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  To teach a computer to learn, to see, to recognize, to make
  connections, to pass a judgment, in a nutshell to make it a
  replica of the human brain functions : this is the very goal of
  an ambitious project which the European Commission wants to
  launch.
  Vice-President, Karl Heinz NARJES, has invited leading
  personalities from various scientific horizons in the European
  Community to prepare this new challenge. Wednesday, February 11,
  they decided to set up, until May 1987, a programme related to
  so-called "adaptive intelligence", a step ahead of "artificial
  intelligence" thus anticipating the recent Japanese "human
  frontier" programme.
  The Europeans have indeed taken the lead in certain areas
  exploring the human brain to the benefit of totally new
  generations of computers.
  Japanese government, along the now classical Japanese way of
  doing things, i.e. a consensus among government and industry
  based on a long term strategy, decided to spend some 2OO billion
  yens over ten years to explore what is referred to as "the human
  machine".
                   US GURU FINDS BRAIN INTERESTING
  European leading scientists, which is a usual feature, exchanged
  views internationally with colleagues outside Europe. In this
  case Profesor John HOPFIELD (CALTECH - San Diego), the "world
  guru" in artificial intelligence, has said that the "BRAIN"
  project justifies a priority action at the European level.
  The scientific personalities who met with the European Commission
  experts, on February 11, have appointed six of their colleagues
  to prepare a comprehensive programme for May 1987. This would
  then be submitted to the Members of CODEST (The Committee for the
  Development of European Science and Technology), a body of
  leading scientists set up to advice the European Commission.
                                - 2 -
  The potential of BRAIN (Basic Research in Adaptive Intelligence
  and Neurocomputing) is enormous : to name but one example of
  future markets one could mention robotics. Artificial
  intelligence or, according to the formula adopted by the European
  experts, adaptive intelligence could lead to the manufacturing of
  industrial robots which could literally see what they are doing
  whereas to-day they blindly accomplish preprogrammed tasks.
  In concrete terms, adaptive intelligence aims at enriching
  computer functions : computers, it is true, can execute
  calculations at a pace infinitely higher than the human brain,
  but for the time being they can only do so in sequential fashion.
  On the contrary, the human brain is "richer" than the computer
  because it is capable of simultaneous reactions to various
  stimuli and, above all, because its learning process continually
  evolves.
  The potential budget for launching the programme could be in the
  area of 2O million ECUS for 1987/88, inside the so-called
  European Research Stimulating Programme adopted in 1984 for the
  period 1985/88.
  The Japanese authorities have committed 197 million yens
  (1 ECU = 174 yens) to finance the feasability study of the "human
  frontier"programme in the fiscal year 1987.
  The six scientific personalities appointed to prepare the action
  are :
  - Doctor G. TOULOUSE (Laboratoire de Physique - Ecole Normale
  Superieure - Paris)
  - Doctor E. ROLLS, Department of Experimental Psychology -Oxford
  - Professor D. J. WALLACE, Department of Physics- University of
  Edinburgh
  - Doctor C. VON DER MALSBURG - Department of Neurobiology - Max
  Planck Institute - Goettingen
  - Professor W. SINGER - Max Planck Institute - Francfurt
- Professor G. PARISI - Department of Physic University - Rome 1

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