member States and, where appropriate, with international organizations; and to review the overall level of aid. Total aid to the Latin American and Asian developing countries, 1976-1988 _________________________________________________________ (ECU million) Category Latin America Asia Total 1. Humanitarian aid 52.6 212.6 265.2 2. Development aid 1 040.2 2 932.4 3 972.6 - of which fin. and tech. coop. (565.1) (1 384.9) (1 950.0) - of which standard food aid (373.8) (1 462.2) (1 836.0) 3. Economic cooperation 58.9 112.4 171.3 TOTAL 1 151.7 3 257.4 4 409.1 _______ _______ _______ of which low-income developing countries 64.5 2 747.3 2 811.8 ----------------- Definitions: 1. Humanitarian aid: emergency aid, emergency food aid, aid for refugees and displaced persons, aid for reconstruction and disaster prevention, drug abuse control. 2. Development aid: financial and tevhnical cooperation, standard food aid, Stabex for LLDCs, cofinancing with NGOs. 3. Economic cooperation: trade promotion, "EC International Investment Partners", energy cooperation, scientific and technical cooperation, training aid, regional integration aid.