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Following a favourable opinion delivered by the EDF Committee, the Commission has approved financing in respect of the following projects : GUINEA BISSAU Technical assistance in rural 6th EDF 3 000 000 ECU development Grant This scheme, which is to pursue the reform of trade structures begun under the 5th EDF, is a rural development project (Community aid concentration sector). The shortage of supplies of basic goods on the market is a serious impediment to agricultural production, as the peasant farmers have little incentive to produce if they are unable to find these basic goods in the market. Hence the need to continue and complete the reorganisation of the commercial apparatus if it is hoped to affect productions. If reorganization is to continue, then technical assistance has to be sent out and equipment, primarily for teaching, has to be supplied. IVORY COAST Creation of village oil palm 6th EDF 20 850 000 ECU plantations Special loan This scheme, which is to back up the Government's policy of achiving self sufficiency in food in the medium term, as agreed in the 6th EDF indicative programme, deals with the production of oils and fats and provides for the creation of the bulk of the village oil palm plantations to be set up under the second Palm Plan to be run with joint financing from Ivory Coast itself and anumber of other funders. Implementation - creating around 23 000 ha of village plantations -is scheduled to take five years. It will cost 50 400 000 ECU, 20 850 000 ECU of it from the EDF and 6 950 000 ECU from the Extension and Renewal Fund for the development of oil palm crops (FER), the rest being constituted by the work of the planters themselves. ./. 2. GABON Assistance for small and 6th EDF medium-sized enterprises Grant 600 000 ECU Special Loan 1 500 000 ECU The line of credit for smal and medium-sized enterprises (1 500 000 ECU) and the support of external staff (600 000 ECU) are intended to back up Gabon's drive to promote SME at a time when the large drop in petroleum earnings means the economy has to be reoriented. This line of credit will be managed by the Aid and Guarantee Fund (FAG) at the Ministry for SME, which will be able to grant assistance in the form of preferential loans to 30 SME in the agricultural sector (in the broadest sense of the term) in the interior. This will both respond to local requirements and capitalize on natural resources. It will primarly be of benefit to yound people, rural dwellers and women. ZAIRE Health Centres 5th EDF 1 350 000 ECU (Additional financing) Grant The aim of the project is to create the minimum prerequisites for effective work in rural health centres, other premises and accomodation by providing lighting and the possibility of storing medicines and vaccines. SOMALIA Line of credit for farmers 5th EDF 1 650 000 ECU and fishermen Grant The project comprises the advance of a line of credit plus associated technical assistance to the Government of Somalia. Implementation will be carried out by the Somali Development Bank (SDB) and its affiliate, the Commercial and Savings Bank (CSB). Credit funds are to be on-lent through these institutions to small and medium-size farmers and fishermen. TANZANIA and ZAMBIA TAZARA Development plan 5th EDF 13 000 000 ECU Grant The Tanzania-Zambia Railway ("Tazara") runs from the port of Dar-es- Salaam to Kapiri Mposhi in Zambia, where it links up with the Zambian national rail network. It was built in 1970-76, with assistance from the People's Republic of China, as an important outlet for the landlocked countries of Southern Africa, particularly Zambia. While the standard of construction was good, certain operational problems have arisen and a ten year development plan has been drawn up with the aim of improving the operational and managerial performance of the railway. The response from the donor community has been positive and for the plan to be fully effective it is important that all the priority projects are implemented. The plan covers ballast production, track repair and maintenance, telecommunications, rolling stock, workshop equipment and management and training. ./. 3. The proposed EDF finance will provide equipment for ballast production cofinanced with Sweden, equipment and technical assistance for a mechanical track maintenance programme (co-financed by Austria and Switzerland); wheel lathes for the Tazara workshops, and workshop equipment. Other donors involved are : Denmark, Finland, China, Norway and the African Development Bank. MOZAMBIQUE Rehabilitation of the NACALA 6th EDF 25 000 000 ECU railway (Phase II) Grant The purpose of this project is to continue rehabilitating and improving the railway between the port of Nacala, in northern Mozambique, and both the agricultural regions of the interior and neighbouring Malawi. As things stand, the line is virtually unusable and this paralyzes the development of these regions and is a major obstacle to the economic growth of Malawi, whose international traffic has to take far longer and far more expensive routes through South Africa. The first phase of rehabilitation (completion by end of 1986) caters for port traffic to the town of Nampula. Phase two, the subject of this project, covers replacement of the track (346 km) between Nampula and Cuamba (77 km from the Malawi border) at an estimated cost of 110 400 000 ECU. The external financing for this project (French, Portuguese, Canadian, Italian and Finnish cofinancing) will be completed by a Community contribution, primarily to cover supplies of various materials and equipment, strengthening of the bridge over the Rio Monapo, rail transport and technical assistance. SOLOMON ISLANDS Rehabilitation programme 6th EDF 1 722 000 ECU after cyclone NAMU Grant The main purpose of the programme is to restore and rehabilitate the rural fabric damaged by the cyclone and ensuing floods as quickly as possible, at least to the level of improved, if not normal functions, which is envisaged to take a few years. The main areas affected by the cyclone were the islands of Guadalcanal, Malaita, Makira, Rennel and Bellona, which comprise about 48% of the total land area and about 62% of the total population. EEC assistance is being requested for the rehabilitation of these areas. ALL ACP States and OCT's Overall authorization for 5th EDF 25 000 000 ECU financing Grant Overall authorization to commit 25 000 000 ECU for the financing by accelerated procedure of technical cooperation and trade promotionschemes in favour of the ACP States and the OCT.